Practice Multiple-Choice: Period 6, 1900-Present C. E



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Mr. Sink’s AP World History – Exam Review

Practice Multiple-Choice: Period 6, 1900-Present C.E.

  1. How did the experience of Africans in the areas where large groups of Europeans settled differ from the experiences of Africans in other areas of the continent?

  1. They had less access to job opportunities.

  2. They had greater access to educational institutions.

  3. They had greater respect for the colonial regime and less desire for independence.

  4. They faced greater and more rigid forms of racial discrimination.



  1. Which of the following most accurately depicts the changes in the labor systems in African colonies during the early 1900s?

  1. Africans migrated to different colonies in search of jobs.

  2. Traditional African farming became more highly valued.

  3. Africans worked in mines and on plantations for little pay.

  4. Europeans exported African labor for the overseas slave markets.



  1. How did the presence of African soldiers in World War II provide an opportunity for African independence?

  1. African soldiers became aware of the Allied contradictions in fighting a war for freedom while colonizing African people.

  2. African soldiers gained the technological skills to produce weapons to fight the European powers.

  3. The organizational skills of African soldiers convinced the European powers that Africans were capable of self-rule.

  4. African soldiers were able to bring weapons back to their country that they later used to wage guerilla warfare.



  1. African nations became prime battlegrounds for proxy wars because

  1. They had little experience in self-rule and were thus unable to govern successfully.

  2. The United States and USSR supported competing factions in order to gain influence within newly independent nations.

  3. They were willing to sacrifice stability in exchange for the promise of profit from the two superpowers.

  4. Soviet and American intention to colonize African nations forced many Africans to form armed resistance.



  1. All of the following have been issues in sub-Saharan Africa in the late 20th century EXCEPT

  1. Population decline.

  2. Ethnic cleansing.

  3. Regional trade associations.

  4. Global terrorism.



  1. Which of the following represents a cultural shift that has occurred in Africa during the 1900s?

  1. The rising popularity of monotheism

  2. The declining influence of socialism

  3. The declining role of international trade

  4. The declining spread of communicable diseases



  1. Which of the following statements about the mandate system for territories in the former Ottoman Empire is true?

  1. It was welcomed by the Arabs, who favored British rule.

  2. It was promoted by Western oil and gas corporations.

  3. It was established without the approval of the League of Nations.

  4. It provoked protests in the Middle East, where it was viewed as another form of colonialism.



  1. The Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, a modernizer, did which of the following?

  1. Expelled the British and reintroduced Islamic shari’a

  2. Declared Turkey a secular republic and introduced European laws

  3. Supported modernist architectural styles and imported American literature

  4. Established Islamic schools throughout Turkey and redistributed money to the peasantry



  1. What did the independence of Arab lands have in common with the creation of a state of Israel?

  1. Both proclaimed independence from Ottoman Turks.

  2. Both came as a result of agreements among western powers.

  3. Both emerged out of the non-aligned movement.

  4. Both independence movements drew support from the USSR.



  1. In 1960, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was formed in order to

  1. Promote the collective interests of oil-producing states in the wake of rising demand for oil.

  2. Compete against the economic and military power of NATO.

  3. Use oil wealth as a vehicle to spread the religion of Islam.

  4. Create a powerful political voice within the United Nations and force changes within the World Bank.



  1. The economic situation of Middle Eastern states shifted the most after World War II as a result of

  1. The aid provided by the Marshall Plan.

  2. The reestablishment of overland caravan routes.

  3. The building of the Suez Canal.

  4. The increased demand for oil.



  1. How did U.S. foreign policy toward Iran differ from Soviet policy in Afghanistan during the 1980s?

  1. The United States used military force more than the Soviets.

  2. The United States had more restraint than the Soviets.

  3. The United States depended more on treaty agreements than the Soviets.

  4. The United States used economic aid more than the Soviets.



  1. Which of the following accurately depicts events right after Indian independence?

  1. Violence erupted between Hindus and Muslims resulting in the partition of the country.

  2. The British remained in order to create a smooth transition from colonial status to independence.

  3. A treaty united the Indian National Congress and the All-Indian Muslim League joined forces.

  4. Gandhi became the first elected president of an independent India.



  1. How did the start of World War II provide an opportunity for Japan to expand its colonial empire?

  1. The European colonies in Southeast Asia were left vulnerable because Britain and France were engaged in fighting in Europe.

  2. The United States, France, and Great Britain offered Asian colonies to Japan in order to enlist its support in the war.

  3. Germany’s hardships allowed Japan to take over Korea, China, Indochina, and Malaysia.

  4. British surrender to Germany allowed Japan to take over Hong Kong, Burma, and Thailand.



  1. All of the following were active in China in the years following the collapse of the Qing Dynasty EXCEPT

  1. Communists

  2. Nationalists

  3. Scholar-officials

  4. Japanese imperialists



  1. How did Chinese communism differ from Soviet communism?

  1. Chinese communism focused on the rural peasantry, whereas the Soviet version focused on the urban working class.

  2. Chinese communism focused on creating a worldwide communist revolution, whereas Soviet communism concentrated on national affairs.

  3. Chinese communism focused on the urban working class, whereas Soviet communism focused on the rural peasantry.

  4. Chinese communism focused on large-scale industries, whereas Soviet communism focused on small, village-level industries.



  1. What reforms were implemented by Deng Xiaoping?

  1. Collectivization of agriculture

  2. Election of national government officials

  3. The banning of multinational corporations

  4. Limitations on foreign investment and private property



  1. Which of the following accurately characterizes the nations known as the Asian Tigers?

  1. They were previously Communist nations that gained rapid wealth when they converted to capitalism.

  2. They had large investments from Western nations, democratic political institutions, and large workforces.

  3. They had disciplined workforces, investments in education, and government protection of industries.

  4. They had state-controlled economies, political repression, and emphasis on exports.



  1. All of the following describe the demographics of China and India EXCEPT

  1. Both have falling population growth rates.

  2. Both have declining populations.

  3. Both have larger populations than any other country.

  4. Both had government efforts to limit population growth.



  1. Which of the following describes how Pakistan’s demographics differ from the demographics of South Korea?

  1. Pakistan had more children as a percentage of the population than South Korea.

  2. Pakistan has a more sharply declining labor pool than South Korea.

  3. Pakistan has a more urban population than South Korea.

  4. Pakistan has a more successful family planning system than South Korea.



  1. Which region of Europe had its territorial boundaries changed most dramatically as a result of the peace treaties that ended World War I?

  1. Eastern Europe

  2. Central Europe

  3. Mediterranean Europe

  4. Northern Europe



  1. France and Great Britain escaped the worst of the Depression by

  1. Imposing authoritarian control over their society and economy.

  2. Consolidating private farms into collectives with government subsidies.

  3. Invading parts of Germany in order to extract resources.

  4. Making their colonial territories purchase their products rather than the products of other countries.



  1. Compared with World War I, how did World War II impact European home fronts?

  1. World War II witnessed fewer civilian casualties and less extensive destruction of urban and rural territories.

  2. During World War II, military movements were slower and the area of fighting was larger.

  3. Poison gas technology introduced in World War II resulted in more battlefield loss of life.

  4. During World War II there was less distinction between military and civilian and civilians were more often targeted.



  1. Which of the following best exemplifies gender roles during World War II?

  1. Soviet women dominated agricultural and industrial jobs.

  2. British women served in combat units.

  3. Axis countries used female labor more than allied countries.

  4. Gender roles in the military were transformed by air and naval warfare.



  1. Why did western European nations and the United States form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

  1. To combat Soviet efforts to create a global communist revolution

  2. To create a peace-keeping force made up of soldiers from nations around the world

  3. To provide funds and materials to rebuild western Europe

  4. To improve relations between the Soviet Union and western nations



  1. Which of the following economic policies did western Europe follow in the years after World War II?

  1. Laissez-faire capitalism

  2. Government nationalization of major segments of the population

  3. Collectivization of agriculture

  4. Economically helping devastated Eastern Europe



  1. All of the following are impacts of the fall of the Berlin Wall EXCEPT?

  1. East Germans crossed to West Germany in large numbers.

  2. Government services in East Berlin collapsed.

  3. Unemployment and budget deficits were drastically reduced.

  4. Germany was soon reunified in 1990.



  1. Which of the following is an example of a nongovernmental organization (NGO)?

  1. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a military alliance aimed at protecting the interest of western democracies

  2. Médecins Sans Frontièrs (Doctors Without Borders), which provides medical assistance in crises around the world

  3. McDonald’s, whose fast food restaurants are found throughout the world

  4. CNN, whose news footage is seen in numerous countries around the world



  1. Which of the following statements about immigration in post-Cold War Europe is accurate?

  1. Throughout Europe, immigrant populations are growing faster than the native-born population.

  2. Immigrants have higher standards of living than the host population.

  3. Many European nations increasingly promote immigration in order to solve labor shortage problems.

  4. Immigrants to Europe have seamlessly assimilated into European cultural norms.



  1. How did the Mexican Revolution of 1910 compare to the independence movement in India?

  1. For both, the greatest changes were achieved non-violently.

  2. For both, religious diversity created divisions.

  3. For both, freedom from European imperialism motivated change.

  4. Mexican revolutionaries had a more fragmented set of goals and leadership.



  1. How did the global Depression affect nations in Latin America?

  1. Revolutions spread throughout the continent as the poor demanded the redistribution of wealth.

  2. Democracy spread and citizens demanded a greater voice in government.

  3. Exports fell, and unemployment and homelessness increased.

  4. The cost of goods dropped dramatically, giving consumers a higher standard of living.



  1. How did World War II affect the civilian population in the United States after the beginning of U.S. involvement?

  1. It opened up job opportunities for African-Americans, Latinos, and women.

  2. It corresponded with major civil rights legislation and the legal integration of public facilities.

  3. It impoverished large segments of the nation since jobs and money were scarce.

  4. It started an aggressive antiwar movement that called for the withdrawal of troops from Europe.



  1. Which of the following conflicts in the Americas during and after the Cold War had the most influence on politics throughout the Americas?

  1. Chile and Argentina

  2. Haiti and the Dominican Republic

  3. Cuba and the United States

  4. The United States and Mexico



  1. Which of the following is an accurate comparison of the dictatorships of Brazil, Chile, and Argentina during the 1970s and 1980s?

  1. They were all supported by the Soviet Union.

  2. They promoted policies of corruption, torture, and violence.

  3. Their economies flourished under military rule.

  4. All expelled foreign-owned companies and implemented state control over the economy.



  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?

  1. It violated international monetary rules and was shut down.

  2. It created a free trade zone by eliminating tariffs among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

  3. It allowed consumers to transport products anywhere within the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

  4. It served as a model for the European Union and NATO.



  1. In which of the following aspects are the Americas most unified compared to Asia, Africa, and Europe?

  1. Ethnic identity

  2. Socio-economic status

  3. Religion

  4. Gender roles



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