Team three members critiqued that Stalinism was the result of communist ideology and provided a lots of facts and evidences. But I still stand by my position that terror was the result of Stalinism.
Stalin’s dictatorship was the main reason of terror in Soviet Union. Stalin had increased the terror to bloodiest extreme by the continuation of show trails of 1930s. Before Stalin, there were relatively few victims and purpose of trials was limited. There was Red terror during Lenin’s rule because of civil war and to save his life from social revolutionaries. After addressing a meeting, on 30 August, Lenin was shot twice by Fanny Kaplan, an SR (McCauley, 55). Hence, there were no other options and Officially Red Terror dates from 1 September 1918 following the shooting of Moisei Uritsky, the head of the Petrograd Cheka on 30 August(55, The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union). But Stalin had created terror in Soviet Union because of his dictatorship. It was very hard to understand the wants and desires of Stalin because he would hardly appear in front of public. He killed many leaders, peoples, and government officials to remain in power. The Soviet Union had to cost millions of people because of his dictatorship during collectivization. The people and politicians were tired of Stalinism and tried to faction the party leadership. Stalin’s response was an attack on the party, unleashing mass terror that ultimately demanded millions of lives (105, Kenez). The most spectacular were the trials of ex-leaders of the Bolshevik Party, Lenin’s comrades (Kenez, 106). The members of communist party did not become the victims under Red Terror. But the communist leaders Zinoviev, Kamenev, and Trotsky became the victim under Stalin’s rule. They were accused of false crime and sentenced in prison. Thus the publication of the novel, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich further emphasized that Joseph Stalin was a cruel leader.
There are prisoners in the Soviet labor camp who would support communism but hate Stalin’s regime. According to Dale, “Several other incidents show Buinovsky’s disbelief with the actions of the Soviet government. He makes a joke while they are out working, saying, “it’s been decreed that the sun is highest at one o’ clock” (64). While Shukhov, uneducated, doesn’t pick up on this joke, Buinovsky’s intent was to satirize the arrogance of the Soviet government, implying that they believe themselves capable of reshaping nature into alignment with their political desires. At that time, he wouldn’t have been too far off the mark – “The Soviet regime did not tolerate the notion that there was anything outside its competence, or indeed, those experts, artists, scholars, in any field whatever had any autonomy beyond the reach of the regime” (Kenez 179). He is also shown to be a tough worker, so much so that he demands a new partner when his is lazy and sluggish (92). He is also shown sharing food and cigarettes with Tzezar, subtly demonstrating communist virtue and ideals.”
In the same way the major character of the novel, Ivan Denisovich, was against the rules adopted by Stalin’s to run the labor camp he was in. According to Alex, “Ivan liked everything about the camp besides the fact that Joseph Stalin ruled it with malevolent intentions. Having been affiliated with communist society his whole life, Ivan has grown accustomed to the concept of demonstrating a concretive effort to accomplish collective goals. Ivan also liked being a part of a group of comrades on a routine basis. He had a tendency to enjoy cracking jokes with some of the other men, show enthusiasm when completing tasks with them, and to engage in conversations during meals with squad members. Thanks to Stalin, many of the rights and pleasures of the camp affiliates were taken away. Stalin’s totalitarian form of governing his people breached the wired fence of the camp. Rather than allowing the inmates to engage in any discussion of their choice, the prisoners were prohibited from expressing their opinion about politics. If a prisoner were to criticize an officer or political leader for not demonstrating true communism, the prisoner was given a ten day sentence to a confined cell that was dark and desolate. ”
The prisoners believed in team work and brotherhood which supports communism. Anna argues that the novel promotes communism through the camaraderie that is existed among the prisoners. She further says, “With the fact that many are from different classes, cities, ethnic backgrounds, and countries, it would seem obvious that they would not trust or get along with each other. However, this is not the case. A form of trust and companionship is made amongst the prisoners in order to survive. Each one trusts that the other will not rat him out to the guards to receive a punishment. One example of this is the fact that the Estonians and Alyoshka have seen Shukhov sew his bread into his mattress and yet does not fear that they will turn him in.”