Radiocommunication Study Groups



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Radiocommunication Study Groups















Source: Annex 16 to Document 6A/264

Subject: Question ITU-R 118-1/6



Document 6/156-E

Document 6A/301-E

28 October 2013

English only

Rapporteurs on Emergency Broadcasting

proposed DRAFT NEW REPORT ON the IMPORTANCE OF
TERRESTRIAL BROADCASTING IN PROVIDING
EMERGENCY INFORMATION to the public




Introduction

For many decades, radio and television broadcasters have been the primary source of critical information to the public in the event of disasters such as tornadoes, hurricanes, tropical storms, floods, snowstorms, earthquakes, tsunamis, terrorist violence, mass transportation accidents, and industrial or technological catastrophes. On these occasions, radio and television broadcasting provides reliable point-to-everywhere delivery of essential information and safety advice to the public, to first responders and others via widely available consumer receivers, both mobile and fixed.

This report provides a compilation of supporting evidence that terrestrial broadcasting plays a critically important role in disseminating information to the public in times of emergencies. The report is organised as follows:


  • Section 1 - A brief background on the role of broadcasters and advantages of terrestrial broadcasting during emergencies for providing information to the public.

  • Section 2 - Provides explanations of broadcasters' experience in gathering and reporting of public safety information.

  • Section 3 - Describes operational methods used to assure continued broadcast service.

  • Section 4 - Shows how the existing broadcast infrastructure is used to support emergency communications.

  • Section 5 - Describes new broadcasting techniques and systems for distributing emergency information.

  • Section 6 - Provides examples of how individual broadcast organisations collaborate with each other and other relevant organisations during emergencies.

  • Section 7 - Covers the public service efforts broadcasters have undertaken associated with emergency and disaster situations.

  • Section 8 - Describes the role of international broadcasting for disaster relief.

  • Section 9 - A list of previous ITU-R documents related to the subject of emergency broadcasting.

  • Section 10 - Includes a set of cases studies of how broadcasting has been used in emergency and disaster situations, including a set of links to video documentaries.

  • Section 11 - Provides conclusions about the importance of terrestrial broadcasting in providing emergency information to the public.




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