References for Drowning and Flood Fatalities



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References for Drowning and Flood Fatalities

A listing of sources which Ilan Kelman http://www.ilankelman.org/contact.html has available.




Drowning 1

Flood Fatalities 3

Stability (Human and Vehicle) in Water 7




Drowning

Ahmed, M.K., M. Rahman, and J. van Ginneken. 1999. “Epidemiology of child deaths due to drowning in Matlab, Bangladesh”. International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 28, pp. 306-311.


American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention. 2003. “Prevention of Drowning in Infants, Children, and Adolescents”. Pediatrics, 112, pp. 437-439.
Brenner, R.A. 2002 “Childhood drowning is a global concern: Prevention needs a multifaceted approach”. BMJ, vol. 324, 4 May, pp. 1049-1050.
Canadian Red Cross Society. 2006. Drownings and Other Water-Related Injuries in Canada, 1991-2000, Module 1: Overview. Canadian Red Cross Society, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
CAPT. 2001. Drowning. CAPT (Child Accident Prevention Trust), London, U.K.
Cornall, P. 2003. “Improving data for water-related emergencies”. Watersafe 2003 FIRE supplement, p. 6.
Dietz P. and S. Baker. 1974. “Drowning: Epidemiology and Prevention”. American Journal of Public Health, vol. 64, issue 4, pp. 303-312.
Driscoll, T.R., J.A. Harrison, and M. Steenkamp. 2004. “Review of the role of alcohol in drowning associated with recreational aquatic activity”. Injury Prevention, vol. 10, pp. 107-113.
DTI. 1996. Fatal Drowning Accidents - 5 Gallon Buckets. DTI (U.K. Department of Trade and Industry), March 1996, URN 96/915.
DTI. 2000 (July). Drowning Accidents in the Garden Involving Children Under Five. DTI (U.K. Department of Trade and Industry), URN 00/906.
DTI. 2000 (July). Safer Ponds by Design. DTI (U.K. Department of Trade and Industry), DTI/Pub 4967/500k/7/00/NP. URN 00/973.

DTI. 2001 (June). Drownings in the Home & Garden. DTI (U.K. Department of Trade and Industry), URN 01/903.


Edmonds, C.W. and R.M. Walker. 1999. “Snorkelling deaths in Australia, 1987-1996”. Medical Journal of Australia, no. 171, pp. 591-594.
Hartmann, D. 2006. “Drowning and beach-safety management (BSM) along the Mediterranean beaches of Israel—A long-term perspective.” Journal of Coastal Research, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 133-142.
Heckler, W.J. No date. “Near Drowning – A Personal Experience”. No source, except that it comes from the IADRS and is pp. 10-11.
Howland, J., J.Birckmayer, D.Hemenway, and J.Cote. 1998. “Did changes in minimum age drinking laws affect adolescent drowning (1970–90)?”. Injury Prevention, vol. 4, pp. 288–291.
Idris, A.H., R.A. Berg, J. Bierens, L. Bossaert, C.M. Branche, A. Gabrielli, S.A. Graves, A.J. Handley, R. Hoelle, P.T. Morley, L. Papa, P.E. Pepe, L. Quan, D. Szpilman, J.G. Wigginton, J.H. Modell, D. Atkins, M. Gay, W. Kloeck, and S. Timerman. 2003. “Recommended Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data From Drowning: The ‘Utstein Style’. Circulation, vol. 108, pp. 2565-2574.
Kelman, I. 2003. U.K. Drownings. CFS Press, January 2003, http://www.cfspress.com/KelmanUKDrownings.pdf
Kelman, I. 2007. Unusual Floods and Drownings. Version 8, 27 March 2007 (Version 1 was 29 December 2002). Downloaded from

http://www.ilankelman.org/disasterdeaths/UnusualDrownings.rtf


Lunetta, P., A. Penttilä, and A. Sajantila. 2002. “Drowning in Finland: ‘external cause’ and ‘injury’.” Injury Prevention, vol. 8, pp. 342–344.
Mackie, I.J. 1999. “Patterns of drowning in Australia, 1992-1997”. Medical Journal of Australia, no. 171, pp. 587-590.
MMWR. 1990. “Current Trends Child Drownings and Near Drownings Associated with Swimming Pools -- Maricopa County, Arizona, 1988 and 1989”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 39, no. 26 (July 6), pp. 441-442.
MMWR. 2001. “Drowning—Louisiana, 1998”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 50, no. 20 (25 May), pp. 413-414.
MMWR. 2008. “Paddle Sports Fatalities — Maine, 2000–2007”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 57, no. 19 (16 May), pp. 525-527.
Morgenstern, H., T. Bingham, and A. Reza. 2000. “Effects of pool-fencing ordinances and other factors on childhood drowning in Los Angeles County, 1990-1995”. American Journal Public Health, vol. 90, pp. 595-601.
Nakahara, S., M. Ichikawa, and S. Wakai. 2004. “Drowning deaths among Japanese children aged 1–4 years: different trends due to different risk reductions”. Injury Prevention, vol. 10, pp. 125-126.
Phoenix (Arizona) Fire Department monitors drowning incidents and fatalities in their jurisdiction at http://www.phoenix.gov/FIRE
Quan, L. and P. Cummings. 2003. “Characteristics of drowning by different age groups”. Injury Prevention, vol. 9, pp. 163-168.
Rauchschwalbe, R., R.A. Brenner, and G.S. Smith. 1997. “The Role of Bathtub Seats and Rings in Infant Drowning Deaths”. Pediatrics, vol. 100, no. 4 (October), http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/100/4/e1
ROSPA. Various years. Drowning Statistics, Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, U.K.
Sibert, J.R. Ronan A Lyons, Beverley A Smith, Peter Cornall, Valerie Sumner, Maxine A Craven, Alison M Kemp. 2002. “Preventing deaths by drowning in children in the United Kingdom: have we made progress in 10 years? Population based incidence study”. BMJ, vol. 324, 4 May, pp. 1070-1071.
Smith, G.S. and J.D. Langley. 1998. “Drowning surveillance: how well do E codes identify submersion fatalities”. Injury Prevention, vol. 4, pp. 135-139.
USCG http://www.uscgboating.org/statistics/accident_stats.htm “Every year, the U.S. Coast Guard compiles statistics on reported recreational boating accidents. These statistics are derived from accident reports that are filed by the owners / operators of recreational vessels involved in accidents.” Reports available for each year 1997-2001 (31 May 2003).
van Beeck, E.F., C.M. Branche, D. Szpilman, J.H. Modell, and J.J.L.M. Bierens. 2005. “A New Definition of Drowning: Towards Documentation and Prevention of a Global Public Health Problem”. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 83, no. 11, pp. 853-856.
Royal Life Saving Society monitors drowning incidents in Victoria, Australia, with documents published ofr 2002-2003 and 2003-2004.
Walker, R.M. 1999. “Dead in the Water: How Safe are Our Water Sports?”. Medical Journal of Australia, no. 171, pp. 584-586.
Water Safety New Zealand monitors drowning incidents in New Zealand at http://www.watersafety.org.nz
Wintemute, G.J., J.F. Kraus, S.P. Teret, and M. Wright. 1987. “Drowning in Childhood and Adolescence: A Population-based Study”. American Journal of Public Health, vol. 77, no. 7, pp. 830-832.

Flood Fatalities

Ashley, S.T. and W.S. Ashley. 2008. “Flood Fatalities in the United States”. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 805-818.


Bern, C., J. Sniezek, G.M. Mathbor, M.S. Siddiqi, C. Ronsmans, A.M. Chowdhury, A.E. Choudhury, K. Islam, M. Bennish, E. Noji, and R.I. Glass. 1993. “Risk factors for mortality in the Bangladesh cyclone of 1991”. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 73-78.
Bourque, L.B., J.M. Siegel, M. Kano, and M.M. Wood. 2006. “Weathering the Storm: The Impact of Hurricanes on Physical and Mental Health”. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 604, no. 1, pp. 129-151.
Brenner, S.A., S.R. Lillibridge, D. Perrotta, and E.K. Noji. 1994. “Fire-Related Mortality in Floods: A Newly Discovered Threat from Fire Ants”. American Entomologist, Fall, p. 147.
Chowdhury, A.M.R., A.U. Bhuyia, A.Y. Choudhury, and R. Sen. 1993. “The Bangladesh Cyclone of 1991: Why So Many People Died”. Disasters, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 291-304.
CDC. 1992. “Preliminary Report: Medical Examiner Reports of Deaths Associated with Hurricane Andrew—Florida”. JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), vol. 268, issue 13 (7 October), p. 1644.
CDC. 1994. “Flood-related mortality—Missouri, 1993”, JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), vol. 271, issue 3 (19 January), p. 186.
CDC. 1998. “Deaths Associated With Hurricane Georges—Puerto Rico, September 1998”. JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), vol. 280, issue 20 (25 November), pp. 1736-1737.
CDC. 2000. “Storm-Related Mortality—Central Texas, October 17-31, 1998”. JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), vol. 283, issue 12 (22/29 March), pp. 1560-1561.
Coates, L. 1999. “Flood Fatalities in Australia, 1788-1996”. Australian Geographer, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 391-408.
Combs, D.L., R.G. Parrish, S.J. McNabb, and J.H. Davis. 1996. “Deaths related to Hurricane Andrew in Florida and Louisiana, 1992”. International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 537-544.
Dietz, V.J., J.G. Rigau-Perez, L. Sanderson, L. Diaz, and R.A. Gunn. 1990. “Health Assessment of the 1985 Flood Disaster in Puerto Rico”. Disasters, vol. 14, no 2, pp. 164-170.
Duclos, P. and J. Isaacson. 1987. “Preventable Deaths Related to Floods”. Letters to the Editor, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 77, no. 11, p. 1474.
Duclos, P., O. Vidonne, P. Beuf, P. Perray, and A. Stoebner. 1991. “Flash Flood Disaster—Nîmes, France, 1988”. European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 365-371.
French, J., R. Ing, S. Von Allmen, and R. Wood. 1983. “Mortality From Flash Floods: A Review of National Weather Service Reports, 1969-81”. Public Health Reports, vol. 98, no. 6 (November-December), pp. 584-588.

Gerritsen, H., S.N. Jonkman, I. Kelman, C. Martens, and P. Waarts. 2003. 1953 Storm Surge Deaths: Belgium. Version 3, 27 July 2003 (Version 1 was 31 March 2003). Downloaded from http://www.ilankelman.org/disasterdeaths/1953DeathsB.doc


Haque, C.E., and D. Blair. 1992. “Vulnerability to Tropical Cyclones: Evidence from the April 1991 Cyclone in Coastal Bangladesh.” Disasters, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 217-229.
Jonkman, S.N. 2005. “Global Perspectives of Loss of Human Life Caused by Floods”. Natural Hazards, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 151-175.
Jonkman, S.N. and I. Kelman. 2005. “An Analysis of Causes and Circumstances of Flood Disaster Deaths”. Disasters, vol. 29, no. 1 (March), pp. 75-97.
Jonkman, S.N., I. Kelman, and P. Waarts. 2003. 1953 Storm Surge Deaths: Netherlands. Version 1, 31 March 2003. Downloaded from http://www.ilankelman.org/disasterdeaths/1953DeathsNL.doc
Jonkman, S.N. and J.K. Vrijling. 2008. “Loss of life due to floods”. Journal of Flood Risk Management, vol. 1, pp. 43-56.
Kelman, I. 2003. 1953 Storm Surge Deaths: U.K. Version 4, 10 November 2003 (Version 1 was 30 November 2002). Downloaded from http://www.ilankelman.org/disasterdeaths/1953DeathsUK.doc
Kelman, I. 2003. U.K. Drownings. CFS Press, January 2003, http://www.cfspress.com/KelmanUKDrownings.pdf
Legome, E., A. Robins, and D.A. Rund. 1995. “Injuries Associated with Floods: The Need for an International Reporting Scheme”. Disasters, vol. 19, no. 1., pp. 50-54.
MMWR. 1989. “Deaths Associated with Hurricane Hugo—Puerto Rico”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 38, no. 39 (6 October), pp. 680-682.
MMWR. 1989. “Update: Work-Related Electrocutions Associated with Hurricane Hugo—Puerto Rico”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 38, no 42. (27 October), pp. 718-725.
MMWR. 1989. “Medical Examiner/Coroner Reports of Deaths Associated with Hurricane Hugo—South Carolina”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 38, no. 44 (10 November), pp.754,759-762.
MMWR. 1992. “Preliminary Report: Medical Examiner Reports of Deaths Associated with Hurricane Andrew—Florida, August 1992”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 41, no. 35 (4 September), pp. 641-644.
MMWR. 1993. “Flood-Related Mortality—Missouri, 1993”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 42, no. 48 (10 December), pp. 941-943.
MMWR. 1993. “Injuries and Illnesses Related to Hurricane Andrew—Louisiana, 1992”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 42, no. 13 (9 April), pp. 242-250.
MMWR. 1993. “Surveillance of Deaths Attributed to a Nor'easter—December 1992”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 42, no. 1 (15 January), pp. 4-5.
MMWR. 1994. “Flood-Related Mortality—Georgia, July 4-14, 1994”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 43, no. 29 (29 July), pp. 526-530.
MMWR. 1996. “Deaths Associated with Hurricanes Marilyn and Opal—United States, September-October 1995”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol 45, no. 2 (19 January), pp. 32-38.
MMWR. 1998. “Deaths Associated with Hurricane Georges—Puerto Rico, September 1998”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 47, no. 42 (30 October), pp. 897-898.
MMWR. 2000. “Morbidity and Mortality Associated With Hurricane Floyd—North Carolina, September-October 1999”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 49, no. 17 (5 May), pp. 369-372.
MMWR. 2000. “Storm-Related Mortality—Central Texas, October 17-31, 1998”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 49, no. 7 (25 February), pp. 133-135.
MMWR. 2004. “Preliminary Medical Examiner Reports of Mortality Associated with Hurricane Charley—Florida, 2004”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 53, no. 36 (17 September), pp. 835-837.
MMWR. 2005. “Carbon Monoxide Poisoning from Hurricane-Associated Use of Portable Generators – Florida, 2004”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 54, no. 28 (22 July), pp. 697-700.
MMWR. 2005. “Epidemiologic Assessment of the Impact of Four Hurricanes – Florida, 2004”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 54, no. 28 (22 July), pp. 693-697.
MMWR. 2006. “Mold Prevention Strategies and Possible Health Effects in the Aftermath of Hurricanes and Major Floods”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report) Recommendations and Reports, vol. 55, no. RR-8 (9 June).
MMWR. 2006. Several articles on Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 55, no. 9 (10 March), pp. 229-247.
Mooney, L.E. 1983. “Applications and Implications of Fatality Statistics to the Flash Flood Problems”, pp. 127-129 in Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Hydrometeorology, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, 17-19 October, American Meteorology Society.
NOAA. 2001 (September). “Service Assessment: Tropical Storm Allison, Heavy Rains and Floods, Texas and Louisiana, June 2001”. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
NWS. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/hazstats.shtml “The U.S. Natural Hazard Statistics provide statistical information on fatalities, injuries and damages caused by weather related hazards. These statistics are compiled by the Office of Services and the National Climatic Data Center from information contained in Storm Data, a report comprising data from NWS forecast offices in the 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Virgin Islands.” Office of Climate, Water, and Weather Services, NWS (National Weather Service), NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration).
NWS. c. 1994. Tropical Storm Alberto Floods of July 1994 Disaster Survey Report. NWS (National Weather Service), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
NWS c. 1996. Northeast Floods of January 1996 Disaster Survey Report. NWS (National Weather Service), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
Penning-Rowsell, E., P. Floyd, D. Ramsbottom, S. Surendran. 2005. “Estimating Injury and Loss of Life in Floods: A Deterministic Framework”. Natural Hazards, vol. 36, no. 1-2, pp. 43-64.
Philen. R.M., D.L. Combs, L. Miller, L.M. Sanderson, R.G. Parrish, and R. Ing. 1992. “Hurricane Hugo-related Deaths: South Carolina and Puerto Rico, 1989”. Disasters, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 53-59.
Pradhan, E.K., K.P. West, Jr., J. Katz, S.C. LeClerq, S.K. Khatry, and S.R. Shrestha. 2007. “Risk of flood-related mortality in Nepal”. Disasters, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 57-70.
Rappaport, E.N. and J. Fernández-Partagás. 1997. “History of the deadliest Atlantic tropical cyclones since the discovery of the New World”, pp. 93-108 in H.F. Diaz and R.S. Pulwarty (eds.), Hurricanes, Climate and Socioeconomic Impacts, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelburg New York.
Shultz, J.M., J. Russell, and Z. Espinel. 2005. “Epidemiology of Tropical Cyclones: The Dynamics of Disaster, Disease, and Development”. Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 27, pp. 21-35.
Sommer, A. and W.H. Mosley. 1972. “East Bengal Cyclone of November 1970: Epidemiological Approach to Disaster Assessment”. The Lancet, vol. 299, 13 May 1972, pp. 1029-1036.
Staes, C., J.C. Orengo, J. Malilay, J. Rullan, and E. Noji 1994. “Deaths Due to Flash Floods in Puerto Rico, January 1992: Implications for Prevention”. International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 968-975.
Thorne, B.J. and R.R. Arafat. 2002. “Mortality due to Tropical Storm Allison”, Houston Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Epidemiology, Texas, USA.

Stability (Human and Vehicle) in Water

Abt, S.R., R.J. Wittler, A. Taylor, and D.J. Love. 1989. “Human Stability in a High Flood Hazard Zone”. Water Resources Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 881-890.


Cox, R.J. and J.E. Ball. 2001. “Stability and Safety in Flooded Streets”. In Proceedings of the Conference on Hydraulics in Civil Engineering, The Institution of Engineers, Australia, Hobart, Austarlia, 28-30 November 2001.
Jonkman, S.N., I. Kelman, and V. Bain. 2005. “A Physical Interpretation of Human Stability in Flowing Water”. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Stochastic Hydraulics, International Association of Hydraulic Research, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 23-24 May 2005.
Jonkman, S.N. and E. Penning-Rowsell. 2008. “Human Instability in Flood Flows”. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 1208-1218.
Keller, R.J. and B.F. Mitsch. 1992. “Stability of Cars and Children in Flooded Streets”. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Urban Stormwater Management, Sydney, Australia, 4-7 February 1992.
Lind, N., D. Harford, and H. Assaf. 2004. “Hydrodynamic Models of Human Stability in a Flood”. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Febuary, pp. 89-96.
Maijala, T. 2001. RESCDAM: Development of Rescue Actions Based on Dam-Break Flood Analysis. Final Report, June 1999 – March 2001. Finnish Environment Institute, Grant Agreement No Subv 99/52623, Community Action Programme in the Field of Civil Protection, Helsinki, Finland.
Waters, S. c. 2007. “Flood Physics”. PowerPoint presentation from the Flood Control District of Maricopa County, Arizona, U.S.A.
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