The Puritans left England to escape persecution by England’s king.
The Mason-Dixon Line is another name for the border established between Maryland and Pennsylvania in the 1760’s. This line was created by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in 1760 to settle a boundary dispute between Maryland and Pennsylvania.
Thanksgiving commemorates the Pilgrims’ 1621 celebration of their good fortune.
The “starving time” refers to the winter after John Smith left Jamestown.
George Calvert wanted Maryland to be a colony where Catholics could live safely.
Under British law in the 1700’s, people who owed money could be imprisoned.
What was the Mayflower Compact, and what brought it about? The pilgrims had intended to land in Virginia but were blown off course to Massachusetts. They decided that the rules of Virginia did not bind them, but they needed rules of some sort so they came up with the Mayflower Compact. It was the first document in which American colonists claimed a right to govern themselves.
Explain the motives of the English in Colonizing North America, using details form the chapter. The English established colonies in North America because they wanted new markets for English products and raw materials for English industries. For example, the English wanted to trade with the Native Americans for furs. They also wanted to cut lumber, grow crops, and possibly find silver and gold. North America was also a source of tobacco, which had become popular in England. In addition, some English settlers established colonies in North America to escape religious persecution in England.
What was life like for those living in the backcountry? Families usually lived on isolated farms. Families often did not legally own the land they lived on. Few people had servants or enslaved people to help them. Women and girls worked in the field with the men and boys. People in the backcountry did not think the government cared about them