1. What prompted the change in the relationship between Spain and England?
2. What steps from 1575-1600 brought England closer to colonizing the New World?
3. Explain how conditions in England around 1600 made it "ripe" to colonize N. America.
4. Give at least three reasons that so many of the Jamestown settlers died.
5. Describe the reasons for and results of the First and Second Anglo-Powhatan Wars
6. What were the major demographic and cultural impacts of European colonization on Native American life?
7. "By 1620 Virginia had already developed many of the features that were important to it two centuries later." Explain.
8. In what ways was Maryland different than Virginia?
9. What historical consequences resulted from the cultivation of sugar instead of tobacco in the British colonies in the West Indies?
10. Why did Carolina become a place for aristocratic whites and many black slaves?
The Emergence of North Carolina
Know: Tuscarora & Yamasee Indians
11. North Carolina was called "a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit." Explain.
Know: James Oglethorpe
12. In what ways was Georgia unique among the Southern colonies?
The Plantation Colonies
13. Which similarities did the Southern colonies have?
Reading Guide questions: Chapter #3 Settling the Northern Colonies 1619—1700
The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism
Know: John Calvin, Puritans, Separatists
1. How did John Calvin's teachings result in some Englishmen wanting to leave England?
2. Explain the factors that contributed to the success of the Plymouth colony.
3. Why did the Puritans come to America and how did this influence the settling of Massachusetts?
4. How democratic was the Massachusetts Bay Colony? Explain.
5. What happened to those whose religious beliefs differed from others in Massachusetts Bay Colony?
6. How was Rhode Island different than Massachusetts?
8. Describe how Connecticut, Maine and New Hampshire were settled.
9. Why did hostilities arise between Puritans and Native Americans? What was the result?
10. Assess the following statement, "The British colonies were beginning to grow closer to each other by 1700."
11. How did events in England affect the New England colonies' development?
12. Explain how settlement by the Dutch led to the type of city that New York is today.
13. "Vexations beset the Dutch company-colony from the beginning." Explain.
14. Explain the Dutch legacy in the United States?
15. Describe the Quakers and their attraction to a colony in America.
16. Why was Pennsylvania attractive to so many Europeans and Native Americans?
17. What do the authors mean when the say that the middle colonies were the most American?
Reading Guide: Chapter #4 American Life 1607-1692
The Unhealthy Chesapeake
1."Life in the American wilderness was nasty, brutish, and short for the earliest Chesapeake settlers." Explain.
Know: Freedom Dues, Headright System
2. What conditions in Virginia made the colony right for the importation of indentured servants and how did those servants fare in Virginia?
Frustrated Freemen and Bacon's Rebellion
Know: William Berkeley, Nathaniel Bacon
3. Who is most to blame for Bacon's rebellion, the upper class or the lower class? Explain.
Know: Middle Passage, Slave Codes, Chattel Slavery
4. Describe the evolution of the slave trade in the colonies.
Africans in America (and read Makers of America: From African to African American)
Know: Stono Rebellion
5. Describe slave culture and contributions.
Know: Plantations, Yeoman Farmers
6. Describe southern culture in the colonial period, noting social classes.
The New England Family
Know: The Scarlet Letter
7. What was it like to be a woman in New England in contrast to Chesapeake?
Life in the New England Towns
Know: Town Meetings
8. Explain the significance of New England towns.
The Half-Way Covenant and the Salem Witch Trial
Know: Half-Way Covenant
9. What evidence shows that New England was becoming more diverse as the 17th century wore on?
The New England Way of Life
Know: Yankee Ingenuity
10. How did the environment shape the culture of New England?
The Early Settlers' Days and Ways
11. How much equality was evident in the colonies?
1. What was the significance of the tremendous growth of population in Britain's North American colonies?
Know: Pennsylvania Dutch, Scots-Irish, Paxton Boys, Regulator Movement
2. What was the significance of large numbers of immigrants from places other than England? Be sure to know who is coming & from where?
The Structure of Colonial Society
3. Assess the degree of social mobility in the colonies.
4. How were each of the above professions regarded?
Know: Triangular Trade, Molasses Act
5. Describe some of the more important occupations in the colonies.
Horsepower and Sailpower
6. What was it like to travel in early America?
7. In what ways was religion “established” in the colonies and how did the denominations in America affect relations with Great Britain?
Know: Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield
8. How was the religion encompassed in the Great Awakening different from traditional religion? What was important about the difference?
Schools and Colleges
9. What kind of education could a young person expect in colonial times?
Know: Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard’s Almanac
10. Did Americans distinguish themselves in the arts during the colonial period? Explain.
Know: John Peter Zenger
11. Why was the jury verdict in the Zenger case important?
The Great Game of Politics
Know: Royal Colonies, Proprietary colonies, self-governing colonies, colonial assemblies
12. How democratic was colonial America?
13. Describe everyday life in the colonies.
14. Which viewpoint do you agree with the most and why?
Know: Samuel de Champlain, New France
1. How was the colony of New France different from the British North American colonies?
New France Fans Out
Know: Robert de La Salle
2. What factors led to the French settlement of New France?
The Clash of Empires
3. Describe the early wars between France and Britain.
Know: Fort Necessity, Acadians
4. How did George Washington spark the French and Indian War?
Global War and Colonial Disunity
Know: Albany Plan of Union, "Join or Die"
5. What was the purpose and result of the Albany Congress?
Braddock's Blundering and Its Aftermath
6. What setbacks did the British suffer in the early years of the French and Indian War?
Know: Battle of Quebec
7. What was the significance of the British victory in the French and Indian War?
8. How did the French and Indian War affect the relationship between the colonies and with the mother country?
Know: Pontiac’s Uprising, Proclamation of 1763