Quadrate Alignments 1, 2, 4 Pressure Points (with Examples) Quadrate alignments represent pressure points. One could also see them as decision points. Evidence continues to show that history changes directions at quadrate alignments of the outer planets. To fully understand their importance we should factor in the variability built into each of these occurrences. Spain and its affect on European history serves as a very rich example.
[1567 Chart here] Spain stood as the European superpower of its time. Buoyed by Charles inheritance of the Spanish throne and Hapsburg Empire almost simultaneously and backed by a seemingly endless supply of gold and silver provided by slave labor, most at the time would have handicapped as nation that would emerge the most powerful as the modern era emerged. But we must factor in some weaknesses few, even the Spanish, recognized at the time. The endless flow of currency inflated prices across Europe and worked as a crutch that ultimately weakened Spain to the core. Spain, whose legends centered on its centuries long struggle to regain all Iberia from Islam. This mindset led to its self-proclaimed role as protector of Catholicism, helping engender the Inquisition. We should also know that Spain stood for a number of regions, whose unity with one another often depended on circumstance. Its population, in general, tended to make less than their European counterparts. Its relative isolation from the rest of Europe and its poor soil also played a factor in how it compared to the rest of the region. All of these circumstances proved relevant to how Spain acted in the critical years of the 1560s. By knowing the basic characteristics the Spain (and Portugal) entered these years when many vectors of history changed direction all at once, we know what the Empire needed to deal with and overcome. This illustrates a standard axiom for understanding quadrate alignments and their use in interpreting history: a polity will only change in keeping with its basic characteristics and tendencies. Every organism or organism changes in some way, but a fish never turns into a horse. Spain, despite its many advantages, could not easily, nor did it, change its basic makeup. In a way, Spain followed the only destiny it could. Ironically, it could have changed its destiny had it taken a different decision path. Even though Spain followed its tendencies, the decisions Spain and her leaders made the decisions that lead to where it ultimately ended. The same held true for every other European region, a fact that clearly shows in this example. Charles the V and his son Philip II followed the dynastic model each knew as the traditional route to power. Charles saw Spain as means to an his end, a building block to maintain the Empire and to uphold the authority of the Pope. Additionally, Spanish nobility and near nobility followed in the tradition of the warrior forged in the Reconquista. They sought riches through adventure and conquests, steeped in religious rationalization. Meanwhile its European competitors fostered a middle class diligent toward safer and, in the long run, more ludicrous craft industries. This factor contributed to the inflationary spiral that Spain inaugurated with its constant flow of currency. Because craftsmen and merchants could find a market for their services, they could demand higher prices. Spain could pay, but did not, nor did its leaders ever develop local industries. Instead of money flowing into its coffers, flowed through them. This practice held in the military sphere, multiplying expenditures. Spain never developed a defensive force. Instead it hired mercenaries to fights its wars, mostly abroad. This attitude and methodology extended to its overseas ventures, going a long way toward explaining why its foreign assets ended up spread thinly. A conquistador easily became a much wealthier king of his tiny domain than he ever could in his homeland; the crowns control over these “representatives” was minimal. In contrast, the English and Dutch created overseas, quasi-funded by the state, and somewhat beholden to it. In return colonists could expect military protection to one degree or another, a market for goods and connected interests that further encouraged investment. The roots of the transition also comes during the 1560s. Indeed, all three powers connect in many ways during this decade. 1567 1567 stands out as the year when Philip II sent the Duke of Alba to extinguish uprisings in the Netherlands. The Duke executed thousands, including nobles, further igniting opposition to the crown. To help pay for this and more of Philip's ventures, the crown imposed a tax of 10% on all sales in all of the Low Countries turning the Flemish Catholics into enemies as well. By 1573 the Crown saw the folly of its ways and attempted to mollify its approach. This move came too late. The opposition solidified long enough to mount a solid front against the Spanish.
1567 also stands out as coming near a the first major “checkpoint” of 1399Neptune-Pluto1892, 1399Neptune-90°-Pluto1892: 1571. At first look at an outer planet chart for the year 1567 we see all four of the outer planets, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto quadrate alignments with one another. Indeed they fell into a pattern known as a Grand Cross, discussed later. As a list 1567 includes the following events: Saturn lower square Neptune
Saturn opposite Pluto
Saturn upper square Uranus
Uranus upper square Pluto
Uranus opposite Neptune
Neptune lower square Neptune The convergence of this many outer planet quadrate alignments occurs very rarely. All of them occurring within a few years of each suggests connecting them with the waves they imply. The range of outer planet waves vary from about 30 to 500 years if depending how you measure. Without going over too much detail, the events ignited around 1567, in Holland and Europe, followed themes prevalent throughout entire 1399Neptune-Pluto1892 wave: religious freedom, sovereignty, right to impose or collect taxes. The reader may now wonder how all of this background connects to quadrate alignments. The answer rests on the whys and wherefores of the decisions made and how they relate to outer planet quadrate alignments. A shorter way to state the above is that quadrate alignments point to the decisions on which history turns, why they are critical, the likely factors that went into the decision process and the final outcome. 16th century Spain stands out as a case study in how to factor in built in tendency and circumstance when mapping quadrate alignments. The Spanish crown created policy consistent with standard policy of the time. Most monarchs under the same circumstances would follow the same path. Charles used Spain as conduit to American gold and silver. His aims included Catholicism and augmenting the power of his entire empire, Spain, the Netherlands, the entire Hapsburg enterprise. He did not play to Spanish national interests, because none existed. He used costly mercenaries across Europe because kings raised armies to wage battles in the king's interest. Most of society shunned mercantile and trade activities as ones left for lower classes and undesirables. Charles recognized the endless currency flushed out of the Americas as righteous justification for the campaign against Protestant heretics. Additionally, Charles and Phillip ruled surrounded by yes-men steeped in the same traditions. None had the sense that the divined economic/ foreign policy steered Spain toward bankruptcy and failed state status. Charles and Philip made mistakes that we determine as errors in hindsight, but for the expectations of the time neither monarch made any egregious errors.
We can, with hindsight, understand where Spain went wrong, We can recognize that the failure to create a unified monetary policy, develop local markets and encourage Spain to operate on its own accord, rather than just a financial conduit, We can see that the decade of the 1560s, when the crown decided to curb the uprising rather than work out a middle way, a tactic used later, tipped Spain toward its steep decline (Philip II was Spain's last competent monarch). We need to make distinctions here. Spain could have changed to address its weaknesses though its tendencies fairly led to it to a destiny of failure relative to other nations at the time. Evidence of this ability we see with the Dutch and the English who best adopted mercantile approaches to overseas resources. The same distinctions arise with these two as well: in both places powerful merchant classes and vested interests mingled with government to some degree. The Dutch and English went on to develop strong backing institutions. Unlike in Spain (and later in Turkey and Egypt), participants clearly understood the rules of banking, loans and collateral. In both places, religion rarely interfered with commerce, where Spain took the opposite tact. None of the parties took the wrong approach, but some had evolved to take advantage of the time better than others.
1567 stands out because that year Philip sent Duke Alba, expecting his ruthlessness, to the Netherlands to end uprisings and damage to Churches inflicted during iconoclast rioting. The Duke killed hundreds, if not thousands. He killed even Catholics, executing Lamont and Philip de Montmorency, both who supported the distant king. The decision to take the fight to such extremes turned into an uneraseable error that more added insult to injury. The Eighty Years that led to Dutch Independence began on the spark of the Duke's actions. Both sides had reached a point of no return, one that both sides could have backed away from.
This many quadrate alignments among these four outer planets occurs rarely throughout time. When they do, the vector of history changes direction, but the most important lesson here comes from knowing how variable, how open to circumstance history tends to be at these times. Though each party comes destined with its traditions and tendencies, unlikely to break from them, the potential for change still plays a role. Destiny does not necessarily equal fate. Many decisions converge at once and dissipate again in many directions. Quadrate alignments, especially in conglomeration, point to times when cultures noticeably take different directions. Evidence of this abounds (even as I write this in 2009 as the world economy melts down during the quadrate alignments of Saturn upper square Pluto, Saturn opposite Uranus and Uranus lower square Pluto looms around us). What direction they will take, however, still comes down to individual decisions and destinies that determine the final outcome. By example, we can close this topic by reminding the reader that around 1567 Spain by far outmatched all other powers of the time. Philip ruled over an empire with territory, some of it extremely fecund, on every known continent. By 1705 an old enemy, France, found a Spain with no defenses, no treasury and no desire to look inward for answers. 1567 turned out to be very harsh year.