To what extent is nationalism shaped by various factors?
Nationalism and the French Revolution
As a result of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, the development of nationalism grew quickly throughout Europe, and old methods of running countries were widely challenged. The French Revolution was fuelled by political, economic, and social factors, as the peasant classes began to demand changes to the ways in which French society was structured.
In 1799, the Napoleonic Era began when Napoleon became the leader of France. He immediately introduced some stability to the country. Napoleon furthered the ideas of liberalism and nationalism that had developed during the revolution and spread these ideas throughout Europe. As a result, people in other countries began to demand similar changes. Groups of people who shared similar languages and cultures began to desire national self-determination rather than being controlled by large empires that rarely had the people's best interests in mind. People wanted their own countries to exist on land that had been inhabited by their ancestors for generations, and they wanted autonomy both in terms of politics and culture.
A Contemporary Example of Nationalism: Kosovo: And Independent State
Kosovo, a province of Serbia, declared its independence in February of 2008, sparking violence and international debate over the legitimacy of its independence claims.
Chapter 4: Nationalism and Collective Consciousness
To what extent do people’s experiences with nationalism vary?
Feelings of nationalism can be internalized within a group of people so that a collective consciousness toward nationalism exists among a nation's members. People may take the characteristics of the country or nation about which they feel nationalistic and make these characteristics part of their collective identity.
Exploring Canadian Identity
Canada's attitude toward embracing differences and promoting integration rather than assimilation has had an impact on how citizens view Canadian nationalism and identity. Typically, Canadians do not outwardly display nationalistic feelings as strongly or as often as Americans.