United States Postal Service [prompt on “Post Office” or “U.S. Mail”]
 The USPS was embroiled in a scandal during the Garfield administration over the bribing of officials for the awarding of contracts for these routes. Marked by a special label, they designated hard to reach rural areas.
ANSWER: Star Routes Scandal
 This delivery service, active between 1860 to 1861, followed a route that began in St. Joseph and ended in Sacramento. Personnel were required to be “young, skinny, wiry fellows not over eighteen”.
ANSWER: Pony Express [or Central Overland California and Pike's Peak Express Company] 3. At 173 gigaelectronvolts, the “top” flavor is the most massive of elementary particles to date. For 10 points each:
 Name this particle, discovered by Murray Gell-Mann, that comes in six flavors. One “down” and two “up” varieties of this particle form a proton.
 The quark is an example of this class of particles named after an Italian physicist. Including leptons like neutrinos and electrons, they have spins of ½ and obey the Pauli exclusion principle.
 Neutrons are examples of these composite particles which be categorized as fermions because they are made up of 3 quarks. If they contain strange quarks but no charm or bottom quarks, they are known as hyperons.
ANSWER: baryons [prompt on “hadrons”] 4. It begins in pianissimo and, over the course of about 15 minutes, crescendos to “as loud as possible”. For 10 points each:
 Name this work of a French composer based on a Latin rhythm in ¾ time played on the snare drum. The tam-tam, cymbals and bass drum only play in the last 6 bars, which also features trombone glissandi.
 Ravel wrote this ballet in which Dorcon displays his grotesque dance in an attempt to woo the title character before being laughed away by youths. Ultimately, Pan saves the title couple from being separated by scaring away Bryaxis and his men.