Print Sources Book with one author

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Paper Format
Your essay should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5 X 11 inches) with 1-inch margins on all sides. Unless requested, a title page is unnecessary. Instead, you should provide a double-spaced header in the top left corner of the first page that lists your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Number all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. Center your title on the line below the header with your name.
Your works cited list should begin on a separate page from the text of the essay under the label Works Cited (with no quotation marks, underlining, etc.), centered at the top of the page. Double space all entries, with no skipped spaces between entries. Alphabetize your entries. Keep in mind we now use italics for titles of independently published works (books, periodicals, films, etc.). Also, notice URLs are no longer required when you cite web sites.*

MLA - Sample Entries for Works Cited Page

Print Sources

Book with one author

Hamilton, Edith. The Greek Way to Western Civilization. New York: Mentor-Norton,

1961. Print.

Two books by the same author

After the first listing of the author's name, use three hyphens and a period for the author's name.
Basila, Martin. Commercial Uses of Communication: Today's Evolving Marketplace.

New York: Dutton, 1997. Print.

- - -. Media Advertising for the Masses. Philadelphia: Merton, 1995. Print.

Book with more than one author

Gesell, Arnold, and Frances L. Ing. Child Development: An Introduction to the Study

of Human Growth. New York: Macmillan, 1960. Print.

If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al. (the abbreviation for the Latin phrase "and others") in place of the other authors' names, or you may list all the authors in the order in which their names appear on the title page.

Book with a corporate author

American Allergy Association. Allergies in Children. New York: Random, 1998. Print.

Book or article with no author named

Encyclopedia of Photography. New York: Crown, 1984. Print.

"The Decade of the Spy." Newsweek 7 Mar. 1994: 26-27. Print.

For in-text citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the title instead of an author’s name. Use quotation marks and italicizing as appropriate. For example, parenthetical citations of the two sources above would appear as follows: (Encyclopedia 235) and ("Decade" 26).

Anthology or collection

Rueschemeyer, Marilyn, ed. Women in the Politics of Postcommunist Eastern Europe.

Armonk, New York: Sharpe, 1994. Print.

Essay, short story, or poem in an anthology or collection

Joyce, James. “The Dead.” Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Ed. Robert Diyanni. 5th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. 140-57. Print.

Cross-referencing: If you cite more than one essay from the same edited collection, you should cross-reference within your works cited list in order to avoid writing out the publishing information for each separate essay. To do so, include a separate entry for the entire collection listed by the editor's name. For individual essays from that collection, simply list the author's name, the title of the essay, the editor's last name, and the page numbers. For example:

Asante, Molefi Kete. "What is Afrocentrism?" Atwan and Roberts 11-17.

Atwan, Robert, and Jon Roberts, eds. Left, Right, and Center: Voices

from Across the Political Spectrum. Boston: Bedford, 1996. Print.

Bennett, William J. "Revolt Against God: America's Spiritual Despair."

Atwan and Roberts 559-71.

Previously published scholarly article

Holladay, Hillary. “Narrative Space in Ann Petry’s Country Place.” Xavier Review 16.1 (1996): 21-35. Rpt. in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism. Ed. Linda Pavlovski and Scott Darga. Vol. 112. Detroit: Gale, 2002, 356-62. Print.

Entry in a reference book

“Noon.” The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Print.

Essay in a scholarly journal. (The number 12 signifies the volume number and 3 the issue number.)

Flanigan, Beverly Olson. "Peer Tutoring and Second Language Acquisition in the

Elementary School." Applied Linguistics 12.3 (1991): 128-38. Print.

Magazine or newspaper article

Nimmons, David. "Sex and the Brain." Discover Mar. 1994: 26-27. Print.

Goodman, Laurence. "New Discoveries in AIDS Prevention." New York Times

27 Mar. 1998, late ed.: C3. Print.

Government publication

United States Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics. Dictionary of Occupational Titles.

4th ed. Washington: GPO, 1977. Print.

Non-print Sources

Interview that you conducted

Lesh, Philip. Personal interview. 12 Nov. 2011.

Television or radio program

"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox. WXIA, Atlanta. 19 July 1998. Television.


It's a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel

Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell. RKO, 1946. Film.

Web site

Daly, Bill. Writing Argumentative Essays. ESL Planet, 1997. Web. 26 Jan. 1998.

A page on a web site

"How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, Inc., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

A photograph on a web site (no author/artist)

“Allerca GD Kittens.” Photograph. Allerca Lifestyle Pets. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.


Tilton, Martin. "Re: Meeting Agenda for Friday." Message to Nora Berman. 18 June

1999. E-mail.

Article in an online-only scholarly journal

Dolby, Nadine. “Research in Youth Culture and Policy: Current Conditions and Future

Directions.” Social Work and Society: The International Online-Only Journal 6.2

(2008): n. pag. Web. 20 May 2009.

Article in an online scholarly journal that also appears in print

Wheelis, Mark. "Investigating Disease Outbreaks Under a Protocol to the Biological

and Toxin Weapons Convention." Emerging Infectious Diseases 6.6 (2000):

595-600. Web. 8 Feb. 2009.

Article from an online database (e.g., JSTOR and ProQuest).

Frick, Robert. "Investing in Medical Miracles." Kiplinger's Personal Finance

Feb. 1999: 80-87. JSTOR. Web. 30 Aug. 2002.

*You should include a URL as supplementary information only when the reader cannot locate the source without it or when your instructor requires it. See the Purdue Writing Lab web site for more information about MLA format.
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