Review: Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and Islam The Byzantine Empire did what in terms of religion?
the Byzantine Empire
, and Islam
The Byzantine Empire did what in terms of religion?
Converted Slavic peoples to Christianity
What is the most important effect of Islamic expansion on the civilization of medieval Europe?
The transmittal of Greek and Arab learning
How did Byzantine emperors maintained political unity after the 6
By making dynastic marriages and diplomatic alliances
What contributed most to the decline of both the Roman and Abbasid empires?
Growing reliance on mercenary armies
How did the Magna Carta affect centralized power in England?
It did little to stop the growth of
centralized power in England
What is a similarity between the Vikings and the Mamluks?
Both groups converted to the dominate religion of the lands they conquered
Monasticism is a characteristic of which religions?
Be able to recognize the Byzantine Empire on a map
What geographic features characterize the Arabic peninsula?
Coastal cities and agricultural villages close to sources of water and a large empty quarter in the central areas
What is similar about the Code of Hammurabi and the Justinian Code?
The importance of each was that they attempted to organize laws in ways that people could understand
How were Vikings similar to Arabs?
Raided and traded, Vikings using ships and
Arabs using horses and camels
Describe the vassal relationship.
It was a complex system of sworn military alliances in exchange for fiefs
What is a caliph and what in function will the caliph operate?
Was considered to be the successor to Muhammad as well as a political leader
What is the major difference between the classic periods in Rome and the Islamic civilizations?
While Roman society had strict social class delineations and little mobility, Islam was egalitarian with few barriers to social mobility for Muslims
What does Islam mean? What are the requirements of a true Muslim?
Islam means submission to God; To submit to the
will of God in all of life
Vladamir I, ruler of Kievan Russia, imposed what religion on his subjects?
Describe Islamic art and architecture.
Islamic art focused on abstract geometric patterns and ornate calligraphy in Arabic
What was a major factor in the spread of Eastern Orthodoxy?
The development of the Cyrillic alphabet
During the Medieval period, which was the dominant ethnic group in Eastern Europe?
Feudalism and manorialism were different in which ways?
Feudalism was a political system while manorialism
was an economic system
How did the split between Sunni and Shi’a Muslims occur?
Disagreement over leadership succession issues
In the 100s, manorialism began to end in European nations for these reasons:
The development of a money-based economy
The formation of towns and cities
Peasant and serf rebellions against nobles
Why did the Orthodox Church and the Latin Church split?
Formally split over doctrinal disputes in the eleventh century but still united to fight together in the Crusades
What happened in Holy Roman Empire?
The empire did not have one common
language or nationality
The empire had a decentralized government with strong local autonomy
The empire granted citizenship to men in some conquered territories
What was the universal language of the Muslim empire?
Arabic, because it was the language of the Quran
What played a role in the Crusades?
Militaristic and expansionist European monarchs
The promise of salvation to Christian crusaders
A desire to capture
the wealth of the Holy Lands
What was one of Emperor Justinian’s greatest accomplishments?
Codification of a thousand years of Roman legal tradition in the Corpus Iuris Civilis
Describe women’s rights before 800 CE.
According to Muslim law, women could own property, inherit belongings, and have dowries
Who were the mamluks?
Turkic mercenaries in the Abbasid caliphate who rose to control
powerful Muslim states
Why are the Crusades an important event in world history?
They provided an opportunity for the diffusion of technology and culture
Describe the cultural background of the Byzantine Empire.
Built on the Roman imperial model but followed Greek cultural and religious traditions
What are characteristics of Islam?
A monotheistic belief in one god that must be worshipped as the only god
A belief in a community of believers unified by their faith above all else
A belief in the importance of prayer, fasting,
Cities were important in Islam because:
They were places to learn Arabic
They were central as places of trade
They were administrative centers for government
Who was in control of Jerusalem at the time of the Crusades?
Describe the experiences of women in Christendom in the period 600-1450.
Noblewomen in particular were closely monitored in terms of behavior and personal relationships, and the majority of women were expected to marry
What conflicts were created by the investiture controversy?
Between the pope and the kings of western Europe over who had the
authority to appoint bishops
Describe manor life.
Created a localized, basic ,and self-sufficient agricultural economy that kept serfs protected
How did Western Europe and the Byzantine Empire differ politically?
The Byzantine Empire maintained a centralized government while western Europe broke apart into localized political entities
How did Kievan Russia base its economic wealth?
Based its economic wealth on trade and traded extensively with the Byzantine Empire
Be able to identify the Abbasid Empire on a map.
1266 -> The decline of the three classical civilization between 200 and 600 C. E. were all characterized by outside invasions
Domain -> Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution
Domain -> Creating an Empire
Domain -> Overall main idea
Domain -> Overall main idea
Domain -> Thesis Statement
Domain -> Overall main idea
1266 -> Cold War & Modern World Test
1266 -> Review: 1450-1750 Europe, China, and the Americas
1266 -> Policy paper
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most important effect
dominant ethnic group
split between sunni