Section 1: 350-357 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition and be sure to include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term.
Charles Martel (The Hammer)
Battle of Tours
Treaty of Verdun
Setting the Stage:
What were the three roots of medieval culture in western Europe?
Identify and explain at least three ways that civilization in western Europe declined after the Roman Empire fell?
How was the relationship between a Frankish king and the Pope beneficial to both? What did each provide to the other?
What was Charlemagne’s greatest achievement? Give reasons for your answer.
The decline of Roman influence in Western Europe left people with little protection against invasion, so they entered into feudal agreements with land-holding lords for protection.
How did a feudal society develop in Europe during the Middle Ages?
How did the medieval manor function as a social and economic system?
Invasions shattered Roman protection over the Empire.
Feudal society during the Middle Ages
Manorial system during the Middle Ages
Rigid class structure
Section 2: pp. 358-363Feudalism in Europe I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition in your own words and include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term.
Social Structure of Feudalism
1. Explain the mutual obligations of the feudal system.
2. Explain why the feudal system often resulted in complicated alliances?
Economic Structures of Feudalism
4. Explain the mutual obligations between lords and serfs under the manor system.
5. Explain why the serfs rarely had to leave their manor.
6. Explain why the serfs accepted their economic hardships.
Section 3: pp. 364-369The Age of Chivalry I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition and be sure to include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term. You may include a drawing, symbol, sentence or example.
Song of Roland
Eleanor of Aquitaine
II. Chart: As you read about knighthood and chivalry, take notes to fill in the web diagram below.
What were two inventions from Asia that changed the technology of warfare in western Europe?
What were some of the themes of medieval literature?
Section 4: pp. 370-373 The Power of the Church I. Vocabulary: For each term, write the definition and be sure to include the SIGNIFICANCE of the term. You may include a drawing, symbol, sentence or example.