1.4. Have other social sector priority interventions been launched or scaled up? This may include food security, health, education, employment or other programmes. See above.
1.5. Is your country undertaking a fiscal stimulus plan? Which are its main components? Will the stimulus be continued in 2010? Please send any relevant background materials. N/A
1.6. If there has been no or insufficient response to the crisis, has any analysis been conducted (by UNICEF or any other institution) for the upcoming fiscal year 2010 to assist the government to prioritize or scale up social services and programs that are identified as high-impact or cost effective? Please send any relevant background materials. In collaboration with the Foundation for Community Development (FDC, led by Graça Machel), UNICEF published and disseminated a series of Budget Briefs about the 2009 State Budget Proposal. Because the State Budget is a document that is not easily understood, the objective of these Briefs was to highlight the key features of the 2009 State Budget Proposal and to promote a greater understanding of how the proposed allocation of public resources in 2009 will have an impact on the realisation of child rights. All the Briefs had as a common theme the following critical issues: (i) inequitable budget allocations to the most disadvantaged provinces in terms of child development; (ii) high level of aid dependency, particularly in sectors key to child development; and (iii) importance of increasing budget allocation to social protection programmes for childhood poverty reduction. In 2009, these messages were further disseminated through capacity building workshops on public finance management for newly elected members of municipal assemblies and civil society organisations. A new series of Budget Briefs were put on hold because of delays in the finalisation of the State Budget Proposal for 2010 (mainly due to the national election held in October 2009).
Additional analysis of allocation of public resources reveals that, while “priority sectors” under the national Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PARPA II) continue to absorb a large amount of the State Budget envelope (over 64 per cent on average in 2008 and 2009), there was a reduction in funds allocated to most of these areas from 2008 to 2009. Shortage in funds, particularly against the context of the global financial crisis, had an impact in programmatic interventions (e.g. teacher training, peri-urban water and sanitation, community health) as well as key sectoral areas (e.g. Education and HIV and AIDS, social protection).