What was the world view of the U.S.? “Champion of Liberty” or “Colonial Power”
The fight over the Philippines
Resources, Markets, Culture, Religion
Imposing on Democracy, Were Already Christian, Needed to settle Race Relations at home.
Open Door Policy opened trade with China. Some Chinese resented the American presence and revolted in an event that was known as the Boxer Rebellion.
American Imperialist Policies
"Big Stick Diplomacy" Use force or the threat of it.
"Dollar Diplomacy" Use money to influence outcome
"Moral Diplomacy" Teach them to elect good moral people
The Roosevelt Colliery established the U.S. as the “policeman” In Latin America.
The United States helped Panama gain independence from Colombia in order to gain access rights to construct the Panama Canal during Roosevelt’s administration.
The U.S. imperialist policies caused revolts in Latin America and Asia.
World War I Major Causes of the war (M.A.I.N.A)
1. M. Militarism 2. A. Alliances
3. I. Imperialism 4. N. Nationalism
5. A. Assassination
The “spark” was the assassination of Austrian Archduke
When was the war? 1914 - 1918
From 1914 until 1917 the U.S policy was Neutrality , because the U.S. did not want to enter the war.
Why did the U.S. enter the war?
1. Sinking of the RMS Lusitania 2. Zimmerman Note
3. Unrestricted German Submarines 4. Supplying the British
The most important new weapon of World War I was the Airplane.
The U.S. helped bring the war to an end by using the Third Army to give the Allied army a boost and stop the last major German push of the war.
Most Americans supported the war due to Propaganda that portrayed the Germans as “Huns”. The government also passed the Sedition Acts in order to curb anti war statements on the home front.
The creation of the U.S.S.R and anti-immigrant sentiment carried over after the war and led to a Red Scare Wilson intended to “make the world safe for democracy” and issued his 14 Points as a plan for peace after the war.
President Wilson also wanted to create a League of Nations in order to stop future wars.
Paris Peace Conference The Treaty of Versailles officially ended the war.
Great Britain, France, and Italy sought to punish Germany for World War I by including Blaming Germany and Reparation payments in the treaty.
President Wilson was able to convince the European leaders to include the
14 Points in the treaty.
The map of Europe was redrawn based on the idea of Nations, but this could not accommodate the ethnic complexity of the region and eventually led to the start of WWII.
United States Reaction to the Treaty The U.S. Senate failed to ratify the treaty and never joined the League of Nations because they feared the U.S. would be drawn into future conflicts.
U.S. foreign policy turned to Isolationism after the war.