Reading a Table: Inventions, 1850-1900



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Reading a Table: Inventions, 1850-1900




Directions: In this worksheet you will examine important inventions of the late 1800’s and consider their lasting usefulness. The table below contains a select list of items that were invented, patented, or perfected in the last half of the nineteenth century. Study the tab le and answer the questions that follow.

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Safety Razor




Date

Invention

Invented or Patented By

1851

1852


1856

1858


1864

1865


1868

1869


1871

1874


1876

1876


1878

1879


1879

1882


1884

1886


1888

1889


1893

1899


Improved method of converting iron to steel

Passenger elevator

Perfected “Bessemer” process

Machine for sewing shoe soles onto uppers

Sleeping car

Compression ice machine

Air brake

Electric voting machine

Cable street car

Electric streetcar

Carpet sweeper

Telephone

Phonograph

Incandescent bulb

Cash register

Electric iron

Fountain pen

Electric welding machine

Safety razor with throwaway blades

Electric sewing machine

Gasoline-power care

Motor-driven vacuum cleaner



William Kelly

Elisha Otis

Henry Bessemer

Gordon McKay

George Pullman

Thaddeus Lowe

George Westinghouse

Thomas Edison

Andrew S Hallide

Stephen Dudley Field

Melville Bissell

Alexander Graham Bell

Thomas A. Edison

Thomas A. Edison

James Ritty

Henry W. Seely

Lewis E. Waterman

Elihu Thomas

King C. Gillette

Singer Manufacturing Co.

Charles and J. Frank Duryea

John Thurman


1. Which of the products invented during this period are commonly used today?

2. Which inventions in the table probably contributed to the development of major industries?

3. Which invention probably made the most important single contribution to industrialization in the late 1800’s? Why?



4. Which invention do you think has proven to be the most important in the long run? Why?
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