aa) if two candidates each received a majority of the electoral votes but are tied = House of
Representatives to determine which one would be President
bb) each state has one vote
2) decision rested on Federalist-controlled House of Representatives
3) 35 ballots cast over 6 days
4) neither candidate received a majority
aa) could have told his supporters in the House to elect Jefferson president
bb) this is what the DR party wanted
cc) BUT: he didn’t and remained silent bc HE wanted to be president
6) Alexander Hamilton = hated Burr
aa) advised Federalists in Congress that Jefferson was the safer choice
C) The 12th Amendment
2) 12th Amendment added to the Constitution
3) to prevent such ties
4) amendment calls for the Electoral College to
cast separate ballots for president and vice
5) If no presidential candidate receives a majority
of electoral votes = the House of Reps chooses
a president from the top three candidates
6) If no candidate for vice president receives a
majority = the Senate chooses the VP
36th ballot = Jefferson won
C) Peace instead of a Revolution
1) election of 1800 = victory for Jefferson and Dem-Republican Party
2) also a victory for the new system of government established by the Constitution
3) in other countries = power changed hands by war or revolution (tyranny)
4) in the United States = power passed from one group to another without a single shot
being fired X Summary
In this chapter, you read about the beginnings of political parties in the United States.
The New Government Under Washington George Washington took office as president in 1789. In 1794, he ended the Whiskey Rebellion, a farmers’ protest against taxes.
Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists Hamilton and the Federalists favored a strong national government. They supported a loose construction of the Constitution. They also favored using the government’s power to support business, manufacturing, and trade. Alarmed by the violence of the French Revolution, the Federalists favored Great Britain in its war with France.
Thomas Jefferson and the Republicans Jefferson and the Republicans championed states’ rights and an economy based on agriculture. They supported a strict construction of the Constitution. Republicans saw the French Revolution as a step toward democracy and attacked the Federalists’ support for Great Britain.
The Presidency of John Adams During Adams’s presidency, Federalists used the Alien and Sedition Acts to attack Republicans. In response, Republicans urged states to nullify these laws.
The Election of 1800 and the Twelfth Amendment Adams lost the election of 1800 to Thomas Jefferson after the Federalists broke a tie vote between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. In 1804, the Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution.