Pope: Roman Catholic 'Church' only one true church

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Council of Trent


[excerpt, emphasis added]

(1545 – 63) 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic church, which made

sweeping reforms and laid down dogma clarifying nearly all doctrines contested by the

Protestants. Convened by Pope Paul III at Trento in northern Italy, it served to revitalize

Roman Catholicism in many parts of Europe. In its first period (1545 – 47) it accepted

the Nicene Creed as the basis of Catholic faith, fixed the canon of the Old and

New Testaments, set the number of sacraments at seven, and defined the nature and

consequences of original sin; it also ruled against Martin Luther's doctrine of justification

by faith. In its second period (1551 – 52) it confirmed the doctrine of transubstantiation

and issued decrees on episcopal jurisdiction and clerical discipline. In the final period

(1562 – 63) it defined the mass as a true sacrifice and issued statements on several

other doctrinal issues. By the end of the 16th century, many of the abuses that had motivated

the Protestant Reformation had disappeared, and the church had reclaimed many of its

European followers.

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