Reconstruction: Jim Crow Laws: Ku Klux Klan: Carpetbaggers: Scalawags: Segregation

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Name: _________________________ Date: _________

Reconstruction Practice Sheet



Jim Crow Laws:

Ku Klux Klan:




Pardon: Impeach:

Find the term:

A reading test that was given before a person was allowed to vote. It was used to discriminate against African Americans. _____________________________

A tax that people would have to pay in order to vote. _________________________

Gave people the right to vote if their grandfathers voted. This gave many poor white southerners who couldn’t read the right to vote anyway. _______________________

A term used to describe a person who does not have a job. __________________

Name given to laws passed in the South to keep African Americans in a slave-like role: __________________


Assassinated Abraham Lincoln: _____________________________________

This organization was created to help former slaves with food, clothing, job training, and an education after the Civil War: _________________

These politicians wanted to punish the South for the Civil War and tried to impeach President Andrew Johnson: ______________________

Burned crosses and intimidated African Americans after the Civil War so they wouldn’t exercise their right to vote: ________________________

He was shot and killed at Ford’s Theater in Washington, DC: _______________________

Why did the South need to be rebuilt after the Civil War?

Political party that supported segregation. Many Southern states became loyal to this party: ______________________________

Explain the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments. What rights did each grant and how are they related?

Describe at least three ways African Americans were denied the right to vote after the Civil War?

Describe the difference between the plantation system and sharecropping.

Explain the Supreme Court’s decisions in Plessy v Ferguson and Brown v Board of Education. How did the latter overturn the former?

Explain at least three methods that African Americans used to fight racial discrimination during the Civil Rights movement.

Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan

-10% Plan

Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan

Radical Republicans’

Reconstruction Plan

What happened to Abraham Lincoln that made it impossible for him to carry out his Reconstruction Plan?

Why were the Radical Republicans outraged by Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan? How did they try to push their agenda?

What happened to the rights of African Americans after the military left and Reconstruction was over?

In the chart below explain how each of the following early civil rights leaders wanted to achieve equality with whites.

W.E.B. DuBois

Booker T. Washington

Civil Rights


This group used the court system to fight for equality:____________________

This famous civil rights leader used nonviolent protest to fight for equality: ___________________

This person believed in achieving civil rights “by any means necessary”: _______________________

This African American was arrested for refusing to give up their seat to a white person on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama: ______________________________

This person was the first African American to play baseball in the major leagues: ________________________

These laws enforced racial segregation in the South. _______________________

Explain the importance of each:

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Affirmative Action


Freedom Rides

Civil disobedience

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