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Part I: Common Language -- familiar enough to figure out what the problem is

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Part I: Common Language -- familiar enough to figure out what the problem is

Part II: Problem space itself -- specific question: what is (or what are) the real challenge(s)?

what are the important ways to approach it: urban vs. rural; developed vs. developing

III: (parallel to II) figuring out what possible solutions are? How does the solution apply to the problem space? Capture that information. Right down every single solution. Description, links, who is developing?, time til availability, legal issues.
Matrix 2: Connect problem to solutions -- make it better ordered by breaking it into tracks

some solutions will not fit into any tracks

can we come up with something really interesting because nobody has considered it before?
IV: Data analysis -

problem: crop variety

problem: production rates

solution: nanocore filtration

biotech: genetic engineering
V: Data mining: take a look at the most interesting solutions. 1-20 intersecting opportunities

Understand the scope of the problem


mash up

new technology that is missing

plan 0.1

three, four, five problem spaces -- tight problem space

ETIR: 0.1 - 1.0 - 1.1

Problems: 90%-99%-100%

Solutions 30%-90%-100%

Plan (paragraph) N/A-100%-N/A
Requirements for greenhouse
Brainstorm our problem space

JULY 19 2010
Tim Williams
\"agriculture\" in the broad sense

environment -- food consequences

personal history

developmnt insights and perspectives

health opportunities

environment opportunities

transport fuel efficiencies

hopes and fears
developed 2%

developing world agriculture - 60,70,80% of the agriculture
personal history

horizontal across a consumer item

worked in zimbabwe, india, niger, usa

pathology of plants, photoperiod effects

instruments that measure environments

reverse engineering

working for fundamentally small farmers -- challenges that small farmers have

15 yo came to the USA and started working for UGA. funded by USAID.

scientists in developing countries and counterparts in USA. look to develop technologies, human capacity. mutually beneficial

(question: what do scientists from USA \"get\")


change world health through major disease brought by toxins in food, 43% of the burden of disease in a toxin in many foods

transportation fuel economy

simplify complex processes -- design process



school feeding -- have schools buy locally. get a whole lot of things to happen. in guyana. now all that moves inland is the money. the produce is captured in that environment.

vaccin delivery without the cold chain

global warming through farming seeds

opportunity to use the properties of peanuts to capture vaccines without the coldness.
invented a heat engine that will run on any heat source. it will provide a way to grow crops or whatever

heat approaches to organic weed control -- one of the reasons that slash and burn is an establishd technology. it's the only way that you will grow anything in those environments.
in africa the biggest control for what they can produce is the extent to which women can weed
ocean fertility
CO2 sequestration

whole lot of investment in the area of the algae -- sequestering CO2

Problems of coral and global warmning - as the seeds get warm , oxygen solubility goes down, as soon as you put oxygen in it, death. pump cold water into the surf zone to oxygenate it, save coral. only a question of scale before you can manage a hurricane, world's weather.
development insights

technology treadmills, margins and scale

as soon as other people get into the technology treadmill, they work harder and harder to stay in the same position

we've got probably 20% of the population in th rural areas that were there 50 years ago

the output of that in a devloping world would be catastrophic

technology does not solve problems

people very quickly work out that although they've got a bigger yield, they didn't make a whole lot more and they did a lot more work
fertility -- phosphorous, etc -- put into the river, exported to the sea

make it less linear - important, necessary for sustainability

rand: how could you make it less linear?
phosphorous from mines in the developed world.

in a place like africa, the phosphorous is depleted. you can see the historic migration of the village depending on mineral stores.

could we replenish phosphorous?

if we separate the urine stream from the fecal stream, we could do it.

next opportunity: if you were to grow algae with a multiple array of endpoints, you would absorb all of the nutrients in the water, you could have the water in the sea to be as good as the water coming off the mountain. algae -- separate oil -- ferment the rest. end up with a potential of a fertilizer.

why isn't it being done?

people are starving. we need some fuel. we cold take the proteins out of the algae and have the proteins out of that. at some point, we need to achieve/maintain their fertility.
native american: tie corn bundle to fish -- phosophorous and nitrogen

market pull v production push -- how do you create demand for quality foods

food relationships with disease -- corn + HIV (0.65), potato + a lot of unhealthy things
everyone needs subsidies... developing countries cannot afford subsidies for agriculture. can they afford not to?

oceans or deserts? where the light is is not where the minerals are. way to activate the deep well into the ocean to take nutrint rich deep water, to move it slowly to the top. bring those nutrients up. if we can do that, we could address the carbon dioxide and produce infinite quantities of sea foods. mor seafood coud be available.

(quesiton about \"rural equity\" -- food for cities? )

you can't stop the transport of food

social marketing to make these changes

school feeding program - having demonstrated. international food and agricultural development, UNICEF, etc -- taking our model. doing the same thing in other palces. create demand through educational models. insist that it is created locally. the ability to control quality biological contaminants, toxins. clean water problem?

cup with sour milk used to feed babies covered with flies. but they still survive.

our common preception of afrotoxins

in developing countries, every person has biomarkers.

we don't see hug levels of liver cancer because people are dying from other purposes

it is supressing immunit and repressing nutritional value

reflected in infectious disease
more underweight children

more and faster HIV, more diarrheas from unsafe water

vitamin A, zinc, iron

we can save it for 60 or 70 cents / year by connecting clay

it absorbs these toxins very carefully
persistence ----!!!! in the developing world. change not just the road but the people.
health opportunities: particularly effective

peanuts: heart health, obesity, diabetes, resveratrol, school feeding

aflatoxicosis -- can be high levels in peanuts. walnuts, cashews, hazelnuts are all able to have high levels. addressing that is a really important thing.

used in famine-relief with children who are accutely malnourished -- lots of publicity

20% effective

anybody who deals with any of these products are going to have to handle that.

if ou can sell your peanuts that are toxin-free, then you can sell the quality of school.

poor people don't ay a whole lot of attention to quality of food. concerned about NOW and not the future.
afrotoxic exposure and other diseases - relationship?

corn is the biggest source of aflatoxin
the tolerances are based on cancer -- the amounts allowed before cancer? what about with immunosupprssion. small amount everyday for ten years is the same as the same amount in a small amount of time.

take out into the developing world the toxin-binding qualities of these clays. we are allowed to have a certain amount of aflotoxin in our foods. it is very assymetric in crops. one seed will contain 90% of aflotoxin. having a protection against that makes good sense.

in animal feed, they use the clays already because it costs so little.
environemnt opportnities

fresh water quality - control of fish

climate management

coral preservation

transportation fuels - grow instead of dig (biofuel)

tied to all of this is global warming

we can reasonably take CO2 to pre-industrial levls if we address sea fertility

why one wouldn't want to do that amazes me. the known: we are in a bad place.

another huge oppotunity: take a large part of australia.

Security is a big issue for urban farming, how do we secure the food from theft.

urban farming -- why isn't it happening?

margins -- people can make and transport food cheaply

this is starting to happen. people want it. not a whole lot of people yet; the people can afford. the rejection of the person who is well-fed.

another problem: the security issue
algae -- why isn't it being done already?
idea: take the stream down the river into the dam and get it to be a contained part of the lake and when it had absorbed the nutrients and grown you would then pull it out and separate it.

rand: it would be so easy!

john: it is just developing the infrastructure. shallow waste, horse waste. you want specific species. contamination is a huge issue. if you are trying to get oil, bubble CO2 into it. extracting algae out of the water is challenging. energy to filter it out. get all of those parasitic loads working together.
in sunnyvale you can do it because they have a lot of land and the right water.

costs to separate fecal waste and urine.
80% of the carbon footprint of corn is nitrogen fertilizer
use nanotech to quantify food value -- separate out contaminated grains
the area of nanotech
hydroponics become more feasible as you go to scale

there might be an optimum point

the $40 tomato
British guy -- Jamie Oliver for the school kitchens

do it through the big stick of the government?

create the market

that's the margin

cost of production is not nearly as variable as returns

driven by overproduction in certain areas

can we use corn for something else?

the price point of everything will go up?
how much more expensive could it be?

what's the scale that
we are spending just a few percent of GDP on food

in Europe they spend a lot more

people are going to have to give up something else to do this; food will have to be a more valuable part of their lives

we got used to dirt cheap food just as we got used to dirt cheap gasoline

the message is getting out:

the true cost of food is the cost of sustainable food

can we get carbon credits for food production?

which of the foods can the most easily take the higher price?

not the staple foods

high value
July 22 2010
Goal: Urban Farming (for 1 bn in 10 yrs)

Mechanism: \"Prius\" of Urban Farming

(1) Doesn't solve all problems

(2) Economically available to some

(3) Important Tech. step

(4) \"Market-Maker\" - started the revoluiton
(A) Behavioral/Social (\"What needs to change for consumers?\")

6 months:

Market Study, Buzz, Awarenes Building, PR

Local community


cool, do-no-harm, do-no-worse
1 year
Early adopters

(1) Willing to pay $$

(2) \"allies\" - happy to test

better for environment and health
5 years
\"Mainstream\" Adoption/custmers/awareness
10 years
Competitors, industry built out, pervasive urban farming
B Technology/Production

(What needs to change @ the product/ manufacturing level?)
6 months:
Working prototype

single species

specialty, costly produce that uses the most food miles

1 year
product for sale

5-10 species
5 years

product @ scale

price differential lower

reliable, quality assured

many species

reasonable cost competition

10 years
cheap artificial lighting?

new tech


(\"What needs to change in the broader environment)

6 months:
governmnt government as customer?
1 year
regulatory support/approval

5 years
positive susid (tax credit, govt aid for urban farming)
10 years
widespread changes to food policy

change to food AID and relief


"San Francisco Marathon

Sunday, July 25th, 2010
We need a FINAL count of participants to determine how Singularity University will sponsor some of the cost of the SU students running the San Francisco Marathon.
Please write you name in the appropriate category, or erase your name if you have changed your mind, or not willing to pay up-front (or borrow the money:-)
Full Marathon ($145):

Eric Ezechieli - $145 (415) 867.7166 and Wife Anna (650) 426.8587
Second Half Marathon ($120): (The First Half Marathon is already sold out, unfortunately)

Diva Tommei - $120 (650) 276.9355

Erez Livneh - $120 (972-54) 590.5623

Lizzie Brook - $XXX (786) 303.5282

Mercy Njima - $120 (650) 669 5487
5K ($35): (Exploratorium + Golden Gate + Finish Line)

Jose Cordeiro - $35 (650) 229.4949

John Graves - $35 (650) 417.4149

Javier Mares - $XX (415) 324.9893

David Roberts - $35 (415) 215.5840

Juan Carlos L\u00f3pez - $35

Erika Anderson - $35 (208) 219.2631

Alison Lewis - $35 (646) 894.0809

Julielynn Wong - $35 (412) 841.5825

Aaron Kemmer - $XX (727) 403.9763

Matt Kern - $35 (203) 216.0352

San Ko - $35 (614) 736.6321

Candice Berezan - $35 (780) 906.0539

Sarah Jane Pell - $XX (61-41) 571.1717

Chiara Turelli - $35 (415) 623.4781
Available Cars:

Erika Anderson (5 people) (208) 219.2631

David Roberts (5 people) (415) 215.5840

Eric Ezechieli (5 people) (415) 867.7166

Gary (???) (408) 218.0347

Bryce Goodman (???) (310) 740.8400

Robert Dening (???) (203) 326.0764

Francesco Galietti (???) 393386514493

Derek Jacoby (???) (206) 465.1903

Gettaraound Car (???)
Possible Sponsors:

Singularity University

Your company (???)

My company (???)

\x3center names here>

\x3cErez: I prefer to run at evenings/night>

Matt: afternoons

Eric: early mornings (5.30 onwards, pls contact me if you want to go together)

Alison: Run early evenings (before dinner if possible)

\x3center names here>
No training:


Alison (lol)

\x3center names here>
Leader(s) of this new SU student tradition for 2010:

Jose (provisional until student(s) pick up the leardership)

\x3center names here>


General/big picture ideas, what are we trying to solve??

1. Provide access to energy for everyone in their homes
2. Focus on renewable sources

How are we going to get there?

Idea 1 - Wind


Jet stream - (Has the advantage of \"wind power anywhere\")

LIghtweight small wind generators for the home.
Idea 2 - \"Hibernate\"/\"Stand-by\" state on everything, not just computers


Idea 3 - Aritifical Intelligence House


Idea 4 - Microscale



Idea 5 - Solar


Space-based solar power

Frames for rooftops to hold Easily replaceable solar cell grids (since they improve over time).

Idea 6 - Green house


Regarding energy for the home: all the buildings in this database are ZERO energy

Idea 7 - Electric


Electric motorcycles (more efficient than electric cars) recharged by a home solar/wind powered source, two batteries one for the bike, one that's recharging.
Electric powered, temperature sensitive, sunshades to help save energy with heating/cooling.
Very cheap electric usage sensors that can be placed on fridges, clothes dryers, dishwashers to wirelessly provide data to a PC program so you can monitor and adjust your usage.
Idea 8 - Movement


Charging your cell phone while you are walking is a proven technology. I have ever seen a demonstration. The charger is like a wrist-watch with moving parts on it. When you walk, the relative movement of the moving parts generate a magnetic field that can be converted into electricity.

Idea 9 - Tidal energy


Improving underwater turbines, especially to better fit river tides.
Idea 10 - Lightning


*Is it possible to capture any energy from lightning? On average 1 Terra Watt / Bolt

*DIY Lantern



1. climate change 3

2. supporting prosperity

2. energy security

3. business opportunity

4. energy = food

5. everything relies on energy, it defines our culture 5

6. both pervasive and indispensable

7. inefficiency in distrubution 4

8. key to education

9. required in water problem 2

10. required in upcycling

11. no life without it

12. everyone has a right to it

13. urgent 2

14. materials

15. key to evolution

16. to improve the quality of life

17. to eliminate power lines, beautify world

18. new markets and jobs

19. cheap energy creates problems (political, environmental) 2

20. drives innovation

21. some applications today will need more energy tomorrow

22. energy abundance disrupts the social tissue (you do not need to cooperate with others because energy substitutes cooperation and sharing)

1. Efficiency of the energy we already have

2. Utilize bio waste, batteries use redox reaction bacteria can digest waste to generate electricty

3. DIY portable devices (solar, wind)

4. power managing sun shades

5. smart grids

6. stand alone system 2

7. bio-engineering algae to be more efficient solar cells

8. smart grids, storage and distribution

9. space based solar

10. underwater turbines

11. mobile apps for energy comsumption awareness

12. project with DIY windmills manufacturing/distribution combined with open source methods so they can use local materials

13. capture energy from lightning

14. saving oil is cheaper than buying it (saving one barrel of oil costs less than 30$ )

15. use freefall force

16. alternative energy storage

17. having cars on the grid that can share the extra battery power when they are parked (smart grid for cars)

18. factor 4 engineering - provides services you need using 4 times less energy

19. educate decision makers

20. north american magnet train (??)

21. using cadavers to generate electricty

22. mandatory treadmill exercise

23. drill down to access geothermal

24. micro-turbines, tine engines to charge batteries (size of pencil erasers) runs on fuel

25. off shore micro nuclear power on abandoned oil tanker

26. mammalian muscle to act as a power source, create horse legs that run on food

27. thorium (?) research

28. Use vacuum force, space atmosphere

29. reduce the price on the final consumer end

30. use motion of any moving object

31. height potential battery, push something up when you have extra energy

32. reengineer our bodies to use less energy

33. turn wireless signals back into energy

34. capture energy in wheater system, hurricanes and hurricanes

35. energy trading, using profit to R&D

36. new laws

37. better battery technology

38. move towards globalizing energy distribution

39. ambient heat capture through thermoelectrics or stirling engine

40. capturing energy from sound waves

41. hybrid plant-animal cells w/ both chloroplasts and mitochondria that can convert light to sugar to energy

1. Production on Micro-scale (local, DIY)

2. Production on Macro-scale (Systems, grid)

3. Transfer & Storage

4. Policy

"Bioelectronics and biosensing

Meter read glucose

Patent reads glucose level on meter

dry coating of an enzyme

Patients adds drop of blood then inserts slide into meter
Sony bio-battery
Bioelectronic device strategies


1) mediated whole organism

2) mediated enzyme only

3) direct electron transfer - enzyme only
soft-matter and solid-state

protein engineering problem:

1. can electrons pass freely between the catalytic cofactor and the electrode surface

electro engineering problem

2 can the electrode be trailered to bind proteins and remain conductive
protein are wires but mostly insulators
DNA photolyase --> repairs DNA in your body
The poly-peptide problem
Electrode design and engineering
Electrode-histidine tag ineraction

ZnO nanowire/histidine-tag binding

2:00 Religion
Defining religion - google sorts results based on popularity and most of search results bring you to wikipedia. How do we use wikipedia? What does this mean?
Clay Sharky (?) Harvard discusses this
Daniel Pink, Drive - surprising truth about what motitvates us - people want to et better at what they do so they share - people get paid for technically sophisticaed things for work but then after work they do even more! why? because of the desire of mastery
The Success of Open Source - Steven Weber - it's advantageous to give away more and more. People who use Wikipedia but don't pay for it - they give feedback, ideas etc....
Unchecked positive feedback loop to drive human intelligence
Open Allure - John's work - conversational open-source system. The content is collaborative, like in wikipedia
What we find in Wikipedia at anytime is an open project- like unitarianism.
Search for truth or purpose or other things (even in multiple languages) still links to Wikipedia - suggests unitarian principles
Only a tiny fraction of actual users actually edit pages - 99-1 rule - 90% is audience, 9% editors, 1% creators
How does Wikipedia work? WHat is future
Wikipedia has five principles, encyclopedia, neutral view, free content for anyone, respect, no firm rules beyond rules.... unitarianism is customized
What do unitarianists believe, free and open search for meaning - acceptance of one another.
Two additional pillars of unitarianism


Sam Harris TED Talk - relationship between science and human values

questions about right/wrong aren't questions of science.... separation of facts and values... no description of science that can explain the way science aught to be... why is it that we don't have moral obligations to rocks? is it because we believe they are potentially exposed to a greater experience of emotions?

we know it's possible to live in a failed state and to move on this continuum. we know there are right and wrong ways to move aroudn this space? is it a good idea to add cholera to the water? probably not...
this makes wikipedia look very similar to unitarianism.... humanity at a whole is learning so much so fast, even experts can't keep up. information management systems are being developed but for a while we will be overwhelemed
Q: was anyone at Sam Harris talk, what was crowd's reaction?


How Energy will fix Space

and Space will fix Energy

77% expect a business out of Space TP

My argument:

Energy is essential for survival.

All the team projects depend on energy somewhat

4:18 Connor

World's most valuable resource attention

Connor's been owrking on augmenting for the last 7 years

[Uses phone to demostrate the point of interuptions]

A pen is a tool that never interupts you

Tech now xbox, biosensor, phone, computer all vying for your attention, trying to monopolize your attention
Maybe I was working on saving the planet and now I'm distracted and won't get back to that thought for another month
Eye contact imples attention, with eye contact 80% of the time you are either talking or listening

If you gave a lecture with back to the crowd it would be weird, yet our computer does that constantly

Brains are designed to be attracted to eyes and concentric circles (peacocks)
Use gestures, body orientation and eye contact to imply attention
4:45 Derek

Quantified Self

Test results and doctor visists are snap shots that don't track your health progress

Bought Spectrophotometer

Uricase is tied to a dye in a redox reaction

UA Sure, Blood Uric Acid Monitoring System
Experiments in biphasic and polyphasic sleep cycles

DIY EEG, was finicky

Zeo, your personal sleep monitor, deep sleep didn't change despite hour of sleep difference

Sometimes you think your aweake but it says your sleeping, perhaps a dream of lying down awake
5:49 PM

Carlos Azevedo

Natural Computation
OK guys. Actually I had not prepared when Salim asked us. I have some materials in Portuguese to give you an overview - including biologically inspired algorithms.

Quantum computation.

Maybe next Saturday, overview in more depth.

So, came here to give you overview of background.

Get you guys to know me better.

OK, area of research is in Natural Computation
[Slide: computations observed in Nature]

David Deutsch - quantum computation

Pioneer in field. Been in contact with him over last 3 years.

I empathize some of his views - philisophical aspects.

I will show you email we have exchanged in which he explains

physical / computational models.
Lecture by Deutsch:

parallels -

Computation Physics

Computer Physical System

Computation Motion

Input Final state
[music comes from other room ...]
[long quote from e-mail]
Slide: Evolutionary Algorithms

Population - Parents - Offspring.

Derive new models that might be more efficient.
Used for Satellite Structure Design.
Q: Program. Called \"Critical.\"

First AI that builds its own. Writes its own code.

Expert system.

This program just starts writing from zero.

Based on Darwinian process.

Best at the moment

Try pack-o-mania (?)

50-60 people were doing this. Now done by computer.

Genetic programming.
Q: Autorecursive. While running, changing its own code. This is new.
Q: Evolution. Humans in space. Result of stochastic optimization.

We evolved from universe.

Is evolution is a stochastic optimization?
Yes. DD has a theory of universal theory of everything.

Universal evolution.

Richard Dawkins from Oxford.
If we are here, it was one of the paths that evolution took to get us here.

So yes, I agree with you.
Q: David Dell: Digital computation versus analog nature?
That's a trick question. If I understand correctly, ...
Stephen Wolform - simple rules.

Very basic units of information.

Universe is digital.
Q: Are there similarities running these simulations across products?
Evo Optimization is general problem solving tool.
6:15 Out in main room.

Salim: Bunch of little admin things. 3/4 of class here.

Thank you to moderators.

Scrap all lectures and just have sessions together.
Q too parallel

Q 3 max

KKauser: liked 5 at a time

Q: have another one

Q: List of who presented what. We can leave the board up.

Salim: mail out photo of board

Q: Upload powerpoints.
Now you can run it yourselves. You don't need us. Best structure we have found for skills transfer.
Lots of chances to have casual conversations.

Carve out 3 hours. Light infrastructure.
David: Should have had lunch in this building somehow.

Salim: Yes




Ignite Talks

Building 20

==Atrium / Ken / PC / PPT==

candice berezan

hind ahmed

claudia olsson

aaron kemmer

julio valdivia-silva

sam thorp

valentina margaria

vincent daranyi

carlos azevedo

zain jaffer

gary gautier

jan jungclaus

william bing

juan martinez-barea

bryce goodman

nolene naidu

david hutchison

kidist zeleke

jason dunn

juan lopez

mercy njima

connor dickie

david dalrymple

kristen santerian

marko bitenc

"2:34 ... just got on

we do not have Merkle 5000 yet.

So, what do we have to organize things at small scales.

Engineer whatever shape you want.

Surely we can organize - DNA or nanotubes

Heat problem

Surface area and the volume are not well matched.

With standard NAND logic.

Fewer bits out than you put in

With reversible logic as you put in

Destroy the bits you don't want


leads to propagation based software

We have every piece of data in your computation

So, summary, a song

\"Computer technology

oh no

a paradigm shift

To build AI

the exponential trend

will be supported

by bio and nano

work together to make this soon.
David A: See more of your face, great.

Dan: One sentance summary? Future of
Sung from the back -

Sung from the front -
Eric: New opera in Italy.

Dan: You've left the faculty speechless.
2:39 Marko

Medicines by exponential technologies

5-6 medicines

We take them.



Adverse drug reaction

High cost, lower efficiency.

100,000 people die in the US.

Why - not enough information. Solution - technology.

So, basically, use proteomics

One size fits all

Especially in 2010.

Not including genetic.

Biochem data

Design intelligent IPC

Especially drug/gene interactions.

5-7 medications cause problems.

What is the solution - optimal dosing.

Print a boli? pill

Holds 7 pills.

Printer which can do biochemical systhesis and analysis.

Merge many things into one. Will increase efficiency.

Go to pharmacy.

Works better.

One pill.

Lower cost.

Spend the money on something more useful

Five years from now


Wireless connection to doctor.

Print all vitamins, in our bread/tea.

Get low on cartridges, can refill.

E-Bay, get supplements.
Benefits, real time biochem analysis.

Peak performance whole day.

Minerals, antidotes printed.

1 pill instead of 5

Basically better performance.

Brainstorming now.

If anybody has an idea, I'll be really happy if you join us.

A new era coming.

Thank you.
Brad: Recreational uses of this printer.

Marko: What do you mean?

Ralph: Heroin?

Marko: You can do it.

So, you can ask Daniel. He gave me a lot of literature for it.
Dan: If everybody can print own antibiotics, get antibiotic resistance.

Point about use.

Marko: This is true. Go from supplements on market - granules.

Ways to get over these troubles. Needs more ideas.
David Dell: Possible in-between steps.

Personal dispensing system. 20 tubes into a pill.
Marko: We know where we want to go.

How we will get there.

Brad: You looked at us. You were better at that. Try for eye contact.
Dan: We need just a moment. Our original group is done.

Salim is occupied.


- 1st and 6th protocol

World came together to address needs

Minimum goals

If they just take 2, will go a long way



Map - people living on $2 per day.

Target 6 B By 2010 HIV AIDS treatment.

Another target, come down to 20%

People living on less than $1 per day.

Only 42% of people having it.

WHO predicts death.

Maybe 700,000 in 2030

One little girl still smiling.

People at SU learning that technology moving to Africa

By 2030, only 20% in sub sahara will be

Energy - then water

Finance - getting money into the hands of the people

Microfinance - roll back poverty.

Education will increase.

Productivity will improve.

By 2020, platforms for money

With electronics, do not need cash.

Nigeria 4 1 9 Be duped.

Poverty line rolled back.

by 2020 smart phones ubiquitious

Medical people will be able to understand this is better.

Personalized HIV treament.

Ensure you are healthy

By 2015, regenerative cells.

Be able to adopt system

By 2025 - HIV Type 1 and 2 eliminated.

Only vaccinate if needed.

I believe that

1st and 6th, people living on less that $5 / day. HIV not dread.

Thank you .

That is my emini is smiling.

John Graves:


For the next 5 minutes, let each 15 seconds represent one year and a doubling of the capabilities of human/computer interfaces. We begin with the capabilities we have today, shown by the large circle on this graph. As we look into the future, our current capabilities will always be represented by the circle in the lower left corner. Don't think of this circle as \"shrinking\" -- think of it instead as a constant yardstick, like a legend on a map viewed from further and further away. We will be moving further away in time, rather than space, so the largest circle will always represent the extent of our future capabilities relative to the present.
Note that what we already have today fills our senses and stretches our capacity to absorb stimulation. Yet after just a few years the combined capabilities of the mouse and keyboard, of the touch screen and the mobile phone, of CD-quality sound, digital high definition television and 3D animated movies begin to pale in comparison to the interactions of the future.
What will these interactions be like? Some trends are clear. The technology becomes
more transparent and our use of it more natural. Devices grow smaller. Sounds and images become ever more realistic. We use technology to transcend limits of space and time, projecting ourselves and our actions across great distances and gathering insights and information more rapidly than ever before.
This spreading and extension of who and where we are, of how and when we observe and experience the world through technology, will have profound consequences. Skype and streaming video already let us shrink the world into a laptop. As we approach 10 doublings of our current capabilities, these applications may seem trivial, just as we look back on a groundbreaking consumer electronics product like the Sony Walkman as something trivial today. We should expect to be humbled and amazed by the transformations ahead.
Human/computer interaction can be viewed as a mediated form of human to human interaction, like literature, or before that art. The breadth and depth of the messages we convey through technology will continue to expand until they reach the limits of our perception. We may already be close to limits in our ability to hear with high fidelity 3D sound systems. Imagine when we have a similar level of fidelity in controling what we see. Imagine when we can feel the heat and cold, the textures and pressures of a virtualized world. We should expect to be moved and motivated by these new forms of shared human experience.
Look at the relative scale of these exponentially growing capabilities after 15 doublings.
The path of development to this longer horizon reveals how relatively little we must know today, and how some fringe ideas like direct mind/machine interfaces might gestate and develop for years before taking over and transforming the mainstream.
But as we move into the final years of a 20 year projection, we see our current state of knowledge and capability dwindle to insignificance. Clearly something truly momentous -- a singularity -- is in store within our lifetimes, even if we can barely imagine what it will be like today. Computers that absorb and distribute and reorganize our thoughts. Systems that process our physical bodies as information. A synthesis and transcendance of natural and artificial life. New technologies we cannot foresee which won't appear for a decade yet. They'll change everything. We should expect lots of change. And then accelerating change.
Yet observe from this graph how the largest circle on this exponential future path is always where we are at that point in time. At that point in time, it is the status quo. This world of awesome, moving, accelerating change is the world we will create and live in. We should plan and expect to be proud of it.
Finally, shift the perspective on this graph from the future of human/computer interaction to the origin of life -- YOUR life. We all started from the union of two cells into one. That tiny cell doubled and doubled and doubled again over many months. Do not doubt the power of exponential growth, because you are born of it.
When you consider our transition from matter to mind, we are

\u2013 each of us \u2013

a Singularity.
Brad: Positive and negative. Break out of Powerpoint mode - good.

Unlikely to see doubling of human/computer interface capabilities - still using mouse and keyboard.

Dan: Be specific.

Tell about open allure.

JG: Thanks for asking. An on-ramp to AI. Talking to each other through the technology, then with the technology.

David: Don't read.

Salim: You are wearing at tie!
3:07 Alex:

- The Story of Real Estate






How - a little H. Nobody every hurt.
Nice species.

Owned all - including the ladies

Kind of disappeared.

100,000s of years.

Humans arrived.

The Real Estate Industry baby

Developed world $46 T residentia.

Commercial property $40 T
Piece Dumb and Dumber

6% commision is dead


You will see in a second [laugh]

Instantly have access.

More, smarter, AI tell about area.

When any owner of a business can see what is available.

Develop more intelligent realtors.

Retina AI.

Not have to leave home.

Simulate the site seeing, pass through a floor that will move around you.

Social network, what is popular.

What areas most important.

Happier cities

Greener people [laughter]

Contest for naked girl friends. couple of my ex-girlfriends.

[much laughter and applause]

Ralph: Alriiiight. Excellent. What was that conclusion again. Lots of scantily clad women. Real Estate brokerage

Emiliano: Last photo - not naked. Counting 2 earlier in presentation.

Sarah Jane Pell

What an amazing context to talk to you today about the neo-aquatic human.

I've been racking my brains.

Not the questions I need to ask.

Exp technologies

Understands technicity.

Liquid spaces

1966 Leonard Clark

Use oxygenated liquid to breath underwater.

USe this capability to extend our own breath.

Imagine if I could collaborate with people with advanced

Extreme spaces

More importantly, work with biologists.

We can contain - membrane around the body.

the skin could respire.

Like a tetrahema.

Bio mimetic principle.

Working with underwater robotics.

Come in future with AI.

Priviledges, work with undersea habitat,

What I see is even more exciting.

Build and restore undersea construction.

Stromatolite strategy.

Life-like quality.

People who have been dreaming about sea-steading.

Life above and below the oceans.

On a macro level, look what is happening with really simple biology.

Sustain life in

People experimenting, and artists, with gelatin

Pushing boundaries of

Gelatin has incredible properties, forms.

Micro injected.

Whole new dimension. Look to future.

Liquid based, O2 habitats. Artificial shell.

Lunar context.

Putting life in these small gelatenous contexts?

What potentials are hanessed in bioreactors.

If the answer is yes,

I suggest we simply dive in.

3:21 [applause]
David Dell: One sentance summation?

SJP: How to use bio-aquatic thinking for moving forward.

David: Gave a lot of examples, are those the limits?

SJP: Starting point, not an end point.

In this context, process- patch. Where might this lead.

A kind of strategy based not on countermeasures, but harness measures.

David: Wonderful job showing what this could be.

Salim: There is part of you that you hold back. Something not coming fully out.

Emiliano: Maybe present underwater.

Salim: Learned a huge amount.

Dan: If you could breathe underwater what is the first thing you would do?

SJP: Send a postcard to my parents and that would be it for quite some time. New kind of exploration.

Dan: Where would you go?

SJP: Australia.

I'd like to go into uncharted territories.

Not necessarily

Dan: How would an underwater be different?

SJP: Very different.

Dan: How? Why?

SJP: Basic needs would be same, but sense of touch we need would be inhibited. We'd find way to overcome this.

My understanding from working in that space - not only a bodily experience. Understand my body in and of a body of water. I'm completely connected.

I don't have that connection on land.

I have that connection with individuals.

How precious life is.
David A: Wouldn't water amplify sensibility?

SJP:Not conscious of what I see. Contact with other bodies is ...

Dan: Would you make contact with other species.

Loss of speech?

SJP: Still speak through your body.

Brad: Other than the food would be soggier. Are there people?

SJP: Free divers would take it up.

Imagine it being liberating for people with disabilities.

Physical limitation - experience space in whole new way.

3:28 [applause]

Onwe go.

[canned applause]

Thought I would like a warm welcome.

Take you now, in the coming minutes.

Many technical presenations.

Future art meets exp technology.

Served 2 years at Italian min of fin.



tons of paper.

Democratic govts need consensu.

Need mone to buy consensus.

Old concerns:

One thing is sure.

Protect against war,

New Concerns:

Not just wars, cyberwars

New social needs.
This is a crucial task.

Too high when people are in their adult age.

Too low in late age.

Web based universities.

Great new opportunities

Super tax collectorscoming like

Very great opportunity, governmen wil have acess to information.

Will make invormed error.

As easy as [ching, ching]


\"I can't do that\"

Exponential incompetance.

This is what you will need.

What is next.

Will the Ican't do it prevail

Let's do it the old way?

[cannon] no choice

If you don't adapt, your neighbor will.

Can you think about a war against a super modern enemy.

This is why you have to communicate the wonders of exp tech.

No antidote against risk

What can govt do?

Must not move against common sense.


Another lesson. Govt should not impose restrict. Geniuses will go to neighbor.

Dr. Moreau should not perform tricks in teh public.

Dedicatedspacs for that.

This is for ou David don't play with mother church

Dont dispute the divine nature of man.

That was it.


Salim: Where did that last big come from?

Never would have thought of before coming to Rome. Exactly where you'd expect resistance, comes help, provided you do not prompt a negative reacion.
Dan: Point?

Francesco: Not alternative to embracing exp for government. Main task not only for legal frameworks, but communicate to populations.

Dan: One example

If you manage, in education during period they are empoyed, will save incredible about of money. Uploading into the brains of people new lessons, and skills. More money into their pensions.

Dan: Edu is not an exp techn. Components. Specific examples.

Francesco: Vision about outcome, not instrumetns.
David A: Infrastructure. Govt structures. Necessities.

Touched on subject.

You had content.

Complex in its thought.

Sound effects were distracting.

More words, less pictures.

Francesco:Govt is secretive. Not delivered any presentation for 2 years.
Brad: Like animated people. Slides went a littel too far.

When designing slides, they should not upstage you.
Dan: What is your dream to change the world?

Francesco: A world with more options fro any individual. Limited - varies vastly depending on where born. In West, ample choice. If it is born elsewhere, limited options. Whatever that means.

Dan: Exp make that possible.

Francesco: Probably

Dan: Great, we'll talk some more.

3:40 [applause]


Hello. My name is Julian

Revolution for the bottom of the pyramid.

Revolution with the bottom.

1.5 b people, earn less than $1,500 per year.

People don't know where they are. How much they can pay.

These People live in Slums.

1st Phase - build emergency houses

2nd Phase - social programs - get skills

3rd Phase - permanent houses

Santiago - my city. Blue is rich, red is poor.

Opportunities in different place from where people are.

Same slum, spend $1 per day to connect.

[Cyber cafe]

3G for $1 / day.

But in 8 years, better internet connection.

IA interface.

In this moment, hot map of necessities.

People can show us, given that we can resolve with technology.

Collaborative network.

So let's innovate together.

For example, my project.

People in the bottom - $1 bn of social problem

Outsourcing solutions.

People in Africa - create technology, DIY shower

Create factories with AI intelligence.


Buying progress.

First step to include this in the BOP market, work with familes.

Fast way to improve the life.

3:46 [applause]
David A: Keep looking at faces. Get more of your stories from Chile, passion already alive.

When you turn away, let them see you searching

Dan: Your personal experience - how you are making a differenc.e

Here are particular technologies I can use to change my part of the world.
Brad: Liked concreteness. Very down to earth. Assume buildings in Chile are something.
Salim: Would have taken Andrea and put her at the start. What will her life look like.

Dan: More you can personalize it- see her world through her eyes.

David A: and you already have the story

3:48 [applause]

Eugenie = marketing 2.0


Internet - following exponential trend.

Coming from usage.

Overpassing radio - radio in 1895.

Will overpass TV. People watching more internet than TV

In 2010, Q1 - budget online is $5.9 bn ads


Adsare everywhere.


We need to be more optimistic.

Reinvent advertising.




- slow decline of content you cannot measure

Trends -

ads will change.


be able to quantify everything about your self.

I am cooking

I am happy, depressed.

Augmented reality.

Senses blasting - all video/text/image- test it smell it

DIY not like that, Coca-Cola penguin.

Everything from the brain.

Completely interactive with you Brand \x3c-> You

Full integration -

Full cycle - Users / Tech / Branding

Give you a message on exactly what you want.

Amazing world where

Merci de votre attention

David: Nutshell. Us or advertsing?

Advertising, but according to us.

David: Do you like changes?


Dan: What are you going to do?

Move to being more discrete.

Ad will always be business model, like google. Always be the model.

Revolutionize to make it more efficient.

Dan: That's what Google will do. How about you?

Google not there. On the display there. Just follwing demogaphic infor, not state of mind. Even activites, - on internet. Mountain of information to gather.

Brad: Two kinds of marketing.

Matches tastes

Other crates tastes - is that good.
Lead generation

Branding. First of mind for a user.

We in advertising won't be pushing.

Google has not launched any marketing compnay, they have just be accessed by user.
David A: Spoke more to one half of room.

When you went to 2020, a dramatic shift.

Dan: Thankyou.

3:58 applause.
Dan: Anyone not presented, besides Fabio.

Luke has a talk he'd like to do.
Fabio: Longest day of my life.

4:00 Going to talk about the future of software

How impact our lives in a very particular way.

With advent of AI.

Computer experience will be totally radically changed in aspect.

What is going to be like in the future wih AI?

We are going to emergy human and machines.


Computational power increasing every 18 months.

Harvest, or retrieve,

from incredible data.

On the other hand we have, the real human intelligence. Artifically make human behavior in the machine.

So, result.




Solving problems.

Where things are going to start to work the way you work.

The way the information flows through - system work flows.

Carry out - highlighting

Things you might forget to do

Things you might be intereste to do.

Related things.

6 hours spent finding slides - totally unacceptable.

So, how is this going to impact lives?

From user point of view.

With synergy between computer and human,

produce more with less work.

Achieve more goals faster.

Productivity - goes fairly high

Produce more and work less.

What will we do with the free time?

Working less, having more free time - things that you want to do.

Get computer to solve for me.

That's my first option.

And, um, guys understand what I'm saying. Pretty hard.


Cognitive sotware, helping you do what you have to do.

That's it. Sorry.


Dan: Very important point we brought up at lunch. When robots doing all these things, not enough standard employment for people.

Your picture was more free time, woo hoo. But what if people get bored.

If you had a lot of free time, how would you not be bored.

How is society going to deal with having a lot of free time?
Soething to know. You can choose working less. Things are happening. We spend more time working. Having fun. Having families. One thing I miss - I work all day long to achieve my commitments. Very little free time to do other things.
Fabio: If all your time was free, what would you do now?
Help other people. I wish I could stay here all my life. Working on too many porjects. What I like to do. Have th emoney, have the time.
Fabio: You would have the work, but it would feel like leisure.
David A: More passion. Did you feel your presentation expressed your passion.
Fabio: Hard for me. Went to bed at 5 am.
Dan: So, how do you want to change the world. You get all the time. You are the last speaker. What do you care about most? How do you want to change the world.
Fabio: Um. I thnk that - you don' t have all that it akes to actually change the world [snaps fingers] in a fast way. If you arre really passionate about what you do, but if you realize that your world, your house, other people have more needs than you are-- why not? It is interesting that when you do something for somebody, but you are the one getting the best of it. Giving of yourslef to somebody else. This is the first time I've had to share this with thers of the same feeling. Feel like brothers. Wish I didn't have to sleep. A very common feeling. Just want to thank you for being here. totally unexpected. Totally out of the blue. I will never forget what Dan Barry said 2-3 months ago in Brazil Make it happen. Thanks for that Dan.

4:11 [applause]

Dan: Tahnk you Fabio.

Am I done.

Brad: Hard to get Dan to atlk about his passions.
Luke: Information age 2.0. How we use fractal compression.Completely not obligation.

Dan: Thanks for a wonderful day.




Plants aborb light.

Humans need information in the same way.

We use that to solve problems in our lives.

If information is the passive element, computation is what acts on it.

We have greater and greater quantities of information in the world.

Not spending time at a wet bench.

People spend entire day with \"data science\"




4th paradigm
Salim: Health Care and the singularity
Huge need for computer science in every field we are in.

Bleeding edge.

Write code- becoming most fundamental.

CS having to learn chemistry.
Physicists were always programming -- in Fortran.

- Rse of the Citizen Scientist

Down load huge datasets and analyze on personal PC.

All they need it time.

Trained via Wikipedia.

Science is going forward as never before.

Using information to do science.

How biology uses data to do almost everything.

WormBase - analysis of C. Elegans worm uploaded into one place

Can run in vivo experiments without killing it.

Now we have complete genonme.

1000 cells.

Complete lineage is documented. When they divide.

Remarkable. Not for any other organism.

The is the beginning of the genome

[100 Mbase]

Take DNA and try to find mapping - structure from sequence.
Biology is amazing database.

1000 times stars in visible universe.

30,000 cells for every base pair
Brain. 50,000: 1 per base pair.
In CS, we don't know how to achieve this.

Brain used 20W. Bigsupercomputer uses10MW.

A quadrilion times more efficient.

Brain is a remarkable computer.
Remove reduncancy.

Maximally compressible - detecting errors with redundance.

If compressed as much as possible, it becomes brittle.

Biology doesn't work that way - it WELCOMES mutation.

Absorb lots of mutation.
How on earth does biology achieve this/

2 - 3 rules applied randomly.

Step out, rotate left or right, starting from same point.

Each frond is copy of whole fern


Algorithmic information theory.
Digits of Pi. Hard to compress. Infinitely long.

Howevver, you can write a really small program to generate and infinte number of digits of Pi.

So if we can write programs we can achieve this kind of compression.

clear biology does this.
Embryogenesis - cascade of events.

Triggers one, then the next.

I don't belive that. Doesn't jibe with information science.

Biology would harvest such a wide variety of techniques.

Intrinsic signalling.

What is clear, life is DNA>

We have everything - life as we know it, biology is informatoin.

Take risks to understand how biology uses informatoin.

Look toinformation theory for clues to how biology builds these structures.
Otehr point:

Bio becoming infro sci.

Relearn sci.

Sunami of data headed our way.

Jacobsen: What algo you using to search?

The Cell Fate Tree.

Taken all cels. Mapped them on to anatomy.

Which parts
: Genotype / Phenotype
A feature is part of another feature.

This big structure maps onto the cells of the body.

Which contain which cells.

Which anatomical

FEed through ontology.

Another database - gene meta data - then pulll out genes. The promoters, the UXRs.

Then blind pattern matching.

The genes active and the cells expressed.

Look for changes between one daughter cell and a sibling.

Same, but slightly differnet.

Pattern recognition.

Can't map from domain to range. Can't do machine learning.

Looking for a needle in a haystack when you don't know what a needle looks like.

You can do statistical approach here.

Same kind of thing, like google searchs.
: Found anything

Nobel prize given to worm researchers.

12 genes that cause a cell to die - part of intended growth of organism. Progrmmed cell death - apoptosis?


: Epigenetics coming on now.

Compounding return.

Another thing just released.

3 prime ATRs at the end of the genes. How these sequences effect transcription.

Harvest all the work they did and query.

UTRs implicated.

For apoptosis

Query like that runs in 10 seconds.
Chiara: Use PCA

I'm taking data from web. 5 years, barely set foot in a wet lab.

I've beenat the computer doing biology.

Completely changing the way we do science.

Speed information is increasing is far more exponential trend.

Even, my view of the singularity - tools to digest exp quantities through limited channels.

We are already machine/human hybrids.

Exp tech will allow us.
Miguel: Role and position of information.

Place where mroe important.

What about individual variability?

OK, take - somehow different.
Luke: Really at least two major mechanisms in development.

Signalling between cells. Touches another cell, effects subtype of cell.

Vs. Cell intrinsic -information it passes to daughter.

Certain points in the tree -

See at the top. A dashed line - entire subtrees can switch.

If they happen to touch something else if they are touching.

It can exchange information with other cell.


Signalling going on.
Reason studying c. elegans. almost invariable.

Some sex dimorphism.

In general both going on - naive to think one mechanism underlying all this.

Biology is infinitely creative.

If optimal, then probably using some underlying mechanism to do a lot of things. Some kind of blueprint.

We just have to find it.
Variability - different longenvity. Difficult to say really how one - even if cell fate tree is the same - what causes one worm to live, another to die.
David: Has c. elegans group evolved?
Wormbase was first.



Point is, not so open today.

C. Elegans after they found teh genome.

Zebra fish -

Sea urchin,

More complex organism.


More probablistic.
David Dell: C. elegans gift shop. A model

A lot of research competitive- not shared until published.
Luke: Took about 30 years to convince people this was important. Huge number - keeping close until published.

That wormbase even exisits says a lot.

Tons of different datasets.

Probably an exponential - power curve, small number contribute a lot.

Somebody had gone through 8000 scientific papers - a ridiculous amount of work.

Publishing something for someone else - sci knowledge should probably be given away.

Bio in age of information science. Huge levels of noise.

Certain things to amplify signal to noise.

Could do more double checking.

Not done enough. Be very careful

Lot of messy work.
Pareto's law -80% of content for 20% of effort.
Chiara: years matching with results.

Software that coulddo that? huge impact?
When I'm finished, put stuff out there.

5:00 [applause]




Ignite Talks

Building 20

Water Room
==Water Rm / Eric / Mac / Keynote==

dhaval chadha

sasha grujicic

alison lewis

brad kohlenberg

luca escoffier

michael chen

sharon niv

homan (Rosa) chan

diva tommei

justin pahara

maggie jack

dmitriy tseliakhovich

anders hvid

santiago bilinkis

chiara turelli

elizabeth brook

eric ezechieli

chiara giovenzana

julielynn wong

yara shaban

everson lopes

kausar samli

matt kern

rand hindi

tony lyu

philosophy is about discussion

first, information is everything
genome has root structure
tree has record in its rings, weather, age,

evil is chaos, biggest source of information
more entropy is more info
sex: lots of communication in sex (lots of information is being expressed)
stupidity: there are only two thigns that are infinite, not sure about universe. that i can't answer
single: one is the opposite of zero - it is an integer. it expresses one interger out of an infinite integers
energy: expresses everything our universe if made of
universe: it is a pattern, there are many possible patterns. anything that obeys logical rules is a pattern. time space continum. sand is a pattern. pattern is everywhere. patterns are energy
there is a thing that some people find fascinating,
PI is an irrational number (3.141....) - it never repeats. some people say that spmewhere in Pi, anything can be found. but it is posisble to have an infinite pattern of things that dont repeat that never have the string 1-0-1. but it's possible not express everything - 011001
every number in 1,2,3,4... you cna find what you are looking for
very simple logical axioms - contains all infinite information you need to have you or your favorite book in binary digits.

how do you describe infinity?
what is it?
there are no infinte things in our universe... any patterns we have in our universe is finite... this is philosophy... there are ways we can argue against it......
BUT there are an infinite Number of possible universes
the conservation principle is a driving factor for evolution for chemical bonding..... it is necessary

mathematically it is out there - if yu ahve an inifite number of time then it can be reasoned that anything in our universe is possible
continuous numbers, problems with computers, floating numbers = rounding erros
Planck lenght - more inforation more energy and finite amoutn of energy

Temperatuer of the room is teh average of all the velocities of all the aprticles of air in the room - but it is convenient of sparcity in the pattern
Do you think there is only a singular infinity?
When we are talking about infinity, we are talking about symbols on a page. for example the power set operator.... - when you have a set like all integers...... this can end up being a bigger part of infinity.
when you talk about comparing infinities......
how many odd numbers are there? 1,3,5,7.... looks like less odd than even. but you can say 2n+1, there is a correspondance like... one set with four points and one set with inifinite points, if you have one of each set compare to one of the other set, they are equal (?)
powerset operators can end up being so big that they are bigger levels of infinity, this becomes almost impossible to comprehend
countable infinity - 1,2,3,4,5...... infinity
everything that is relevant to things we use like in laws of physics or computation are

Nature of COmputation in the Brain
Cartesian dualism, mind is out somewhere in the universe, no free will
Mind brain theory - mind state is exactly the state of cells in the brain
what happens when different topologies brain and have same emotions?
state of the mind - what input output situation can you put on the brain.... can you have the same input and the same output?

Q: at the moment I don't have an output....

A: you're going through an evolution eventually and

Q: How can you talk about different brain states when it is subjective.....

A: the state of the brain is complex, it's absurd to say that you are in one emotional state alone. there may be six layers of self-reflection, tehre are diferent states at each level....

Q: how to react to everything information?

A: agree. anyhting we care about can be turned into information except for stupidity
Q: randomness? probabiltiy function may provide different results each time?

A: information content cannot be compressed. anyhting random will not be aligned with your goals. wahts there informationally, you dont know. you have some prior infromation.....

Q: what is your preferred definition of information? is everyhting information?

A: Claw Shannon (?) , technciians and philosophers that have an instrumental role in one theory or another. can't prioritize one over the other. my definition is that all informaiton is an integer

Q: practical uses of infinitiy?

A: approximation
Q: do people use a power set to describe a complex system?

A: complex systems like feedback, other variables you don't understand results in unpredictable behavior....
Q: differences between rational and irrational decision making?

A: rational decision making only happens when you have all the information, irrational is when you ahve allt he information and you don't make a decision
Q: What do we have between information and the real world?

A: Perception. Reality is information but we don't have access to it... we are also information ourselves....
LAST COMMENTS: thank you guys!!! clappinnggg.....

Tissue Engineering
3D models are the next big thing.
Cells know if they are in a 3D dimensional world or if they are just in a 2D environment. So far almost always 2D tissue engineering has been used which does not allow to create deeper structure (eg. the structures under the top layer of the skin).
- put agar on the petri dish so cells are aggregating together

- use a centrifuge to create a 3D structure

- or use a \"drop\" to create a 3D environment

But all of those are \"fake\" 3D models
Perfusion = forcing the nutrients through the system. This is how a perfusion bioreactor works.
Those systems allow to create tissues in the lab. Currently only tissues can be engineered like that but organs are not possible yet.
Skin can be produced like that.
Peripheral nerves have been engineered already.
This process is used to grow cells that need to adhere to something. Blood cells for example dont have to adhere to something. Skin cell have to adhere to something.
It is not known yet what mixture can be best used to accelerate the growth of the tissue in the reactor.
How do you specialize the tissue?

- It depends on the mixture of the bioreactor.

- Depends on what cells are close to the cell.
Drug testing and models for researach labs are paractical applications.
Less than five years to until the process works well. The bottleneck is some still missing research and the funding for that.
There are protocols for each different tissue that are engineered. Thosse regulates the right substrates and mixtures.
Vincent on Investment Banking:

Our economy would not work without banks, want to give a little insight about banking first, then banking more specifically

it's important because without banks nothing would work

What's a coroporate? how do busineses make money? produce and sell good. banks work differently. (sorry, disconnected)

Banks can make money by varying the length of their lending.

if you lend money short term (daily turnover) and put it into long term investment.

if you look at a bank, asset side (where you invest) and the liability side (where you get your deposit from) and there you have the equity, where investments put the money. they also have a leverage effect. you can play with 12 times as much money as is investment. what i didnt say before. the bank can play with how much they pay the person who gives them the money and how much they charge the person they lend to, and how long the loan is for. two types of money: 1. someone who puts it in the bank as an investment 2. risk free, you can take it out whenever
one is risky (you might not get your money back) if you buy shares and give me 10% as a commission, th bank doesn't take risks.
the bank can also do their own business or client business (lending is usually their own, transaction for client is the clients' business) there are a lot of different banks, private, asset managers, if they dont do other buesiness it's risk free.

you have the classical banksm, retail bank, which you go to to do anything you need (and individual) the commercial does the same with institutions
then you have investment banking - basically can do anything a calssical does but a different focus

one side - mergers and acquistions and advisory - a company wants to sell a business and comes to us, and we will manage the whole process. who you should talk to, who would be interested, what the value of the bsuienss is. we're also intermediaries. we build competitions. No risk business for bank. we advise and take a percentage of transaction volume, usually 1-2% of the volume. very lucrative. also a business that takes time, but we do a lot of it for free, trying to convinceclient to take look into other business, etc.

other side - trading, markets. this is what's shown on tv, huge floor with traders. this is where risk is.

one side is for clients, no risk, we sell and buy for clients; other is our own books, our own money.

like goldman sachs, started out M&A, but not almost all comes from trading
M&A is all confidential, because itaffects values of companies, so we can't communicate with the trading sight. tradign is all public information.
you have two more areas: capital markets deal with IPOs(both inside and outside)

last: research, only public information. publish papers valuing public companies, try to find out what's a good share to buy,e tc.
some investment banks have private banking again, some have inernal hedge funds. in the end an nvestment bank can literally engage in any business.
how are bankers paid? there's a differentiation. there's a guy in the bank you go to, and he gets paid like anyone else. then there's i-bankers, get a nice baseline, but majority comes from bonus, it can be 300% of base salary. Incentive system is a bit skewed, there's no risk takin here, but in trading, if you take risk and succeed, you can have a huge bonus; if you fail, you get fired, but risk is getting no bonus or huge bonus but no negative - you don't pay when you fail.
now regulators are tryign to align global economy's interest with the bank. youtube: the crisis of credit visualized.
Q:Doesn't M&A have own investiagtion:

A: it's advisory, it's the first access point for a client. if they want anything, they go there. M&A is confidential. that's called insider trading.

Q: talk about leverage?

A: I started with that. basically assets is where you put your money liability is where you get it. You make money through the spread. leverage is what the multiple of assets times equity. the largest assets are in comparison to equity, the more risky your position is.

Q: money is printed by private banks and lent to state (zeitgeist) - the backstage is very huge mechanism that defines how we innovate

A: the FED prints money, the bank might do the printing but can't print whatever they want. we can lend assets to anyone, you, companies, gov't bonds (that' what happened in greece, and now they might not get their money back)Q: but central bank owned by private banks A: i'm not sure that's true. this is the first time I heard this

Q: it's true, zeitgeist claims european banks owned the banks, but that's not true; the other claim is any bank cannot print unless FED regulates it but FED itself is private; A: the FED is obviously spearate from govt on the govt would keep lending lending lending the purpose of FED is to keep money a stable value; that's t (KEEPS CRASHING SORRY)


Santiago Bilinkis - Buisness Intellignece - the Perfect Computer Costomer Interface
Wasn't planning on doing a presentation - created a large office supply company Officenet, studeid economics, not business - don't really believe in theory of business. Wanted to pass on some useful lessons learned to start up a company.
If you are starting up a company, you can lease the most powerful computer for $600/month with no downpayment - would you use it? Add - this supercomputer has nearly perfect voice recognition....this computer also has AGI! That computer is called an Argentinian!! They can be leased for $600/month!!
When his company was acquired by Staples - his company had 700 people (Staples looked at him like he was crazy for having sooo many people) he found that to be lunacy!
If you can employ HQP that is key!
First piece of advice: use people! people are great!

Is impressed how strongly Staples employee's sophisticated systems to replace people...
2 examples:

1. His company sold over the phone (1997) so even if he had a website, orders came phone or fax, the internet started have more and more orders...after 10 years, 50% of orders came over phone - what did they do? use half the people? NO When customers talk to someone, they are MUCH more loyal! if they wanted to convince for upsales...used people! All of the online orders were followed up with personalized phone calls. Most people in business think to automize and minimize peope - Santiago worked to COMBINE business intelligence with people. The perfect customer/computer interface has a person in between!

- Officenet - he used to do a demo where he would call a customer service line and after two rings a human would answer (not an aan automated operator) - it was a human being ready to assist. Whenever he has to call to a call centre, whenever they pick up the phone he says the amount of time he's been waiting (10min) they also say too much volume, phone call excuses!! Purely an economical decision because you can predict volumes!!

2. People are a great piece of hardware but they are no good without software. He found out in his experience that few companies use business intelligence! IF each of us go to, those guys are the best in teh world at business intellingence. So he has been focussing on using business intelligence in his business (Staples didn't), give the buisness intelligence tools to the employee's. You must give them instructions.

ie) every account manager handles 200 accounts so the customers can be known. Told each agent to optimize the customer portfolio (very abstract challenge), expected them to extract all the money from their clients Called customers who left a vm, who had a birthday, who according to algorithms could be taken to the competiton....also remember that all customers are not created equal (some worth more, etc...) so that is essential to optimize!

- so created an agenda system, person 1 for this reason, person 2 for this reason...they created the prioritization system - actionable items! Very precise instructions! People are relieved and far less anxious!

- used to have the managers enter the account managers into the system, and for some reason had a small book where they kept the numbers and the data base would deteriorate - so what did they do? they developed a system where the only way to dial and call a customer was using a computer system - so if any phone number or email was wrong, they couldn't communicate with the customer. Resulted in a perfect database, as well as accurate tracking system of performance!!

- use people and business intelligence to utilize within the company to help your employee's.

- you also have to put the right incentives in place - everyone in the company (CEO to receptionist) has a significant portion of the salary that is incentive based to reward work. This is totally uncommon within Argentina!

- Believes there is no better way to enforce your priorities than to pay people for them.

- most peope really cared about making an extra buck - so a very powerful motivational and aligning tool. You have to be careful because you get what you reward, and if you don't reward the right things, you can create monsters!!

- had some months with weird results because the commission scheme wasn't correct - don't be afraid of trying or changing.

- You need to reward both productivity and quality variables!!!

- Staples ended up measuring clients in a different manner than his company did - they called a random selection of 60 and would only ask 1 question - he was very concerned on how it was going to go. The first time the survey happened, they recieved 50% which Staples wanted to 65% minimum, last month left with a score of 81$ (4/5 customers gave a 5/5) so ultimatley, his score ended up being higher than Staples could achieve.


Q) Said people are cheaper than computers - was that initially based on a calculation or what drove that? No formal calculation, believed that they were trying to get rid of people too much. The Board of Directors rewarded for profitability - so as long as they could prove and maintain that - then the model worked.

Q) Did you consider outsourcing the call centre's to other geographic locations? Absolutely not, having control of your processes, tools, etc....every system that was used was developed custom - because he believed that's what the key was. Every user interface was developed around key elements specific to the business model (put a lot of brains into that).

Q) following the value chain - what was outsourced? The only thing to outsource because of legality was the delivery fleet, hired a service to put a van in the door every day and control where that goes. The magic is to have total control of your process.

Q) Do you already know your next challenge? No - not sure if its business, always fascinated by science and tech, Officenet was a chance to build the opportunity to do what he wants...much tougher than he imagined it would be. He's trying to change his life and unsure which direction to go.


Basically all of these technologies head to zero cost, below 100$ for test. what is geentic testing? disese susceptibility, carrier testing, response to medication, nutrigenetic testing, ancestry, paternity, tissue compatibility
what are success stories? tay sachs? prevalence 1971 - 1/3 american jews 2010: ~0%!!
adverse drug reaction: long standing and largely neglected medical problem; even if doctos do eveything the way we should (we don't always know what will happen) but with the knowledge of pharmacogenetics we can avoid this
4th leading cause of death in US!! ADRs a modern epidemic. In the future this will be preventable, knowledge growing exponentially.
Your DNA affects your response to drugs. DNA test can tell you if drugs are: 1. safe and 2. effective for your body
One size fits all is still the approach of pharmaceutical companies, and this is just not the case. theapeutical dose is between toxic dose and effective dose. person A inherited two genes that means this person can't metabolize this medication,a nd it becomes toxis (side effects of death), B, this medication is good for them, C, has one defective copy, and D has too many copies and his body metabolizes the med too fast, so he needs a much higher doses.
solution? pharmacogenetic testing? tests of genetic variations that code for enzymes that metabolize drugs

RIGHT NOW: we have capability to test for 80% of tprescribed medications.
5.5% of medications that are prescribed shouldn't be prescribed at all, because they inhibit enzymes (?)
example, 20% of breast cancer patients die because of a medicinal side effect because their pharmacogenetics weren't considered.
Q: what's your company called?

A: Gene planet. I think in the next couple of months slovania will make it widely available and covered by insurance. sold for 100 euros.

Q: why is it not done for everybody if the costs are small compared to a bone marrow?

A: you have a BM registry, and you have 5000 volunteers, they only test 2000 of these, because they don't have money


Working on project for summers of '06 '07 '10.

Interactive nurse. Provide discharge - mmedications and diagnosis.

Point of project is to decrease returns to the hospital.

Contribution was to script the agent with empathy.
Q: Mirror neurons

Feelings from their point of view.

Sometimes a skill or feeling.

First used in early 20th century by psychotherapists.


1 Affective

2 Cognitive

3 Behavioral

Studies have shown empathy lessens patient distress.

Better clinical outcomes.

Questions - no sure-fire way to measure.

Unclear if empathy can be taught.

There are empathic opportunity.

Any time a person

\"How are you\"

\"Not so great ...\"
First, listen.

Second, question.

Third, give a statement of understanding.

\"Oh, how come?\"

\"My elbow hurts.\"

I understand. I'm sorry to hear that. - including touch to elbow.

Self touch is partof non-verbal empathy.

Touching them.

Verbal is really important.

Well, I geuss you gotta live with what you got.


Lasso effect - get someone to tell all their bad emotions, respond with large empathy.

Computer's don't ave emotions.

Can we code it?

Often hard to model.

Positive things to build on - we empathize with Nemo.

People assign person-like characters to computers.

The computer can be a woman, or of a certain race.
Although computers can't test feelings they can detect autonomic -


high heart rate

Still really simple tests.

Computer on a blackjack game - if heart rate goes up, blackjack deal gives empathy.

Statistically significant rright now.
We can still code certain empathic bahaviors.

Quote \"We can't define Everest precisely. But Hilary climbed it.\"
NIH and ARC funded.
Q: : There is a theory by Marshal Rosenberg. Empathic guesses. Are you fearful? Are you scared? Then it would know.
Our nurse does that.

Q: Facial postures. Some people want answers. Some just want someone to be empathic.

Both empathy and what should I do.
It has both actually. The nurse in trials now is doing both.

Also comparing with and without.
Q: Emma: problems/ limitations. Don't want hug when I feel ill.
Computers don't feel emotion, but having a bit helps.

Sometimes it can backfire totally.

It can lose all credibility.
Q: The uncanny valley.

John's speech recognizer brings that up in me.

May really turn people off.
Nurse is 2D. 3D is freaky. No one wants to replace the human nurse.
Q: Milestones?

Biosensors will make it all different. Really big.

One now is touch screen, not voice recognition.
Q: on discharge. Or something to discharge WITH. Robonurse to answer questions as they come up.

So the \"Louise\" beta version. On-line Louise can be on mobile phones. For 30 days Window for people to go back to hospital.
Q: Neat way to get feedback to doctor.

If emergencies, human nurse if flagged. Just that would be really helpful.

As a research team, we've all had to sign form. We can see history.

We can also publish, but anonymized.
Q: Compare results of reactions to Lousie, vs chat.

Not video or voice.
Concern with elderly.

Targe is Low (income?) group.

Excluded people with dementia.
Q: What about the robot option.

Some cute thing that is 3D and can touch.

Hard to empathize with person you are taling to.

Try to build a little robot. Something you could take away.

Ask about side effect.

Q2: Would just be cute things.

Q: Not humanoid. Not a lifesize nurse.
Don't want to confuse people.
Q: Telepresence.
We want to save physician time.

5:45 Ethics of Transhumanism - Emma Brooke

- Individual enhancement and expanding tech.

- when we get to a point where we can consider ourselves poost human
Transhumanism - \"the worlds most dangerous idea\"


The most idealistc, brave, adventurous thing we can do
Ideas of super powers and human enhancement go all the way back to the beginning of recorded hirstory

but as it becomes real the debate gets heated
Morality is based on history, this is changing the nature of ehtics and getting into predicting
1. Genetic Divide - The potential divide between those who have genetic enhancements and those who don't, two tied society could be created if political reform can't keep up. Could be elements of domination and control. People trying to catch up : black market
2. Frankenstein - manufacturing as monsters, clones, subhumans, chimaeras
Issac Asimov - provided there are self aware clones and subhumans we are all people deserving of rights

but there could be human racism based on yuck factor
3. Eugenics - conjurs up bad thoughs of nazis; essentially creating super people becomes possible.

Transhumanist societites don't think this will happen but neither did the germans
4. Playing God

- immortality

Could elimnate suffering but does suffering give us our humanity?
5. Fountain of Youth

- Self indulgent power fantisies, obsession with youth and physical perfection, development of materialism and consumerism

- Though the idea of living on after death has been very human since our beginnings
6. Trivialism of humanity

- If we don't have negative consequences this too might detract from what it means to be human

- Some cultures consider being techno-phobes as more spiritual

- Alternatively with more abilites we can achieve more awareness in a deeper way that we don't yet understand
7. Spiritual

- Offers no search for that, we are assumign we know what's best instead od looking for higher truth and could lead to a post modern sinicism

- Goes against period of scientific breakthroughs that makes us more introspective spiritually
what are the ethics for stopping people from doing this

- eventually you find humanity has a necrophilia of sorts

- to limit these is to limit freedom
what exactly is humanity?

- perhaps once you manipulate free will we are no longer ourselves

"11:30 am - 11:55 am: John Graves: Power Tools
Went to link:
Discussion of software tools to enable

1/ Idea Gathering

2/ Idea Processing

3/ Idea Presenting
Explained and demonstrated how to create Wiki page within Singularity U.

Showed Wikipedia history page
Demonstrated Transcribe! - listening to video at double speed and creating transcript

SU has unlimited license
Demonstrated Prezi (via movie made with Screenflow)

Showed Concept Map
Demonstrated Animoto - makes slick music video with transitions

12:00 m - 12:25 pm: Julielynn Wong: Medicine

Connor: we are allowed to eat raw oysters.

People need to be on calorie restricted diet.

Policy makers want to help us, but it could be draconian.
JW: Global mortality advances have been in public health.

Seat belts. More people die in traumatic accidents. Way more than HIV/AIDS. Poor signage.

It is crazy to sit in a bus in the 3rd world.

Surgical issues are hard.

Dr. Kraft here.
Brad: IPhone. WebMD

Kraft: iTriage.

JW: Up-to-date by subscription

Brad: Hypocrates

How good is it?

Connor: just a drug listing

Daniel Kraft: takes you away from paper based things. Lot more depth. Describe pill, overdosed. You can search.

Hypocrates made for physicians.
Brad: AI Physician on your phone. Where are we on that?

JW: Just looking for that. Stanford library access would be great.
Sasha: Preventative care.

Kraft: New iPhone 4 has a scanner. Did my first face time last night.

Jose: still have 11 min.

JW: Specific what aspect of preventative care?

Sasha: Not life sciences. Diet and nutrition. What are biggest barrier about way people eat?

JW: Obesity is a pandemic, in a sense. Developing countries moving away from natural diets.

Not a question of individuatl choice. Perception is that fat is due to laziness.

Jose: Not in India - there, if fat = wealthy.

JW: Not much money in preventative health. Driven by outcomes.

If you prevent obeseity then no one sees it. If you save someone after a heart attack, then that is counted as something.

Starts before you are born.

Ban on soft drinks in schools - good thing.

No grocery stores in some parts of some cities.

You are right, it needs to be addressed.
Kraft: incentives are all mis-aligned. Doc is paid for procedures.

No time or tools. Referral to nutritionist doesn't happen.

If alignments are wrong, 20 CTMI scanners - still have bad health.

Get people to pay more attention to their own health

Jose: Want to be part of the medical team for the SU team in the San Francisco Marathon on Sunday July 25th to have fun before, during and after. about 10 people will at least run.

JW: May do 5K.

Jose: A few will do half marathon

Lunch after this. Come back at 2.

Connor: We all know about serious legistlation that cracked down on tobacco.

Beverage cos are worried they will be next.

They have been talking about this for years internally.

Not seen strong action from policy makers.

Nothing to change recipes.

High fructose corn syrup.

JW: Still perception that obseity is \"their fault\"

Link between addiction and food choice not as clear as with tobacco.

People can overdose with Tylanol. Most often used means of suicide.

Causes liver failure.

You can prevent suicides by manufacturing Tylanol with antidote included - so you can't overdose.

My guess: it is cheaper to use high fructose.

/Italy: Heavy metal toxicity?


How spread? How prevent? How cure?

JW: I'm not a toxicologist - that would be their field.

Arsenic is a heavy metal. Big problem in Bangladesh.

In grand scheme of things, that would not be a high thing.

It looms large. Bizarre. People don't know much about it.

Enough safeguards that it is a low risk, at least in US.

Preventable diseases are things to worry about.

Luxiourious lifestyle afflictions.
Sasha: What are more recent trends that are new?

JW: Still in training

Standard stuff - life expectancy in US is quite good.

Maternal mortality - fixed.

Conditions related to lifestyle - coronary, ...

Nice thing about being in this crowd is people taking ownership of health

Wish I had motivated patients like you
Sasha: Can you prescribe?

JW: Can get some antibiotics.

Do have license to practice, but not in this state.
Jose: Thank you. Be with us at the marathon.
12: 30 pm - 2:00 pm: LUNCH BREAK

2:00 pm - 2:25 pm: Juan Martinez-Barea: A Vision to Change the World Through Leadership and Education

2:30 pm - 2:55 pm: Erez Livneh: VECOY to Treat HIV - AIDS like It's Never Been Done Before

3:00 pm - 3:25 pm: Shary Niv: A Bit on the Science of Happiness

3:30 pm - 3:55 pm: Mike Chen: Viral Marketing and Starting a Company with $0

4:00 pm - 4:15 pm: COFFEE BREAK

4:15 pm - 4:40 pm: John Graves: Beyond Sixth Sense
TED talk:

Check also: and

Stephen Wolfram and his book \"A New Kind of Science\".

Open Allure: and
4:45 pm - 5:10 pm: Dhaval Chadha - Julian Ugarte: Business to Overcome Poverty (Exponentially)

5:15 pm - 5:40 pm: Dhaval Chadha - Julian Ugarte: Planet of Slums

5:45 pm - 6:10 pm: Reflections on the State of America

"Saturday Morning


Ignite Talks

Building 20

==B.20 Viente / Rich / PC / PPT==

Morning session:

emiliano kargieman

steve cronin

tigist ashenaffi

diva tommei

ronen amit

michael jensen

ankur jain

erika anderson

miguel oroz

javier mares

david roberts

robert denning
Afternoon session:

emem andrew

john graves

alexandru celac

sarah jane pell

francesco galietti

julian ugarte

eugenie rives

fabio teixeira

erez livneh

raycho raychev

jorge fernandez

emma brooke

james jacoby

alaeddine mokri
9:12 emiliano

Business plan

Things started to get commoditized

So, how do you create value.

Knowledge Economy

Knowledge is starting to get commoditized.

Used to go to University for big libraries.
If you think about Economy Thermodynamics:

approach marginal cost of production.
When things get more commoditized, find new ways

Company structure and

Web service

Use modelling technology

Following the things going on, create model

Use AI to start

Things that will be critical in the future

Fully automated market analysis that will not require people to do.

Bots, etc.

Hire people to do hiring

Bots to pick people to hire [NAKED BABY = 1 point]

Desktop facbricators in every house.

Delivery products in real time

ePad - $120 came out in China

thing getting commodized really fast
Law of Diminishing Monopolies
How to create value in space.

Keep creating companies

9:17 [applause]
steve cronin


- Future of Innovation

Steve Cronin to talk about the Future of Innovation

Just got this from my sister

She knows how passionate I am about innovation

Creating the customer

Creating value

Distinction between innovation and invention

Converting to cash and making money from it

I believe Edison's greatest invention was the research lab

Just Do It

So innovation is constricted by our thinking

They are constraining your thinking

So where do people get their best ideas

Not whenthey are stressingout

We are born to create

Innovationrequies teamwork and passion

This is fundamental

If you don't innovate, someone else will.

If you are doing cameras, you should be doing digital cameras

Wisdom of Crowds - what makes the crowd wise



Think Global

and Aggregate data

Sustainable innovation

Social and Environmental

Open Innovation

Smart people don't all work for you

Try to cover too many things, I think

Selectively foget the past

When you are at work, how do you feel - good/bad - what does that really mean.

Innovative cultures definitely win.

Are you making progress

An abstract thing

Motivation - do you love what you do? You need to absolutely love it.Optimism Rules

Leader - \"Life is Good\"

Every organiationabsolutely needs that

Do what you like, like what you do

changed what you like [time]
Innovation is hard. That's why it is worth doing.

9:34 [applause]
tigist ashenaffi [not here]

diva tommei [not here]

ronen amit

- Automating Knowledge - Outliers


Start describing what it is about

What is knowledge

[skipped first slide]

Salim: start again

9:40 I'm going to talk about Automating Knowledge

Google's mission is to automate world's information

So hopefully you notice usefulness is knowlege

Another way to describe it -

turn libraries into a search engine

About AI high stuff, now about usefulness

Birds wanted to fly

- machines to go faster, longer, hummingbird

Learning is modifying

Meaning to me is the Jabberwock

Think about the 500GB

Meaning? This kind of structure

Meaning is structure.

There is negativity here. Not study

Active study - not doing

System is a self modifying system with other nice qualities

So, how do we do it.

Things connected by their meaning

All about active connections

Many connections, do very complex stuff.

Another nice part - self modify, driven by own form

Much more like a machine, an algorithm
Everything has to act smoothly.

Machinethat gets to know you using speech.

Teams - symantic

Once you automate knowledge, get stuff

that came up in different tracks.

Very inherently friendly.

Worth doing - what it is really about is shifting to make computers work like us.

That's it.

9:45 [applause]
Salim: We need a minute to put in our comments.

[Faculty team goes outside to confer again]

Emiliano: Just to let you know, I'm winning the naked people competition so far with one naked baby.
michael jensen

[puts on jacket]


- The Future of IT Strategy Consulting

OK guys to this ignite

I'm from Accenture

Current state, then key drivers as we go forward, build vision

Why is it I get up in the morning?

I help organizations

Wide range of analysis

Project mgmt and execution and fun with tech

Market consists of large and small players,

both local and global

a couple 1000 in this area

Characterized by having $1 bn rev

Bus and govt

Improved longevity

Change way we work

di vinci drawing will show how to have nano implants [NAKED MAN! = 1 point]

Third- increased communcation tech - see Ray K
Last driver, increased computational power.

Dev transistor size.

now to future visions

Curnet state.

Peek into future

Increased speed of industry change

More dynamic competition in industries

Why consultants have to innovate

AI as a competitor

Will radically change - smarter than a human

So, I think it is important that our .... I think it is stuck ..

So consultants [reading from slide]

Will take up quickly, become cyborgs in suits

Compete with AI, for example.

So we will also see a worldwide virtual present

10,000 miles away.

Abilities as a network organization

Mutliple organizations

Work - increased work [time]

Thank you

9:56 [applause]
derek jacoby

[additional table added to stage, then removed]

[faculty goes outside to consult]

Derek: We were just talking about how you guys have developed a bad smoking habit. You guys ready?

- Quality Food for Cities

I've twisted this a bit to be part of my team project

We are in the midst of an obesity epidemic


Tied to exp increase in sugar consumption

After 30-40 years going off charts

High fruc corn syrup in the US

Just since the 1970s

Matches obesity rates

What the world eats


CA - carbs, breads, vanilla wafers, nothing green

Cairo - compare the healthyness, actual green things

19 cents goes to farmer, not much going to the food

Make it easy to grow

Own spaces

Easy, low effort

People lacking time more than money


Very rapid plant growth.

Lawn sprayers in a plastic tub to provide nutrient solution

Roots just sit in air - absorb more nutrients from the air.

Where are exp tech?


Monitor what is going on

Biotech .. will touch on

Easy bloom plugs into USB

Measure O2 and nutrients

Embedded controls

Materials make it cheap and durable

Let through energy from the sun.
In the future, biotech - faster growth, etc.

Move to dev world

there problem is production, not time

Power req has to change

solar power for sensors

Hydro vs aeroponic
Solutions do not depend on soil

Aero- and Hydroponics - use less water

Hope to see large number of gardens around the world

- Questions

10:07: [applause]
Salim: I timed slide at exactly 15 seconds
ankur jain swapped with derek
[faculty consults outside]
erika anderson


- Democratization of the Law

Exponential Technology for an Efficient Future

Good morning.

Our techologies, AI, nano tech goingto effect law?


The entire body of law today


We are going to talk about the art of practicing the law

State of Neanderthals today [NAKED LADY? = 1 point]


Policy lawer


Today just transactional lawyers

Formulate what you are going to do

Research tools



Simple for transaction

but for state of the art into develping nation

Big law -

at mercy of omnipotent partner and associates

They get rich,

Enormous barriers to entry.
Concrete example:

India / international law /US law

And tax, climate change, contracts, insurance,

Indian tax law, climate

Several partners, associates combing through resources, costing lots of money

Imagine instead, your deal could be typed into a computer,

Spit out a tailored report

Identify needed forms

Mine information put in

Spit out everything filled out

AI for this is relatively simple

Fundamental disconnet between lawyers and guys doing AI

Have AI guys approaching the lawyers and giving them this kind of information


Law firms drive revenue for partners

Laws governing how to give legal advice

Reduced stress lawyer, giving same quality advice

readily accessible

World changing business strategies

We are democratizing law

10:18 [applause]
[lights off - slides are black]

Salim: No,no, no. We need to be able to see you on the video.

AV / team: Slides will be cut in.

Salim: Lights!

[lights back on]

[faculty consult outside]

Salim: Hold on - we're not ready yet.

Salim: How many words do you have in your name?
miguel oroz


- life is a multiscale system

good morning

Future of biomedical imaging [NAKED WOMAN = 1 point]


see cancer in 8 different

Not just photography


measure, model, understand what is behind

This is a retinal cell from 50 years ago.


Whole - position of each cell

Not enough

What about adding time.

Here, in the colors, you can see how cells displace 2008

OK, now moving, not enough

Change shape

What will happen

Think C and G in vivo

We know how it moves exactly.

Can do this today

in vivo, whole genome

Which are acting at this moment

Integrate all information



One of the keep of bioinformatic imaging

Take data from satellites, or whatever


What has to happen


Power supply, energy

AI - bottom leg.


How to manage all this data. It is crazy.

Now we have all this data.

How to understand this language of life?

The genes, the genome are the letters of life.

The words of life


How things can be tie together

Even if you know chinese indexes

Semantics - when and where

Take cells from axis.


Axis - two cells, two brains

Understand the library of life

I don't know

Import to be able to do personalized medicine.

Different scales, different place

That's all. Thank you.

10:28 [applause]
[faculty consult outside]
javier mares


- AI, medicine and the developing world

Can AI combined with med tech and mobile tech

improve the lives of billions

This guy is a musician

We careabout those we love

50000 per doctor

These areloved one

Can we provide medicalknowedgethat is actionable

Can we provide it via mobile phones?

This is germ that kills people

This kid is sick

Mother calls.

Doctor says he is dehydrated

how to concoct re-hydration

This is peru. People don't initially trust doctors

Trust faith healers

They speak the local language

start in big cities - this is Cusco

New ways.
What about the future

Cheap access to knowledge and education

Including medical care

Mobile phones and

information - exp price performace

2 bn don't have access to surgery

Farmer in Niger - access to cheap surgery via tele robot

In future, autonomous robot.

Patient tool - find costs of symptoms


More accurate diagnostics

We are in the early stages of having lots of information

Preventative medicine

- cheaper

- simpler

Not always for the insurance companies

If AI tech becomes cheaper,

In conclusion AI + medicine can bring healthcare to billions

A very wothwhile pursuit.

10:39 [applause]
Salim: Let's ask what you guys thought?

[faculty consult outside]
Susan: Main things:

Good eye contact.

Don't talk too fast.

Speak clearly.
SJP: Don't stand in front of the projector.
Salim: The way we are grading



overall impact
I just want to get peer feedback.
What did you think of Javier's? [applause]
Q: How do you measure impact?

So, you've seen Ray and Peter. Peter has higher impact.

Does the presentation come out and grab the audience.



A new generation of entrepreneurs

Everybody wake up

[Will this go by itself?]
Salim: Start again


New wave of what entre will become


What really is entre?

Starting a co


Things are changing

Our gen thinks differently

It is a mind set

Belief that you can solve a problem
How we are solving problems

This gen has more power to change world than any previous one
So why?

You know, \"Doing well while doing good\"

Doing well BY doing good
Communication has enabled us to work around the world.

Sarah in AU


Look at energy $120 b market [in US?]

Change the way society functions

US Spend $750 bn on education

One student sold co for $1.4 m [who?]
Health care $2 T

We are going to be the forefront.

What else is next gen responsible for?

Non-profit driven by entre.

State dept taken over by us

Nice quote from Hilary Clinton
What countries stay friends, which become enemies
People from around the world can meet virtually

US / China /India

China & India will overake US in Global GDP

When they beat the US and Europe

suddenly we can't control where things go

We've been lucky to be only superpower
How do we solve problems?

Economic ties.

Start companies in China / Europe same time

Create communication, no gap
That's what I do every day with Kairos Society.

Not the politicians

Brought 600 students to NY Stock Exchange

Hungarians, Israelis

100 cos showcased on trading floor

Intrepid Aircraft carrier

Global sourcing / Global trade

We are all now leaders.

Solve global problems we all have.

Thank you.

10:50 [applause]
[faculty consult outside]
david roberts



- Is Asimo Growing Up?

This is the story of a small retarded robot

He had a hard upbringing

Six years after his release.

Asimo attempted steps and fell on his head.

Audience did not laugh.

They felt Empathy.
Slowly over time, he was able to run, while making turns.

See edges of the floor.

Here he is dodging between papers.

Reporter trying to fool Asimo.

Showing him new toys

Pace of learning is accelerating.

Same learning in one year as in last 8.
We scan human brains.

Ability has doubled every year

See how brain works

Put into robot, make them more intelligent.
This I thought was a photoshop.

Asimo conducts orchestra

Asimo's future may not be human directed.

Future that they create may be different.
They may not do the things we expect them to do

What happens when they pursue their own interests?

Are we OK with that?

Speak to other robots more than they like speaking to us?

We have a hard time relating

They may want to hurt us.

Future of robots can and will -

Robots in a way have already killed humans.

Robots are used to track terrorists
They can also save humans

Save people hurt by bomb.

When device broken, wanted it fixed, not replaced.
Different from us. OK with that?

Things will not be as we expect.

Evolution has prepared us for that.

When we grow up, we do things different than our parents.

Even when robots are doing different things than we wanted them to do

we can still be proud of them.
11:00 [applause]
[faculty consult outside]
robert denning


- Urban Dynamics in the 21st Century

Today I'd like to talk about

basically, 4 things happening

Certainly exponential changes

So, today, I'm going to tell you -

treaty of Westfalia.

Integral nation state.

Picture of the security council

Focus on nation state, get beyond that paradigm.

We think on nation level.

Get you to think on city level

[slaps thighs]

This alone is a powerful nation state

NY, Tokyo > nations.

1991 the global city proposed looking at just population

looking at service firms.
Take largest service firms, connections

How big a city is

Gray dots, width of black line connects cities

Number of offices

Air infrastructure

Exhibits between museum

New org

Buzz on that city, searches
Easier to datamine

Academic journals

These are the connections

So this is the current state of the world.

tons of think tanks. NY / London. Then Tokyo /Paris

Rate of change who is at top

Two or one city at the top

Hierarchy - converge on urban geography - London

Exp change in how we look.
Blue is urban, red is rural

Ideological and cultural. Number voted, color Dem/Rep

This is not a united country.
Population is not commensurate with ranking.


GDP / capita - divergent.

That was in 2005.

2050 not much better.

More in global hierarchy.

Differences in global north and south quite pronounced.

11:10 [applause]
[faculty consult outside]
GMP is the new GDP

Gross Metropolitan Product
11:15 Salim: so what we can do now.

Other rooms are giving direct feedback after each session.

Unfair to early presenters.
Who wants to go first.

: Then people in afternoon have an advantage.

: It is about learning
Salim: Emilano's.


: Speaking fast.

Salim: Content

Susan: Great eye contact, slides. One slide was small type.


Impact so-so.

To what extent does presentation come out and grab the audience.
Salim: Steve: bouncing around intellectually. Main thrust? Where do exp come in? Excellent presentation style. Really good eye contact.
Need to make main point early.

Great potential as a speaker.
Susan: walked into the projector.
Salim: Ronen: Little lost on what presentation was about.

Missed sense of exp tech. How world will change.

What is the \"It\"

You speak a little softly. You are looking at screen. Use laptop.

Walking around a bit too much.

Presentation lacked a bit of zing.
Susan: with mic, would have been louder.

Daniel: Pauses.
: Other comments?
4-5 bullet points per person. Dozen.

Steve: Comment. Not done this. Look at the laptop screen rather than screen. Voice toward audience.
Salim: Michael. Content was very good. Good attempt to see.

How will customers be impacted. Got supply, not demand.

TOC was

Reading off the slides.


Cadence of voice was steady. Vary a little more.

Emotional level of talk should vary.
We are being extra harsh in an environment that is extra difficult.

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