Psychology-and-Life Multiple Choice Questions



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Psychology-and-Life
Multiple Choice Questions
1.1-1. Psychology is best defined as the scientific study of
a. the mind and consciousness.

b. the mental processes of individuals.

c. mental disorders and abnormal behavior.

d. the behavior of individuals and their mental processes.

Topic: What Makes Psychology Unique?
Answer: d. the behavior of individuals and their mental processes.

% correct 95 a= 95 b= 2 c= 2 d= 0 r = .16

1.1-2. Suppose you want to draw some psychological conclusions in a way that is consistent with the scientific aspect of psychology. You should base your conclusions on


a. the beliefs held by most people.

b. the fundamental notion of common sense.

c. your personal feelings or intuitions, but only if they are reasonable.

Incorrect: Conclusions should be based on objectively gathered data that are consistent with the rules of the scientific method.

d. evidence collected according to the principles of the scientific method.



Correct: The scientific method consists of steps that help us analyze and solve problems in orderly ways, based on objectively collected information.

Topic: What Makes Psychology Unique?


Answer: d. evidence collected according to the principles of the scientific method.

1.1-3. The subject matter of psychology largely consists of


a. observable behavior of humans.

Incorrect: This answer is only half correct, as psychology also considers the behaviors of other species beyond human beings.

b. unobservable behavior of humans.

c. observable behavior of other species of animals.

d. observable behavior of humans and other species of animals.



Correct: Psychologists examine the behavior of humans in their environments and in their social and cultural contexts. Psychologists also study other species in their natural habitats or in the research laboratory.

Topic: What Makes Psychology Unique?


Answer: d. observable behavior of humans and other species of animals.

1.1-4. When drawing conclusions about behavior, psychologists rely on


a. their own personal beliefs.

Incorrect: One should, in fact, keep their personal beliefs out of their analysis of gathered data and rely on the scientific method and objectively gathered data.

b. what is known as “common sense.”

c. objectively collected information.

Correct: Psychological conclusions are based on evidence that gives psychologists a factual basis for drawing conclusions by using the scientific method.

d. their everyday observations of people.


Topic: What Makes Psychology Unique?


Answer: c. objectively collected information.


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