President of Convocation Anour Kassim,Chairman of the University Council

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<+_article> commercial basis thereby setting salaries and taking other decisions without reference to government <#/>It is heartening to note that since <+_article> fiscal year nineteen ninety-one TRC has been making an operating profit <#/>With regard to the port subsector in order to recover the investment under the port modernisation project and to cope with the fall in the value of the shilling the government has allowed THA to increase tariffs which had not been changed since nineteen eighty-four <#/>Furthermore measures to commercialise THA are under way and towards this end the Dar es Salaam port development master plan study and the <./>commer <-/>the commercialisation study are planned <#/>Turning to the aviation subsector in March nineteen ninety-two the government made several important and bold decisions on the future of ATC as follows

<#/>One ATC shall continue to exist but shall operate on a commercial basis generating a profit

<#/>Two Government will absorb a large part of AT's debt in order to make corporations' balance sheet attractive to private investors

<#/>Three Allowing ATC to sell some of its <./>ass assets generating funds to pay off creditors and to improve its working capital position

<#/>And Four Giving ATC the autonomy to <./>to set tariffs and the mandate to gradually withdraw its services from the loss-making roots <#/>The civil aviation board has implemented the open-sky policy by granting operating licences to other operators to compete with ATC <#/>And government has commissioned a study to look into the restructuring of the directorate of civil aviation and the creation of a national airports authority to manage operate and maintain the major airports <#/>However government will continue to provide for the uneconomical airports especially in the remote areas <#/>With regard to the road transport subsector the availability of vehicles transport inputs and spares has been greatly enhanced through the liberalisation of imports of vehicles and spare parts using own or the open general licence funds as well as direct support by donors and grants from friendly countries <#/>And the government has endeavoured to improve passenger and goods transport operations in rural areas by exempting all vehicles of carrying capacity of over three tons and buses of twenty-five passengers capacity from import duty and sales tax <#/>Furthermore the government has allowed UDA and the private operators to earn a reasonable return on their investments <#/>Turning to the road sub-sector investment priorities have been re-oriented to road rehabilitation and maintenance <#/>Furthermore and this is very important the budget re-allocations for road maintenance are being increased annually <#/>For instance government funds for annual routine and periodic road maintenance have increased by two hundred and fifty per cent from about <./>U United States dollars four point nine million in fiscal year nineteen eighty-seven eighty-eight to US dollars seventeen million in fiscal year nineteen ninety-two ninety-three <#/>Since nineteen ninety-one ninety-two fiscal year revenue for road maintenance is being collected mainly from road users through the imposition of a levy on fuel consumption which is deposited into a designated roads' fund <#/>In <+_article> Ministry of Works the institutional framework for planning managing and maintaining the roads networks has been restructured through the following measures

<#/>One The creation of the division for roads and aerodromes

<#/>Two The decentralisation of authority for implementing road maintenance and works to the twenty regional engineers offices

<#/>Three Under IRP various donors are funding technical assistance teams in eleven regions to strengthen the execution capacity for maintaining the roads by the Regional Engineers' offices

<#/>Four Under the IRP umbrella donors are supporting well-defined programmes at the University of Dar es Salaam Engineering Faculty Technical Colleges of Dar es Salaam and Arusha Ministry of Works' Training Institute at Morogoro and at the National Institute of Transport

<#/><+_article> Execution capacity for maintaining the road network is being improved through the REO's by gradually increasing the contracting out of road maintenance works <#/>Also under UNDP ILO support a programme to train local contractors in rural road rehabilitation and maintenance using labour-based methods started in Kilimanjaro region in nineteen ninety-two and the programme will be extended to other regions soon <#/>And Ministry of Works roads building equipment has been transferred to a plant and equipment hire company which started hiring to REO's and contractors at commercial rates with effect from July nineteen ninety-two <#/>What has been the impact of the programme for the transport sector recovery <#/>Your Excellencies and distinguished guests much progress has been made in the last six years of the implementation of the programme for the transport sector recovery <#/><+_article> Assessment of the impact of the programme on the economy shows that mobility has increased dramatically where road conditions have improved and that crops cereals and fresh fruits and vegetables are now moving more easily from the farms to the processing and storage centres and to the markets <#/>In specific terms the impact can be said to be as follows <#/>Within the railways the haulage of transit traffic which earns foreign exchange for the country has improved more than a hundred per cent since fiscal year nineteen ninety-one <#/>Also there are significant improvements on the movement of export commodities such as coffee <#/>With regard to the ports the average ship stay time in port has gone down to three days as opposed to eight days before the implementation of the port modernisation project <#/>The overall productivity of the port has improved appreciably <#/>The average gang output for general cargo is now two hundred and fifty tons per shift compared to about a hundred tons in the mid nineteen eighties <#/>The average container dwell time has reduced <&/>lexeme from about fifty days to an average of only about thirteen days <#/>In a nutshell the improved productivity of the port which led to savings in transit costs has made the Dar es Salaam port much more competitive with other regional ports <#/>With regard to the roads and road transports improved road conditions have led to shorter travel times <#/>This has been most significant along the Tanzam highway between Dar es Salaam and Zambia and along the Northern route to Kenya through Chalinze Segera Moshi and Arusha including the branch to Tanga <#/>In fact the travel time between Dar es Salaam and Arusha six hundred and fifty kilometres is now less than nine hours compared to fourteen hours before implementation of the IRP <#/>Additionally buses are now travelling regularly to many regional and district centres which were isolated before road works and maintenance started under IRP <#/>Also traffic volumes have generally doubled on those forecast in the feasibility studies for sections that have undergone rehabilitation under IRP which shows the impact of good roads on personal mobility and freight movement Regional Road Rehabilitation has increased economic activity in the areas of influence There is timely movement of agricultural inputs and the produce and the movement of cereals and food <./>fr from production to deficit areas and to the main markets is very much easier Your Excellencies and distinguished guests the achievements we have been able to recall are to a large extent due to the great support we have received from the donor community General support for IRP was received from sixteen donor agencies under the co-ordination of the World Bank These include the IDA DAINIDA the Governments of Germany and Italy FINIDA ODA UNDP NORAD the Government of the Netherlands USAID EEC the Governments of Switzerland and Ireland the African Development Bank the African Development Fund the Saudi Fund and the Government of Japan On behalf of the Government and the people of the United Republic of Tanzania and on my own behalf I wish to take this grand occasion to express our again our sincere thanks and gratitude to all these donors for their continued support <&/>applause and I request your Excellencies here present to convey these sentiments to your governments and peoples who have shown real concern and understanding of Tanzania's development needs general and the IRP in particular You have indeed been friends in need Turning now to the IRP Second Phase Your Excellencies distinguished guests ladies and gentlemen having elaborated on the progress and success of the programme for transport sector recovery I wish now to turn to the main issue of our gathering here today the second phase of the integrated roads project The focus of IRP Two will be to continue the momentum to achieve the policy institutional reform and physical targets that had been agreed at the nineteen eighty-seven Arusha Conference Details of the components of the Second Phase of IRP will be presented to you in the next two days by senior officers of the two ministries However permit me to mention the highlights of IRP Two components as follows

A Restructuring of the Ministry of Communications and Transport The restructuring of the Ministry of Communications and Transport will provide additional impetus in improving overall administration of the transport sector as well as in the regulatory co-ordination and monitoring role of the Ministry The main focus will be two-fold One complete to complete the process of separating model operations from the functions of the parent ministry and two to assist parastatals in becoming financially self-sufficient and commercially more productive through where appropriate associations with private firms The specific components include technical assistance and training to improve overall transport sector planning policy formulation budgeting and performance <./>maint monitoring and <+_article> provision of up-to-date office technology and equipment and training

B Support for road transport services Under this component donors are requested to provide financing for <+_article> procurement of vehicles and spare parts for rural and urban freight and passenger services NTC will procure the vehicles and spare parts on behalf of the Government and private dealerships will sell the items to both private and public sector operators I will read that again NTC will procure the vehicles and spare parts on behalf of the Government and private dealerships will sell the items to both private and public sector operators As Your Excellencies and distinguished guests are aware NTC has successfully performed this role under bilateral programmes in the past several years To meet the requirements for vehicles and spare parts based on the demand and supply studies would require about United States dollars seventy-two million over a period of three years

C Rehabilitation and restructuring of civil aviation The main international airports at Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro particularly the latter suffer from inadequate safety equipment and navigational aids Donors are requested to finance the rehabilitation works as well as the acquisition of safety and navigational aids accordingly Also under IRP Two the Government is committed to implementing recommendations of an action plan on policy regulatory and institutional reforms to improve competition in the provision of air transport services and to operate the major airports on a commercial basis

D Village level travel and transport pilot programme Throughout Tanzania many villages are cut off during the rainy seasons and transport is undertaken predominantly by women head-loading Therefore in order to improve the accessibility of rural villages and to provide demonstrations of workable solutions to rural travel and transport problems through sustainable self-help schemes donors are requested to support a pilot project in one or more districts The project will be implemented on <+_article>self-help basis and will include <+_article> rehabilitation and maintenance of local rural roads and tracks <+_article> use of intermediate means of transport and non-transport interventions aimed at <+_article> reduction of <+_article> effort and time spent on travel and transport by households Ten districts have been assessed for this pilot phase

E Road network strategies The focus of IRP Two will be to sustain the momentum to achieve the road condition targets as well as to reinforce the process begun under IRP One to decentralise <+_article> implementation of road rehabilitation and maintenance activities to regional level through appropriate organisational changes and through <+_article> increased contracting out of works and services Specific components are

One Policy and institutional support consisting of management systems' development career development and training and <+_article> development of the construction industry

Two Upgrading rehabilitation and periodic maintenance of road sections costing about US dollars six hundred million The works will include the following Rehabilitation of about nine hundred and seventy kilometres upgrading to paved or double surface dressing standards of about six hundred and thirty kilometres and spot improvements on a further one thousand and fifty kilometres of trunk roads Rehabilitation of about one thousand eight hundred and twenty kilometres of selected essential district roads and about one thousand one hundred and ninety kilometres of regional roads Carrying out backlog periodic maintenance on about four hundred and fifty kilometres of trunk roads and about one thousand three hundred kilometres of regional roads and rehabilitation of bridges culverts and ferries on both the trunk and regional road networks Your Excellencies ladies and gentlemen as I said earlier the market progress achieved under IRP One is a result of the close co-operation between donors and the government not only in the provision of the required funds but also in the form of consultative group meetings sector donors' conferences subsectoral donors' co-ordination meetings and workshops Your continued co-operation and support will be even more crucial for successful implementation of the second phase of IRP Your Excellencies and distinguished guests the people of Tanzania are beginning to see and appreciate the need for good roads They are therefore ready to co-operate with the Government in safe-guarding these roads They are also ready to contribute to their maintenance through road user charges The government will endeavour to continue educating the public and other road users on <+_article> proper use of these roads so as to ensure sustainability of maintenance efforts Indeed it is my sincere belief that with the present level of government commitment the proposed restructuring of the administration of the transport sector in general and the re-organisation of the road administration in particular the orderly behaviour of law-abiding road users and the support of the donor community the road transport sector in Tanzania will assume its rightful role of being the engine of our economic renaissance Your Excellencies distinguished guests ladies and gentlemen once again I thank you for your dedication and I wish you every success in your deliberations during these two days It's now my pleasure to declare this donors' conference for the second phase of the integrated roads project formally opened Thank you

<&_>Honourable Benjamin Mkapa, 5/10/93 Donors' Conference Arusha


<$A> <#/>Increased human activities have become a threat to these sanctuary areas Tourism and construction activities are increasingly threatening the conservation of the coastal areas causing large scale sea erosion problems and coastal pollution <#/>The Mozambican coast is rich in minerals like titanium and rare earth minerals natural gas and other minerals <#/>Prospects for increasing mining are high therefore if care is not taken earlier these areas will in the near future become a cause of concern in environmental terms <#/>Overpopulation growing cities overspills and pollution are some of the best challenges to management efforts of our coast <#/>As in <+_article> case of Mozambique over ninety per cent of our industries are concentrated along the coastal cities <#/><+_article> Present oil disaster with the Greek tanker Katina P that sank off the <-/>the coast of Mozambique after polluting large areas of southern Mozambique is an issue of concern for the countries like ours which have no means of their own to manage these type of human made uh disasters <#/>Mr Chairman what I've pointed <&/>prep above is just an attempt to show that coastal zones are very important or maybe the most important of all <-_habitat><+_habitats> on the planet earth <#/>The backbone of our economy as is <-_in> <+_article> case of Mozambique is based on <+_article> rational <-/>rational exploration of our coastal resources <#/>It is a matter of necessity to have this precious blessing of nature protected and managed carefully for our own and future generations' survival <#/>Any development activity should integrate coastal zones and its <&/>grammar/reference peculiarities <+_be> taken into consideration <#/>For coastal areas sustainable development should mean I believe an integrated national planning where every element of <+_article> economic and social coastal programme is integrated <-_to><+_into> <&/>prep other national programmes with the main objective in mind of correct management practices and sustainable development <#/>However our concern should not be limited to integrated management <#/>It should equally ensure that this management is sustainable and economically sound <#/>Equally rapid recovery programmes for <+_article> damaged coastal environment should get all the necessary attention and necessary financial support as we know a long time neglected environment is hard to recover at a lower cost <#/>Mozambique had during the last decade given special attention to <+_article> coastal management of the country despite <+_article> financial constraints that the country faces <#/>With some international support a number of projects have been developed and implemented with <+_article> varying degree of success <#/>These projects include an integrated development project of Inyaka Island off Maputo where marine forest and population resettlement programmes have been carried out <#/>This project has been supported by the United Nations Development Programme UNDP <#/>An integrated coastal zone development project of Makufi <-_>of Makufi<-/> in the northern province of Cape Delgado has also been put into practice with <+_article> <./>fin financial support of NORAD <#/>A similar project is being developed for the Nakala - Musurili coastal zone also in Northern Mozambique awaiting to get <&/>grammar funding at this stage <#/>Equally a national environmental management programme which we call NEMP is at present being prepared <#/>It will consist of an environmental policy and environmental registration and a programme of principal activities that is sectorial and thematic plans of action <#/>The final product aimed <+_at> is a policy document <#/>In the course of <+_article> preparation of this document training public awareness building intersectoral sectorial harmonisation of plans and community participation <-_is><+_are> part of the process <#/>One of the major components of this programme is the preparation of the integrated coastal zone management plan <#/>We have so far approached IUCN for guidance using their experience in this field <#/>Not only such a plan will <&/>grammar/w.o. assist us in the co-ordination of institutional responsibilities in the coastal areas but also it will be an occasion for closer approximation with local amenities and interest groups <#/>It will also be an occasion to test our models of community management of natural resources <+_article> <#/>Lack of financial resources is the major constraint in this process which we consider important for Mozambique <#/>However we are encouraged with the experience of the Seychelles which has successfully accomplished a similar process <#/>Their experience will be important for other countries of the region including my country <#/>And I've been very much pleased <&/>idiom to understand that other countries have accomplished the same programme <#/>In regional terms Mozambique has been active in promoting regional co-operation on environmental managemental matters <#/>As President of the commission on lake and river bases and a member of bureau our membership <+_article> earmarked bureau and our signature to the bio-diversity and climate change conventions last year in Rio de Janeiro are but a few contributions that Mozambique has made to regional and international efforts on environment and we shall continue to do our duties <#/>Mr Chairman I hope that Mozambique's coastal problems are not unique to the region <#/>Our problems are probably larger due to our relatively long coast line as my colleague from Madagascar has just pointed <&/>prep thus demanding from us heavier financial resources and more trained people Mozambique feels that regional co-operation should be a key to our programmes <#/>Co-ordinated research activities on fauna flora sea erosion patterns pollution and overall planning should be co-ordinated and disseminated so as to rationalise resources <#/>We feel that scientists should work with the governments also in order to commit them to environmental priority programmes and awareness <#/>The strengthening of existing research institutions where they do exist and opening them for regional co-operation and exchange could in no doubt rationalise our small resources <#/>A regional data bank on sea management for the countries of the region could be of great importance <#/>Donor countries and Unep could play an important role in this gigantic effort <#/>We countries of the region should be capable to monitor <&/>grammar and manage the environment <-_>the environment<-/> correctly and efficiently in the shortest possible period <#/>Equally important is the institutional building and strengthening This will help to manage and implement policies and national laws effectively <#/>Integrating the policies and laws into economic development programmes will require strong institutions <#/>The Mozambican constitution has integrated in its nineteen ninety constitution a number of important articles defining the environment and its role <-_to><+_in> <&/>prep the development and as well and well-being of its people <#/>Mr Chairman let me take this opportunity to thank you and the Government of the Republic of Tanzania for the warm and brotherly hospitality given to us <#/>Kindly convey <-_gratitudes><+_gratitude> and thanks to your government and people <#/>Many thanks to the Swedish Government and the Swedish agency for research and co-operation for support given to the environmental programmes in our region including my country <#/>I hope they will continue enriching our programmes <#/>To FAO IOC SIDA and UNEP our whole and total recognition for their constant support to our governments for environmental programmes so important to the overall economy and social development of our region <#/>Many thanks for your attention <#/>Thank you very much

<&_>Minister of Mozambique, 1993


<$A> Mrs Diesen Jorreh Minister for the Environment Economic Planning and External relations of the Republic of Seychelles

<$B> Chairman

<$B> <#/>Thank you very much honourable Minister from Mozambique for your presentation <#/>I'm sure again my fellow honourable Ministers will agree with me that we're very much moved <-_on><+_by> <&/>prep your dedicated commitment on conservation measures especially since uh <-/>since uh that you have said that uh

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