The Thirteenth Amendment emancipated all U.S. slaves. As a result, after the Civil War, Southern blacks had to face the difficulty of a free people surrounded by many hostile whites. One freedman, Houston Hartsfield Holloway, wrote,
"For we colored people did not know how to be free and the white people did not know how to have a free colored person about them."
The nation was unprepared to deal with the question of full citizenship for its newly freed black population. The Reconstruction implemented by Congress, which lasted from 1866 to 1877, was aimed at reorganizing the Southern states after the Civil War, providing the means for readmitting them into the Union, and defining the means by which whites and blacks could live together in a nonslave society. The South, however, saw Reconstruction as a humiliating, even vengeful imposition and did not welcome it.
During the Era of Reconstruction, Americans were attempting to rebuild following a catastrophic War. Restoring the eleven states that had seceded from the Union would be fraught with controversy, and neither the President nor congressional leaders agreed immediately on the best policy.
Task: In this web quest you will be exploring a period of our history known as Reconstruction. You will be discovering the different policies and plans of this era and the struggles faced by African Americans. In addition, you will take a look at the impacts that Reconstruction had on our constitution.
1. You will work in groups of three.
2. Each member of your group will complete one section (Policies of
Reconstruction, Struggles of the Freedmen, or 13th, 14th, and 15th
3. You will then share your answers with your group (all members must write down all
In order to become familiar with this time period in our history you will be required to complete worksheets in your textbook as well. You will be given time in class today to work on Chapter 18 but you will have to complete the worksheets for homework in addition to the web quest.
The Web Quest will be due on
Monday, June 9th Step 3: Start the Web Quest
Section 1.Policies of Reconstruction
A. Describe the main points of Lincoln's Reconstruction plan for the South.
B. Who opposed Lincoln's plan and why?
C. What did Lincoln do to get around the opposition?