Review for the South Carolina United States History and the Constitution



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Spanish American War

Causes

Territories gained

Results

1 Treaty Agreement

1 Puerto Rico

1 Become an American Territory with Citizenship

2 Treaty Agreement

2 Guam

2 Become an American Territory

3 Purchased from Spain

3 Philippines

3 Gave them independence

4 Taken From Spain

4 Cuba

4 Control Naval Base Guantanamo Bay

What was the world view of the U.S.? “Champion of Liberty” or “Colonial Power”




The fight over the Philippines

Imperialist

Anti-Imperialist

Resources, Markets, Culture, Religion

 Imposing on Democracy, Were Already Christian, Needed to settle Race Relations at home.



Open Door Policy opened trade with China. Some Chinese resented the American presence and revolted in an event that was known as the Boxer Rebellion.

Standard 5.3







American Imperialist Policies







Roosevelt

Taft

Wilson







"Big Stick Diplomacy" Use force or the threat of it.

"Dollar Diplomacy" Use money to influence outcome

"Moral Diplomacy" Teach them to elect good moral people










The Roosevelt Colliery established the U.S. as the “policeman” In Latin America.
The United States helped Panama gain independence from Colombia in order to gain access rights to construct the Panama Canal during Roosevelt’s administration.
The U.S. imperialist policies caused revolts in Latin America and Asia.
Standard 5.4

World War I
Major Causes of the war (M.A.I.N.A)

1. M. Militarism 2. A. Alliances

3. I. Imperialism 4. N. Nationalism

5. A. Assassination


The “spark” was the assassination of Austrian Archduke
When was the war? 1914 - 1918
From 1914 until 1917 the U.S policy was Neutrality , because the U.S. did not want to enter the war.
Why did the U.S. enter the war?
1. Sinking of the RMS Lusitania 2. Zimmerman Note

3. Unrestricted German Submarines 4. Supplying the British

The most important new weapon of World War I was the Airplane.

The U.S. helped bring the war to an end by using the Third Army to give the Allied army a boost and stop the last major German push of the war.


Most Americans supported the war due to Propaganda that portrayed the Germans as “Huns”. The government also passed the Sedition Acts in order to curb anti war statements on the home front.
The creation of the U.S.S.R and anti-immigrant sentiment carried over after the war and led to a Red Scare
Wilson intended to “make the world safe for democracy” and issued his 14 Points as a plan for peace after the war.
President Wilson also wanted to create a League of Nations in order to stop future wars.
Paris Peace Conference
The Treaty of Versailles officially ended the war.
Great Britain, France, and Italy sought to punish Germany for World War I by including Blaming Germany and Reparation payments in the treaty.
President Wilson was able to convince the European leaders to include the

14 Points in the treaty.
The map of Europe was redrawn based on the idea of Nations, but this could not accommodate the ethnic complexity of the region and eventually led to the start of WWII.
Standard 5.5

United States Reaction to the Treaty
The U.S. Senate failed to ratify the treaty and never joined the League of Nations because they feared the U.S. would be drawn into future conflicts.
U.S. foreign policy turned to Isolationism after the war.

Standard 6

Standard 6.1




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