View the YouTube video of LBJ’s speech: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dx8-ffiYyzA
Answer the following questions:
What did the attack on Gulf of Tonkin require LBJ to do?
What did this “new act of aggression” do for the American people according to LBJ?
What did LBJ announce he would ask Congress to do?
In your own words, what did LBJ say was his “considered conviction?”
YOUR OPINION: Do you believe LBJ wanted to expand the conflict in Vietnam or did he really want peace?
The Tonkin Gulf Resolution 1964
DIRECTIONS: Read the text of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution.
Joint Resolution of Congress H.J. RES 1145 August 7, 1964
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
That the Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.
Section 2. The United States regards as vital to its national interest and to world peace the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia. Consonant with the Constitution of the United States and the Charter of the United Nations and in accordance with its obligations under the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, the United States is, therefore, prepared, as the President determines, to take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force, to assist any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty requesting assistance in defense of its freedom.
Section 3. This resolution shall expire when the President shall determine that the peace and security of the area is reasonably assured by international conditions created by action of the United Nations or otherwise, except that it may be terminated earlier by concurrent resolution of the Congress.
Answer the following questions: What power is the President given in Sec. 1?
What “aggression” is Section 1 referring to?
According to Sec. 2, why is the U.S. concerned with Southeast Asia?
In your own words, what two things could end the military action in Vietnam?