Question 2: Study Source B and use your own knowledge. What was the purpose of this illustration? Use details of the illustration and your own knowledge to explain your answer. Skill: Supported purpose
The big problem with this question is people get MESSAGE but not purpose! The message on this source is that the attacks were successful – why would you want to show this? Remember not to question RELIABILITY HERE!
Question 3: Study Sources A, B and C. Do these sources support the view that the first day of the Somme was a failure? Explain your answer, using the sources. Skill: Cross referencing and evaluation
Both A and B suggest that the first day was a failure in some way. It is clear in the foreground of B that soldiers died in the first morning and this is reflected b7y the ‘Hundreds of dead... strung out on barbed wire’ in A.
Can I use this plan to write the remaining TWO paragraphs? The sources also disagree that the first day was a complete failure...
All the sources have weaknesses when assessing the view of the first day of the Battle of the Somme...
Question 4: Study Sources D and E and use your own knowledge. How useful are Sources D and E as evidence of the effects of a gas attack on the Western Front? Explain your answer, using Sources D and E and your own knowledge. Skill: Reliability/ usefulness of CONTENT and NATURE, ORIGIN and PURPOSE
Source E is useful because it suggests that a gas attack was a terrible experience for those affected by it, causing terrible suffering. It was written by someone who served in the trenches and witnessed its effects. However, it is a poem which uses dramatic language deliberately to exaggerate the effects of gas by someone who, due to personal experiences, cannot write in an objective way.
Not sure when original photo was taken – limited in assessing impact on Western Front = 4 years of war
CONCLUSION: WHICH BEST AND WHY
My addition to...
Question 5: Study all the sources (A to F) and use your own knowledge. Spelling, punctuation and grammar will be assessed in this question. ‘The heavy British casualties on the Western Front in the years 1915-17 were mainly the result of poor leadership by the British commanders.’ How far do the sources in this paper support this statement? Use details from the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. Skill: BALANCED argument that has been evaluated
I agree that it was mainly due to the commanders and that ‘because they used outdated tactics. Source A shows that they sent men to attack heavily defended German positions and the commanders could not ‘imagine’. However, this was written by a British soldier who lost many friends and may want to blame the commanders. This lack of knowledge is also shown by Haig in source C, where he claims that the attacks were ‘very successful’. It is here the poor leadership shown by the commanders, although Haig may be covering up the disaster as he is writing to the British government and would not want to report a failure. There si evidence that Haig pushed forward with the attack despite company commanders warning him of the failure of the bombardment, costing the lives of some 20,000 men dead and 40,000 wounded in the first day alone.
Agree with statement – Casualties caused by leadership
Disagree with Statement – Casualties not caused by leadership / caused by something else.
C – COMMANDERS UNAWARE OF FIRST DAY FAILURES - HAIG