A. Karl Marx’s program for society should be followed without question.
B. property should be owned and controlled publicly rather than privately.
C. human nature is selfish and individualistic.
D. capitalism and government are by nature evil and should be overthrown.
E. every member of society should have the same abilities and income.
9. Marx’s conception of history differs most notably from Hegel’s in that Marx believes that history ________, while Hegel believes that history ________.
A. unfolds by the conflict between ideas; develops through the cooperation of ideas
B. is marked by alienation; shows little record of alienation
C. is the story of the control of material resources; is the story of the evolution of the human spirit
D. is the story of the evolution of the human spirit; is the story of the control of material resources
E. is an interesting subject; is boring
10. In Charles Fourier’s ideal community, or phalanstery, people will happily work because they will be able to do the work that suits their talents and interests. Fourier based this claim on his principle of
A. the labor theory of value.
B. market socialism.
C. attractive labor.
E. the Protestant work ethic.
11. After the revolution, Marx says, there will be a “dictatorship of the proletariat” that
A. takes control of the government in order to prevent a bourgeois counterrevolution.
B. establishes a totalitarian state that controls every aspect of people’s lives.
C. enables the bourgeoisie to use the power of the state to crush all opposition from the working class.
D. makes everyone work and gives everyone an equal share of the profits.
E. denies basic rights and liberties to the proletarians.
19. According to the materialist conception of history, every human society must have which of the following?
A. a material-productive “base”
B. an ideological “superstructure”
C. a ruling class
D. Both A and C are correct.
E. Both A and B are correct.
20. Who among the following was NOT a socialist?
A. Charles Fourier
B. Adam Smith
D. Robert Owen
E. Friedrich Engels
21. Which of the following is NOT a step in the revolutionary sequence as envisioned by Karl Marx?
A. seizure of state power
B. withering away of the state
C. dictatorship of the proletariat
D. higher wages for workers
E. All of the above were steps in the revolutionary sequence.
22. The interim or transitional state that Marx predicts will “wither away” is the
A. dictatorship of the proletariat.
B. dictatorship of the bourgeois.
D. welfare state.
E. state of nature.
Marx termed which of the following “the opiate of the masses/people”?
All of the above are correct.
None of the above is correct.
Marx viewed human history as the story of struggles between