Princeton University Program in Hellenic Studies May 12, 2006 When Culture Dreams Empire: 'Byzantium' as Usable Past morning session: 9: 30 a m. – 12: 30 p m. Chair: Dimitri Gondicas

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Christine Philliou

Yale University

Janus-faced or synthesis?

 Anatomy of a Phanariot-Ottoman ceremony

In this paper I will describe and analyze the early 19th-century investiture ceremonies for Phanariot Princes in Istanbul on their way to their posts in Moldavia and Wallachia. I will focus the iconography and sequence of the ceremony and explore the question of whether Phanariots had "multiple faces" as they are often depicted in modern scholarship, or whether they were synthesizing the idioms of Byzantium and Ottoman imperial culture.

Jack Fairey

Princeton University

Failed nations and usable pasts: 

The case of the Byzantine Union, 1844-1860s

The subject of this talk will be the place of Byzantium in the political and historiographical thought of the "Byzantine Union" (i Vyzantini Enosis), a failed nationalist association in the mid-nineteenth century Ottoman Empire. Whereas other nationalist movements sought to divide the Near East into a collection of ethnic states, the Byzantine Union called instead for the creation of a reunified and reformed Byzantine Empire which would embrace all of the various peoples and religions of the region. In its attempts to provide an ideological basis for this common future, the Union constructed a unique vision of the shared Byzantine past which differed strongly from the standard historiographies of the time. Something of the origins and development of the Byzantine Union will be described, with particular attention paid to the life and writings of the society's principal ideologue.

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