Review 2 past ap questions

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Review 2 past AP questions

  1. Which of the following contributed most to the American victory in the Revolution?

  1. French military and financial assistance

  2. The failure of Loyalists to participate in military action

  3. A major American military victory at Valley Forge

  4. Support from the French Canadians

  5. The British failure to capture Philadelphia

  1. The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to

  1. raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America

  2. reduce colonial consumption of foreign goods

  3. fund the colonial postal system

  4. impose a mercantilist system on the colonies

  5. reduce the authority of the colonial legislatures

  1. The Declaration of Independence did all the following EXCEPT

  1. appeal to the philosophy of natural rights

  2. call for the abolition of the slave trade

  3. appeal to the sympathies of the English people

  4. criticize the provisions of the Quebec Act of 1774

  5. accuse George III of tyranny

  1. By the time of the American Revolution, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican government, sovereignty was located in

  1. the people

  2. Parliament

  3. state governments

  4. factions

  5. the British Empire, writ large

  1. The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to

  1. establish religious freedom as a fundamental right

  2. work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries

  3. introduce the practice of slavery into the New World

  4. establish a standing army

  5. make favorable territorial settlements with the French

  1. The Sugar Act of 1764 represented a major shift in British policy toward the colonies in that, for the first time, the British

  1. allowed all proceeds from a tax to stay in the colonial economy

  2. attempted to control colonial exports

  3. offered the colonists the opportunity to address Parliament with grievances

  4. required the colonies to import English goods exclusively

  5. levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather than regulating trade

  1. Which of the following states the principle of "virtual representation," as it was argued during the eighteenth century?

  1. Paper money has value even though it is inherently worth very little.

  2. Slave populations must be counted when figuring Congressional apportionment, even though slaves may not vote.

  3. American property-holding colonists may, if they so desire, join their state legislatures.

  4. All English subjects, including those who are not allowed to vote, are represented in Parliament.

  5. All English subjects are entitled to a trial before a jury of their peers.

  1. Which of the following statements about the Stamp Act is NOT true?

  1. Because it most affected lawyers and writers, the Stamp Act fostered a particularly eloquent opposition to the crown.

  2. Colonial legislatures sent letters of protest to Parliament threatening secession from England if the Stamp Act was not repealed.

  3. Opposition to the Stamp Act built upon colonial resentment of the Sugar and Currency Acts.

  4. Among the colonists' reactions to the Stamp Act was an effective boycott of British goods.

  5. According to the Stamp Act, those who violated the law were not entitled to a jury trial.

  1. The argument between Great Britain and its American colonies during the 1760's and 1770's over "virtual representation" concerned

  1. patterns of legislative apportionment in the colonial assemblies

  2. Parliament's ability to reflect colonial interests

  3. the lack of colonial participation in negotiating the Treaty of Paris

  4. the increasing use of juryless admiralty courts in the colonies

  5. the representation of "free men of color" in colonial assemblies

  1. During the War for Independence, the principal reason the American government sought diplomatic recognition from foreign powers was to

  1. rally all the states behind a common cause

  2. convince the British of the justice of the American cause

  3. make it easier to levy taxes on the citizens of the several states

  4. facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing of money from other nations

  5. allow Von Steuben, Lafayette, and other Europeans to join the American army

  1. Which of the following was Great Britain's justification for its continued occupation of a number of posts on United States soil despite the terms of the 1783 Treaty of Paris?

  1. The United States lacked the military capability to maintain the posts.

  2. The United States had violated the treaty clauses dealing with the restoration of Loyalist property.

  3. Great Britain needed a buffer zone between the United States and Canada.

  4. Great Britain's understanding with both France and Spain permitted the British to stay.

  5. Great Britain had promised its ally, Tecumseh, that it would establish a state for his people in the region.

  1. The Stamp Act crisis was important in the coming of the American Revolution for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

  1. The colonists demonstrated their willingness to use violence rather than legal means to frustrate British policy.

  2. The crisis coincided with a British decision to garrison regular troops in American cities.

  3. American patriots realized that British inflexibility made revolution virtually inevitable.

  4. The British maintained that the colonies had no right to independence from parliamentary authority.

  5. Patriot leaders claimed that the act denied them their British birthrights.

  1. The primary American objection to the Stamp Act was that

  1. it was an internal tax, whereas Americans were prepared to accept only external taxes.

  2. it was the first tax of any kind ever imposed by Britain on the colonies.

  3. its proposed tax rates were so high that they would have crippled the colonial economy.

  4. it was a measure for raising revenue from the colonies but it had not been approved by the colonists through their representatives.

  5. it constituted an unwarranted interference with the colonial economy in a manner that would have greatly restrained free trade.

  1. In seeking diplomatic recognition from foreign powers during the War for Independence, the American government found it necessary to

  1. make large financial payments to the governments of France, Spain, and Holland.

  2. promise to cede large tracts of American territory to France upon a victorious conclusion of the war.

  3. demonstrate its financial stability and self-sufficiency.

  4. demonstrate a determination and potential to win independence.

  5. agree to grant France a specially favored trading status.

  1. During the Revolutionary War the revolutionary cause was bolstered by all of the following EXCEPT

  1. the use of foreign military recruits

  2. solid military leadership

  3. the rebels' commitment to their cause

  4. the strength of colonial currency

  5. French assistance

  1. Which best describes the role of the Loyalists during the Revolutionary War?

  1. They were few in number and had little, if any significance.

  2. They made up approximately 20-30 percent of the population.

  3. Many of them were formerly indentured servants who felt obliged to the Crown.

  4. Most of them came from the royal colony of Virginia and felt loyal to the Crown.

  5. They had their largest following in New England, where the benefits of the mercantilist system were most visible.

  1. Which of the following acts of the British government in the period preceding the Revolutionary War provoked the most outrage among the colonists?

  1. Parliament's defense of "virtual representation"

  2. The monopoly given to the British East India Company

  3. The passage of the Boston Port Act

  4. the passage of the Molasses Act

  5. the passage of the Quebec Act

  1. In 1775, the Second Continental Congress

  1. decided to cut all ties with Britain

  2. voted to work out a plan for self-rule

  3. adopted the "Olive Branch Petition" declaring Colonial loyalty to the Crown

  4. began to draft the Articles of Confederation

  5. revised the colonial plan for military preparedness '

  1. Which of the following events that took place in the years preceding the Revolutionary War represented the most significant action on the part of the colonists against British authority?

  1. Bacon's Rebellion

  2. The Whiskey Rebellion

  3. The Albany Congress

  4. Pontiac's Rebellion

  5. The Stamp Act Congress

  1. Which of the following does NOT represent the views of Prime Minister Grenville after the Seven Years' War?

  1. He felt that the Crown needed to control trade and raise revenue.

  2. He felt that the colonists should help pay the debt incurred by the war.

  3. He felt that Parliament had the right to increase taxes on the colonies.

  4. He felt that the British had to exert tighter control over the colonies.

  5. He wanted to reward the colonies through his extension of "salutary neglect."

  1. The most important consequence of the Boston Tea Party was the

  1. repeal of the tax on tea

  2. failure of other colonies to support Boston’s actions

  3. opening of negotiations between Britain and Massachusetts

  4. enactment by Parliament of the Coercive Acts

  5. reopening of the port of Boston to foreign trade

  1. The Battle of Saratoga resulted in

  1. an embarrassing defeat for the Continental Army

  2. An unsuccessful peace overture from Lord North

  3. France entering the war on the side of the colonies

  4. Renewed efforts of the Loyalists to enlist colonial support

  5. The treason of Benedict Arnold

  1. Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense”

  1. was a call for the abolition of slavery

  2. insisted that the British allow the colonies to elect their own representatives to Parliament

  3. criticized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

  4. blamed George III for the colonists’ problems and urged Americans to declare their independence

  5. demanded that s strong executive be included in the Constitution

  1. The British response to the American claim of “no taxation without representation” was that

  1. colonial assemblies would be permitted to vote on all new taxes

  2. monies raised through taxes would be used for internal improvements in the colonies

  3. American approval was necessary for internal taxes

  4. Members of Parliament represented the interests of all people in the British Empire

  5. Parliament agreed it had no authority to impose taxes on the colonists

  1. The Stamp Act Congress was significant because it

  1. demonstrated that the colonies were loyal to Parliament

  2. repealed the Stamp Act

  3. led directly to the First Continental Congress

  4. failed to persuade Parliament of colonial discontent

  5. marked an important step toward the unity of the colonies

  1. According to the Olive Branch Petition, the colonies

  1. were ready to declare their independence from England

  2. remained loyal to King George III

  3. demanded that British troops immediately leave the colonies

  4. agreed to raise a common army to defend themselves

  5. accepted the Stamp Act, if they were allowed to elect members to Parliament

  1. The Peace of Paris (1783) contained all of the following terms EXCEPT

  1. the evacuation of all British troops from American soil

  2. Free navigation of the Mississippi River to New Orleans

  3. recognition of the independence of the United States

  4. extension of the boundary of the United States to the Mississippi River

  5. compensation of Loyalists for loss of their property

  1. Which of the following is the correct order of passage of legislation affecting the colonies

    1. Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Declaratory Act, Townshend Acts

    2. Declaratory Act, Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Coercive Acts

    3. Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act, Declaratory Act, Stamp Act

    4. Townshend Acts, Declaratory Act, Stamp Act, Sugar Act

    5. Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Declaratory Acts

  1. The selection of George Washington of Virginia as the commander and chief of the newly created Continental Army was made because:

    1. Washington had promised to use his personal wealth to finance the army

    2. New England’s soldiers requested the appointment of the popular Washington

    3. Washington was known throughout all thirteen colonies as the best military commander in North America

    4. Virginia’s delegates had demanded Washington’s appointment as a condition of support

    5. Washington as a Virginia aristocrat was a good balance against the democratic masses of the new army outside Boston

  1. All of the following are true regarding the British during the Revolutionary War EXCEPT

    1. Politically the nation was unified in the war effort in wanting to keep the colonies from revolting

    2. Blacks who fought on the British side sometimes received their freedom for doing so

    3. Most Native America tribes (especially the Iroquois) fought on the British side

    4. After France entered the war, the British were more concerned with the French than the Americans

    5. They won most of the traditional battles but had problems adapting to the colonists’ guerilla warfare

Review 2 – past AP Questions – ANSWER KEY

  1. A

  2. A

  3. B

  4. A

  5. B

  6. E

  7. D

  8. B

  9. B

  10. D

  11. B

  12. C

  13. A

  14. D

  15. B

  16. B

  17. C

  18. E

  19. E

  20. C

  21. D

  22. C

  23. D

  24. D

  25. E

  26. B

  27. D

  28. A

  29. E

  30. D

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