Political Geography and Ethnicity Test name: /50

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Political Geography and Ethnicity Test

NAME: /50

  1. Which of the following states is the best example of an enclave?

    1. Lesotho

    2. Gambia

    3. Brazil

    4. Belize

    5. Papua new Guinea

  2. The Berlin Wall is a good example of a(n)

    1. Demarcation line

    2. Subsequent boundary drawn by European powers

    3. Superimposed boundary created communist Europe

    4. Geometric boundary using latitude and longitude

    5. Antecedent boundary located within an urban area

  3. Which of the following is the best example of a nation-state?

    1. The United States

    2. China

    3. Russia

    4. Denmark

    5. Canada

  4. Which of the following was a centrifugal force in the India/Pakistan relationship in the late 1940s?

    1. Commonality of language

    2. Commonality of religion

    3. Differences in political border interpretation

    4. Difference in religion

    5. Commonality of climate

  5. Which of the following is the best example of a perforated state?

    1. France

    2. Vietnam

    3. Singapore

    4. Ecuador

    5. Italy

  6. The largest territory in the world in terms of population is

    1. The Solomon Islands

    2. Puerto Rico

    3. The Falkland Islands

    4. India

    5. Taiwan

  7. Which of the following is the best example of a city-state?

    1. Malaysia

    2. France

    3. The Netherlands

    4. Monaco

    5. Israel

  1. What is the best example of voluntary segregation?

    1. Barrios in Spanish Harlem in new York City, United States

    2. Ghettos during World War II in Munich, Germany

    3. Refugee camps in Bangkok, Thailand

    4. Ethnic neighborhoods in Tokyo Japan

    5. The Ethnic landscape of Los Angeles, United States

  2. The majority of African states entered the United Nations after 1960 because

    1. They were not into the concept of the United Nations until then

    2. Political differences with the United States didn’t allow them to join until then

    3. The colonies in Africa were quasi-independent in the 1950s

    4. The creation of the African United Nations took precedence

    5. The majority of the states hadn’t become independent until the 1960s

  3. What is the primary reason for establishing a proruption in a boundary?

    1. To create hostility among the neighbors

    2. To control different nationalities within the borders

    3. To access more raw materials

    4. To gain greater economic autonomy from colonizers

    5. To establish communications in the country

  4. The border between the United States and Canada along the 49th parallel is an example of what type of boundary?

    1. Subsequent

    2. Antecedent

    3. Superimposed

    4. Relic

    5. Demarcation of a boundary

  5. The civil war in Rwanda is most closely an example of

    1. A religious conflict

    2. An ethnic conflict

    3. A pluralism conflict

    4. Ethnocentrism

    5. An ethnic enclave

  6. Which of the following is a good example of an exclave?

    1. Hawaii in the United States

    2. The island of Sumatra in Indonesia

    3. Alaska in the United States

    4. Taiwan in relation to mainland China

    5. Shikoku Island in Japan

  7. The abundance of Latino murals in many urban areas in the US southwest is evidence of what?

    1. Ethnic neighborhoods

    2. Ethnic landscape

    3. Ghettos

    4. Ethnic enclaves

    5. Cultural adaptation

  8. Fill in the blank: The German migration into the United States showed the process of ____________, which meant that usually within three generations, all of the immigrants’ descendents spoke English

    1. Assimilation

    2. Acculturation

    3. Barrio

    4. Pluralism

    5. Voluntary Segregation

  9. The redrawing of political districts for political gain is termed what?

    1. Reapportionment

    2. Core-periphery federalism

    3. Gerrymandering

    4. Immigrant statehood

    5. Electoral regions

  1. The United Nations’ International Law of the Sea gave countries access to drill for mineral rights up to how many miles from shore

    1. 3 miles

    2. 10 miles

    3. 12 miles

    4. 100 miles

    5. 200 miles

  2. Because Italy is having trouble with its northern and southern regions being economically different it is facing

    1. Economic devolutionary forces

    2. Economical periphery processes

    3. Economic core processes

    4. Economic semi-periphery forces

  3. Devolutionary events generally occur at

    1. The margins of states

    2. The core of states

    3. The cultural center of states

    4. Areas near the capital city

  4. Southeast Asia from the 1950s through the 1970s was considered a

    1. Theocracy

    2. Nation-state

    3. Shatterbelt

    4. Regional conflict

    5. Micrstate

  5. Yugoslovia and Czechoslovakia are both examples of

    1. Enclaves

    2. Devolutionary processes

    3. Exclaves

    4. Proportional processes

    5. Divisional enclaves

  6. To try to reduce the calls for revolutionary secession from Canada, the Canadian parliament has given Nunavut regions more autonomy, or local control. This situation best represents the geographic concept of

    1. Exclave

    2. Buffer state

    3. Ministate

    4. Gerrymandering

    5. Devolution

  1. Which of the following morphological classifications best describes Slovakia, shown on the map to the right

    1. Fragmented

    2. Compact

    3. Elongated

    4. Prorupt/Prorupted

    5. Perforated

  1. An ethnicity is defined as

    1. A group of people with a common history

    2. A group of people with similar physical characteristics

    3. A group of people who share a common identity

    4. A group of people united against a common enemy

    5. A group of people with a similar religion

  2. A group of people, all of the same ethnicity, live in the same area of the city near a nuclear waste facility. This is an example of a(n)

    1. Disapora

    2. Ghetto

    3. Cultural landscape

    4. Ethnic neighborhood

    5. Gentrified neighborhood

  3. Sikhs in India, Muslim Palestinians in Israel, and Kurds in the former Iraq are all considered

    1. Multinational states

    2. Stateless nations

    3. Nation-states

    4. Frontiers

    5. Landlocked states

  4. According to world-systems analysis, which of the following countries would be best classified as being in the global economic periphery?

    1. England

    2. Singapore

    3. France

    4. China

    5. Columbia

  5. The current Canadian governmental organizational structure is best characterized as

    1. Theocratic

    2. Confederate (confederal)

    3. Federal

    4. Unitary

    5. Apartheid

  6. In its application to the European Union, which state faced criticisms by some of its opponents for not being “European enough” to gain admission to the EU?

    1. Italy

    2. Russia

    3. Turkey

    4. England

    5. Iceland

  7. The political boundary dividing much of India from China is classified as

    1. Cultural

    2. Geometric

    3. Physical (or natural)

    4. Relict

    5. Superimposed

  8. Egypt and Ethiopia have developed a tense relationship related to water from the Nile River. This conflict is best classified as which type of boundary?

    1. Definitional

    2. Allocational

    3. Operational

    4. Locational

    5. Demarcation

  1. Which of the following countries was not a member of the Warsaw Pact established during the Cold War?

    1. Poland

    2. East Germany

    3. USSR

    4. France

    5. Romania

  1. Which of the following is NOT a centripetal force?

    1. Religious variation

    2. National anthem

    3. Common heritage

    4. Common language

    5. Schools

  2. The Berlin Wall today would represent a(n)

    1. Subsequent boundary

    2. Relic boundary

    3. Antecendent boundary

    4. Natural boundary

    5. Superimposed boundary

  3. The League of Nations was created in 1919 as the first international organization that would include all nations of the world. Its success was dealt a serious blow by the failure f what country to join?

    1. Britain

    2. Russia

    3. The United States

    4. Canada

    5. China

  4. The European Union’s future expansion into the Muslim realm by the inclusion of ____________ is highly controversial and strongly opposed by Greece.

    1. Saudi Arabia

    2. Bosnia

    3. Algeria

    4. Turkey

    5. Iraq

  5. The present number of countries and territories around the world is around

    1. 400

    2. 350

    3. 300

    4. 200

    5. 100

  6. The boundaries of independent African states were drawn at the Berlin Conference and were essentially drawn

    1. Arbitrarily

    2. Along ethnic lines

    3. Along religious lines

    4. Along Ecological lines

    5. Along linguistic lines


The European Union went through a series of acronyms before it finally ended with the “EU”, what are those other acronyms?

OEEC (E ec coop), ECSC (E coal steel com), EEC (E econ com), EC (E com), EU
CHOOSE TWO of the three to answer (6 points each)

  1. Many countries can be classified into unitary or federal government systems. There are pros and cons to both.

    1. Explain the unitary governmental structure. Give an example of a unitary state, and explain one advantage of having a unitary structure in this example.

    2. Explain the federal governmental structure. Give an example of a federal state, and explain one advantage of having a federal structure in this example.

  2. Ours is a world of contradictions…at every turn we are reminded of the interconnectedness of nations, states, and regions, yet separatism and calls for autonomy are rampant. In the early years of the twenty-first century, we appear to be caught between the forces of division and unification.

    1. Please tell me about two separatist movements (one violent and one peaceful)

    2. Analyze the positives AND the negatives of the devolution a country

  3. Look at the map below and answer the following:

    1. By looking at the map, what does Core, Peripheral, and Semi-Peripheral mean in terms of economy

    2. In our current system in the world, how is economic power related to political power? Be specific.

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