Reading Guide Vocabulary Battle of Bull Run



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The American Pageant Chapter 21 Reading Guide
Vocabulary

Battle of Bull Run (Manassas Junction)

Peninsula Campaign

Merrimack

Monitor

Second Battle of Bull Run

Battle of Antietam

Emancipation Proclamation

Thirteenth Amendment

Battle of Fredericksburg

Battle of Gettysburg

Gettysburg Address

Battle of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

Battle of Shiloh

Siege of Vicksburg

Sherman’s March

Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War

Copperheads



The Man Without a Country

Union party

Wilderness Campaign

Appomattox Courthouse



Reform Bill of 1867
Reading Questions


  1. What were the results of the first major battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

  2. Why does George McClellan get the nickname “Tardy George”?

  3. How does McClellan’s failure to take Richmond in the Peninsula Campaign, as well as Lee’s counterattack in the Seven Days’ Battles, change the course of the Civil War?

  4. What does the Union strategy change to after the losses in the Seven Days’ Battles?

  5. What was blockade-running, and why was it so profitable?

  6. Explain the significance of the Battle of the Ironclads, the Monitor and the Merrimack.

  7. What does Lee do after his win at the Second Battle of Bull Run?

  8. Why is the “victory” at Antietam, so significant for the Union?

  9. What does the Emancipation Proclamation actually do about slavery?

  10. How is slavery legally ended in the United States?

  11. How does the Emancipation Proclamation change the stakes of the war for the Union and the Confederacy?

  12. What is the response of blacks to the Emancipation Proclamation, especially in regard to military service?

  13. What do blacks in the South do as the war goes on?

  14. Who does Lincoln put in place as commander of the Army of the Potomac after firing McClellan following Antietam? How does this new commander fail at Fredericksburg?

  15. Who becomes commander of the Army of the Potomac after Fredericksburg?

  16. Why is Chancellorsville called the most costly victory for the Confederacy?

  17. Why does Lee make the decision to invade into the North?

  18. Who is named the commander of the Union forces just before Gettysburg?

  19. Why is the Battle of Gettysburg a major turning point in the Civil War?

  20. Why was Ulysses S. Grant’s success in Tennessee so important?

  21. What were the three major battles Grant has success in from February-April 1862?

  22. What does David Farragut do in the spring of 1862 to help the Union war effort?

  23. How does Grant effectively cut the Confederacy down the middle on July 4, 1863?

  24. Describe Sherman’s March to the Sea. (Major towns, tactics, etc.)

  25. Who were the Copperheads, and how did Clement Vallandigham stir up trouble for Lincoln during the Civil War?

  26. What two groups made up the Union party in the election of 1864?

  27. Who does Lincoln select as his running mate in the election of 1864? Why?

  28. Who do the Democrats run against Lincoln in 1864?

  29. What helps seal the election for Lincoln? What is the “bayonet vote?”

  30. After Gettysburg, Grant is made the commander of the Union army. What were his tactics in battles like the Wilderness Campaign and Cold Harbor?

  31. Where did Lee finally surrender to Grant in April 1865?

  32. Who assassinates Lincoln on April 14, 1865?

  33. How is Lincoln’s assassination bad for the South?

  34. What is the aftermath of the Civil War? (loss of life, monetary costs, political ramifications)

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