Political parties First Two-Party System Federalists v. Republicans, 1780s 1801


Mid-19th Century Political Crisis



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Mid-19th Century Political Crisis

Disputes over slavery in the territories first erode, then destroy what had become America's second two-party system. The erosion began in the 1840s as various factions opposed to the post-Jackson Democratic political coalition begin to form.

Liberty Party

Free Soil Party

  1. Run abolitionist candidate James Birney, for president in 1844.

  2. Won only 2% of the vote but drew votes from the Whigs, especially in New York.

  1. Not abolitionist but opposed to expansion of slavery in the territories.

  2. Won 10% of the popular vote with Martin Van Buren as their candidate in 1848.

  3. Lost 50% of their support in 1852 when their candidate repudiated the Compromise of 1850




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