Planet Debate 2011 September/October l-d release Animal Rights



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Planet Debate 2011


September/October L-D Release – Animal Rights

**AFFIRMATIVE ARGUMENTS** 9

**Animal Rights Not Respected Now** 10

Federal Government Violates Animal Rights 11

Animal Exploitation & Confinement Extensive Now 12

Species Barrier Blocks Recognition of Animal Rights Now 13

Species Barrier Blocks Recognition of Animal Rights Now 14

Characterization of Animals as “Property” Blocks Recognition of Rights 15

Characterization of Animals as “Property” Blocks Recognition of Rights 16

Courts Refuse to Extend Recognition of Rights to Animals 18

Court Refusal to Extend Rights Irrational and Arbitrary 19

**Failure to Recognize Animal Rights Harmful** 20

All Sentient Beings Should be Accorded Consideration in Moral Frameworks 21

All Sentient Beings Should be Accorded Consideration in Moral Frameworks 22

All Sentient Beings Should be Accorded Consideration in Moral Frameworks 23

Non-Human Animals Should Be Accorded Equal Consideration in Moral Frameworks 24

Infliction of Pain & Suffering on Animals Immoral 25

Adherence to Species Barrier Entrenches Speciesism 26

Speciesism Immoral – Akin to Racism and Sexism 27

Speciesism Immoral – Akin to Racism and Sexism 28

Speciesism Immoral – Akin to Racism and Sexism 29

Confinement of Animals in Zoos/Circuses Immoral 30

Failure to Recognize Animal Rights Violates Justice 31

Viewing Animals as Property Negatively Impacts How People Treat Each Other 32

Viewing Animals as Property Negatively Impacts How People Treat Each Other 33

**Should Recognize Rights for Animals** 34

Moral Framework Should be Extended to Animals 35

Moral Framework Should be Extended to Animals 36

Moral Framework Should be Extended to Animals 37

Cruelty Towards and the Infliction of Suffering Upon Animals Must be Rejected 38

Respect for Animals Rights is a Deontological Moral Consideration 39

Respect for Animals Rights is a Deontological Moral Consideration 40

Animal Rights Justified by Bentham 41

Consequentialism Bad 42

Consequentialism Bad 43

Respect for Animal Rights Key to Avoiding Treating Them as a Means to an End 44

Respect for Animal Rights Justified in Consequentialist Framework 45

Respect for Animal Rights Justified by Precautionary Principle 46

Duty Toward Animals in Captivity Different from Those in the Wild 47

Justifications for Rigid Species Barrier Wrong 48

Justifications for Rigid Species Barrier Wrong 49

Ethical Justifications Against Animal Rights Wrong and Outdated 50

Ethical Justifications Against Animal Rights Wrong and Outdated 51

Ethical Justifications Against Animal Rights Wrong and Outdated 52

Descartes Indicts 53

Cohen Indicts 54

Posner Indicts 55

Posner Indicts 56

Should Extend Legal Personhood to Animals 57

Should Recognize Animal Rights 58

Should Recognize Animal Rights 59

Should Reject Property Status of Animals 60

Should Reject Property Status of Animals 62

Incremental Extension of Rights Key to Solve Speciesism 63

Should Reject Property Status of Animals 64

Respect for Animal Rights Challenges Biopower 65

AT: “Can Achieve Justice Short of Recognition of Rights” 66

AT: “Focus on Animal Welfare Enough—Don’t Need Rights” 67

AT: “Focus on Animal Welfare Enough—Don’t Need Rights” 68

AT: “Focus on Animal Welfare Enough—Don’t Need Rights” 69

**Answer To: Animals Do Not Deserve Rights** 71

AT: “Differences Between Humans and Animals Justify Restricting Animal Rights” 72

AT: “Differences Between Humans and Animals Justify Restricting Animal Rights” 73

AT: “Animals Lack Rationality” 75

AT: “Animals Lack Rationality” 76

AT: “Animals Lack Intelligence & Self Awareness” 77

AT: “Animals Lack Rationality” 78

AT: “Animals Lack Capacity for Moral Reasoning” 80

AT: “Animals Lack Capacity for Moral Reasoning” 81

AT: “Humans Possess Intrinsic Value that Distinguish Them From Animals” 82

AT: “All Humans Have Potential for Autonomy and Reasoning” 83

AT: “All Humans Have Potential for Autonomy and Reasoning” 84

AT: “Animals Do Not Have Souls” 85

AT: “Rights Require Capacity to Enter into Contracts” 86

AT: “Animals Can’t Demand Their Own Rights” 87

AT: “Animals Lack Level of Sentience Sufficient for Ethical Concern” 88

AT: “Animals Lack Empathy” 89

**Answer To: Problems with Recognizing Animal Rights** 90

Animal Rights Can Be Recognized in Pragmatic Manner 91

Slavery Abolition Proves Obstacles to Animal Liberation can be Overcome 92

Representations Key 93

AT: “If You Don’t Solve All Animal Exploitation There’s No Advantage” 94

AT: “Animal Rights Threatens Interests of Humans” 95

AT: “Animal Rights Threatens Interests of Humans” 96

AT: “Animal Rights Dilute Human Rights” 97

AT: “Animal Rights Dilute Human Rights” 98

AT: “Recognizing Rights Results Absurd Results” 99

AT: “Recognizing Rights Results Absurd Results” 100

AT: “Rights Talk Bad – No Trivialization” 101

AT: “Rights Talk Bad – No Trivialization” 102

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Rights Talk Good for Animals 103

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Rights Talk Good for Animals 104

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Rights Talk Good for Animals 105

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Solves Rights Kritiks 106

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Solves Rights Kritiks 107

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Animal Rights Talk Increases Meaning of Rights 108

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” - Permutation 109

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” - Permutation 110

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” - Permutation 111

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Alternatives Bad 112

AT: “Rights Talk Bad” – Alternatives Bad 113

AT: “CLS Kritik of Rights” – Animal Rights Solve the K 114

AT: “CLS Kritik of Rights” – Animal Rights Solve the K 115

AT: “CLS Kritik of Rights” – Indeterminacy Good 116

AT: “CLS Kritik of Rights” – Indeterminacy Good 117

AT: “CLS Kritik of Rights” – General 118

AT: “Feminist Kritik of Rights” 119

AT: “Feminist Kritik of Rights” 120

AT: “Feminist Kritik of Rights” 120

AT: “Feminist Kritik of Rights” 122

AT: Feminist Kritik of Rights 123

AT: “Human Suffering Higher Priority” 124

AT: “Animal Rights Prop up Capitalism” 125

AT: “Animal Rights Prop up Capitalism” 126

AT: “Animal Rights Prop up Capitalism” 127

AT: “Animal Rights Trade Off With Necessary Biomedical Research” 128

AT: “Animal Rights Trade Off With Necessary Biomedical Research” 129

AT: “Animal Rights Trade Off With Necessary Biomedical Research” 130

AT: “Animal Rights Trade Off With Necessary Biomedical Research” 131

AT: “Animal Rights Trade Off With Necessary Biomedical Research” 132

AT: “Animal Testing Necessary” 133

AT: “Animal Testing Necessary” 134

AT: “Animal Rights Justifies Naziism” 135

AT: “Animal Rights Counterproductive for Animals – Undermines Movements/Advocacy” 136

AT: “Animal Rights Counterproductive for Animals – Undermines Movements/Advocacy” 137

AT: “Animal Rights Counterproductive for Animals – Undermines Movements/Advocacy” 138

AT: “Animal Rights Counterproductive for Animals- Trades Off With Species Protection” 139

AT: “Animal Rights Counterproductive for Animals- Trades Off With Species Protection” 140

AT: “Animal Rights Counterproductive for Animals- Trades Off With Species Protection” 141

AT: “Zoos Key to Species Protection” 142

AT: “Zoos Key to Species Protection” 143

AT: “Zoos Key to Research for Animal Welfare” 144

AT: “Zoos Key to Research for Animal Welfare” 146

AT: “Kritik of the Term ‘Animal’” 147

**Great Apes Project Aff** 148

Great Apes Denied Basic Liberty Rights Now 149

Exploitation of Great Apes Constitutes Genocide 150

Confinement for Great Apes Harmful 151

Confinement for Great Apes Harmful


152

Confinement for Great Apes Harmful 153

Zoo Confinement for Great Apes Immoral 154

Zoo Confinement for Great Apes Immoral 155

Failure to Extend Liberty Rights to Great Apes Threatens Future Existence 156

Denial of Basic Liberty Rights for Great Apes Immoral 157

Denial of Basic Liberty Rights for Great Apes Immoral 158

Denial of Basic Liberty Rights for Great Apes Immoral 159

Legal “Personhood” Key to According Apes Rights 160

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Challenging War, Genocide and Slavery 161

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Challenging War, Genocide and Slavery 162

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 163

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 164

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 165

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 166

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 167

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 168

Respecting Liberty Rights of Great Apes Key to Breaking the Species Barrier 169

Incremental Steps Key to Solve Speciesism 170

AT: “Great Ape Project is Speciest” 171

AT: “Great Ape Project is Speciest” 172

AT: “Great Ape Project is Speciest” 173

Should Extend Legal Protections/Rights to Great Apes 174

Should Extend Due Process Protections of Liberty to Apes 175

No Justification for Differential Treatment Among Great Apes 176

Apes Meet Requirements for Legal Personhood 177

Apes Meet Requirements for Legal Personhood 178

Apes Have Intelligence & Self Awareness 179

Apes Capable of Moral Reasoning 180

Apes Capable of Communication/Language 181

Apes and Humans Share DNA 182

Apes and Humans Have Similar Brain Function 183

Apes Have Culture 184

AT: “Public Opposes Extension of Rights to Apes” 185

AT: “Extension of Rights Meaningless- Courts Won’t Enforce Them” 186

AT: “Extension of Rights to Apes Creates Practical Difficulties” 187

AT: “No Place to Send Liberated Apes” 188

AT: “Extending Rights to Apes Kills AIDS Research” 189

AT: “Extending Rights to Apes Kills AIDS Research 190

AT: “Extending Rights to Apes Kills AIDS Research” 191

AT: “Extending Rights to Apes Kills AIDS Research” 192

**Factory Farm Aff** 193

Farm Animals Subject to Abuse and Exploitation Now 194

Farm Animals Subject to Abuse and Exploitation Now 195

Farm Animals Subject to Abuse and Exploitation Now 196

Farm Animals Subject to Abuse and Exploitation Now 198

Farm Animals Subject to Abuse and Exploitation Now 199

Farm Animals Subject to Abuse and Exploitation Now 200

Factory Farm Abuse Immoral/Unethical 201

Factory Farms Result of Speciesism 202

AT: “Confinement More Humane/Better for Animal Welfare” 203

Abuse of Farm Animals Threatens Human Survival 204

Abuse of Farm Animals Threatens Human Survival 205

Abuse of Farm Animals Threatens Food Safety 206

Abuse of Farm Animals Increases Disease Risk 207

Abuse of Farm Animals Increases Disease Risk 208

Abuse of Farm Animals Undermines Sustainable Agriculture 209

Should Recognize Rights of Farm Animals 210

Kantian Ethics Requires Treating Farm Animals with Respect 211

What We Eat is an Inherently Ethical and Moral Act 212

AT: “Rights Discourse Bad for Improving Animal Welfare” 213

AT: “Impractical to Change Animal Agricultural Practices” 214

AT: “Impractical to Change Animal Agricultural Practices” 215

AT: “Reduced Suffering Would Require Everyone to Become Vegetarian” 216

AT: “Animal Rights and Animal Welfare Approaches Trade-Off” 217

AT: “Animal Rights and Animal Welfare Approaches Trade-Off” 218

AT: “Improving Conditions for Farm Animals Trades Off with Trend Toward Vegetarianism” 219

**NEGATIVE ARGUMENTS** 220

**Animals Don’t Need Expanded Rights** 221

Captivity Doesn’t Threaten Animal Interests 222

Zoos Good 223

Zoos Good 224

**Should Not Recognize Animal Rights** 225

No Moral Obligation to Animals 226

No Moral Obligation to Animals
227

No Moral Obligation to Animals 228

No Moral Obligation to Animals: Wild Animals 230

Animal Rights are Immoral 231

Treating Animals Differently Not Akin to Racism and/or Sexism 232

Animal Rights are Immoral 233

Treating Animals Differently Justified 234

Human Needs and Suffering Outweigh Animals Interests 235

Sentience Not A Good Standard for Rights 236

Arguments Supporting Human Dignity Not Speciest 237

Animal Rights Unnecessary: Can Meet Moral Obligations Without Rights 238

Should Protect Animal Interests Without Granting Animal Rights 239

Animal Rights Unnecessary: Can Meet Moral Obligations Without Rights 240

Animal Rights Unnecessary: Can Meet Moral Obligations Without Rights 241

Pragmatism Doesn’t Require Endorsement of Animal Rights 242

Singer’s Utilitarian Justification Flawed 243

Singer’s Utilitarian Justification Flawed 244

Singer’s Utilitarian Justification Flawed 246

**Animals Do Not Deserve Rights** 247

Animals Lack Moral Agency Necessary for Rights 248

Animals Lack Ability to Participate in Asking for Rights 249

Rights Demands Responsibilities 250

Sentience Insufficient to Necessitate Rights 251

Sentience Insufficient to Necessitate Rights 252

Cognitive Capacity Does Not Necessitate Rights Extension 253

Cognitive Capacity Does Not Necessitate Rights Extension 254

Cognitive Capacity Bad Justification for Rights 255

Genetic Similarity Does not Necessitate Rights 256

**Problems with Recognizing Animal Rights” 257

Animal Rights System Threatens Global Extinction 258

Animal Rights Focus Trades Off with Efforts to Improve Animal Welfare 259

Animal Rights Focus Undermines Environmental Movements 260

Animal Rights Focus Undermines Environmental Movements 261

Animal Rights Focus Undermines Environmental Movements 262

Animal Rights Focus Undermines Environmental Movements 263

Animal Rights Focus Undermines Environmental Movements 264

Animal Rights Focus Trades Off With Ecosystem Protection 265

Animal Rights Focus Conflicts with Protecting Endangered Species 266

Animal Rights Focus Conflicts with Protecting Endangered Species 267

Animal Rights Focus Conflicts with Protecting Endangered Species 268

Asserting Moral Duty to Individual Animals Undermines Moral Obligation to Animal Species 269

Asserting Moral Duty to Individual Animals Undermines Moral Obligation to Animal Species 270

Animal Rights Expansion Devalues Humans 271

Animal Rights Expansion Devalues Humans 272

Animal Rights Kills AIDS Vaccine - Shell 273

AIDS Research DA – Link Extensions – Apes Key 274

AIDS Research DA – Link Extensions – Apes Key 275

AIDS Research DA – Animal Research Key 277

AIDS Research DA – Vaccine Key to Prevent Pandemic 278

AIDS Research DA – Global Destruction Impact 279

AIDS Research DA – Racism Impacts 280

Animal Rights Kills Ebola Research – Shell 281

Ebola Research DA – Links – Apes Key 282

Animal Rights Flawed – CLS Kritik 283

Animal Rights Flawed – CLS Kritik 284

Animal Rights Flawed – CLS Kritik 285

Animal Rights Flawed – CLS Kritik 286

Animal Rights Focus Bad – Entrenches Capitalism 287

Animal Rights Discourse Bad – Biopower 288

Animal Rights Bad – Feminist Kritik of Rights Discourse 289

Animal Rights Bad – Feminist Kritik of Rights Discourse 290

Animal Rights Bad – Feminist Kritik of Rights Discourse 291

Animal Rights Paradigm Counterproductive – Entrenches Speciesism 292

Animal Rights Discourse Bad – Entrenches Anthropocentrism 294

Animal Rights Discourse Bad – Entrenches Anthropocentrism 295

Animal Rights Focus Promotes Romanticism 296

Animal Rights Focus Promotes Romanticism 297

Animal Rights Focus Promotes Romanticism 298

Grounding Animal Rights in Human Similarity Counterproductive 299

Grounding Animal Rights in Human Similarity Counterproductive 300

Grounding Animal Rights in Human Similarity Counterproductive 301

Grounding Animal Rights in Human Similarity Counterproductive 302

Grounding Animal Rights in Human Similarity Increases Animal Research 303

Grounding Animal Rights in Human Similarity Bad – AT Perm 304

Animal Rights Entrenches the Logic of Nazism 305

Animal Rights Entrenches the Logic of Nazism 306

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Ethical Arguments Insufficient to Change Attitudes 307

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Rights Can’t Pierce Anthropocentrism 308

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Ineffective Strategy for Social Change 309

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Focus on Rights Undermines Success of Movements 310

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Focus on Rights Undermines Success of Movements 311

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Will Never Gain Acceptance by Public or Leaders 312

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Will Never Gain Acceptance by Public or Leaders 313

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Systemic Bias Proves Inadequacy of Rights 314

Animal Rights Strategy Fails – Non-Rights Discourse More Effective 315

Animal Rights System Creates Problems 316

Animal Rights System Creates Problems 317

**Great Ape Project Neg** 318

Apes Differ from Humans in Moral Codes 319

Recognizing Moral Agency of Apes Excludes Other Animals 320

Genetic Similarity to Other Apes Insufficient to Justify Rights Extension 321

Genetic Similarity to Other Apes Insufficient to Justify Rights Extension 322

Incremental Extension of Rights Fails 323

Incremental Extension of Rights Fails 324

Singling Out Apes for Protection Speciesist 325

Singling Out Apes for Protection Speciesist 326

Singling Out Apes for Protection Speciesist 327

Singling Out Apes for Protection Speciesist 328

Singling Out Apes for Protection Speciesist 329

Extension of Rights Not Necessary to Admit Apes to Moral Community 330

Extension of Rights Fails to Treat Apes as Members of the Community of Equals 331

Releasing Apes from Confinement Counterproductive to Their Welfare 332

**Factory Farm Neg** 333

Humane Treatment of Farm Animals Increasing 334

Factory Farms More Humane than Alternatives 335

“Animal Rights” Discourse Counterproductive to Improving Farm Animal Welfare 336

“Animal Rights” Discourse Counterproductive to Improving Farm Animal Welfare 337

Welfare Regulations Sufficient to Solve 338

Welfare Regulations Sufficient to Solve 339

Welfare Regulations Sufficient to Solve 340

Welfare Regulations Sufficient to Solve 341

Alternatives to Factory Farming Not Feasible 343

Focus on Improving Farm Animal Treatment Undermines Shift to Vegetarianism 344

Dismantlement Movement Best Approach 345

Dismantlement Movement Best Approach 346

Dismantlement Movement Best Approach 347

**Vegan Negative** 348

Veganism Counterproductive 349

Veganism Counterproductive 350

Veganism Counterproductive 351

Veganism Denigrates Non-Western Cultures 352

Veganism Counterproductive 353

Must Acknowledge and Affirm the Place of Humans and Other Animals in the Food Chain 354







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