Review 2 past ap questions
past AP questions
Which of the following contributed most to the American victory in the Revolution?
French military and financial assistance
The failure of Loyalists to participate in military action
A major American military victory at Valley Forge
Support from the French Canadians
The British failure to capture Philadelphia
The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to
raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America
reduce colonial consumption of foreign goods
fund the colonial postal system
impose a mercantilist system on the colonies
reduce the authority of the colonial legislatures
The Declaration of Independence did all the following EXCEPT
appeal to the philosophy of natural rights
call for the abolition of the slave trade
appeal to the sympathies of the English people
criticize the provisions of the Quebec Act of 1774
accuse George III of tyranny
By the time
of the American Revolution
, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican government, sovereignty was located in
the British Empire, writ large
The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to
establish religious freedom as a fundamental right
work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries
introduce the practice of slavery into the New World
establish a standing army
make favorable territorial settlements with the French
The Sugar Act of 1764 represented a major shift in British policy toward the colonies in that, for the first time, the British
allowed all proceeds from a tax to stay in the colonial economy
to control colonial exports
offered the colonists the opportunity to address Parliament with grievances
required the colonies to import English goods exclusively
levied taxes aimed at raising revenue rather than regulating trade
Which of the following states the principle of "virtual representation," as it was argued during the eighteenth century?
Paper money has value even though it is inherently worth very little.
Slave populations must be counted when figuring Congressional apportionment, even though slaves may not vote.
American property-holding colonists may, if they so desire, join their state legislatures.
All English subjects, including those who are not allowed to vote, are represented in Parliament.
All English subjects are entitled to a trial before a jury of their peers.
Which of the following statements about the Stamp Act is NOT true?
Because it most affected lawyers and writers, the Stamp Act fostered a particularly eloquent opposition to the crown.
Colonial legislatures sent letters of protest to Parliament threatening secession from England if the Stamp Act was not repealed.
Opposition to the Stamp Act built upon colonial resentment of the Sugar and Currency Acts.
Among the colonists' reactions to the Stamp Act was an effective boycott of British goods.
According to the Stamp Act, those who violated the law were not entitled to a jury trial.
The argument between Great Britain and its American colonies during the 1760's and 1770's over "virtual representation" concerned
patterns of legislative apportionment in the colonial assemblies
Parliament's ability to reflect colonial interests
the lack of colonial participation in negotiating the Treaty of Paris
the increasing use of juryless admiralty courts in
the representation of "free men of color"
in colonial assemblies
During the War for Independence, the principal reason the American government sought diplomatic recognition from foreign powers was to
rally all the states behind a common cause
convince the British of the justice of the American cause
make it easier to levy taxes on the citizens of the several states
facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing of money from other nations
allow Von Steuben, Lafayette, and other Europeans to join the American army
Which of the following was Great Britain's justification for its continued occupation of a number of posts on United States soil despite the terms of the 1783 Treaty of Paris?
The United States lacked the military capability to maintain the posts.
The United States had violated the treaty clauses dealing with the restoration of Loyalist property.
Great Britain needed a buffer zone between the United States and Canada.
Great Britain's understanding with both France and Spain permitted the British to stay.
Great Britain had promised its ally, Tecumseh, that it would establish a state for his people in the region.
The Stamp Act crisis was important in the coming of the American Revolution for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
The colonists demonstrated their willingness to use violence rather than legal means to frustrate British policy.
The crisis coincided with a British decision to garrison regular troops in American cities.
American patriots realized that British inflexibility made revolution virtually inevitable.
The British maintained that the colonies had no right to independence from parliamentary authority.
Patriot leaders claimed that the act denied them their British birthrights.
The primary American objection to the Stamp Act was that
it was an internal tax, whereas Americans were prepared to accept only external taxes.
it was the first tax of any kind ever imposed by Britain on the colonies.
its proposed tax rates were so high that they would have crippled the colonial economy.
it was a measure for raising revenue from the colonies but it had not been approved by the colonists through their representatives.
it constituted an unwarranted interference with the colonial economy in a manner that would have greatly restrained free trade.
In seeking diplomatic recognition from foreign powers during the War for Independence, the American government found it necessary to
make large financial payments to the governments of France, Spain, and Holland.
promise to cede large tracts of American territory to France upon a victorious conclusion of the war.
demonstrate its financial stability and self-sufficiency.
demonstrate a determination and potential to win independence.
agree to grant France a specially favored trading status.
During the Revolutionary War the revolutionary cause was bolstered by all of the following EXCEPT
of foreign military recruits
solid military leadership
the rebels' commitment to their cause
the strength of colonial currency
Which best describes the role of the Loyalists during the Revolutionary War?
They were few in number and had little, if any significance.
They made up approximately 20-30 percent of the population.
Many of them were formerly indentured servants who felt obliged to the Crown.
Most of them came from the royal colony of Virginia and felt loyal to the Crown.
They had their largest following in New England, where the benefits of the mercantilist system were most visible.
Which of the following acts of the British government in the period preceding the Revolutionary War provoked the most outrage among the colonists?
Parliament's defense of "virtual representation"
The monopoly given to the British East India Company
The passage of the Boston Port Act
the passage of the Molasses Act
the passage of the Quebec Act
In 1775, the Second Continental Congress
decided to cut all ties with Britain
voted to work out a plan for self-rule
adopted the "Olive Branch Petition" declaring Colonial loyalty to the Crown
began to draft the Articles of Confederation
revised the colonial plan for military preparedness '
Which of the following events that took place in the years preceding the Revolutionary War represented the most significant action on the part of the colonists against British authority?
The Albany Congress
The Stamp Act Congress
Which of the following does NOT represent the views of Prime Minister Grenville after the Seven Years' War?
He felt that the Crown needed to control trade and raise revenue.
He felt that the colonists should help pay the debt incurred by the war.
He felt that Parliament had the right to increase taxes on the colonies.
He felt that the British had to exert tighter control over the colonies.
He wanted to reward the colonies through his extension of "salutary neglect."
The most important consequence of the Boston Tea Party was the
repeal of the tax on tea
failure of other colonies to support Boston’s actions
opening of negotiations between Britain and Massachusetts
enactment by Parliament of the Coercive Acts
reopening of the port of Boston to foreign trade
The Battle of Saratoga resulted in
an embarrassing defeat for the Continental Army
An unsuccessful peace overture from Lord North
France entering the war on the side of the colonies
Renewed efforts of the Loyalists to enlist colonial support
The treason of Benedict Arnold
Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense”
was a call for the abolition of slavery
insisted that the British allow the colonies to elect their own
representatives to Parliament
criticized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
blamed George III for the colonists’ problems and urged Americans to declare their independence
demanded that s strong executive be included in the Constitution
The British response to the American claim of “no taxation without representation” was that
colonial assemblies would be permitted to vote on all new taxes
monies raised through taxes would be used for internal improvements in the colonies
American approval was necessary for internal taxes
Members of Parliament represented the interests of all people in the British Empire
Parliament agreed it had no authority to impose taxes on the colonists
The Stamp Act Congress was significant because it
demonstrated that the colonies were loyal to Parliament
repealed the Stamp Act
led directly to the First Continental Congress
failed to persuade Parliament of colonial discontent
marked an important step toward the unity of the colonies
According to the Olive Branch Petition, the colonies
were ready to declare their independence from England
remained loyal to King George III
demanded that British troops immediately leave the colonies
agreed to raise a common army to defend themselves
accepted the Stamp Act, if they were allowed to elect members to Parliament
The Peace of Paris (1783) contained all of the following terms EXCEPT
the evacuation of all British troops from American soil
Free navigation of the Mississippi River to New Orleans
recognition of the independence of the United States
extension of the boundary of the United States to the Mississippi River
compensation of Loyalists for loss of their property
Which of the following is the correct order of passage of legislation affecting the colonies
, Stamp Act, Declaratory Act, Townshend Acts
Declaratory Act, Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Coercive Acts
Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act, Declaratory Act, Stamp Act
Townshend Acts, Declaratory Act, Stamp Act, Sugar Act
Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Declaratory Acts
The selection of George Washington of Virginia as the commander and chief of the newly created Continental Army was made because:
Washington had promised to use his personal wealth to finance the army
New England’s soldiers requested the appointment of the popular Washington
Washington was known throughout all thirteen colonies as the best military commander in North America
Virginia’s delegates had demanded Washington’s appointment as a condition of support
Washington as a Virginia aristocrat was a good balance against the democratic masses of the new army outside Boston
All of the following are true regarding the British during
the Revolutionary War EXCEPT
Politically the nation was unified in the war effort in wanting to keep the colonies from revolting
Blacks who fought on the British side sometimes received their freedom for doing so
Most Native America tribes (especially the Iroquois) fought on the British side
After France entered the war, the British were more concerned with the French than the Americans
They won most of the traditional battles but had problems adapting to the colonists’ guerilla warfare
Review 2 – past AP Questions – ANSWER KEY
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