Protestant Reformation what?: The Trial of Martin Luther Students will work collaboratively to evaluate Martin Luther’s role in the Protestant Reformation and whether or not he was guilty of hearsay



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– Unit 1 – The Great Global Convergence

Performance Task – Protestant Reformation




The Trial of Martin Luther
Protestant Reformation

WHAT?: The Trial of Martin Luther

Students will work collaboratively to evaluate Martin Luther’s role in the Protestant Reformation and whether or not he was guilty of hearsay. By engaging in this process students will be able to understand the impact the Protestant Reformation had on 16th Europe.
WHY?: By putting Martin Luther on trial, the students will be able to evaluate Martin Luther’s role in the Protest Reformation and use text evidence to justify their claim. Students will also be able to understand the causes and effects of the Protestant Reformation.
HOW?: Students will take on the role of the Martin Luther, the prosecution, the defense, or a courtroom character. Martin Luther will testify in his own defense before the court. He will also answer questions from the prosecution and defense and write a 4-5 paragraph essay explaining his understanding of the charges and his plea. The prosecution will attempt to convince the court of Martin Luther’s guilt and the defense will attempt to prove Martin Luther’s innocence.

Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Martin Luther surrenders to the authority of the Catholic Church to defend himself against charges of heresy!


We have been transported back to the year 1520 and the city of Worms. Here, we find ourselves involved in the trial of Martin Luther. You will be assigned a character and will have to act out the trial. Characters will be assigned at random and a reading packet will be distributed with a brief biography of each person. The characters and procedures are as follows:
The Defendant: Martin Luther

Charges: Heresy (belief or opinion that goes against traditional religious doctrine)

Count 1- Development and preaching of heretical doctrines

Count 2- Encouraging members of the Catholic Church to rebel against the authority and established teachings of the Church

Count 3- Willful denial of the authority of the Pope and the Catholic Church
The Prosecution Team:

  1. Prosecuting Attorney 1

  2. Prosecuting Attorney 2

  3. Sir Thomas More (Witness)

  4. Pope Leo X (Witness)

  5. King Charles V (Witness)

  6. Ignatius of Loyola (Witness)


The Defense Team:

  1. Defense Attorney 1

  2. Defense Attorney 2

  3. King Henry VIII (Witness)

  4. John Calvin (Witness)

  5. Erasmus (Witness)

  6. Jon Huss (Witness)


Court Characters:

  1. Judge 1

  2. Judge 2

  3. Judge 3

  4. Judge 4

  5. Bailiff- Ms. Britain


Martin Luther will…

  • Testify in his defense before the court

  • Answer Defense and Prosecution cross-examinations like Martin Luther (consistent with ML’s views on religion and his reasoning behind his actions)

  • Write a 4-5 paragraph deposition stating his understanding of the charges, his plea, his reasons for pleading “not guilty” to the charges, and his religious position/issues with the Catholic Church.


The Prosecution Team will…

  • Prepare its case to prove that Martin Luther is guilty under each count of the indictment charge.

  • Each attorney will prepare a 4 minute speech (2 min introducing the case and 2 min summarizing the case against Luther)

  • Ask 4 primary questions and 4 follow-up questions as part of its examination of Luther

  • Ask 3 primary questions and 3 follow-up to each witness

  • Write a 4-5 paragraph brief outlining their case and their plan to prosecute Martin Luther (include opening argument, witness descriptions, and closing statements)


The Defense Team will…

  • Prepare a case to prove that Martin Luther is innocent under each count of the indictment charge.

  • Each attorney will prepare a 4 minute speech (2 min introducing their defense and 2 min summarizing their defense of Luther)

  • Ask 4 primary questions and 4 follow-up questions as part of its examination of Luther

  • Ask 3 primary questions and 3 follow-up to each witness

  • Write a 4-5 paragraph brief outlining their case and their plan to defend Martin Luther (include opening argument, witness descriptions, and closing statements)


The Witnesses will…

  • Be familiar with the issues that would have concerned their character (ex. Henry VIII’s reason for breaking from the Catholic Church, Sir Thomas More’s devotion to the church, etc.)

  • Provide answers to both the defense and prosecution’s questions that are consistent with their character and accurate historical facts.

  • Write a 4-5 paragraph affidavit about their religious stance and their reasons for supporting/condemning Martin Luther.


The Judges will…

  • Preside over the trial

  • Evaluate and rule on evidence and arguments (evaluate the historical evidence)

  • Reach a verdict and impose sentence

  • Write a 4-5 paragraph decision on their verdict. The written decision must include: The verdict, the reasons for this verdict, the sentence, and the reason for the sentence.


The Bailiff will…

- Maintain order in the courtroom



The Grade
You will receive three grades for this project: One for the written part, one for group effort, and one for presentation (the actual trial).



1. Grade for Written Piece:

___ Is the required length

___ Includes accurate historical information

___ Includes all the information outlined above

___ Has been proofread and is free of errors (grammar, spelling, etc.)

Due:
2. Grade for Group Effort:

___ Group made effective use of class time

___ Group clearly organized presentation

___ Group showed cooperation and teamwork

___ All members were present and contributed positively
3. Grade for Presentation:

___ Presenters spoke clearly and loudly

___ Presenters stayed in character

___ Presenters provided accurate historical information

___ Presentation was engaging and creative

___ Presentation included all parts required above



Due:




The Trial of Martin Luther-Grade Sheet

Student Name: _______________________________________________
1. Grade for Written Piece:

___ Is the required length

___ Includes accurate historical information

___ Includes all the information outlined above

___ Has been proofread and is free of errors (grammar, spelling, etc.)
Writing Grade: ___________

2. Grade for Group Effort:

___ Group made effective use of class time

___ Group clearly organized presentation

___ Group showed cooperation and teamwork

___ All members were present and contributed positively
Group Grade: ___________
3. Grade for Presentation:

___ Presenters spoke clearly and loudly

___ Presenters stayed in character

___ Presenters provided accurate historical information

___ Presentation was engaging and creative

___ Presentation included all parts required above


Presentation Grade: ___________
Comments:

Total Project Grade:______________

Prosecution Worksheet


Witness Name: ___________________________________________________
Question 1:

Answer:

Question 2:

Answer:

Question 3:

Answer:

Question 4:

Answer:

Prosecution Worksheet
Witness Name: ___________________________________________________
Follow-up Question 1:

Answer:

Follow-up Question 2:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 3:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 4:

Answer:


Defense Worksheet
Witness Name: ___________________________________________________
Question 1:

Answer:


Question 2:

Answer:


Question 3:

Answer:

Question 4:

Answer:
Defense Worksheet


Witness Name: ___________________________________________________
Follow-up Question 1:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 2:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 3:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 4:

Answer:


Witness Worksheet
Attorney (Prosecution or Defense): ___________________________________________________
Question 1:

Answer:


Question 2:

Answer:


Question 3:

Answer:


Question 4:

Answer:


Witness Worksheet
Attorney (Prosecution or Defense): ___________________________________________________
Follow-up Question 1:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 2:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 3:

Answer:


Follow-up Question 4:

Answer:
Judge Worksheet


Prosecution:

Witness 1:

Question 1-

Question 2-

Question 3-

Witness 2:

Question 1-

Question 2-


Question 3-


Witness 3:

Question 1-


Question 2-

Question 3-

Witness 4:

Question 1-

Question 2-

Question 3-

Martin Luther:

Question 1-

Question 2-


Question 3-


Question 4-

Judge Worksheet
Defense:

Witness 1:

Question 1-

Question 2-


Question 3-


Witness 2:

Question 1-

Question 2-


Question 3-

Witness 3:

Question 1-


Question 2-


Question 3-


Witness 4:

Question 1-


Question 2-


Question 3-

Martin Luther:

Question 1-


Question 2-


Question 3-


Question 4-



CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014




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