Born in Jyväskylä rural commune (Finland), January 12, 1946.
Parents: Farmer Lauri Lahti and Helvi Rebekka Östman.
Married since 1969 to Senior Judge, Court of Appeal, Varpu Kekomäki.
Children: 1) daughter Tuuli Lahti (born 1972), M.Sc. (Geogr.), married to Kim Nordlund, M.Sc. (Eng.), grandchildren Kiia (born 2002), Fanni (born 2004), Leo (born 2007) and Eemil (born 2012); 2) son Lauri Lahti (born 1975), M.Sc. (Computer Sc.)
2. Education and training
Master of Laws (LL.M.) 1966,
Licentiate of Laws (LL.Lic.) 1967,
Master of Social Sciences (M.Soc.Sc.; major in sociology) 1971,
Doctor of Laws (LL.D.; doctoral thesis in criminal sciences) 1974;
all degrees at the University of Helsinki.
Trained on the bench 1971.
3. Career summary: full-time jobs
Research Assistant for Professor V. Merikoski (Professor of Administrative Law), University of Helsinki, 1966.
Assistant in Criminal Law, University of Helsinki, 1967-70.
Acting Legislative Counsellor, Ministry of Justice, 1970.
Researcher in Criminal Sciences, Research Council for Social Sciences of the Academy of Finland, 1970-73.
Acting Professor of Criminal Law, University of Turku, 1974-75.
Professor of Criminal Law, University of Turku, 1976-79.
Professor of Criminal Law, University of Helsinki, 1979–2014, Professor emeritus 2014->.
Senior Scholar, Academy of Finland, for sabbatical periods in 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994-95 and 2004-05.
Visiting Scholar (Research Professor), Law School of the University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA), 1983.
4. Expert tasks in legislative drafting, public administration and judiciary
Secretary of Committee on Abortion, Sterilization and Castration Legislation, appointed by the Council of State, 1967-68.
Expert Opinions for Parliamentary Committees and the Ministry of Justice, 1969->. Permanent Expert for the National Board of Health, 1970-91; Permanent Expert for the National Authority of Medicolegal Affairs, 1992-2008.
Member of the Task Force on the Criminal Law Reform, appointed by the Ministry of Justice, 1980-99; Chairman of the Working Party on Economic Criminality, appointed by the said task force, 1980-91; Chairman of the Working Party on Crimes against the Embryo, the Foetus and the Genetic Integrity, 1988-89, 1998-99, and 2007.
Chairman of the Commission on the Legal Safeguards in Health Care, appointed by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, 1980-82.
Member of the Delegations appointed by the Finnish Government for the Seventh, Eighth and Ninth United Nations Congresses on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders: Milan, Italy, 26 August - 6 September 1985; Havana, Cuba, 27 August - 7 September 1990; and Cairo, Egypt, 29 April - 8 May 1995.
Member of the Finnish Delegation at the 40th Session of the Human Rights Committee, when the third periodic report of Finland on the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights was under consideration, Geneva, 25-26 October 1990; member of the Working Party for the preparation of that report, appointed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1987-89.
Chairman of the Working Party on the Legal Aspects of the Hunger Strike of a Prisoner, appointed by the Ministry of Justice, 1990-91.
Member of the High Court of Impeachment, 1994-2000.
Member in the Advisory Group of the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the preparation of the establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC), 1995-98; and for the ratification of the ICC´s Statute, 1998-2000.
Finnish Delegate in the Intergovernmental Expert Group on Extradition, convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations: Siracusa, Italy, 10-13 December 1996.
Member of the National Advisory Board in Health Care Ethics, 1998-2002.
Expert in the preparatory meeting for the United Nations Workshop on "Enhancing International Law Enforcement Cooperation, including Extradition", Helsinki, 20-21 October 2004.
Elected as ad litem Judge to the International Criminal court for the former Yugoslavia by the United Nations General Assembly, 2005-09.
Expert presentation on "Guiding principles underlying European criminal law" at the Hearing on "An EU approach to criminal law" of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament, 8 December 2011.
5. Career-related tasks at domestic universities
Lecturer in Sociology of Law, University of Helsinki, 1970-72 and 1977-78; Lecturer in Criminology, University of Helsinki, 1975-79.
Vice Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Turku, 1976-79.
Member of the Advisory Delegation, Institute for Human Rights at Åbo Akademi University, 1987-2002.
Head of the Department of Criminal Law and Judicial Procedure, University of Helsinki, 1989-94; Head of the Department of Criminal Law, Judicial Procedure and General Jurisprudential Studies, University of Helsinki, 1995-98.
Organizer in charge of the "Centenary of the Finnish Penal Code", International Research Colloquium, University of Helsinki, 24-27 September 1990.
Director of the international LL.M. diploma programme (in English), Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki, 1992-94; responsible teacher of the major subject "Comparative and international criminal law and criminal justice" within this programme, 1992-2009.
Finnish national coordinator of the ERASMUS student exchange programme for intensive courses on European Criminal Law and Criminal Sciences (with the support of European Commission): ICP-(92-)E-1161/10, 1992-97; responsible coordinator of a similar SOCRATES intensive programme: 29604-IC-1-96-1-FI-ERASMUS-EPS-1, at the University of Helsinki in 1997-98 and 1998-99.
Responsible teacher in Medical Law and Biolaw, University of Helsinki, 1997-2011.
Representative of the University of Helsinki (project manager) in the TEMPUS PHARE Joint European Project S_JEP-12396-97 for the "Development of an integrated academic and professional studies programme with a criminal law orientation and corresponding to the EC university standards" at the Police Academy of Latvia, 1998-99.
Scientific director of the SOCRATES intensive programme / Helsinki Summer School 2000 "Bioethics and Medical Law in the New Millennium", University of Helsinki, 26 July - 16 August 2000.
Member of the Consistory (Senate), University of Helsinki, 2001-03; Vice Dean, Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki, 2001-03.
Deputy Member, National Board for the Nomination of Judges, 2005-10.
6. Research activity and post-graduate education
Director of the following research projects financed by extra-budgetary funding (in which one or more doctoral candidates have been involved):
– Military criminal justice, 1982-1984 (funded by Defence Command);
– Medical law, 1982-1991 (National Board of Health);
– Theoretical foundations of criminal law, 1987-1989 (Research Fund of the University of Helsinki);
– The status and rights of patients, 1995-1997 (Research Fund of the University of Helsinki);
– Biomedicine and law, 1998-2000 (Academy of Finland);
– Economic criminal law, 2001-2009 (Ministry of Interior);
– Pluralism in criminal law, 2004-2005 (Academy of Finland);
– Scientific research and law, 2009-2011 (Academy of Finland);
– The reuse of research data in social sciences and humanities, 2012-14 (Kone Foundation);
– Criminalizing cartels in Finland, 2013-14 (Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority).
Supervisor of 25 finalized doctoral theses in legal science; supervisor of over 25 doctoral theses in progress.
7. Various tasks in scientific administration
Member of the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, appointed by the Ministry of Justice, 1983-2000.
Member of the Board of Directors, National Research Institute of Legal Policy, appointed by the Council of State, 1986-95.
Member of the International Advisory Board of the European Institute of Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations, (HEUNI, Helsinki), appointed by the Council of State, 1993-2012.
Member of the Research Council for Culture and Society, Academy of Finland, appointed by the Council of State, 1995-97.
Expert opinions on the applicants of the professorship in criminal law for the University of Lund in 1995; on the applicants of the professorship in criminology for the University of Stockholm in 1996; on the applicant of the professorship in medical law for the University of Uppsala in 2003; on the applicant of the professorship in criminology for the University in Tartu in 2006 and 2011; as well as on the applicant of the professorship in criminal law for the University of Copenhagen in 2007.
Member of the Nomination committee (Berufungskommission) for electing a new Director for the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law (Freiburg i.Br., Germany), 2001-02.
Expert opinions on the applicants of the position of docent (adjunct professor) in 14 cases and official opponent or member of the examination board of doctoral candidates in 24 occasions (including 6 occasions at foreign universities).
8. Editorial and other tasks in scientific publishing
Editor-in-chief of "Lakimies", the legal journal of the Finnish Lawyers' Association, 1991-99; Chairman of the Publishing Board of the same association, 2000-04.
Member of the Editorial Board, Scandinavian Studies in Criminology (Oslo), 1985-96.
Member of the Advisory Board, Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention (Stockholm), 1992-98.
Chairman of the Nordic Publishing Board in Social Sciences, appointed by the Academy of Finland, 1997-98.
9. Tasks in non-governmental scientific or professional organizations and in international conferences(as for conference papers, see Publications)
Member of the Board of Directors, Scandinavian Association for Sociology of Law (Denmark), 1970-74; Chairman of the Finnish Society for Legal and Social Sciences ("Oikeus- ja yhteiskuntatieteellinen yhdistys"), 1970-73.
Member of the Board of Directors in the Finnish Section of the International Association of Penal Law (AIDP, France), 1978->; Chairman of the Finnish Section, 1987->. Member of the Board of Directors of the AIDP, 1987->; Vice President of the AIDP, 1994->.
Chairman of the Finnish Society for Medical Law and Ethics ("Suomen Lääkintäoikeuden ja -etiikan Seura"), 1980-81 and 1984-85.
Member of the Board of Directors, International Academy of Law and Mental Health (Canada), 1984-87.
Chairman of the Finnish Section of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ, Switzerland), 1985-1989; Member of the Board of Directors in the Finnish Section, 1985-92.
Rapporteur General at the Section II: Criminal Law and Modern Bio-Medical Techniques, the XIVth International Congress of Penal Law, Vienna: 2-7 October 1989.
Rapporteur at the XXth Colloquy of European Law, "Law and Moral Dilemmas Affecting Life and Death", Glasgow, Scotland: 10-12 September 1990.
Organizer in charge of the Preparatory Colloquium of the International Association of Penal Law (AIDP) on the question "Regionalization of International Criminal Law and the Protection of Human Rights in International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings", Helsinki, 2-6 September 1992.
Member of the ILA (International Law Association, UK) Committee on Extradition and Human Rights, 1992-97; Member of the Board of Directors in the Finnish Section of the ILA, 1993->; Member of the ILA committee on International Criminal Court 2005-10.
President at the Section IV: Regionalization of International Criminal Law and the Protection of Human Rights in International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings, the XVth International Congress of Penal Law, Rio de Janeiro: 4-10 September 1994.
Member of the Board of Directors, The International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law (Canada), 1995-2010.
Chairman of the Finnish Association for European Criminal Law (within the network of the European Lawyers' Associations for the Protection of the Financial Interests of the European Communities), 1995->.
Organizer in charge of the conference "On Judicial and Administrative Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in the Common European Legal Space" (Directorate for Financial Control, European Commission, and the Finnish Association for European Criminal Law), Helsinki, 26-27 June 1997.
Chairman of the Finnish Association for Criminal Sciences ("Suomen Kriminalistiyhdistys - Kriminalistföreningen i Finland"), 1998-2005. Organizer in charge of the XIIIth Conference of the Nordic Associations for Criminal Sciences, Helsinki, 10-12 June 2004.
National reporter at the Section IV: The Criminal Justice System Facing the Challenge of Organised Crime, International Cooperation; Preparatory Colloquium of XVIth International Congress on Penal Law, Utrecht: 13-17 May 1998.
Chairman of the Finnish Lawyers' Association (the leading scientific organization of Finnish jurists: "Suomalainen Lakimiesyhdistys"), 1999-2001.
Chairman of the International Scientific Committee of the 13th World Congress on Medical Law (World Association for Medical Law), Helsinki: 6-10 August 2000.
National Reporter at the Section IV: Concurrent National and International Criminal Jurisdiction and the Principle "Ne bis in idem"; Preparatory Colloquium of XVIIth International Congress on Penal Law, Berlin: 1-4 June 2003.
National Co-Reporter at the Section I: The Expanding Forms of Preparation and Participation; Preparatory Colloquium of XVIIIth International Congress on Penal Law: Coruña: 5-8 September 2007.
Organizer in charge of the Second Biennial Meeting of the Nordic Network for Research in Biomedical Law, Helsinki, 5-7 June 2008.
Member of the Board of Directors, International Society of Social Defence and Humane Criminal Policy (Italy), 2010->.
Organizer in charge of the Preparatory Colloquium of the International Association of Penal Law (AIDP) on the question “Information Society and Penal Law – Section IV: International criminal law”, Helsinki, 9-12 June 2013.
10. Scholarships to and guest lectures at foreign universities
Scholarship for the purposes of post-graduate studies in law, Universität Münster: June 1966.
Medal "SL K": Knight Commander of the Order of the Lion in Finland, bestowed by the President of the Republic on December 6, 2005.
Medal "SVR R I": Knight I of the Order of the White Rose in Finland, bestowed by the President of the Republic on December 6, 1995.
Medal "XXX" (for the 30 years' career as a civil servant), bestowed by the President of the Republic of Finland on December 1, 2000.
Fellowship in the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, awarded on April 9, 1984.
Fellowship in the Society for Advanced Legal Studies (FSALS), London, awarded in May 1998.
Awards for the best articles in "Lakimies", the Journal of the Finnish Lawyers' Association, in the volumes 66 (1968) and 74 (1976).
Silver Medal of the University of Helsinki, January 12, 2006.
Medal of the Helsinki Court of Appeal, January 12, 2006.
Publication in honour of Raimo Lahti on his 60th birthday, January 12, 2006: "Rikosoikeudellisia kirjoituksia VIII Raimo Lahdelle 12.1.2006 omistettu." Publications of the Finnish Lawyers' Association, Series A, No. 268. Helsinki 2006. XII + 559 p. (Bibliography of Raimo Lahti, ibid. 541-559.)
Festschrift in Honour of Raimo Lahti. Edited by Kimmo Nuotio. Forum Iuris, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 2007. VIII + 374 p.
Prize for the merits in post-graduate education, awarded by the Finnish Lawyers’ Association on November 7, 2008.