1. Powerful, strong, leader of the free world, and commander in chief describe
a. the intentions of the Founders for the chief executive.
b. common popular images of the American president.
c. how the presidency has evolved in the twentieth century.
d. the constitutional powers of the president.
2. Richard Neustadt has emphasized that presidential power is the power to
3. Which of the following statements about the presidents is FALSE?
a. All have been white males.
b. All have been Protestant.
c. They must be natural-born citizens and at least 35 years old.
d. There has been much variety in their backgrounds.
4. Americans expect
a. very little out of their presidents.
b. presidents will be corrupt.
c. presidents to ensure peace, prosperity, and security.
d. Congress to be more powerful than the president.
5. The Twenty-second Amendment
a. limits presidents to two terms.
b. sets out procedures for presidential impeachment.
c. provides for succession to the presidency.
d. none of the above
6. (bonus) The most "accidental" president was
a. Calvin Coolidge.
b. Harry Truman.
c. Lyndon Johnson.
d. Gerald Ford.
7. Impeachment of a president requires a
a. two-thirds vote in the Senate.
b. majority vote in the House of Representatives.
c. Supreme Court ruling.
d. popular election.
8. In 1974, the House of Representatives, as a result of the Watergate scandal,
impeached President Nixon.
10. After the vice president, the next person in the order of presidential succession is the
a. Speaker of the House.
b. president pro tempore of the Senate.
c. Secretary of State.
d. majority leader of the Senate.
11. The contemporary presidency closely resembles the one designed by the framers in 1787.
12. The Founders preserved the balance of power without jeopardizing the
independence of the separate branches by checking those powers that they
believed to be most dangerous.
a. the increased prominence of the United States in the world.
b. technological advances.
c. presidential initiatives.
d. all of the above
14. Which of the following is NOT a constitutional power of the president?
a. commander in chief of the armed forces
b. declare war
c. veto legislation
d. grant reprieves and pardons
15. The presidential role that receives the LEAST amount of publicity is
a. presiding over the administration of government.
b. appealing to the public for support for policy initiatives.
c. dealing with Congress.
d. negotiating with foreign powers.
16. Today, new presidents have only a very few high-level positions available for
17. (bonus) Which vice president commented that the vice presidency was "not worth a warm bucket of spit"?
a. Richard Nixon
b. John Nance Garner
c. Dan Quayle
d. Spiro Agnew
18. The president's cabinet
a. was provided for by the Constitution.
b. serves as the president's board of directors.
c. has increased over the years with newly established executive departments
approved by Congress.
d. can veto the president on matters of executive policy.
19. Members of the president's cabinet do not need congressional approval.
20. Which of the following is NOT one of the main policymaking bodies in the
Executive Office of the President?
a. the National Security Council
b. the Council of Economic Advisors
c. the Office of Management and Budget
d. the Attorney General
a. prepares the president's budget.
b. advises the president on economic policy.
c. reviews legislative proposals from the cabinet.
d. all of the above
22. The president's clearinghouse for agency ideas is the
b. Office of Management and Budget.
c. vice president.
d. press secretary.
23. The organization of most White House staffs has been
24. In the wheel-and-spokes system of White House management,
a. aides have very little power.
b. aides are organized hierarchically.
c. aides have equal status and are balanced against one another.
d. power and responsibility are widely delegated.
25. President Reagan dispersed and delegated power widely among his advisors.
26. The president usually operates independently of Congress.
a. the requirement that the president give a State of the Union address to
b. the designation of the president as chief legislator
c. the requirement that the president bring important matters to Congress's
attention from time to time
d. the power of the president to veto congressional legislation
28. A pocket veto
a. allows a president to kill a bill without either signing or vetoing it.
b. is a law sent back to Congress with the president's reasons for rejecting it.
c. is a bill that automatically becomes law.
d. can be overridden by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress.
29. Which of the following statements about the president's party leadership in
Congress is FALSE?
a. Presidents can rely on their fellow party members to always vote on their
b. Party leadership in Congress provides the nucleus of coalitions supporting
c. Party leadership in Congress is a principal task of every president.
d. Presidents are highly dependent on their party to move their programs.
30. When the president’s party is in the majority in Congress, all he has to do is make sure his party members show up to vote.
31. When constituency opinion and the president's proposals conflict, members of Congress are more likely to vote with their constituents.
a. is highest in midterm elections.
b. has diminished in significance.
c. is especially important in Senate races.
d. creates dramatic swings in the composition of Congress.
33. Since 1953, most Republican presidents have lacked a majority in one or both houses of Congress during most of their terms.
a. strengthens opposition to the president's policies.
b. allows the president to control Congress.
c. gives the president leverage at the margins of coalition building.
d. does not affect opportunities for policy change.
35. Public approval gives the president leverage, not control.
a. They are powerful symbols in American politics.
b. They give legitimacy and credibility to new presidents.
c. They change the premises of decisions.
d. They are guaranteed by large electoral majorities.
37. Which of the following is NOT among the legislative strategies of the president?
a. making personal appeals
b. avoiding bargains to build majorities
c. exploiting the honeymoon period
d. establishing priorities among legislative proposals
38. The president does not have to bargain with every member of Congress to receive support.
39. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. After accounting for party and public support, presidents differ greatly in
terms of legislative success.
b. The president's legislative skills are at the core of presidential leadership
c. Successful presidents exploit favorable configurations of political forces.
d. Most presidents have been able to change the political landscape and
create opportunities for change.
40. The president must receive Senate approval prior to extending diplomatic
recognition to foreign governments.
41. When the Constitution was written,
a. the president was not considered commander in chief.
b. no one expected the United States to have a permanent army.
c. the United States was involved in several military alliances.
d. the United States had a large standing army.
42. The power to declare war belongs to
a. the president.
c. the Secretary of Defense.
d. the National Security Council.
43. The War Powers Resolution
a. strengthens presidential power during times of war.
b. limits congressional power during time of war.
c. is part of the Constitution.
d. provides for a legislative veto to end American involvement in overseas
44. Since its passage in 1973, most presidents have regarded the War Powers
Resolution as an unconstitutional infringement on presidential power.
45. Because of its access to information, Congress has become most prominent in handling crises.
a. Congress has no constitutional role.
b. presidential leadership in policymaking is central.
c. members of Congress usually initiate policies.
d. presidents always get their way.
47. In matters of national security, the role of Congress has typically been oversight of the executive rather than initiation of policy.
a. public support.
b. party leadership.
c. ability to parcel out favors.
d. constitutional powers.
49. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. Presidents sometimes rely on persuasion.
b. Presidents are passive followers of public opinion.
c. The White House is a virtual whirlwind of public relations activity.
d. Most presidents make frequent public appearances.
50. Ceremonial responsibilities are not considered important by presidents and are usually given to the vice president.
51. Which of the following is NOT a key explanation of the public's support for a
a. a predisposition
b. party affiliation
c. the honeymoon period
d. first-hand experiences
52. Rally events have an enduring impact on presidential approval scores.
makeup, stage settings, camera angles, clothing, pacing of delivery, and other
facets of making speeches.
54. Which of the following presidents was NOT considered an effective speaker?
a. Franklin D. Roosevelt
b. John Kennedy
c. Richard Nixon
d. Ronald Reagan
55. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
a. Modern presidents monitor the media closely.
b. As long as their goals differ, the president and the media are likely
c. Most of what people know about the president comes through the mass
56. The person who most often deals directly with the press is the president's press secretary.
a. preoccupation with the president's physical health.
b. analysis of the body of issues on the executive agenda.
c. step-by-step account of the president's personal and official activities.
d. presence at presidential press conferences.
58. Studies have shown that the media are systematically biased against the president.
60. Most recently, the institution that has championed constraints on government and limits on spending has been
b. the presidency.