Related Issue I: To What Extent Should Nation Be the Foundation of Identity? Chapter 1: Understandings of Nation and Nationalism

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What is a nation?

Many things create connections between individual members of a nation such as:

Ethnic background and ancestry: Shared ethnic ties can create sense of belonging or nationalism because of their shared experiences. Many feel a loyalty to their ethnicity. Ethnic nationalism develops when people share a common ethnic history, usually with many generations of ancestors sharing that ethnicity.

History: Historic Nationalism exists among people who share a history.

Cultural values and beliefs: Shared cultural experiences can shape a person’s identity. Individuals often identify with a variety of cultures; for example, those associated with their ethnicity, nation-state, language, region, or community. Cultural nationalism develops when a group of people share a common culture with similar traditions, artistic expressions, foods, and attire.

Language(s) and communication: Through a common mode of communication, the people of a nation can share ideas, knowledge, and wisdom, and can make connections in a meaningful way. Linguistic nationalism exists among people who share a similar language and a desire to protect it, even if they are of different ethnicities or cultures.

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