Review 8: The United States at Home and Abroad, 1860-1920



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Review 8: The United States at Home and Abroad, 1860-1920

1. During the First World War, the Committee on Public Information issued propaganda to persuade the American people of all of the following EXCEPT:



  1. The United States was fighting for freedom and democracy.

  2. The United States was fighting a barbarous nation.

  3. Buying bonds was important to support the war effort.

  4. A German invasion of the United States was a possibility.

  5. Congress should reject the League of Nations.

2. The Open Door policy of the early twentieth century called for



  1. the continuation of the Monroe Doctrine in the Western Hemisphere

  2. the opening of United States markets to foreign goods

  3. the elimination of passports for international travel

  4. unlimited European immigration into the United States

  5. open access to China for American investment and commercial interests

3. Which of the following had integration rather than Black separatism as a goal?



  1. W. E. B. Du Bois and the Niagara movement

  2. Marcus Garvey and the Back-to-Africa movement

  3. Elijah Muhammad and the Black Muslim movement

  4. Stokely Carmichael and the Black Power movement

  5. Huey Newton and the Black Panther movement

"We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; subjugated the remaining ten millions by Benevolent assimilation .... And 'so, by these Providences of God- and the phrase is the government's, not mine--we are a World Power."

4. The statement above was most probably made in reference to United States policy in the


  1. opening of Japan

  2. annexation of the Hawaiian Islands

  3. occupation of the Philippines

  4. acquisition of Puerto Rico and tuba

  5. confrontation with the Soviet Union over Cuba

5. All of the following statements about higher education in the United States from 1865 to 1917 are correct EXCEPT:



  1. Many states established new institutions under the provisions of the Morrill Act.

  2. The teaching of religion became increasingly important at major northeastern institutions.

  3. An increasing number of institutions of higher education admitted women.

  4. Graduate education based on the German model became widespread.

  5. Many new scientific and engineering institutions were established.

6. Which of the following led immediately and directly to Theodore Roosevelt's issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?

  1. Pancho Villa's armed raids into Texas and New Mexico

  2. General Augusto Sandino's insurrection against American troops occupying Nicaragua

  3. The arrest of an unarmed party of American sailors in Tampleo, Mexico

  4. American concern that a Japanese syndicate would attempt to purchase land near the Panama Canal

  5. American fear that financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to European intervention

7. Which of the following statements about the Treaty of Versailles is true?

  1. The United States Senate rejected it because it treated Germany too leniently.

  2. The United States Senate rejected it because it required increased American involvement in European affairs.

  3. The United States Senate approved it, with reservations concerning the division of Eastern Europe.

  4. The United States Senate approved it without reservations.

  5. It was never voted on by the United States Senate.

8. Woodrow Wilson hardened Senate opposition to the Treaty of Versailles by his refusal to compromise on the issue of
(A) reparations limited to the amount Germany could afford to pay

(B) plebiscites to determine the new borders of Germany

(C) the border between Italy and Yugoslavia

(D) protectorate status for African colonies seized from Germany

(E) the unconditional adherence of the United States to the charter of the League of Nations
9. The disagreement between W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington regarding the status of African-Americans in the early twentieth century is best summed up as a debate over


  1. what social injustices federal legislation should correct first

  2. whether African-Americans should emigrate to Africa

  3. whether state governments or the federal government should be the primary vehicle of social change

  4. how prominent a role African-American churches should play in the struggle for civil rights

  5. whether African-Americans should first seek legal or economic equality with white Americans

"Free speech would not protect a man falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing panic."

10. The excerpt above is from a 1919 Supreme Court ruling prohibiting speech that represented a "clear and present danger." The defendant in the case had


  1. given a speech urging black residents of Chicago to demand equal rights

  2. written a magazine article in support of the Russian revolution

  3. sent letters to military draftees arguing that conscription was illegal

  4. given a speech suggesting that Texas should be returned to Mexico

  5. posted fliers denouncing a department store in St. Louis

11. In the period 1890-1915, all of the following were generally true about African Americans EXCEPT:



  1. Voting rights previously gained were denied through changes in state laws and constitutions.

  2. Back-to-Africa movements were widely popular among African Americans in urban areas.

  3. African American leaders disagreed on the principal strategy for attaining equal rights.

  4. Numerous African Americans were lynched, and mob attacks on African American individuals occurred in both the North and South.

  5. African Americans from the rural South migrated to both southern and northern cities.

12. Conservative Republican opponents of the Treaty of Versailles argued that the League of Nations would



  1. isolate the United States from postwar world affairs

  2. prevent the United States from seeking reparations from Germany

  3. violate President Wilson's own Fourteen Points

  4. limit United States sovereignty

  5. give England and France a greater role than the United States in maintaining world peace

13. Which of the following constitutes a significant change in the treatment of American Indians during the last half of the nineteenth century?



  1. The beginnings of negotiations with individual tribes

  2. The start of a removal policy

  3. The abandonment of the reservation system

  4. The admission of all American Indians to the full rights of United States citizenship

  5. The division of the tribal lands among individual members

14. Many Mexicans migrated to the United States during the First World War because



  1. revolution in Mexico had caused social upheaval and dislocation

  2. immigration quotas for Europeans went untilled as a result of the war

  3. the war in Europe had disrupted the Mexican economy

  4. American Progressives generally held liberal views on the issue of racial assimilation

  5. the United States government offered Mexicans land in exchange for military service

15. Joseph Pulitzer achieved fame and wealth as a



  1. radio commentator

  2. political cartoonist

  3. photographer

  4. film producer

  5. newspaper publisher

16. Which of the following best accounts for the fact that Slavic immigrants in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries settled principally in Midwestern cities like Pittsburgh, Detroit, and Chicago?



  1. The immigrants' inability to speak English was a serious obstacle to securing work on the East Coast.

  2. Housing was better and food cheaper in the newer cities of the Midwest.

  3. Midwestern steel, meatpacking, and other mass production industries offered many unskilled jobs.

  4. Immigration authorities subsidized rail fares for westward migrants.

  5. Ethnic and religious prejudice was less widespread in the Midwest than in eastern cities.

17. Which of the following was true of the American labor movement in the late nineteenth century?



  1. It was controlled by immigrant socialists and anarchists.

  2. It was confined to factory workers.

  3. It was protected from employer harassment by federal law and policy.

  4. It was allied with the Democratic party.

  5. It was involved in a number of violent strikes.

18. As a result of the Spanish-American War, Spain relinquished to the United States control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and which of the following?



  1. Alaska

  2. Hawaii

  3. The Panama Canal Zone

  4. Bermuda

  5. The Philippines

19. The Palmer Raids of 1919 were conducted against



  1. suspected communists and anarchists

  2. Republicans bitterly opposed to the Wilson administration

  3. alleged financial backers of Marcus Garvey

  4. labor organizers for the American Federation of Labor

  5. White racist organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan

20. "Now, a word about the whole Bible. I believe it is a master stroke of Satan to get us to doubt any portion of the Bible. If he can get us to doubt just one thing in that book, he has accomplished a great point, and it is going to be the overthrow of many a man's and woman's faith."

The passage above, from the nineteenth century, expresses the viewpoint of the proponents of


  1. fundamentalism

  2. deism

  3. the higher criticism

  4. the Social Gospel

  5. the Gospel of Wealth

21. All of the following were objectives of W.E.B. DuBois EXCEPT



  1. the total enfranchisement of all eligible Black citizens

  2. the establishment of an organization to seek legal redress of Black grievances

  3. the establishment of Black political power

  4. cooperation with White people in obtaining Black progress

  5. the implementation of Booker T. Washington's program for Black progress

22. In the late nineteenth-century United States, farmers sought federal relief from distress caused by



  1. low tariffs

  2. natural disasters

  3. infiationary monetary policies

  4. excise taxes on agricultural products

  5. discriminatory freight rates

23. Theodore Roosevelt's mediation in the Russo-Japanese War reflected his belief that United States interests were best served by



  1. a decisive victory for Russia

  2. a decisive victory for Japan

  3. the acquisition of Russian and Japanese spheres of interest by the United States

  4. a balance of power between Russia and Japan

  5. the return of Russian and Japanese spheres of interest to China

24. In the late nineteenth century, all of the following encouraged American jingoism EXCEPT



  1. yellow journalism

  2. the New Navy policy of Alfred Thayer Mahan and Theodore Roosevelt

  3. the example of European imperialism

  4. the flooding of American markets by foreign producers

  5. Social Darwinism

"Article X says that every member of the League, and that means every great fighting power in the world .... solemnly engages to respect and preserve... the territorial integrity and existing political independence of the other members of the League. If you do that, you have absolutely stopped ambitious and aggressive war."


25. Woodrow Wilson's statement above was made in justification of his

  1. decision to send troops to northern Russia and Siberia after the Bolshevik Revolution

  2. refusal to award Fiume to the Italians

  3. insistence on "open treaties, openly arrived at"

  4. opposition to the resolution on racial equality put forward at the Paris peace negotiations by the Japanese delegation

  5. refusal to accept the "reservations" proposed by Henry Cabot Lodge in the Senate debate over ratification of the treaty of Versailles


Review 8: The United States at Home and Abroad, 1860-1920

1. E

2. E

3. A

4. C

5. B

6. E

7. B

8. E

9. E

10. C

11. B

12. D

13. E

14. A

15. E

16. C

17. E

18. E

19. A

20. E

21. A

22. E

23. D

24. D

25. E


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