Remembering the Native American Indians U. S. History Name: E. Napp Date

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_________ Bozeman

7. The Cheyenne had peacefully returned to the Sand Creek Reserve for winter when this militia colonel said, “I want no peace till Indians suffer more.” The attack killed over 150 Indians, mostly women and children

_________ Crazy Horse

8. This trail ran directly through Sioux hunting grounds

_________ Fort Laramie

9. This warrior ambushed Captain William J. Fetterman and his company

_________ John Chivington

10. The government agreed to close the trail but in this treaty, the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri River

_________ The Railroads

The Native Americans still had supporters in the United States, and debate over the treatment of Native Americans continued. The well-known writer Helen Hunt Jackson, for example, exposed the government’s many broken promises in her 1881 book A Century of Dishonor. At the same time many sympathizers supported assimilation, a plan under which Native Americans would give up their beliefs and way of life and become part of the white culture.
In 1887, Congress passed the Dawes Act aiming to ‘Americanize’ the Native Americans. The act broke up the reservations and gave some of the reservation land to individual Native Americans – 160 acres to each head of household and 80 acres to each unmarried adult. The government would sell the remainder of the reservations to settlers, and the resulting income would be used by Native Americans to buy farm implements. By 1932, whites had taken about two-thirds of the territory that had been set aside for Native Americans. In the end, the Native Americans received no money from the sale of these lands.
Perhaps the most significant blow to tribal life on the plains was the destruction of the buffalo. Tourists and fur traders shot buffalo for sport. U.S. General Sheridan noted with approval that buffalo hunters were destroying the Plains Indians’ main source of food, clothing, shelter, and fuel. In 1800, approximately 65 million buffalo roamed the plains; by

1890, fewer than 1000 remained. In 1900, the United States sheltered, in Yellowstone National Park, a single wild herd of buffalo.” ~ The Americans

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