Notes: Regression is based on 67 observations which have positive values for migration, remittances and education. The parameters are used to predict total remittances (official and unofficial) as share of country GDP for 76 observations which have either of the following: (a) migrants as share of country population/official remittances as share of country GDP more than 2; or (b) migration but no records official remittances.
** Significant at 0.05 level
Table 3.5: Shareof Unofficial Remittances in Total Remittances by Region
Source: Labor Force Survey 2002 (Europe), data for Germany and Italy not available; (2) EU 15 (except Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain), Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland; (3) Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain; (4) new EU member states, accession countries, other countries in Central/Eastern Europe and the Balkans, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Caucasus, Central Asia. Taken from Munz, Ranier (2004): “Migrants, labor markets and integration in Europe: a comparative analysis”, pp 30.