WEEK XIV – POSTWAR EUROPE: FIRE IN THE ASHES Read: Judt, ch. 1-3, 7, Coda (pp. 13-99, 197-237).
HIEU 3442 -- COURSE DESCRIPTION AND REQUIREMENTS
This course surveys the troubled history of Europe during the first half of the twentieth century. It opens with a description of Europe as it appeared in 1890/1900--full of self-confidence at home, dominant through its high material and intellectual culture as well as its
navies abroad. After discussion of the main forces of the age–--industrialization, rural and urban modernization, democratization, nationalism, and imperialism––the course addresses the causes, course, and consequences of World War I and the attendant disruption of bourgeois civilization.
Europe, as well as such phenomena as cultural fragmentation and new class and gender relationships. We will discuss totalitarian threats to democracy on the right and the left, the apparent stabilization of the 1920s, the great Depression of the 1930s, and the rising menace of a new war. The last part of the course focuses on World War II, the Holocaust, and the emergence of a new Europe from the ashes of the old. The course closes with analysis of the welfare-state model, the decline of colonial empires, and the creation of an international system based upon the rivalry of the two non-European superpowers.
The class meets for two seventy-five minute lectures per week. Lectures begin on Tuesday 27 August and end on Thursday 5 December. (There is a reading break on Tuesday 15 October, and a Thanksgiving break that eliminates class on 28 November.) Students will be asked to write a short but polished review essay (approximately seven to eight pages double-spaced) on