Reading List –modern european history



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Reading List –MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY


2ND FIELD.
Political Consolidation

  1. What constitutes the modern European nation?

  2. What is “print Capitalism?”

  3. What role did the French Revolution play in articulating the idea of the nation?

  4. Why did unification and the emergence of the nation-form occur so late in Germany? In Italy?

  5. How does the emergence of mass politics transform European history?

Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities

Ernst Gellner, Nations and Nationalism

Eric Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism Since 1780

Anthony Smith, The Ethnic Origins of Nations

____________, Nationalism and Modernism

Geoff Eley and Ronald Suny, Becoming National: A Reader

Robert Gildea, Barricades and Borders: Europe, 1800-1914

___________, The Past in French History

Pierre Nora, Realms of Memory

David Blackbourn and Geoff Eley, The Peculiarities of German History

Georg Mosse, The Nationalization of the Masses: Political Symbolism and Mass Movements in Germany from the Napoleonic Wars through the Third Reich

R.J.B. Bosworth and Patrizia Dogliani (eds.), Italian Fascism: History, Memory, Representation

Mack Walker, German Home Towns


Political Ideologies

  1. How is “tradition” appropriated for the purposes of national ideology?

  2. In what ways did French revolutionary conceptions of the nation differ from the romantic nationalisms that emerged in the early 19th century? What did Herder and Hegel have to do with this?

  3. What role did the Revolution of 1848 play in altering and transforming the idea of the nation in France? In Germany? Among the “minor” nationalities of the of the Habsburg Empire?

  4. What is the history of Socialism in Europe?

  5. In what fundamental ways (if any) did the idea of the nation articulated by the “minor” nationalities of Central Europe differ from the understanding of the nation in Western Europe?

  6. What is the connection between nationalism and fascism?

Herder, On World History

Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish

Tzevetlan Todorov, On Human Diversity: Nationalism, Racism, and Eroticism in French Thought

Etienne Balibar and Immanuel Wallerstein, Race, Nation, Class: Ambiguous Identities

Norbert Elias, The Civilizing Process

Bruce Lincoln, Theorizing Myth: Narrative, Ideology, and Scholarship

Anson Rabinbach, In The Shadow of Catastrophe

F. S. L. Lyons, Internationalism and Europe, 1815-1914

James Sheehan, German Liberalism in the 19th Century

Dieter Langwiesche, Liberalism in Germany

Georg Mosse, The Crisis of German Ideology: Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich

___________, The Fascist Revolution

Zeev Sternhell, The Birth of Fascist Ideology

Ruth Ben-Ghiat, Fascist Modernities: Italy, 1922-1945

Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi, Fascist Spectacles: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini’s Italy

William Hagen, Germans, Poles, and Jews: The Nationality Conflict in the Prussian East

Nancy Fitch, “Mass Culture, Mass Parliamentary Politics, and Modern Anti-Semitism: The Dreyfus Affair in Rural France,” in AHR, 97, 1, Feb., 1992, 55-95

Pierre Birnbaum, “French Jewish Socialists Between Reason and Faith: The Impact of the Dreyfus Affair,” in French Social Studies, Vol. 2, 1, 1995, 1-35.

Geoff Eley, The Left in Europe, 1850-2000

Donald Sassoon, 100 Years of Socialism

Robert Wuthnow, Communities of discourse: ideology and social structure in the Reformation, the Enlightenment, and European socialism.

V.G. Kiernan, History, Classes, and Nation-States: Selected Writings of V. G. Kiernan.

Tony Judt, Marxism and the French Left

William Sewell, Work and Revolution in France

Carl Schorske, German Social Democracy, 1905-1917

Eric Weitz, Creating German Communism
Rupture and Revolution


  1. What distinguishes the modern era from the pre-modern in European history. Can we speak of one process of modernity in Europe?

  2. What happened in the French Revolution? How did it influence ideas of social change in Europe?

  3. What happened in the Revolution of 1848?

  4. Why did Europe became so utterly pathological in the first half of the 20th century? What is the relationship between modernity and violence? Violence and bourgeois society?

  5. What Role did the Bolshevik Revolution play in transforming politics and class relations in Europe?

  6. What happened in 1968? What role did the events of 1968 play in reformulating European memories of the European past?

Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions: 1848-1851

Theda Skocpol, State and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China

Crane Brinton, The Anatomy of Revolutions

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolutions

_____________, Echoes of the Marseilles

William Doyle, The Origins of the French Revolution

Francois Furet, Interpreting the French Revolution

Lynn Hunt, Politics, Culture and Class in the French Revolution

Ferenc Feher (ed.), The French Revolution and the Birth of Modernity

A. Sorel, Europe and the French Revolution

Steven Kaplan, Farewell Revolution: The Historians’ Feud, France: 1789-1989

Lewis Naimier, 1848: The Revolution of the Intellectuals

Georges Duveau, 1848: The Making of a Revolution

Karl Marx, The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte

Omar Bartov, Murder in our Midst

__________, Mirrors of Destruction: War, Genocide and Modern Identity

B. Naarden, Socialist Europe and Revolutionary Russia: Perception and Prejudice, 1848-1923

Norman Naimark, Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing and 20th Century Europe

Jeffrey Herf, Reactionary Modernisms: Technology, Culture, and Politics in Weimar Germany

Modris Eksteins, The Rites of Spring

Horkheimer and Adorno, The Dialectic of Enlightenment

Zygmunt Bauman, Modernity and the Holocaust

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents


Capitalism and the Nation

  1. What is the connection between the expansion of Capitalism and the rise of nationalism and the nation-state?

  2. What is the history of Industrialization in Europe? What accounts for the staggered process of industrialization across continental Europe?

  3. What is the relationship between Late Industrial Capitalism and the emergence of Fascism?

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital

Karl Marx, The German Ideology

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

Georg Lukacs, History and Class Consciousness

Andrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt, The Essential Frankfurt School Reader

Maurice Dobb, Studies in the Development of Capitalism

John Merriman (ed.), Consciousness and Class Experience in 19th Century Europe

Hannah Arendt, The Origins of Totalitarianism

Barrington Moore, The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy

David Landes, The Unbound Prometheus

Karl Polyani, The Great Transformation

Giovannia Arrighi, The Long Twentieth Century

Charles Tilly, Coercion, Capital, and European States, 990-1992

David Harvey, The Condition of Post-Modernity

William Reddy, Money and Liberty in Modern Europe

Peter Stearns, European Society in Upheaval

Gary Steenson, Not One Man, Not one Penny: German Social Democracy, 1863-1914


Culture, Boundaries, and the Nation


  1. What function does colonialism play in the development of the nation?

  2. What is civil society? What is its relation to the bourgeois family?

  3. What distinguishes modern racialist and anti-Semitic theories from their predecessors?

  4. Why does there occur a nearly universal turn to more exclusionary imaginings of the nation beginning in the 1870s?

  5. How did Europe attempt to deal with nationality problems in the inter-war period? After World War II?

  1. What roles did the modern academic studies of History, Anthropology, and Religious Studies play in articulating nationalist and racialist ideologies.

  1. What role did the articulation of modern racialist ideologies play in imaginings of the nation? Modern anti-Semitism? Eugenics?



Eric Hobsbawm (ed.), The Invention of Tradition

Jurgen Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere

Edward Said, Orientalism

Isabell Hull, Sexuality, State, and Civil Society in Germany, 1700-1815

Eugene Weber, Peasants into Frenchmen

Celia Applegate, A Nation of Provincials: The German Idea of Heimat

Roger Brubaker, Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany

Suzanne Zantop, Colonial Fantasies: Conquest, Family, and Nation in Pre-Colonial Germany, 1770-1870

Peter Sahlins, Boundaries: The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees

Rudy Koshar, Germany’s Transient Pasts

Karl Schorsky, Fin de Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture

Peter Gay, Freud, Jews, and Other Germans

________, The Cultivation of Hatred

William Schneider, Quality and Quantity: The Quest for Biological Regeneration in Twentieth Century France

Peter Jackson, Maps of Meaning: An Introduction to Cultural Geography

Simon Schama, Landscape and Memory

Henry Russo, The Vichy Syndrome

Rainer Liedtke and Stephan Wenderhorst, The Emancipation of Catholics, Jews, and Protestants: Minorities and the Nation-State in Nineteenth Century Europe



K. Berman, Cultural Studies of Modern Germany: History, Representation, and Nationhood.

Victoria De Grazia, The Culture of Consent: Mass Organization of Leisure in Fascist Italy
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