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ac.any discovery of explosive devices, component parts of explosive devices, or articles having the appearance of such. 66
On 18 October 2010 the Government published its National Security Strategy which reiterated that the international terrorist threat to the UK is a tier one risk. This makes it part of a group of the highest priority risks for UK national security looking ahead, taking account of both likelihood and impact. Therefore work in protecting the travelling public will be essential for the foreseeable future.
Terrorists continue to target railway services across the world. The Madrid commuter train attacks on 11th March 2004, London attacks on 7th July 2005 (three of which occurred on the Underground) and suicide attacks in Volgograd railway station on the 29th and 30th December caused death, injury and disruption. These are clearly very rare events, but potentially high impact, hence there is a need to plan, and to remain vigilant. Along with physical attacks, the transport network has also been disrupted by telephone threats, unattended items and hoax devices.
The constantly changing nature of the risks and threats has necessitated a refresh of the original guidance published by the Department for Transport (DfT) in 2007. This 2014 document assembles the latest best practice security measures, and we hope that it helps your operations and staff to run a safe and secure network. This guidance covers the 7 light rail systems (Blackpool Tram, Croydon Tramlink, Manchester Metrolink, Midland Metro, Nottingham Express Transit, Sheffield Supertram and Tyne & Wear Metro) and can be used to help new networks ahead of commencing operations, for example the Edinburgh Tram. We encourage you to make full use of this guide.
An effective protective security regime must take account of the prevailing threat and likelihood of a security incident, the vulnerability of potential targets and the potential consequences of an attack. Together these identify the risk to the operators and infrastructure and to those using them and working on them.
The open nature of the environment around light rail stops and stations presents a greater challenge than some other transport modes where access can be more readily restricted to certain areas and screening and searching regimes are in place. Nonetheless, the opportunity exists to embed systems for effectively managing risk, and this guide shows you how to do that.
Security measures will generally be a proportionate combination of "front line" physical and procedural security measures (e.g. screening, searching, physical barriers, patrolling) and "secondary" measures (e.g. background checks, security vetting and training), depending on the prevailing threat.
A "multi-layered" approach to security is more robust, acknowledging that no single security measure is either fool-proof or capable of mitigating every type of threat. Security measures should therefore be commensurate to the risk, effective, holistic, practicable and sustainable. The aim is to deter would be perpetrators, detect prohibited articles and respond to any potential threats. Your security regime should also provide reassurance to passengers.