Review for the South Carolina United States History and the Constitution

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Standard 8.1

Civil Rights Movement

Martin Luther King-- Non-Violent Protest, Baptist Minister

Malcolm X— Militant action, Nation of Islam

Major events/protest tactics Birmingham, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Washington D.C.

Brown V. Board of Education Case overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson case, and outlawed segregation in the public school system.

De Jure, segregation by law. De Facto segregation by fact

President Truman’s support for the Civil Rights Movement Caused a new party to emerge called the Dixiecrats. Democratic party support of civil rights legislation and Nixon’s southern strategy caused the South to move from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party.

The Civil Rights Movement also had an impact on the Woman’s rights movement with the passage of the 60’s women’s rights movement. The land mark Supreme Court cases of Miranda V. Arizona

, and Gideon V. Wainwright further protected the rights of accused.

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