Программа дисциплины: Концепт прав человека в не западных социумах ( Concept of human rights in non-western societies) для направления 030200. 68«Политология»



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Правительство Российской Федерации

Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
"Национальный исследовательский университет
"Высшая школа экономики"

Общеуниверситетская Кафедра публичной политики



Программа дисциплины: Концепт прав человека в не западных социумах (Concept of human rights in non-western societies)

для направления 030200.68«Политология» подготовки магистра

для магистерской программы «Политический анализ и публичная политика» по специализации «Политический анализ и публичная политика»

Авторы программы:

Рябинин А.Л., доктор наук, профессор, arjabinin@hse.ru;

Кривушин И.В., доктор наук, профессор, ikrivushin@hse.ru

Одобрена на заседании общеуниверситетской кафедры публичной политики «___»____________ 2013 г.

Зав. Кафедрой Н.Ю.Беляева


Москва, 2013

Настоящая программа не может быть использована другими подразделениями университета и другими вузами без разрешения кафедры-разработчика программы.

  1. Область применения и нормативные ссылки (Scope of Use)

The present program established minimum demands of students’ knowledge and skills and determines content of the course.



The present syllabus is aimed at department teaching this course, their teaching assistants, and students of the degree program 030201.68 ‘Political Science’, master’s program ‘Political Analysis and Public Policy’.

This syllabus meets the standards required by:

  • Standards of National Research University Higher School of Economics of Federal Masters’ Degree Program 030200.68 “Political Science”,

  • Master’s program ‘Political Analysis and Public Policy’ of Federal Masters’ Degree Program 030200.68 “Political Science”,



  1. Цели освоения дисциплины (Learning Objectives)

Learning objectives of the course are:

  • To have a brief survey over various theories of human rights (giving special attention to contemporary sociological theories of human rights)

  • To highlight their many unresolved tensions and to explain why the practice, and not just the theory, of human rights matters.

  • To analyze specific cases of human rights in non-western societies, how it interprets in different environment and cultural background. With focus on some very specific rights, such as women rights, right to a healthy environment, protection of human rights in context of fight against terrorism, right to self-determination and others.



  1. Компетенции обучающегося, формируемые в результате освоения дисциплины (Learning outcomes)

By the end of the course, the students are expected to:

-Know the major concepts of public policy and social discourse, as well as human rights theories;

-Be able to discuss and reproduce these concepts and theories, be able to find relations between them and analyze them;

-Be able to recognize important human rights problems, analyze them and suggest possible ways of solving them;

-Understand who gains, and what are the motives, for framing particular issues as human rights issues;

-Understand to what extent cultural differences in the conception of human rights affect the universality of those rights as philosophical values or legal obligations.



  1. Место дисциплины в структуре образовательной программы НИУ (Place of the discipline in the Master program structure)

This course is crucial for mastering the degree program on the whole and some of its courses in particular, including:

-Global Actors in Public Policy

-International Relations & Governance in Global Security

-International Mechanisms of Human Rights Protection

-Human Rights in globalizing World



  1. Course Plan



Topic

Total hours

Contact hours

Independent students’ work










Lectures

Seminars






Human rights in Asia and Africa




3

2

8



Human rights in Eastern Asia




3

2

8



Human rights in Southeast Asia




3

2

6



Human rights in South Asia




3

2

8



Human rights in Central Asia




3

2

6



Human rights in Western Asia




3

2

8



Human rights in North Africa




3

2

6



Human rights in Central and South Africa




3

2

10

Total:




108

24

16

68




  1. Requirements and Grading



Type of grading

Type of work

2st year



Characteristics







1

2

3

4




Current

Essay

4













Final

Exam




8












  1. Course Description

1. Human rights in Asia and Africa

Human rights and the Universality principle. Universality concepts. History of the universality of human rights. The Universal Declaration of human rights. Relativism. Non-western human rights concepts. Asian human rights concepts. The Singapore school. The Beijing White Papers. The Bangkok Declaration and the Vienna Conference. Kuala Lumpur Declaration on human rights. Main points of Asian concepts. Asian attitude towards the universality of human rights. African human rights concepts. The African Charter on human and peoples' rights. The African Charter on the rights and welfare of the child. The Tunis Declaration. Academic texts. Main points of African concepts. African attitude towards universality of human rights. Islam and human rights views. Fundamental attitude: different tendencies. Recurring themes. The debate on women in Islam. Universal Islamic Declaration of human rights. Cairo Declaration on human rights in Islam. Islamic reservations to Human Rights Conventions. Main points and evolution of Islamic concepts of human rights. Islamic attitude towards the universality of human rights. Necessary consequences of the universality of human rights. Legal techliques for the accommodation of diversity.
Further reading:

Amoako Baah R. Human Rights in Africa: The Conflict of Implementation. Lanham; Oxford, 2000.

Brems E. Human Rights: Universality and Diversity. The Hague, 2001.

Howard-Hassmann R.E. Can Globalization Promote Human Rights? University Park, 2010.

Human Rights in Africa: Cross-Cultural Perspectives / Eds. A.A.An-Naʻim and F.M.Deng. Washington, 1990.

Human Rights in Asia / Ed. T.W.D.Davis. Cheltenham; Northampton, 2011.

Human rights in Asia: a reassessment of the Asian values debate / Eds. D. Kingsbury and L. Avonius. London, 2008.

Mayer A.E. Islam and Human Rights: Tradition and Politics. Boulder; Oxford, 2007.

Sachedina A. Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights. Oxford, 2009.
Part 1: HUMAN RIGHTS IN EAST ASIA

2. Human rights in the People's Republic of China

Freedom of the press and speech. Censorship and Government control of the media. Political freedom. Legal Reforms. Capital punishment. Torture. Political abuse of psychiatry. Religious freedom. Ethnic minorities. Violations of human rights in Tibet and Xinjiang. Economic and property rights. Migrant and Labor Rights. Treatment of rural workers. Hukou system. Health. Disability Rights. Women's Rights. One-child policy. Illegal Adoptions and Child Trafficking. LGBT rights. HIV/AIDS and rights on sexuality. International pressure and position of PRC government. Human Rights Defenders.
Further reading:

Cheng L., Rossett A., Woo L. East Asian Law: Universal Norms and Local Cultures. London, 2003.

Davis M.C. Human rights and Chinese values: legal, philosophical, and political perspectives. Oxford, 1995.

Foot R. Rights beyond Borders: The Global Community and the Struggle over Human Rights in China. Oxford, 2000.

Kent A. China, the United Nations, and Human Rights: The Limits of Compliance. Philadelphia, 1999.

Ming W. Human Rights in Chinese Foreign Relations: Defining and Defending National Interests. Philadelphia, 2001.

Seymour J. Human Rights in Chinese Foreign Relations // China and the World: Chinese Foreign Policy Faces the New Millennium / Ed. S.S. Kim. Boulder; Oxford, 1984.

Sitaraman S. Explaining China's Continued Resistance Towards Human Rights Norms: A Historical Legal Analysis. Champaign, 2008.

Svensson M. Debating Human Rights in China: A Conceptual and Political History. Oxford, 2002.

Weatherley R. The Discourse of Human Rights in China: Historical and Ideological Perspectives. Basingstoke; New York, 1999.


3. Human rights in North Korea

Civil liberties. Freedom of expression. Freedom of the press. Censorship and media. Freedom of Association. Freedom of religion. Freedom of movement. Labor Rights. Minority rights. Pure blood theory. Kotjebi. Disabled rights. Forced prostitution. Forced abortion. Government-Controlled Judiciary. Criminal justice. Public executions. The prison system. Internment camps for political prisoners. Reeducation camps. Torture and Inhumane Treatment. Human experimentation. Songbun. Famine and the food distribution system. Refugees and Asylum Seekers. International reaction and position of DPRK government.


Further reading:

Kim M. Escaping North Korea: Defiance and Hope in the World's Most Repressive Country. Plymouth, 2010.

Kim M. Securitization of Human Rights: North Korean refugees in East Asia. Santa Barbara, 2012.

Kyŏng-sŏ Pak. Promoting Peace and Human Rights on the Korean Peninsula. Seoul, 2007.

North Korean human rights: an update. Hearing before the subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific, and the global environment of the Committee on foreign affairs. House of Representatives. Washington, 2007.

North Korean human rights: trends and issues. Seoul, 2005.

Song J. Human Rights Discourse in North Korea: Post-Colonial, Marxist, and Confucian Perspectives. London, 2011.

Young-Hwan Lee. North Korea: republic of torture: report on the situation of Torture in DPRK. Seoul, 2007.


Part 2: HUMAN RIGHTS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

4. Human rights in Vietnam

Human rights since the Doi Moi. The Constitution of 1992 and the penal code. 2007 Vietnam's report about human rights in UN human rights council. Freedom of expression, assembly, and information. The right to participate in public and political life. Repression of dissent. Police brutality. Administration of justice and the rule of law. Criminal justice system. Ethnic minorities. Freedom of religion. Right to work and to just and favourable conditions of work. Right to social security and to an adequate standard of living. Right to education. LGBT rights in Vietnam. Human rights defenders. International criticism and pressure.
Further reading:

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Vietnam. URL: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/186531.pdf

Human Rights in Vietnam During Renovation Process: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects. URL: www.china.org.cn/english/features/bjrenquan/190897.htmhttp://www.china.org.cn/english/features/bjrenquan/190897.htm

On the Margins: Rights Abuses of Ethnic Khmer in Vietnam's Mekong Delta. New York, 2009.

Summary prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for human rights, in accordance with paragraph 15 (C) of the Annex to Human rights council resolution 5/1: Viet Nam. 23 February 2009. URL: lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session5/VN/A_HRC_WG6_5_VNM_3_E.pdf

Vietnam International Religious Freedom Report 2007. URL: www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2007/90159.htmhttp://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2007/90159.htm

Violations of the Rights of Ethnic and Religious Minorities In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Report by Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Member Organisation of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) Geneva, January 2012. URL: www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cerd/docs/ngos/VCHR_VietNam_CERD80.pdf
5. Human rights in Birma

Political and civil liberties. Freedoms of expression, association, and assembly. Freedom of the press. Censorship and Internet censorship. State-sanctioned torture and rape. Forced labour. Legalization of trade unions. The Unocal corporation’s affair. Freedom of religion. Ethnic and religious minorities. Persecution of Muslims. Women’s rights. Children's rights. LGBT rights in Burma. International pressure. Human rights situation after November 2010 elections.


Further reading:

Human rights in Burma: where are we now and what do we do next?: joint hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and International Operations and the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives. February 7, 2006. Washington, 2006.

McGregor A. Human rights coalitions in Myanmar // Human Rights in Asia / Ed. T.W.D.Davis. Cheltenham; Northampton, 2011.

O'Shannassy T. Burma's Excluded Majority: Women, Dictatorship and the Democracy Movement. 2000.

Pedersen M.B. Promoting Human Rights in Burma: A Critique of Western Sanctions Policy. Plymouth, 2008.

Steinberg D. Burma/Myanmar:What Everyone Needs to Know: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford, 2010.

Suffering in Silence: The Human Rights Nightmare of the Karen People of Burma / Ed. C.O.Delang. Parkland, 2001.
Part 3: HUMAN RIGHTS IN SOUTH ASIA

6. Human rights in India

Judicial system. Death Penalty. Use of torture by police. Killings by the Border Security Forces at the Bangladesh Border. Human trafficking. Child trafficking. Religious violence. Caste related issues. Bombings and Other Attacks. Right to Information Law. Freedom of expression. Censorship. Internet censorship in India. Women’s Rights. LGBT rights. Palliative Care. Human rights in Jammu and Kashmir. Maoist Insurgency and human rights violations. International pressure. India and violations of human rights in the world.
Further reading:

Das A. K. Mohanty P.K. Human rights in India. New Delhi, 2007.

Human rights and poverty in India: theoretical issues and empirical evidence / Ed. S.N.Chaudhary. New Dehli, 2005.

Human rights in India: issues and perspectives / Ed. S.M. Begum. New Dehli, 2000.

India and human rights: reflections / Ed. T.S.N. Sastry. New Dehli, 2005.

Kalhan A. Colonial Continuities: Human Rights, Terrorism, and Security Laws in India // Columbia Journal of Asian Law. Vol. 20. 2006.

Nirmal C.J. Human Rights in India: Historical, Social, and Political Perspectives. Oxford, 2002.

Samaddar R. The politics of human rights in India // Human Rights in Asia / Ed. T.W.D.Davis. Cheltenham; Northampton, 2011.


7. Human rights in Pakistan

Political and civil liberties. Political abuse of human rights. Freedom of Media. Enforced disappearances (missing persons). Human rights in Balochistan. Internally displaced people. Discrimination of religious minorities (Christians, Hindus). Controversial blasphemy laws. Women’s rights. Rape in Pakistan. Militant Attacks and Counterterrorism. International pressure.


Further reading:

Burney S. Crime Or Custom?: Violence Against Women in Pakistan. New York, 1999.

Chitkara M.G. Human Rights In Pakistan. New Delhi, 1997.

Lefebvre A. Islam, Human Rights and Child Labour in Pakistan. Copenhagen, 1995.

Shahid A., Rehman J. Sharia and Implementation of Human Rights norms of Equality and Non Discrimination in the Family: A Case Study of Family Law in Pakistan // Islam und Menschenrechte / Hrsg. von H. Elliesie. Frankfurt am Main, 2010.

Singh S.K. Human rights in Pakistan. New Delhi, 2007.

State of human rights in 2006. Islamabad, 2006.
Part 3: HUMAN RIGHTS IN CENTRAL ASIA

8. Human rights in Afghanistan

Human rights post Taliban. The Bonn Agreement of 2001. The Afghanistan Constitution of 2004. Human rights and armed conflict. Human rights violations by US soldiers (Baghram prisons). Human rights violations by the National Security Directorate and by local warlords. Child labor and human trafficking. Torture and abuse of detainees in Afghan jails. The absence of an effective national judicial system. Weak Rule of Law and Endemic Corruption. Freedom of association. Freedom of speech and the media. The 2004 media law. Internet freedom. Religious freedom. Ethnic minorities. Violence and discrimination against women and girls. Shia Family Law 2009. Children’s rights. Child soldiers. LGBT rights. Displaced persons. International criticism.
Further reading:

2010 Human Rights Report: Afghanistan. April 8, 2011. URL: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/160445.pdfhttp://www.state.gov/documents/organization/160445.pdf

Afghanistan: Don't Trade Away Women's Human Rights. London, 2011. URL: www.amnestyusa.org/pdfs/DontTradeAwayWomensHumanRights_110072011.pdfhttp://www.amnestyusa.org/pdfs/DontTradeAwayWomensHumanRights_110072011.pdf

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Afghanistan. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186669.pdf

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights in Afghanistan and on the achievements of technical assistance in the field of human rights. 19 January 2011. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/103/31/PDF/G1110331.pdf?OpenElement

Röder T.J. Human Rights Standards in Afghan Courtrooms: The Theory and Reality of the Right to a Fair Trial // Islam und Menschenrechte / Hrsg. von H. Elliesie. Frankfurt am Main, 2010.

The 2011 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Report: Afghanistan. URL: fcohrdreport.readandcomment.com/human-rights-in-countries-of-concern/afghanistan/?showall=1
9. Human rights in Uzbekistan

Political and civil liberties. Increasing pressure on opposition. The Andijan Massacre. Torture, ill-treatment and criminal justice. Compulsory sterilization. Freedom of speech and the media. Human rights defenders and independent journalists. Internet. Freedom of religion. Women’s rights. Forced child labor. LGBT rights. International criticism and pressure. The position of Russia.


Further reading:

2010 Human Rights Report: Uzbekistan. April 8, 2011. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/160482.pdfhttp://www.state.gov/documents/organization/160482.pdf

Annual Report 2011: Uzbekistan. URL: www.amnesty.org/en/region/uzbekistan/report-2011http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/uzbekistan/report-2011

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Uzbekistan. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186693.pdf

Situation of human rights in UzbekistanReport of the Secretary-General. 18 October 2006. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N06/577/35/PDF/N0657735.pdf?OpenElement

Uzbekistan: stifled democracy, human rights in decline: hearing before the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, US Congress, June 24, 2004. Washington, 2006.

Violence in Andijan, 13 May 2005: An Independent Assessment. Uppsala, 2005. URL: www.silkroadstudies.org/new/inside/publications/0507Akiner.pdf
Part 4: HUMAN RIGHTS IN WESTERN ASIA

10. Human rights in Iran

Human rights under the Iranian constitution. Shariah punishments (stoning, amputation of limbs). Extralegal violations of human rights. Torture and mistreatment of prisoners. Extra-judicial killings. Deaths in custody. Capital punishment. Political freedom. Crackdown on 2009 election protests. Freedom of expression and the press. Religious freedom. Persecution of Bahá'í. Attitude to the Jews and Sunni Muslims. Persecution of darvish and Muslim clerical opponents. Attitude to atheists, agnostics and sceptics. Ethnic minorities. Freedom of movement. Women’s rights. Compulsory hijab. Child executions in Iran. LGBT rights. Human rights organizations and activists. International criticism. Official position.
Further reading:

Abrahamian E. Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran. Berkeley, 1999.

Ghanea-Hercock N. Human Rights, the UN and the Bahá'ís in Iran. Oxford, 2002.

Interim report of the Secretary-General on the situation ofhuman rights in Iran. 14 March 2011. URL: www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/docs/16session/A.HRC.16.75_AUV.pdf

Osanloo A. The Politics of Women's Rights in Iran. Princeton, 2009.

Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 20 March 2012. URL: http://www.iranhrdc.org/english/human-rights-documents/united-nations-reports/un-reports/1000000081-report-of-the-secretary-general-on-the-situation-of-human-rights-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-3-20-2012.html#.UEt2TY0aOvQhttp://www.iranhrdc.org/english/human-rights-documents/united-nations-reports/un-reports/1000000081-report-of-the-secretary-general-on-the-situation-of-human-rights-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-3-20-2012.html - .UEt2TY0aOvQ

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran 3/6/2012. URL: www.iranhrdc.org/english/human-rights-documents/united-nations-reports/un-reports/1000000063-report-of-the-special-rapporteur-on-the-situation-of-human-rights-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran.html#.UEt5KY0aOvQhttp://www.iranhrdc.org/english/human-rights-documents/united-nations-reports/un-reports/1000000063-report-of-the-special-rapporteur-on-the-situation-of-human-rights-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran.html - .UEt5KY0aOvQ

Schneider I. Civil Society and Legislation: Developments of the Human Rights Situation in Iran in 2008 // // Islam und Menschenrechte / Hrsg. von H. Elliesie. Frankfurt am Main, 2010.


11. Human rights in Saudi Arabia

Judicial corporal and capital punishment; amputations of limbs. Torture. Freedom of press, expression and assembly. Political freedom and political prisoners. Women's and girls’ rights. “Gender apartheid”. Religious freedoms in the theocratic state. Migrant worker rights. LGBT rights. HIV and AIDS. Human rights organizations. International criticism.


Further reading:

Deif F. Perpetual Minors: Human Rights Abuses Stemming from Male Guardianship and Sex Segregation in Saudi Arabia. New York, 2008.

Jones J. P. If Olaya Street Could Talk: Saudi Arabia — The Heartland of Oil and Islam. Albuquerque, 2007.

Laube L. Behind the Veil: A Nurse's Arabian Nightmare. 2003.

Sandy M., Hollingsworth M. Saudi Babylon: Torture, Corruption and Cover-up Inside the House of Saud. Edinburgh, 2006.

Sasson J. Princess: A True Story of Life Behind the Veil in Saudi Arabia. Atlanta, 2001.

Sherry V.N. Bad Dreams: Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia. New York, 2004.

Wilcke Ch. Human Rights and Saudi Arabia's Counterterrorism Response: Religious Counseling, Indefinite Detention, and Flawed Trials. New York, 2009.


12. Human rights in Turkey

Human rights under the Justice and Development Party government. Reform of Turkey's criminal justice system. Capital punishment. Extra-judicial executions. Unsolved killings. "Disappearances". Torture, Ill-Treatment, and Use of Lethal Force by Security Forces. Deaths in custody. Prison conditions. Freedom of expression, association, and assembly. Freedom of religion. Ethnic rights. Kurdish people. Minority languages. Racism. Hate crimes. Workers' rights. Women’s rights. Violence against women. Disabled citizens. Internally displaced people. International pressure. European Court of Human Rights judgments.


Further reading:

Balci F. Politicization of Kurdish Question Through Human Rights Discourse in Turkey. Salt Lake City, 2008.

Human Rights in Turkey / Ed. Z. F. Kabasakal Arat. Philadelphia, 2007.

Kardam N. Turkey's Engagement With Global Women's Human Rights. Aldershot; Burlington, 2005.

Yildiz K., McDermott J. Torture in Turkey: The Ongoing Practice of Torture and Ill-treatment. London, 2004.

Yildiz K., Müller M. The European Union and Turkish accession: human rights and the Kurds. London, 2008.


Part 5: HUMAN RIGHTS IN NORTH AFRICA

13. Human rights in Egypt

Human rights under Hosni Mubarak. “Arab spring”. Police Violence and Killing of Unarmed Protesters. Torture and Excessive Use of Force by Military and Police Officers. Human rights post “Arab spring". Political and civil rights. Freedom of speech and freedom of the press. Freedom of association. Conditions for detainees and torture. Labor rights. Freedom of religion. Status of religious and ethnic minorities. Sectarian violence. Coptic community. Refugee and migrants’ rights. Palestinians in Egypt. Human trafficking. Women’s rights. LGBT rights. Key international actors.
Further reading:

Amnesty International. Egypt: Memorandum to President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. URL: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE12/022/2012/en/4bc7fa6d-99d0-4f87-b2c1-aaec1a78606b/mde120222012en.pdfhttp://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/MDE12/022/2012/en/4bc7fa6d-99d0-4f87-b2c1-aaec1a78606b/mde120222012en.pdf

Bahey eldin Hassan. The Human Rights Dilemma in Egypt: Political Will or Islam? // Islam und Menschenrechte / Hrsg. von H. Elliesie. Frankfurt am Main, 2010.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Egypt. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186635.pdf

Maha A. The nationalisation of the human rights debate in Egypt // Nations and Nationalism. Vol. 13. 2007.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, Joy Ngozi Ezeilo. 15 April 2011. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/129/17/PDF/G1112917.pdf?OpenElement

Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, Ben Emmerson. 19 June 2012. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G12/141/98/PDF/G1214198.pdf?OpenElement
14. Human rights in Morocco and Morocco-controlled Western Sahara

Human rights and 2011 revision of the Constitution. Democracy and elections. Freedom of assembly, association, and expression. Freedom of media. The press law. Censorship. Political persecution. Terrorism and counterterrorism. Police conduct and the criminal justice system. Capital punishment. Conditions for detainees and torture. Police and army reforms. Freedom of religion. Social rights and equality. Women and family. Mudawana. Domestic Workers. Berber people and arabization. Recognition of Amazigh. Human rights organizations and activists.

Human rights in Morocco-controlled Western Sahara. Discrimination of Sahrawis. Suppression of 2010 protest movement. Police and army brutality. The "disappeared". Child recruitment. POLISARIO prisoners of war. Deportations of Christian foreign aid workers. Human rights defenders. International criticism and pressure.
Further reading:

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Morocco. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186650.pdf

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Western Sahara. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186653.pdfhttp://www.state.gov/documents/organization/186653.pdf

Dakwar J., Goldstein E. Morocco: Human Rights at a Crossroads. New York, 2004.

Human rights in Western Sahara and in the Tindouf refugee camps: Morocco/Western Sahara/Algeria. New York, 2008.

National report submitted in accordance with paragraph 5 of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 16/21: Morocco. 8 March 2012. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G12/116/78/PDF/G1211678.pdf?OpenElement

Rapport du Groupe de travail sur les disparitions forcées ou involontaires. 9 fevrier 2010. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G10/107/33/PDF/G1010733.pdf?OpenElement

Report of the Working Group on the issue of discriminationagainst women in law and in practice. 19 June 2012. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G12/142/19/PDF/G1214219.pdf?OpenElement

Sadiqi F. Women, Gender, and Language in Morocco. Leiden, 2003.

Salime Z. Between Feminism and Islam: Human Rights and Sharia Law in Morocco. Minneapolis, 2011.

Slyomovics S. The performance of human rights in Morocco. Philadelphia, 2005.
Part 6: HUMAN RIGHTS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

15. Human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Judicial system. Trial procedures. Police, army and militias brutality. Disappearances. Torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment. Prisons and detention center conditions. Arbitrary arrest or detention. Political prisoners and detainees. Arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence. Use of excessive force and other abuses in internal conflicts. Abuses by transitional government security forces. Abuses by armed groups outside government control. Abuses by UN peacekeepers. Civil liberties. Freedom of speech and press. Internet freedom. Freedom of peaceful assembly and association. Freedom of religion. Freedom of movement . Political rights. Elections and political participation. Government corruption and transparency. Ethnic minorities. Indigenous people. Discrimination of women. Rape. Children’s rights. Human trafficking. Persons with disabilities. Incitement to acts of discrimination. Worker rights. The right of association. The right to organize and bargain collectively. Prohibition of forced or compulsory labor. Prohibition of child labor and minimum age for employment. Acceptable conditions of work. LGBT rights. Internally displaced persons. Conditions in refugee camps. International criticism and pressure.
Further reading:

"If You Resist, We'll Shoot You": The Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Case for an Effective Arms Trade Treaty. URL: www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/if-you-resist-we-ll-shoot-you-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-and-the-case-for-an-effective-arm?page=showhttp://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/if-you-resist-we-ll-shoot-you-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-and-the-case-for-an-effective-arm?page=show

Annual Report: Democratic Republic Of The Congo 2011. URL: www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/annual-report-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2011?page=showhttp://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/annual-report-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2011?page=show

Combined report of seven thematic special procedures on technical assistance tothe Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and urgentexamination of the situation in the east of the country. 5 March 2009. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G09/118/07/PDF/G0911807.pdf?OpenElement

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Democratic Republic of the Congo. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186395.pdfhttp://www.state.gov/documents/organization/186395.pdf

Democratic Republic of Congo: civilians attacked in North Kivu. New York, 2005.

Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural, including the right to development: Report submitted by the Representative of the Secretary-General on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Walter Kälin. 16 May 2008. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G08/135/15/PDF/G0813515.pdf?OpenElement

Renewed Crisis in North Kivu. New York, 2007.

Report of the independent expert on the situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mr. Titinga Frédéric Pacéré. 29 February 2008. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G08/115/58/PDF/G0811558.pdf?OpenElement

Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Philip Alston. 14 June 2010. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G10/143/71/PDF/G1014371.pdf?OpenElement

Third joint report of seven United Nations experts on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 9 March 2011. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/116/56/PDF/G1111656.pdf?OpenElement
16. Human rights in Nigeria

Judicial system. Extra-judicial killings. Disappearances. Torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Prison and detention center conditions. Arbitrary arrest or detention. Role of the police and security apparatus. Denial of fair public trial. Trial procedures. Political prisoners and detainees. Arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home or correspondence. Use of excessive force and other abuses in internal conflicts. Civil liberties. Freedom of speech and press. Internet freedom. Freedom of assembly and association. Freedom of religion. Freedom of movement. Internally displaced persons. Protection of refugees. Respect for political rights. Elections and political participation. Participation of women and minorities. Official corruption and government transparency. Human trafficking. Women's rights. Rape and domestic violence. Children's rights. Child marriage. Sexual exploitation of children. Persons with disabilities. Ethnic minorities. Societal abuses, discrimination, and acts of violence based on sexual orientation and gender Identity. Worker rights. Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining. Prohibition of forced or compulsory labor. Prohibition of child labor and minimum age for employment. Acceptable conditions of work. Human rights defenders. International pressure.


Further reading:

50 Years of Independence: Making Human Rights a Reality. URL: www.amnestyusa.org/sites/default/files/afr440212010en.pdfhttp://www.amnestyusa.org/sites/default/files/afr440212010en.pdf

Annual Report: Nigeria 2011. URL: www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/annual-report-nigeria-2011?page=showhttp://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/annual-report-nigeria-2011?page=show

Chinedu Okafor O. Legitimizing Human Rights NGOs: Lessons from Nigeria. Trenton, 2006.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011: Nigeria. URL: www.state.gov/documents/organization/186441.pdfhttp://www.state.gov/documents/organization/186441.pdf

Nigeria "Political Shariʼa"?: Human Rights and Islamic Law in Northern Nigeria. New York, 2004.

Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development: Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhumanor degrading treatment or punishment, Manfred Nowak. 22 November 2007. URL: daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G07/149/66/PDF/G0714966.pdf?OpenElement



  1. Teaching Methods and Recommendations

The course is interactive, taught jointly with Russian and foreign speakers. Lectures combined with the discussion of reading for the week, followed by a video-lecture and discussion between students and lecturer.

8.1 Recommendations for course teacher

It is recommended to use interactive teaching methods which allow for most student participation such as: discussions, case studies, role plays.



8.2 Recommendations for Students

Students should take notes, both on lectures and on the reading, with the intention of addressing the key themes of the course.



The readings are demanding and require intensive examination of a broad variety of issues and modes of thought. Students are encouraged to express diverse perspectives. Students and the instructors should interact with each other in a mutually respectful manner. They should articulate their ideas, concerns, arguments, critical questions and responses without alienating, marginalizing, or humiliating anyone.

  1. The rule of forming cumulative grade

Оfinal = 0.6·Оcurrent+ 0.4·Оexam

Only the final grade goes into your Master Degree certificate.


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