Questions regarding 2) The cult of efficiency [True

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Questions regarding (5.1.2) The cult of efficiency
[True or False?] The terms “factory” and “industrial” were largely used in a favorable manner, until Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring.
[True or False?] Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring delayed the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency for twenty years.
[True or False?] The Industrial Revolution resulted in a considerable gain in wealth for

Britain’s factory owners and its workers.

[True or False?] Although Britain’s Industrial Revolution increased the wealth of its citizenry, people did not want to transfer the “factory efficiency” concept to farms or their private lives.
[True or False?] Darwin’s theory of evolution and the political theories of Karl Marx suggested to people that the industrial economy was only temporary, and that society would eventually revert back to feudalism.
[Multiple choice, multiple selection] Which of the following radical diets emerged in the 19th century.

  1. Regurgitating food and then eating it again

  2. Chewing each mouthful of food at least 100 times

  3. Reducing consumption of salty meat to reduce the urge to masturbate

  4. Eating the whole corn plant, and not just the ear

  5. Eating 9 lbs of grapes to treat high blood pressure

[True or False?] Some people looked forward to a factory-produced food, where food would be consumed just as one takes medication.

[True or False?] Once people saw that it was machines that helped win World War I, they protested the use of similar machines to produce consumer goods and food.
Scientific Managemen, or Taylorism, can be described as

  1. Teach each worker all the steps involved in the production of a good, and hire skilled labor to perform each step.

  2. Break a production system into its smallest components and hire skilled labor to perform only one of these tasks.

  3. Break a production system into its smallest components, and have unskilled labor perform only one of those tasks.

  4. Teach each worker all the steps involved in the production of a good, and allow them to determine for themselves the best way to produce a good.

[True or False?] Scientific Managemen, or Taylorism, results in the production of many unique, custom-made goods.

[True or False?] The use of Taylorism by Henry Ford reduced the price of a car from $780 in 1910 to $360 in 1914.
[True or False?] Taylorism at the food processing level can alter the types of crops a farmer grows.

[True or False?] Taylorism at the food processing level alters the cost of producing food, not the recipes a company uses.

[True or False?] Taylorism was venerated by some intensely, even referring to it as a the hope of democracy.
[True or False?] Both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R implemented Taylorism in its factories.
[True or False?] An extreme version of Taylorism applied in Russia served to inspire Orwell’s 1984 novel 1984, which then inspired the novel We.
[True or False?] Taylorism applied at the factory or on the farm is particularly useful because if it works in the short-run it is also beneficial in the long-run.
[True or False?] Taylorism focuses on the things that can be measured, while its critics focus on intuitive things that cannot be measured.

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