Princeton Engulfed In Battle!



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The American Revolution By: Alyssa and Konner




princeton.jpg

Princeton Engulfed In Battle!
On Friday, January 3rd, 1777, the British (accompanied by German Hessians) and American Forces fought during the Battle of Princeton. The battle took place in Princeton, New Jersey, and ended in a victory for the American colonists. After a victory at the Battle of Trenton, the patriots were ready to fight for their independence from British rule. General William Howe sent Lord Charles Cornwallis with a strong military force to destroy the American rebels. While George Washington and the main part of the Continental Army was encamped on the south side of the Assanpink, Lord Charles Cornwallis was positioned on the other bank at Trenton. Washington left some of his troops to build some fortifications over the Assanpink and led the major force toward Princeton, New Jersey. General Charles Cornwallis had left 1,400 British troops under the command of Lt. Colonel Charles Mawhood in Princeton. Before Cornwallis could arrive with reinforcements, Washington was able to mount a night attack and defeat the British. The British have now lost control of New Jersey, and have retreated to New York. This victory has fueled the Americans with hope of winning the war!





Shown above is General George Washington leading the American troops at the Battle of Princeton.

"I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy." -- John Adams

Keep Up With the Latest News of the War:


  • The first man shot in the Boston Massacre was a black man named Crispus Attucks. During an argument between the Boston townspeople and the British soldiers, one of the soldiers was struck with a piece of wood. The blame fell on Attucks, and he was shot two times in the chest. He died alongside five other Americans.

  • About 5,000 African American men and boys are fighting in the war. Many of them are slaves who have been recruited as soldiers. Also, many Native Americans are fighting. Times are tough, and soldiers are in great demand.

  • Soldiers are using a wide variety of weapons such as muskets, pistols, rifles, long rifles, knives, bayonets, tomahawks, axes, swords, sabers, pole arms and cannons.

  • It is believed that General George Washington is not receiving pay for his military service. He is volunteering to serve our country, and lead us to victory. Let us all think of him as an example of what it is to be an American!

  • Although the United States does not have formal diplomatic relationships with Spain or France, they have both funded us in the fight against the British. The Netherlands have been drawn into the war after the British sent a declaration of war. With three new allies, the Americans are weakening the British.

  • Because of their gaudy red uniforms, British soldiers are now being called redcoats. It has been said that their uniforms are inspected daily, and each commander ensured his soldiers were immaculate when they went into battle. Their boots have to be polished, along with the brass buttons on the uniforms and their arms. All white facings, which include the cross belt, waist belt, carriage box and gaiters have to be whitened with pipe clay.

  • Because there was no established American army, there are very few uniforms available for the American Revolutionary Soldiers. Many of the soldiers are wearing civilian clothes or hunting jackets. Let me assure you, we do not need the fancy uniforms of the British to win this war!



Revolutionary War Facts Cont.


  • As the war rolls on, the Americans continue to use defensive battle tactics against the British. The British soldiers continue to strike, but their army seems to be weakening. Let America pray that this war is over soon.

  • As of today, African Americans continue to serve on both the American and British side during the Revolutionary war. Both sides have been promising freedom to the African slaves in hope of gaining their trust. Washington was reluctant at first, but as we lose more soldiers, he has agreed to approve plans for Rhode Island to raise a regiment of free blacks and slaves.

  • As many know, the battles of Lexington and Concord kicked off the war. On the night of April 18, 1775, hundreds of British troops marched from Boston to nearby Concord in order to seize weapons. Paul Revere and other spies had been riding around, and were able to warn the Americans. As the British rode in, a single shot was fired, opening the battle. Soon, the British hastily retreated under intense fire.


William Howe in Revolutionary War:

William Howe was born on August 10, 1729. He was the third son of Emanuel Howe, and his wife Charlotte. His grandmother had been the mistress of King George I, and as a result, Howe and his three brothers were the illegitimate uncles of King George III. Howe attended Eton, and followed his two elder brothers into the military on September 18, 1746 when he purchased a commission as a coronet in Cumberland's Light Dragoons. The following year, he was promoted to lieutenant and captain in 1750. While with the regiment, he befriended Major James Wolfe, one of his future commanders.

General William Howe was one of most well-known British generals of the Revolutionary War. In the Battle of Bunker Hill, Howe's men succeeded in driving off the Americans, but sustained over 1,000 casualties in capturing their works. Though a victory, the battle deeply influenced Howe and crushed his initial belief that the rebels represented only a small part of the American people. The high losses at Bunker Hill made Howe more conservative and less inclined to attack strong enemy positions. Howe was temporarily appointed commander-in-chief on October 10 (it was made permanent in April 1776) when Gage returned to England. At the Battle of Long Island, Howe flanked and defeated Washington on August 26/27. Howe battled with Washington and his men in Manhattan, New York, and Philadelphia. Howe was facing severe criticism in England for failing to crush the Americans, so he requested to be relieved on October 22. After attempting to lure Washington into battle late that fall, Howe and the army entered winter quarters in Philadelphia. Howe received word that his resignation had been accepted on April 14, 1778. After an extravagant festival in his honor on May 18, Howe turned command over to Clinton and departed.

After arriving back in England, he entered into the debate over the conduct of the war and published a defense of his actions. He remained in active service, and was made a privy counselor and Lieutenant General of the Ordnance in 1782. Due to the outbreak of the French Revolution, he served in a variety of senior commands in England, and was made a full general in 1793. While serving as governor of Plymouth, he died on July 12, 1814, due to a prolonged illness.




Yankee Doodle Dandy”
As tension caused by the war heats up, songs are being made as a way to ridicule the opposing side. One of these songs, which tells the story of a poorly dressed Yankee simpleton, or "doodle", became very popular with British troops. As they marched into battle on the first day of the war, the song could be heard playing. We Americans quickly claimed the song as our own, though, and created dozens of new verses that mock the British, praise the new Continental Army, and haile our commander, George Washington.
Yankee Doodle went to town

A-riding on a pony

Stuck a feather in his hat

And called it macaroni.
Yankee Doodle, keep it up

Yankee Doodle dandy

Mind the music and the step

And with the girls be handy.
Father and I went down to camp

Along with Captain Gooding
And there we saw the men and boys

As thick as hasty pudding.

Yankee Doodle” Cont.


Yankee Doodle, keep it up

Yankee Doodle dandy

Mind the music and the step

And with the girls be handy.
There was Captain Washington

Upon a slapping stallion

A-giving orders to his men

I guess there was a million.
Yankee Doodle, keep it up

Yankee Doodle dandy

Mind the music and the step

And with the girls be handy.

william howe.jpeg

Shown above is General William Howe.





Washington Calls for Help of women:
As the American Revolution unfolds, General George Washington is calling for women to serve as nurses to care for the wounded men in battle. They are to be paid usual price, .24 cents a day and one full food ration. The matrons, being in a more supervisory position, are to be paid more than twice that rate at 0.50 cents a day plus the full ration. The army is also looking for women to act as cooks, maids, laundresses, water bearers, and seamstresses. These positions are usually reserved for male soldiers, and any woman should feel honored to have the opportunity to serve their country in this way. Some women have even gone so far as to become soldiers and fight for our country. Ann Bailey of Boston enlisted in the army under the fake identity of Sam Gay. She fought in battle, and was promoted to Corporal before her true identity was discovered a few weeks later. She was then arrested and imprisoned, but her bravery reappeared when she signed up to serve as a soldier again after her release from prison. Women are becoming more involved with the war, and are encouraged (to an extent) to participate. On the other side, the United States military does not permit women to follow in Bailey’s footsteps, and has warned them of the jail time that they will face for committing such a crime.


"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." -- Nathan Hale's last words before being hanged by British



Sources:
http://historyofmassachusetts.org/the-roles-of-women-in-the-revolutionary-war/
http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/revolution/facts.htm
http://www.landofthebrave.info/facts-about-revolutionary-war.htm
http://crispusattucks.org/about/who-was-crispus-attucks
http://www.netplaces.com/american-revolution/an-international-war/spain-and-the-netherlands-join-the-war.htm
http://www.landofthebrave.info/redcoats.htm
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2narr4.html
http://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battles-of-lexington-and-concord
http://www.pleasantridge.k12.ca.us/magnolia/studentlinks/websites78/social_studies/revolutionary_war/quotes.html
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/lyrical/songs/yankee_doodle.html
http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/whowe.htm




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