Ratification normalcy women prosperity innovations international automobile

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The Roaring 1920s Name:
Open Mr. Robinson’s Schoolwires…Safari Montage Video clips…http://www.cbsd.org/Page/14016

LOG IN (Central Bucks School District then CBSD user name), then OPEN “Roaring 1920s” video.

Watch, listen, and use the chapter outline notes to FILL all the BLANKS below.
ratification normalcy women prosperity innovations international automobile

Americans turned away from affairs in the aftermath of World War I, an attitude reflected in newly elected President Warren G. Harding’s call for a return to “ .” The country’s focus shifted instead to the material benefits associated with America’s unprecedented postwar . Spurred by new inventions and technological , the United States’ economy was in the midst of a third industrial revolution. The became a dominant feature of America’s new consumer culture and created a more mobile society, and consumer goods such as electrical appliances caused fundamental changes in daily life. Along with the consumer revolution came dramatic cultural changes, especially for . With the of the 19th Amendment, women experienced increased participation in public affairs, improved educational and employment opportunities and enjoyment of the many glamorous aspects of the Roaring Twenties.

nativist Harlem Renaissance flight revival pivotal jazz Sports Temperance

The motion picture industry was born and quickly assumed a role in American culture. Americans were also entertained by music, just one aspect of the emergence of a distinctively African-American culture, known as the . Heroes from the “Golden Age of ” led by Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey excited many, and Charles Lindbergh thrilled the world with his daring . However, old social tensions flared up during this period of rapid cultural change. advocates had succeeded in making Prohibition the law of the land, but enforcement proved very difficult. The Ku Klux Klan experienced a strong , expressing hatred towards those they regarded as un-American, and groups rejected many elements of the new culture that they believed were destroying American values.

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The excitement generated by the economic of the time tended to overshadow underlying weaknesses such as high speculation in , cutbacks in industrial and the increasing between rich and poor. The causes for an abrupt end to the economic optimism of the Roaring Twenties were in place.

Use the documentary video, OTHER internet resources, and your books to fill in the blanks below.
1913 — Henry Ford sets up the first moving line.

1913 — John Watson publishes Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It.

1914 — Marcus founds the Universal Negro Improvement Association.

1919 — The 18th Amendment, prohibiting the sale of , is ratified.

1920 — Women gain the right to with ratification of the 19th Amendment.

1920s For the first time, more Americans live in than in the countryside

1924 — The Immigration Act establishes the first national origins system.

1925 — The Scopes is held in Tennessee.

1927 — Duke Ellington brings his band to the Club in Harlem.

1927 The Jazz Singer, the first “talkie” , is released.

1927 — Charles Lindbergh is first to fly solo across the Ocean.

1929 — The stock market signals the end of the Roaring Twenties.

P — An American reform movement within both major political parties, from about 1890 to World War I, that pressed for legislation to reform many aspects of America’s urban and industrial systems.

The Jazz Age” and “The Roaring Twenties” — Terms used by historians to characterize the decade of the 1920s.

Third Industrial Revolution — The shift in the 1920s towards relying on for power and utilizing the assembly line for the mass production of consumer goods.

T — A reliable, affordable car that was designed, manufactured and sold by Henry Ford. It became one of the most popular American-made cars in history.

mass consumer culture — The desire of to sell, and of to buy, the many new products developed in the 1920s, such as electrical appliances.

19th Amendment — The Constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote.

S — Places where alcoholic drinks were sold illegally during the time of Prohibition.

F — Young women of the 1920s who sought to liberate themselves from old social rules and customs and to enjoy life fully and on a basis equal with men.

snake oil salesmen — A term used to describe salesmen in traveling medical shows or in country fairs, who sold bottles filled with worthless mixtures as medicinal cures.

Universal Negro Improvement Association — A large African-American organization founded by Marcus Garvey to promote r pride, economic self-s , and the formation of an independent nation in A .

Harlem Renaissance — An outpouring of literary and musical creativity by African Americans in the 1920s, centered in City.

The Cotton Club — A popular nightclub in Harlem where patrons came to enjoy entertainment by African-American performers, including Duke Ellington.

B — A form of melancholy music originated by African Americans in the South.

Prohibition — A time in American history, following the passage of the th Amendment, when it was illegal to produce, transport or consume alcoholic beverages.

Ku Klux Klan — A secret terror organization dedicated to white , first organized in the South after the Civil War.

nativism — A postwar phenomenon characterized by Americans’ of foreigners and foreign influence.

Golden Age of Sports” — A time in the 1920s when sports became tremendously popular and top athletes like Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey, Bill Tilden, and Red Grange became sports .

Scopes trial — A controversial trial in which John Scopes, a high school teacher, was convicted of breaking a Tennessee law outlawing the teaching of .

The Gospel of Business — During the of the 1920s, the strong belief in American corporations and prosperity, best expressed by President C , that “The chief business of the American people is business.”
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