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receptiveness, dedication, sense of humour

responsibilities, duties, work, rights

cooperate, dissent, express opinions

associations, parties, churches, neighborhoods


imagination, tranquillity, spontaneity

games, parties, peace of mind

day-dream, remember, relax, have fun

landscapes, intimate spaces, places to be alone


imagination, boldness, inventiveness, curiosity

abilities, skills, work, techniques

invent, build, design, work, compose, interpret

spaces for expression, workshops, audiences


sense of belonging, self-esteem, consistency

language, religions, work, customs, values, norms

get to know oneself, grow, commit oneself

places one belongs to, everyday settings


autonomy, passion, self-esteem, open-mindedness

equal rights

dissent, choose, run risks, develop awareness

If humans in space should be deprived of the capacity to satisfy any of the needs above, in a sufficiently abrupt manner or for a sufficiently long time duration, they would face a mental and/or physical poverty at first, and eventually, if the deprivation persists, they could be led to death. Any relational or governance system established in a space environment, especially with the goal of \u2018staying there\u2019, should consider all the fundamental human needs above. It should be noticed that while the satisfiers of the needs change indefinitely across cultures, or time, the needs remain constant in time. For this reason, a space environment and space activities should be designed to maximize the satisfaction of the human needs without violating the previous three principles. This result can often be conveniently achieved through dematerialization, which becomes more and more effective with the advancement of exponential technologies such as augmented virtual reality. The fundamental design principles for human interaction in space could be the \u2018Gold Rule\u2019: don\u2019t do unto others what you would not like others to do unto yourself. To verify if such rule is respected, and therefore if our actions in the space colony violate the other\u2019s capacity to satisfy their fundamental human needs, one could ask: \u201cWould I like to be subject to such conditions I am creating?\u201d
Once the design principles above have been considered, the challenge remains about how to implement them in the extreme space environment. Life in space would most likely, at least in the early decades from colonization, be hard and unable to replicate the \u2018luxuries\u2019 of life on Earth. The fundamental challenges to be faced to indefinitely live in space can be summarized as follows.

Fundamental Human Needs:

Design principles:
Colonization of the Moon, Mars, and Other Planets

\\subsubsection{Human Exploration}

%(to be written by Sarah Jane)

\\subsubsection{Robotic Exploration}

%(to be written by Jan)
The Problem

By default, much of space exploration today is highly dependent on robotic systems as well as on support by means of artificial intelligence. From the early days of space exploration on, humans sent robotic devices and satellites into space to sense, image and explore the space frontier. However, much of the robotic exploration systems provide only crude degrees of \u201cintelligence\u201d. More often than not, systems in space lag 15 years and more behind technology available on earth, which is mostly due to safety requirements as well as extensive research and development cycles within the space industry.

Another phenomenon which goes along with this is a fundamental dispute over human vs. robotic space exploration of space. The underlying logic states that robots will facilitate the groundwork of exploration for humans to follow. At this stage, the human dream to explore and possibly colonize space is normally dominated by the premise to move our life support systems into space and onto other planets.

However, non-augmented human bodies need an earthlike environment almost to exact earth specifications. Earthlike atmospheres, which are changed by the very metabolism of the body being in it, water and hundreds of other needs from complex nutrients, molecules, to exercise, social and spatial requirements. Ironically, the body that gives us the primary medium for experiencing our surroundings is also the single largest barrier to traveling and experiencing space.

A long-term plan to visit space in human bodies is basically committing to the idea of bottling up earth and exploring space inside of an \"earth -bottle\", which entirely separates us from the extraordinary experiences the interplanetary universe offers us.

We argue that a new conceptual model to evolve space exploration should be based on the development of a new kind of humanoid robotics, super-human artificial intelligence as well as virtual representation of space exploration. In addition, the development of an inter/intrastellar smart network to connect all information-based agents, robots, vehicles, nodes and life-support systems is suggested to provide a collective intelligence approach within space.

Evolution of AI/robotics:

Today, AI and robotics on earth have evolved significantly within the last decades. Robotics focuses on the necessary physical capabilities, while AI focuses on the necessary mental capabilities, e.g. perception, cognition and actuation. Due to miniaturization of sensors, actuators and servos, as well as due to increasing computing power and advancement of algorithmic methods, smart robots have become increasingly smaller, lighter and more sophisticated. In addition, earth-bound robotics increasingly enable mass-production of robotic systems. Further, artificial intelligence systems today solve more and more complex problems such as searching the Internet, routing FedEx packages, and provide intelligent communication infrastructures. This phenomenon is represented by the term \"narrow AI\": each AI system today is typically helpless outside the situation it was designed for. In the broadest sense, the fields of AI and robotics strive to make non-human systems able to perform human tasks.

However, it has been predicted that in the future, we will develop what is known as \"strong AI\": an AI system that nears human levels of tolerating uncertainty, and that can generate original solutions to problems hitherto unseen and unanticipated by the designers of the AI.
This is of particular importance for space exploration. Humanoid robots -robots with human-like bodies such as Asimo or Robonaut- will quickly increase in their sensory capacity, eventually exceeding perception capabilities of the human body. In limited ways we already see today how robots equipped with night vision capability, thermal imaging capability, radar, seismographs, EMI receivers, and so forth augment human sensing. However, we suggest that such humanoid robots are only the very beginning of this \"body\" evolution. As described later, exponential advances in neuroscience, nanotechnology and synthetic biology will allow for a super-human kind of robots, with many human-like characteristics. However, such robots can be augmented with sensing and actuation capabilities beyond human limitations and can be specifically customized for conditions in space. In addition, the development of a specific \u201csuper-human intelligence\u201d for such robots provides significantly higher information processing, problem solving capabilities, as well as communication characteristics with other intelligences such as robots, networks, satellites and humans by means of a space-wide operating system (e.g. ETIR idea \u201cIntelligent Space Operating System\u201d). Human intellect can then be uploaded remotely, augmented by means of enhanced perception/sensing, and experienced individually as well as collectively. Super Human Intelligent robots for space exploration provide the benefit to be resistant to adverse conditions within space such as extreme temperatures, radiation and toxins. By default, they don't require oxygen, food, sleep, sunlight and can be designed to be of higher emotional/psychological robustness compared to humans. Psychological, social and bodily characteristics can be dynamically shaped to be optimal for individual space missions and can be adapted over time.

This new kind of robotic super-human space exploration is meant to open up channels of exploration and experience with a currently unimaginable level of perceptive richness and extended realism by means of augmented sensing.

In addition, new kinds of virtual environments, brain-machine interfaces and multimodal feedback systems will allow us to navigate such experience at in virtual fashion at increasingly higher resolution and vividness. This experience can then increasingly be shared by everyone on earth rather than by only a few astronauts.

We believe the future of mankind in space can, and will be more interesting, exciting, and inspiring than the current vision of exploration with a human earth-bound body - both can and should happen in a parallel initially. We believe we can explore the planets not just from the confines of a space suit or tin can on the surface, but from a spectrum of physical embodiments, beginning decades ago with space robots that sent back images for us to experience.

On earth, we will then exactly know what it feels like to stick a foot in the sand of Mars, to go for a space-walk, or to observe our planet as a swarm of satellites.
1. Ellery a. Humans versus robots for space exploration and development. Space Policy. 2003;19(2):87-91. Available at:
2. Crawford I. The scientific case for human space exploration. Space Policy. 2001;17(3):155-159. Available at:
3. Fisackerly R, Reimers C, Pradier A. Exploration system technology aspects in the exploration programme of the European Space Agency. Acta Astronautica. 2006;59(1-5):3-12. Available at:
4. Peter N, Stoffl K. Global space exploration 2025: Europe's perspectives for partnerships. Space Policy. 2009;25(1):29-36. Available at:
5. 1. Messina P, Vennemann D. The European space exploration programme: Current status of ESA's plans for Moon and Mars exploration. Acta Astronautica. 2005;57(2-8):156-160. Available at:
6. Horneck G, Coradini A, Haerendel G, et al. Towards a European vision for space exploration: Recommendations of the Space Advisory Group of the European Commission. Space Policy. 2010;26(2):109-112. Available at:


\\subsubsection{Space Resources}

%(to be written by Mike)
%emailed as .tex file

\\paragraph{Space Based Solar Power}

%(written by Jason) NOTE- I will email Carlos and Davidad the reference material.
An underlying motive for all of human expansion has been the quest for energy. To early humans this meant the search for food, as food was the only form of energy they could take advantage of. Later on, our species created ways to harness other forms of energy through mechanical means---water power, wind power, coal, oil, uranium. These steady developments led to the expansion of the human race across the oceans to settle on nearly every habitual space on Earth.
Today, with a global power consumption of 12TW (Seboldt 2004), we are reaching the end of the energy supplies we have come to use so commonly. It is expected that by the year 2020, the global power consumption will be nearly 20TW. It is becoming more expensive and more risky to search for fossil fuels to power our cities, and the combustion of these fuels is becoming highly damaging to the environment. Over 85% of the power used today comes from fossil fuels (Seboldt 2004). It is generally accepted that the time has come to focus on powering our world from completely renewable resources, and there are many resources that can be harnessed; tidal currents, wind, geothermal, and of course solar. Solar power is unquestionably the ultimate solution to our energy demands. In fact we have always relied on solar energy, we are just prefer to use it in it's stored form of a battery called fossil fuels.
When we begin to explore the possibility of harvesting energy in space, rather than terrestrially, we will create a world of energy beyond what we can imagine today. The amount of energy in space is far greater than that needed to sustain the population of the planet for decades to come. For instance, the kinetic energy in the solar wind is $10^14$ MW, or over a million times the current global power consumption. Collecting solar energy and transporting it to Earth will not only solve the energy problem, taking everyone out of the \"dark age,\" but will also open the space frontier economically. As soon as the break-even point is passed, a viable business case for space energy production will swiftly drive down the costs of launch, as more and more capital comes in from the energy sector.


(NSSO 2007) Space Based Solar Power as and Opportunity for Strategic Security, 2007

(Chaudhary 2010) Chaudhary, K., Vishvakarma, B.R. Feasibility study of LEO, GEO and Molniya orbit based satellite solar power station for some identified sites in India. J. Adv. Space Res. (2010)

(Seboldt 2004) Space- and Earth-based solar power for the growing energy needs of future generations

\\subsubsection{Space Science}

%(to be written by Diva)
\\subsubsection{Space Education/Evangelism}

%(written by Jason, edited by davidad)
A key underlying problem to the limit of humanity's progress in space is that the majority of the human species is uninterested in space. Activities in space today do not inspire the awe that they once did: instead of watching astronauts walk upon the surface of a celestial body for the first time, today, if we're lucky, we get to watch them repair the toilet on the International Space Station. Educational outreach is a good start, but we need to connect humanity to space in a more natural way. Global warming is now perceived as a threat so compelling that most people believe we need to do something about it. But this threat is dwarfed by that of remaining on this planet indefinitely.
NASA's education program attempts to make space and the STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Math) curriculum exciting for students, but they do it without an understanding of the progress exponential technologies will have on the space industry. Students today rarely realize that when they grow older they will have a completely different tool set with which to tackle space. We should teach them what the world will be like in a decade or two and excite them on the possibilities they can create.
In all instances of educating the public on the importance of space, from youth to the elderly, opening the space frontier is never presented as an explicit need---which it is. Space is often considered to be primarily beneficial as an engine for creating technological spin-offs, but even if space exploration paid no technological dividends, it would still be crucially important. People don't appreciate the voyage of Christopher Columbus to the Americas primarily because of the new sextant developed for the journey that was eventually spun off to the private sector and used in merchant shipping.
It is human nature that we need to \"see it to believe it,\" and maybe this is what is holding back humanity from understanding why space exploration is a necessity for survival. Until ordinary people can experience space through their own eyes, the possibilities that it holds will not be fully understood. What will happen when the first child can see our home from space, or when the first ballet dancer experiences weightlessness, or when a paraplegic is given mobility again? Let's not just tell humanity about space, let's give them access to space.

\\subsubsection{Insuring Humanity}

%(to be written by davidad)

"# Singularity University

# Prototype intro

# July 24, 2010

# John Graves

Welcome to Singularity University.

This collection of material comes from the Graduate Studies Program of 2010.

What part of the collection interests you?

Introduction to Singularity University ;; OK. Let's start with some history.

The Lectures ;; Great. You have quite a few to choose from. Let's take a look.

The Team Projects ;; G S P 10 has five projects. Here they are.

"This is a general discussion forum for GSP10.
Suggestions for use:

1. Add your topic to the table of contents. Get a topic number (for ease of searching).

2. Add your topic and content at the end of the pad.

3. If your discussion gets too big, cut and paste it into a new pad and create a link.

01: Business cards

02: T-Shirt

03: Education Meeting

04: Borrow Requests

05: San Fran Trips

06: Tennis

07: Yoga

08: FDA device approval meeting

09: Insulin: Body Weight and Energy Production

10: Really useful links

11: Soccer

12: where to hold conversations

13: Music (on SUN)

14: Philosophy

15: AI

16: Computer History Museum trip

17: Cool things to work on in spare time

18: Open Science Summit

19: Carnegie Mellon/SV Talks on Computing Systems (TOCS)

Topic01: Business cards:

we can throw our desired business cards at
Topic02: T-shirt:

I think this was successfully decided at the end of the Food for Cities session. Thanks, everybody!
T-Shirt Lighting

I will be holding a DIY on sewable LEDs on Thursday Night, June 24th, from 6:45 to 7:00 p.m. If time runs over, you can sew while you are having a fireside chat with Peter.
We will make a simple LED circuit with conductive thread and home-made battery holders together. Sadly, we only have 11 sewable LEDs! I was told that if people are interested in putting the LEDs on their SU t-shirts after the DIY, then the lab will purchase more for that purpose. So, speak up! Email me at with any questions
Topic03: Education mtg agenda:
Topic04: Borrow requests:

\"Please email me if you have ____\"

If you're going shopping, let me know - I'd love some fruit -
Topic05: I am going to plan a trip to San Francisco via CalTrain one weekend in the near future - probably on a Sunday when we have the day free. Please let me know if you want to come and I'll send you the details (Emma)

Sounds fun -

Count me in! -

I am in ! -

Claudia wants to go!

I would like to go this weekend (Saturday or Sunday) and am hoping to buy a new iPhone at the Apple Store --

I was thinking this Sunday so maybe we can arrange a time to all catch the CalTrain and head into town. Any suggestions of what people might like to do? Suggestions have been, Ghiradelli, Seafood and Pier 39, Boat Trip, Sports Games, Golden Gate Park, Gallery of Modern Art. On a seperate note, I'd also like to organise a seperate night out there as there a few bars I'd like to visit (like Bourbon and Branch) - Emma

I'm in -

Anyone object to inviting non-SU (but SU-aligned) friends in the Bay Area? -davidad

The more the merrier!

I'm interested -
Who is organizing the star party? What's a star party?
Topic06: GSP10 Tennis

GSP10 Tennis ladder link:

Matt and John are happy to load racquets if you don't have them.

NASA has a tennis club, with a clubhouse equipped with a ball machine and lots more racquets.
I'm interested in the ball machine. Never used one. With whom should we talk to use it?

Yeah! Let's go hack the ball machine!

It was suggested that we visit the Military Housing Office.
Topic07: GSP10 YOGA!!

When does everybody want to have the first yoga session?
How about after this before we eat lunch?
Topic08: FDA device approval meeting

Derek Jacoby writes:
Tonight (24 June) there is a mountain view DIYbio group meetup focusing on the

FDA device and drug approval process.
It runs from 6-8pm, but I intend to come back at 7:30 so that I don't

miss Peter's talk.
There's a $10 suggested donation. If anyone wants to come along please

let me know! I have room for 3 others in the car.
Topic09: Insulin: Body Weight and Energy Production

Sasha Grujicic writes:

Hey there,
So there was an interesting chat / rant this morning on diet and energy metabolism and I mentioned that there was an interesting video with doctor Scott Connelly that I have which is a real eye opener (at least for me). It covers a ton of stuff including the relationships among glucose, insulin, ATP, protein, body weight and health.
On a suggestion by Justin I wanted to open it up to others who may be interested in watching it on a screen or projector.
If you are interested drop me an email and I'll setup a time to watch it.

HEY THERE . . .There seems to be a bunch of interest so I am going to schedule something for tomorrow at lunch. I will try and schedule it in the B3 facility at lunch or in the Mallow tomorrow evening.

Topic10: Really useful links
Links to Etherpad sessions for the program:
GSP10 Calendar:

GSP10 Best of the Wire / Word of the Day:
GSP10 Social Network Coordinates spreadsheet:
Link to Google Waves (for your SU account):
IT Help
Topic11: Soccer
Soccer Group List:

1- Gary Gautier

2- Dhaval Chadha

3- Candice Berezan

4- Jim Hurd

5- Tony Lyu

6-Matt Kern (only played once though...)

7-Juan Martinez-Barea

8-Marie-Clare Treseder

9- Everson Lopes

10-Miguel Luengo-Oroz

11-Emiliano Kargieman

12- Mercy Njima

13- Nolene Ferrari

14- Carlos Azevedo-
NEWS: I've talked to Salim, and from now on we will be able to see the World Cup Games on the big screen, here at the B3 ballroom!! ---- FANTASTIC!!
Topic12: where to hold conversations

Pulling off gsp10students because of the absurdity of having a

conversation in email about not having conversations on email...
But I'm really disappointed to see these discussions move somewhere

else. Device accessibility is one very important point. In addition,

though, discussions in other places are not archived. In a month when

I vaguely remember a conversation I'll search my gmail if I need to

recall who made a point. If it's elsewhere I simply won't find it.

There's also notification. We now have 5 different places to hold

discussions - the TP wiki, the SUN network, etherpad, email, and now

wave. Yuck! I won't go check all those regularly. I may intend to, but

if it doesn't land in my inbox, in general, it doesn't exist.
Finally, and this is by no means a small point. We have saturated the

local wireless network. I still see things come into my email inbox

because it's just text. It's taking me sometimes a minute or two

before other websites come up fully, wave is particularly bad, and

etherpad keeps disconnecting on me.
Doesn't everyone now have a threaded email client? If so, then other

than seeing a bolded title indicating that new responses are within

then what's the downside of discussions being in email?
Suggestion: This is something that worked well in a similar situation. We ask the staff to start a new mailing list, something like This is for all the 'unimportant' stuff - who's going to the shops, the problems of vegetarianism, etc. Then gsp10students is reserved for more useful stuff.

-- yup, I like this suggestion, except instead of asking staff to create the list, a google group would allow us to create it ourselves and would also allow those who choose to view it on the web rather than subscribing in email. The email address would then be something like
I kind of agree, but then you have people opting in rather than opting out. If you get staff to create the group, everyone is automatically a member and can then filter their email accordingly. It's just nice to know that most people are being reached - though I suppose you could just invite everyone to the google group.
or even just directly add them. I don't know if we have a full list of the addresses of all students, but I'm sure somebody does...
Ha! Nevermind, the staff don't have to create it. I'm on it. I like your gsp10discussion name

That having been said, a discipline of not replying to the entire list when you're just saying \"me too\" would be a great thing...

John G: Except it is nice for everyone to be able to see who else is interested ...

Topic 13: Music


Topic 14: Philosophy

Philosophers Anonymous, Mondays 9pm-10pm
Topic 15: AI group

Topic 16: Computer History Museum trip

Topic 17: Cool things to work on in spare time
1- Build a cheap, small solar panel

2- Build a rocket

3- Build a robot rover that roves inside Hangar One (and takes pictures of the space aliens stored there)
Topic 18: Open Science Summit
Derek Jacoby to GSP10_Students

26 June 7:46 PM
I'm not sure how much of this I'll be able to attend because of our

class schedules here, but it looks like a really interesting event at

the end of July.
All of the proceeds go to benefit the Biocurious DIYbio hackerspace

that I've dragged a few of you along to already. They just started a

kickstarter to open a new lab space, have a look if you're interested.
Let me know if you're interested in the open science summit and we can

rideshare, I'll be driving up to Berkeley for it.
Topic 19: Carnegie Mellon/SV Talks on Computing Systems (TOCS)

Talks on Computing Systems (TOCS)

Each week, the Silicon Valley campus will present a different speaker who will give a talk on relevant computing and technology topics to students, faculty and staff.

TOCS occur on Tuesdays, 1:30 pm PDT at Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley campus in room 212. Talks will be broadcast and recorded via AdobeConnect. Remote attendance is available via Recordings are available in the talk archive.
06-29-10 Ole Mengshoel Senior Systems Scientist, Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley

Recent Advances in Modeling and Computation Using Bayesian Networks
07-06-10 Elizabeth Churchill Principal Research Scientist and manager of the Internet Experiences group at Yahoo! Research

Designing the Everyday Internet
07-27-10 Alex Faaborg Principal Designer at Mozilla

Designing Firefox

"Space Education / Evangelism Problem Space
A key underlying problem to the limit of humanity's progress in space is that the majority of the human species is uninterested in space. Activities in space today do not inspire the awe that they once did: instead of watching astronauts walk upon the surface of a celestial body for the first time, today, if we're lucky, we get to watch them repair the toilet on the International Space Station. Educational outreach is a good start, but we need to connect humanity to space in a more natural way. Global warming is now perceived as a threat so compelling that most people believe we need to do something about it. But this threat is dwarfed by that of remaining on this planet indefinitely.
NASA's education program attempts to make space and the STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Math) curriculum exciting for students, but they do it without an understanding of the progress exponential technologies will have on the space industry. Students today rarely realize that when they grow older they will have a completely different tool set with which to tackle space. We should teach them what the world will be like in a decade or two and excite them on the possibilities they can create.
In all instances of educating the public on the importance of space, from youth to the elderly, opening the space frontier is never presented as an explicit need---which it is. Space is often considered to be primarily beneficial as an engine for creating technological spin-offs, but even if space exploration paid no technological dividends, it would still be crucially important. People don't appreciate the voyage of Christopher Columbus to the Americas primarily because of the new sextant developed for the journey that was eventually spun off to the private sector and used in merchant shipping.
It is human nature that we need to \"see it to believe it,\" and maybe this is what is holding back humanity from understanding why space exploration is a necessity for survival. Until ordinary people can experience space through their own eyes, the possibilities that it holds will not be fully understood. What will happen when the first child can see our home from space, or when the first ballet dancer experiences weightlessness, or when a paraplegic is given mobility again? Let's not just tell humanity about space, let's give them access to space.



multiple organisms that create PHB.

mostly consider growing in bioreactors

alternatives -> probiotics (internal to the body)

include microorganisms in animal feed

ecoli produces PHB

maximize methane, minimize nitrogen

do experiment to see if PHB can be generated in our poop

long-term, cow would be generting plastic
Biotechnology to create biodegradeable materials ->

From Frank Feher at goodyear who started a Biotechnology project to create isoprene molecules from a biotech process and then create Polyisoprene from this monomer
You also might want to track down the CTO or VP for R&D at Natureworks LLC (see:
If you need something else, please let me know.

One guy you should talk to about \"green\" plastics, etc is Oliver Peoples. He's very smart. Although not a traditional plastics guy, he almost certainly has learned a great deal and is likely to be able to provide a good overview of the issues and needs.
Oliver Peoples @ Metabolix


Waste Broker:

one central place for people to see who is producing what

private information


Brad: with website and waste broker, you could use AI to judge inputs and outputs
Chiara G:

Biowaste for energy and compost

Brad: 62% of waste

Lauren: phosphorous is valueble, what if you could recollect this from compost?

Using Plastic for other uses: clothing, boats...
Downstream algae blooms from waste-water treatment plants that don't separate out phosphorous

Figuring out a good way to capture phosphorous could be huge
Matt: Plastiki, boat made from plastic bottles, \"reuse\", sailed to sydney from SF
Zain: terracycle, turning waste into a nubmer of other products, \"reuse\"
Andrew: instead of collecting a million different things from post-consumer waste, collecting a lot of one thing from one company or group.

Alison: putting biotech near manufacturing

Andrew: changing what you put into the manufacturing

so you could do 2 things: collect stuff after use or use other stuff
Brad: make composting easier. add waste option for compost. ways to accelerate compost, heat + rotating. ways to extract other things besides soil. combination of composting methods fermi composting with worms, bokashi composting for meats. use with waste treatement plants. create tumbler devices with modular attachments that can be self sustained devices for developing countries and municpalities alike

Chiara T: Biochar

pyrolisis of biomass in general vs composting

efficient, self-sufficient, exothermic transformation

use as a sink of carbon

can be used as a slow-release fertilizer

50% energy...

Kidist: if you make this, it could be marketable in the developing world as a replacement for kerosine

Chiara: there is already an example of this (lucia stove)

Brad: adding biochar to compost -> supersoil!

(benefits and consequences of using BioChar
JC: fuel from chicken feathers

Links for chicken feathers:

Connor: group in Idaho to think about what to do with all these chicken feathers... recently, discovered putting them in vacuum and heating = nicely formed nanotubes
Lauren: byproducts from industry you never thought would be useful. cocunut husks used for sequestering gold. what else can we do with piles of stuff that wouldn't be used??
Steve: corn cobs useful for tires - greater snow traction! what else can corn be used for?

Connor: pipes!
Luca: recovery of rare materials from waste. phosphorous from water
Alison: materials from biological processe
Matt: A student dicovered a microb that eats plastic
Dow and Crystalsev to make bioplastic in Brazil
Brad: converting CO2/CO into plastics no need for petrochemicals anymore
Vincent: tire disposal use for roads but there isn't a full system for recycling...

Chiara G: use for insultation

Mitchell Joachim building houses from meat or plants - totally organic
Brad: playground that captures electricity
Piezo electric floors
Recycling old tires to make shoes that are provided to people globally
Connor: Steve, what are the wastes coming out of Goodyear?

Steve: we have rubber and other materials come in and get mixed together, waste generated along the way and either reincorperated into the system or sold. \"zero waste created\" but this can mean just sold off... when tires are used, small particles of rubber released into the environment. recycling of tires has a lot of creative oppurtunities.
Andrew: how does everyone feel about the type of system where you buy one thing and give one of them to some other group?

Chiara: wouldn't happen in italy because people don't think that the money's going where they say
alison: melissa's shoes:
Chiara G: wouldn't happen in
growing clothes

Kathryn: Write a two paragraph summery of what upcycle is ..
Priv: Think about the energy put into anabolic vs. energy from catabolic processes

Show me the money, finances have to be taken into account



Build Your Dreams Here

3 July 2010

Javier and Julielynn:
Dan Barry:

Neil has put this together. Negotiated with TechShop CEO.

I have had a lot of questions about why I can't go on this trip.

This is your trip. Other people will get to go on other trips.

Be the tutors for the other students who may want to come.

Involve the rest of the class. Come in groups of 3. Make stuff.

With opportunity comes responsibility.

TechShop - for molecules and matter what Kinko's does for data.

Opening around the world.

You've seen the lectern with LED lights.

Robert is the hero of that project.

Exec Program put that together.

SU Sign. Solar PV. Weatherproof for outside.

Until then probably inside. Light enough to put on wall.

Plasma torch.

Shop bot.



I'm Robert Thomas. Dir. of Operations.

Mark Hatch our CEO.

Will open additional locations across country.

Trying to keep up with our own popularity.

Lucky to get in with high profile groups.


Talking to Ford


Organizations interested in what we can provide.


San Jose - October



LA (3 at once) If you don't do 3 in LA, you piss somebody off.

Waivers I am going to ask you to sign.

Print name at top. Sign at bottom.

Not a lot of time - going to move quickly.

So, I'll start these clipboards going around ...
[signed wavier]
So, when you finish up, just pass to the next person.

I'm going to go grab Abe, then we'll start the tours.


Going to tell you about TechShop.

Founded by Jim Newton in 2006.

Worked at Mythbusters.

He was the science advisor.

Was spoiled, as they are, with the shop they have.

The guy is a modern Thomas Edison. Over 200 inventions he want to make real.

Sad to find out that such a shop did not exist.

When he found it was not available, he decided to make one.

MakerFaire - makers of things get together and share what they made.

Jim set up a table, collected 1000 names and one $100 bill.

He refined a business model. No bank would listen to him.

They pushed him away.

He got depressed about it.

People started e-mailing, saying, \"Have you got it going yet? Do you need money?\"

Got $100,000 - crowdsourced money.

this is our beta location.

Profitable for several quarters now.

Moved into new equipment.

Professionals using space.

Proving successful in market we were trying to tap.

Walk through ...
We don't have stairmasters. We have tools.

Some need courses.

Individual membership is $125/month. Open 7 days per week.

We think SF will go 24/7 pretty quick.

Looks like it will be 24/7 - but at 3AM, guys hopped up on Red Bull may be a bit scary.

Family - add for $50.

Student membership - $75. Negotiate with parents.

Corporate - outsourcing R&D. No overhead of machine shop. Fail early, fail often.

We enable that to the Nth degree.

Single day visit is $25.

Advanced training. Solidworks. AdobeWorks.

For working with laser cutters.

Can put Dream Coach in touch with you - give you path of least resistance for success.

We want to accelerate.

Member workshop area.

Binwall from Mythbusters homage.

Tables have air tools.

Collection of materials and projects.

[random guy is building atomic deposition system]
Alison: So we could send things here?
We cherry pick now. Send us a list.

Not for building your home entertainment system.

Set up to do one project. Last time, one podium.

This time a sign.
Q: Prototype?

We can work that out.

3D Scanner.

3D Printer.
Neil: Got it at SU.



The hub - free popcorn, coffee, tea.

Fridges - put your name on things!

Hub computers for design work. Use thumb drive, move to equipment.

Shoulder surfing.

Radical collaboration space.


Machine shop.

Vertical mills.

CNC - Computer Numeric Control.

Builds things up in 3D printer.

This thing mills them away.


Laser cutters.

Rotary attachment, card stock - prototypes. Will use these today.

Hot and metal shop.

Plasma cutter.

Oxy torches.


Wood working

CNC Shopbot - 3D router


iPod case

Gizmo. Got 4800 orders in 24 hours. Farmed out to 3 different locations, raised price, orders doubled.
This is about prototyping, not production.


Fabric room.
Dan Barry: Divide into groups. Everyone will get to do plasma torch and shopbot and laser cutter. 4 stations. All end up with SU logo (hood ornament). They cut out the S to save time.

You will do the welding.

Sebastian: Group A! We are going to demolish Group B.

I'm Sebastian. One of the techs here. We keep the machines running.

No beer before using tools (the conf room has a beer fridge).
Let's go.


30 min per station.

10 foot

Will do outline cuts.


We will just do 2D cutting. Can also do 3D: guitar bodies. Molds for carbon fiber.

This machine will cut that out of foam.
We're going to fist tell the machine to find home.

Then find the surface of the material.

Total, solid wood base. Typically, you just screw your work to it and it cuts it out.

Bambooplywood Plyboo.

Will find surface of wood with CAD software.

Much easier to use [machine starts moving]
Q: How could we go from AutoCAD to this?

You can do it at home on any CAD program, import into CAM software.

Converts a CAD file to cut file.
Q: We can do the CAD work back in Innovation class, then bring file here.

Q: Would that software give warning?

As you can see, the machine has taken serious gouges out.

If it is told to go 2 inches deep, that's what it does.

Designing you part is covered in class.
Machine has now found home. Now it needs to find where surface is located.

It tests this a couple of times. Finding the Z.
Actually first time I have run this program.
Machine knows exactly where it is, now a new program will make the cut.

Routing out only 1/1000th of an inch.
It will generate a part in a very short period of time.

Q: How often do you need to replace bits?

Months, unless you jam it into a screw.
That's the base for the thing you are going to make [a rectangle with ellipses like an electron diagram].
Lot of open source CAM software.

[everyone is running their own cut - making bases for the SU hood ornaments]

That cutter is spinning at 8000 RPMs.
Dan: You can make complicated things.

That is about 1% of the capacity of this machine. You can put drill bits in.

Dan: You can build furniture. Chairs to match your back perfectly.


Q: Price?


Q: Resolution?

Tolerance on X/Y is tighter than on Z.

Q: IR beam for safety?

Nothing. It would think your arm was wood.
3:07 Moving to drill.

Photos posted to

All 10 of us now have bases.
3:15 Laser cutter

Don't stare at the light.

It is as bright as the sun.

Use CAD to create DXF.

This will cut up to 2 inch thick steel.

Cutting now:

Almost done. Doing two more cuts.

Dan: Has to be conductive material.
Podium - run up on this laser cutter.

Dan: Normal way - design in design software the thing you want.

Now you'll take the power of light in your own hands.

Cut through steel like it is butter.

You have a lightening bolt in your hand.

Metal is vaporized.

Trick to it is to hold the thing in 2 hands, don't move too fast and you will get a nice cut.

Not too slow. Just like Goldilocks.


Definitely need welders glasses.

Hand held cutter. Way more dangerous.

Everyone needs gloves.

Neil: Do short things in bursts.

Can't relate this to anything other than airbrush.

More like cutting through butter. Don't push too hard or go too fast.

Everybody got goggles on?

Nice and easy, nice and smooth.
Alison cutting:
Cut out heart shape from sheet of steel. Very easy!


What do you think of the plasma cutter?


Yeah, it is one of my favorite toys.
Cost? About $14K. Fancier one is $17-18K.
Alison cuts out her iHeartSwitch Logo.

Javier in full laser cutter gear:

(note the Etherpad reflected in his goggles!)
Cut out initials (JG). Could feel heat.
3:47 Moving to laser cutter.
$20,000 each. 3 in shop.

Today, etching.

Into wood.

Design from CorelDRAW.

Puts our names in.

Etched John Graves into plywood.
Teguest in welding gear:
4:30 Finished welding

4:38 On to assembly
4:43 Time for a beer!
Neil: Electronics skills you can do at SU.

You've got all the skills and tools needed to make an SU Sign.
4:54 3D printed crescent wrench

(like but in plastic)
Laptop battery end of life ...

"July 6, 2010 1930 Salim's Philosophy Talk
The Human Condition

( ( ( ( (soul) subconsciousness) consciousness) family) environment)

"AI Discussion

Every Wednesday at 10pm in 583C

(or is it AGI - Artificial General Intelligence? To me and others at MIT, AGI specifically connotes Goertzel-like models. I prefer to refer to it as \"classical AI\" meaning the original sense of the term, as opposed to more modern \"narrow AI.\" If you don't like \"classical AI\" then \"strong AI\" will do.)
Those of us who are interested in AI will be meeting Wednesdays at 10pm in building 583C to exchange ideas and plan possible AI efforts post-SU; it's not a TP and I want to discourage forcing it into TPs, but it is important that we keep it active.
We have some Google Waves, hosted at

If you don't have access to these waves, send email to me,, or just put your address here:
John Graves: I have an interest in \"II\" - Interactive Intelligence. Please let me know if this would fit on the group's agenda one wee.
turing test in 1950 didn't have a date

newell and simon GPS

herb simon - machines will be capable of doing any work a man can do --> clearly not true..
1997 is when a computer beat a grand master in chess which was 30 years after it was initiall predicted
narrow AI vs strong AI

shakey the robot 1960 - 1972 @ computer history museum...
applications, analytical paths to AGI, reverse engineering the brain
doug engelbert ---> mother of all demos ,

Computer mouse, Hypertext, Groupware,Interactive Computing
what's the problem...

ancient brain architecture, systemic global problems, evolutionary hardwired biases

limited attention capacity

technology amplifies our power +/-

navigation requires increasing rapidly
the news is always biased as negative, and highjacking our thinking with a negative bias...
representation, inference, control
narrow ai expert systems....



irony, humor, empathy is difficult for computers but much easier for humans...
peter norvig

cooperate, learn, autonomus...
hybrid knowledge system

calo, cognitive assistant the learns and organizes

worlds largest agent based system
SRI international
embedded AI

irobot --> inititally did government work,

roomba, autonomous vehicles

lego mindstorms

soccer strategy robots --> robo soccer

willow garage --> open source robotics
stanford iRoom
second life --> agents virtual reality
opencog --> project to develop AGI
functional magnetic resonance - fMRI
artificial general intelligence...

how do we harass this capability?

What kind of value system do we embedd?
AGI --> make sure all the data are linked...
to what extent is SIRI more broad AI

multiple scripts... going against cloud services to make a unique user experience...
predictions will likely better than in the past, but still very difficult to predict this...
what is the best framework for AGI?? do we even know what the best framework is?

the ability to identify generalizations...

have system for doing semantics of data --> true natural language processing






Internet of Things

David Orban


(Note: These slides are in Pages - a Mac word processing application.)
Student list:
Spime Introduction

What ->

The open internet of things is a network of networks :)

Designed and built for humans

This way of designing of computers cannot hold anymore and go to a new type of internet, that is not only operated by humans but also by things. It must be open right from the start.

Industry Standards = I control it (say the corporations)
We know that it is not enough to start and study social networks and viral marketing or stuff that is already there and deployed, it means we are observing the past and projecting it out into the future.
Evolving devices.

The last generation of computational devices that built on the old designs are mobile phones.

The next generation is called \"SPIME\"

SPIME = SPace + tIME

Science fiction books are a great resource and inspiration and a design pattern that we can pick up to implement.
(side note: HP started silicon valley, its a power house here. Science fiction books are a great resource)
A Granular World

IP is internet protocol invented by Vinton G. Cerf, (coming to SU)

*** Check out Internet for Peace Proposal.
We have so many IP addresses at home that we ran out of IP addresses. IPv4 can only do about 1Billion Devices

Original Internet is a peer network, what we have now is the opportunity to go back to those rules.

P2P is not a crime, do not criminialize a basic technology.

reference document:
All computers are IPv6 ready, it just a question now of turning it on.

You might want the address to be permanent

Privacy Issues

Replacement Issues

Understanding means being able to give names and call out those names

That is what IP is about (making the world addressable and understandable)
What will change in the future is our desire to take care of our devices. What happens is that all the gadgets are depending on me and designed with me at the center. Even something as something as elementary as charging is such a burden. As the number of devices starts to radically exceed the number of humans on the planet.

(Intel Road Map for what they call the Claytronic Network)
Computing, memory, communication, location, and sensing are the features put in any device then it is a SPIME device.

This is not 100% true, so if it has interspective values, like a depleating charge.

Example: Roomba knows when its charge is depleating and recharges itself and goes back to cleaning.
Network Evolution:

When the web was invented it was detached from physical reality. It was about access the data from wherever and make them accessible.
\u201cThe formula for success? Double your rate of failure.\u201d Thomas J. Watson, IBM

\u201cThe Internet multiplied a thousandfold our failure rate, without increasing the cost of our success\u201d Cory Docotrow
Network Evolution

Generation Isotropy Access

Web Data Knowledge

Web 2.0 Applications Social

Spimes Sensors World


Andrew Chalkin. There is a lot of information. How does this get translated when the information is like a firehose?

ANSWER: Getting to that
Redundancy of Spines

We all know how important it is to make good decisions about climate change\u2026we might want to look scientifically and not dogmatically\u2026if it is happening, we want to know why? We then want to change our behavior, ext\u2026..

So NASA said instead of looking at economic data for the Kyoto\u2026the way they measure CO2 emissions by nations is surveys of industrial outputs\u2026\u2026so they created the OCO (Orbiting Carbon Observatory \u2013 Jet Propulsion Laboratory \u2013 California Institute of Technology)

July 19, 2009, observatory was launched and blew up
We need to rely on a nework that doesn't have a single point of failure.

We have too much information, the planet and our artificial networks are talking to us

What will happen is that we want to listen and learn from them, they will listen to each other and learn from each other.
Changing Dialog

Generation Bandwidth M2M Index

Industrial apps Kb/s 1%

Realtime Web Mb/s 10%

Spime Networks GB/s 99%+

In terms of percenatge of actions carried out by humans, these actions will be very small compared to

Example of machine dialog is going on are the little tics we hear when a speaker and mobile phone are near each other. Its going on all around us already!
Question: Bryce. What determines the frequency of the sounds of things?

Answer: The bit rate. The cell phone is trying to see if the line is clear... and finding a reliable speed.
DATA Deluge:

Most of our perceptional system is based on discarding instead of including.

Photo: LHC outside of CERN
Question: Can I go back and get to the data that was thrown away (Chiara)

Answer: , the information is put aside and now you have twice as many emails to read. No, you will never go back and read that email, but from time to time you will run a search. So its searchable and you apply filters. The problem is the amount of data built by machine is so large we don't have enough storage systems to keep it even if its only a few days.
This will happen with sensor networks as well.
Important: The network has to be stupid. You don't want to build intelligence into the system.

What is going to happen is that the Spine networks are going to generate enourmous amount of data. W/In ten years they are going to generate more than 1.5 Exobites a day.
Google only touches the survice of the web.
Imagine that you have an email inbox that receives a constant amount of email every day, this is more than can be read \u2013 so you say, \u201cwell there could be something that I want to read here but I can\u2019t now, so I\u2019ll put it aside\u201d\u2026.this continues day after day, so \u2013 you will never go back and ready the email. What you do from time to time is run a search (apply filters) problem though is the amount of data generated by the machine are so large there is not a system that can keep the data even for a few days, so it is gone. This is what is going to happen to the sensor networks as well. One principle at the origin of everything is that the network ahs to be stupid (the internet is stupid) \u2013 it finds a route, the route breaks (it doesn\u2019t ask questions\u2026it doesn\u2019t care) it just continues on to find another route. What is going to happen, is the SPIME networks are going to generate an enormous amount of data, w/I 10 yrs, if we are building SPIME networks, they will generate more than 1.5 EB/day!
Data Deluge

Year Network Data

Now Deep Web ~1.5 EB

2020 Spime Network >1.5 EB/day
The answer is intelligence of the NODE \u2013 the decision making power of the node itself, that can not only take data but UNDERSTAND what must be done with it.
Not Blind Anymore

Object # sensors

Mobile Phones 10

Car 50-100


Example is the Volvo __ tells you how close you are to the cars around you and let you know you need to be breaking. THE NEW PIECE, if you don't break, it will break for you.
This is new because, technology people love to find solutions without concerning themselves about the consequences.

If we are not alert, society could reject some of the solutions even if its an excellent solution, so the consequences are extremely important.
What is the consequence of the machine breaking your car for you?

- your frightened by the breaking and grab the steering wheel and turn

- if you hit the other car, who is liable? is it you or the car maker?

- the insurance company? who is going to buy the insurance for the AI because it makes bad decisions?

Slide with Bruce Sterling's picture \"Forget trying to pass for normal\"

IPSO allanance(

See slides for multiple examples of internet examples
10-year plan by Justin Rattner to create a claytron netowrk.

What this means you can program the shape of things, not like 3D printers or carving and not as smart as nano-machines (in 20 years). What you can do is tell a piece of dust what shape and color to have, dymanically. Truly astounding.

the Anthropocene:

- 10000 bc total composition of terrestrial biomass in the wild was 98%

- now: is 2%
what do we do now? ( the colisium image)
It is up to us to adapt, in the meantime we cannot loose this planet.
Hiding Information:

The arctic scientific data images were considered secrete, this kind of hiding of information is recreational scuicide
Device examples that help the world/environment:

Wide Noise

Social Meter

Spime Design Workshop
Spime is built to be highly scalable and is targeting over 1M data events in one moment.

Examples, Robotic cars are going to create a network.
4G Communication

relative value of cattle is so high that knowing what it is doing is precious information

Smart grids, Cisco, turning grid into smart netowrk
Quantified Self:

Health, everything is pointing to the fact that we have to be responsible for our own bodies and how we function. Measurements and alterts of what is going on is going to be a fundamental responsibility of each individual.
Bre Pettis \"Things are changing faster than we can die\"
The internet of things is already hapening

Our mobile networks are sensors
If we are right about this strange place we are in now in space and time, when we recognize that we are going through a single planetary co-evolution\u2026we will have the opportunity to be human again, for 10,000 years we have been living for a time that the sticks we invented brought us to a lower quality of life than what was enjoyed by the hunters and gatherers before, they didn\u2019t live as long, but when agriculture was invented, we suffered a lot\u2026.but now we are suffering (slaves to our machines) that is why we have to set them free in order for us to become free\u2026\u2026.


Alibaba is an originally Chinese but now a global website for sourcing components.

Water sensors featured on Alibaba are categorized by a couple of different filters including level, pressure or temperature.

The site not only helps to find what you need but it can also serve as an inspiration. The limitations are that they do not expose what the future holds.

You can also have companies build circuits and sensors in low volumes to experiement.

You will need to be able to specify what it is you specifically need.

The site features peer reviewed journals and can be accessed via search.

This is interesting for upcoming research that PhDs are looking at and working on.
Google Scholar

This is a journal search engine and indexes patents as well. It covers citations and you can use quotations to further qualify your search results.

You can integrate Google Scholar into Google Reader that can syndicate content to your Google reader account.
What sensors would you use in pipes?

When you are working with sensor networks you need to understand how to get power to the sensors. If it's wired it is possible however if it was distributed it would be challenging. In some instances the power source will be disguised.

If you have an electric wire you can use them to collect information. With water you don't necessary need precise accurancy.
WiMax has the range of ten miles vs WiFi which has a range of 100 feet. WiMax is actually not too expensive.
Price dynamics are important in sensor networks. The price is going down quickly and somewhat exponential but not all components are driven down.
In terms of human labor it is a consideration to involve local communities.

Agriculture water use is immensely taxing however there are new drip irrigation techniques which reduce the amount of water use. Germany uses this technology a lot however it is done at scale. Sensors used in these systems could be useful in treating crops in a distributed way. Then look at integrating water recycling as an input for irrigation.
Drip irrigation exists but costs are still high.
Externalities are the hidden costs that you cannot not consider when you have a closed system. This includes as waste, pollution, etc.


"Philosophers Anonymous

Every Monday at 9pm in 583C
At my undergraduate institution (UMBC), I was a member of an informal group called Philosophers Anonymous. They had a pretty good model for getting discussions going. Members would volunteer to give 5-10 minute presentations (generally speaking from notes, no slides) about a particular philosophical issue - Newcomb's paradox, philosophical zombies, Sorites paradox, or whatever they were interested in. They'd describe the problem and give arguments for one or both sides, and then other people would begin to contribute more arguments. These discussions would usually go for at least 45 minutes before the topic would be exhausted.
If you want to present about an issue, list your name and the topic here. If you'd like to vote for a topic someone else proposed, add a star (*) to the beginning of the line.


*davidad - Mary the Color Scientist

**EK - moral complexity based on information theory

EB - Sartre's 'Bad Faith'

*Marie-Clare - Putnam's Twin Earth

Below are the dates we have available throughout the program, according to the SU calendar. I will be matching up dates and topics as those dates approach.


*Monday, June 28 (davidad + Mike Chen - Mary the Color Scientist)

Monday, July 5 (Marie-Clare Treseder- Putnam's Twin Earth?)

Monday, July 12 (Emma Brooke - Jean Paul Sartre's 'Bad Faith'?)

Monday, July 19 Shary: genes/neuroimaging as court testimony? (link below)

Monday, July 26

Monday, August 2

Monday, August 9

Monday, August 16

Monday, August 23 [we'll probably be too busy with final reports at this time]

Looks Great Davidad! I may not have time to fully prepare on a topic , but even if I can't I'd love to make it to all your meetings (providing no surprise staff meetings)! Black and White Mary is a great one to start with, perhaps we could follow with Putnam's Twin Earth this Monday? (Pertinent, I believe, because of the heavy use of metaphysical arguments in SU presentations...) Yes, that's a great one. I like semantics. :D [in fact, one of my three gmail addresses is]

This coming Monday (the 28th) will be the first meeting of this group, in case that wasn't clear.

I'd like to talk on something existential-y... (Em)

I'd like to present the rudiments of a theory of moral complexity based on information theory (EK)... shout if it sounds interesting...


This sounds like fun !!

Very interested in this subject.

On genetic defense in court:

You might enjoy looking at


"Trip to the Computer History Museum
Note: I have been informed that there may or may not be an official site visit to the CHM. If there is, this is probably a redundant idea. I hope we can find out ASAP.
There is no site visit because the museum is cloed until August 1 due to construction. Thus, we'll revisit this idea when they reopen.

I'd like to see one of the PDP-11 demonstrations...perhaps July 3 would be a good time to go?
FYI GSP09 went to the Museum last year, so any of the students around can give you any more info, should you be interested.
John Graves: I'm in. (just put your email address if interested, it'll make it easy to send out an email)

"Demo etherpad

"5 July 2010
Robot Presenter Proposal

1/ \"Explode\" PowerPoint slide deck into multiple image files (one image per slide)

2/ Connect the Etherpad transcript of the speaker's words slide-by-slide in an Open Allure script

3/ Play using Text-to-Speech and voice/vision capabilities of Open Allure
To Do:

1/ Find tool which \"explodes\" PowerPoint presentations. Surely this already exists ...

2/ Modify Open Allure Python code to display a linked image

3/ Create scripts
Add your name below if you're interested in this proposal:

John Graves


"Lizzie: 2 major problems - infrastructure (women are needed at home to work) and finance (both individual and for the institution). If you build a school, you have to make sure it's self sustaining

there are mincroloans available for women to allow for schooling
People think primary education is the problem, but it's really secondary education
Technical curriculum very weak, in Afghanistan/Pakistan, there is no mandated IT, but teachers can choose to give very low-level IT lessons
You have to CONSIDER CULTURAL SENSITIVITY - if you don't err on this side, you may experience cultural rejection even if you're teaching very important ('Americanized') curriculum
Look up ASIAN UNIVERSITY FOR WOMEN (Gates Foundation funded)
Major problem: lack of coordination between these different organization
Emem: we need a central house that ranks performance in an attempt to standardize

Lizzie: there is the beginning of this,, look at Charity Navigator or Global Giving, but I agree, this is an important goal

What happens to girls who are in the top 10 percentile-ish? Statistically speaking for every year a woman is educated she and her children live longer, and she has fewer children. Societal benefits are tremendous. These matrilineal paths, with women who value reading, writing, thinking, kids are many times more likely to proceed in such directions.

Emem: It's a man's world. When you're equipped to understand it, you can be intergrated more.

If we can get this generation to all be educated, maybe in the next gen it won't be as important to break the glass ceiling

Yara: I'm talking about the type of education that teaches self-confidence; independence; social culture, to consider - I couldn't stay at the univ past 8 because it was inapprpriate for me to be there. There's no social life for women to develop a love for education/development. You have to enforce interaction.

Emem: it's difficult to get to the point where someone can get to put a condom on a banana - this needs to be done on a small level. In America, evey high school student does it

Kauser: women in my family have and do struggle wit th these issues. in our family, most important is ROLE MODELS. I mean male and female. We all go back to India to spend time with people and impress upon them what education has done. I had my wedding in India in a village to see the impact of education on our lives and to honor them. Changes come because we must become role models.

Erika: totally agree, very important not to grow complacent about our status here;

Eugenie: even in France, women don't have equality; there is a lot of criticism


Lizzie: it's not enough to educate, you need to give them something to do with that - teach them health care, have them teach to village, givve them accounting skills

Yara: bringing up Larry Summers 2005 incident. Girls in school more capable of algebra but men better at spatial recognition of certain kinds. Women can be trained to match these capabilities. These distributions are important to consider. Men write textbooks in a way that's more applicable and accessible TO MEN; this can cause comprehension difficulties for women.

Lizzie: ITunes University - Apple collected massive conglomerate of knowledge. This is related to Yara's point in that differen't instruction styles come out immediately and you can choose the people whose style appeals to you best. This is free and open to the public.

Yara: Academic earth.

Erika: concrete way to structure informal university or secondary education

Eugenie: local coaches a good idea in conjunction

Mercy: it's good to have education at primary and secondary school level but to develop a country's economy you need high education. sometimes aid don't stipulate where it should go, usually it goes to elementary, and what happens to university? I think we should have center of excellence where people can do research. also, if you're in the states doing research, the IP belongs to the university, and tha's a problem for the home countries

Claudia: we have a relevant center in India (Claudia, fill in)

Yara: if women are oppressed physically, she cannot transcend mentally THERE ARE SOCIAL PROBLEMS TO OVERCOME - educate against this?

Mercy: in Kenya we have communities with female genital mutilation. the only way to escape this is to be in school.

Candice: is there a way to reach down to primary education and cram more information in there, to try to make them more likely to continue, too

Mercy: you have to make it free

Emem: educating the mothers is a good approach. uneducated mothers with young chiren, you put in resources, give them mincrofinance jobs, when they go home, as they cook, they educate their children, and since they're educated, they want their children to be too. you tell you daughters what to do.
Allison: three ways proven to make a difference: 1. father figure 2. male role model (like teacher) or 3. all girls school

Lizzie: but these cultural norms are built on realities that we're hoping to change

People here:

Zain, Eugenie, Erika, Emem, Shaorn, Mercy, Claudia, Allison, Hind, Candice, Carlos, Juan, Kauser, Everson, Brad, Yara, Rand

Present: Bryce, adriana, Claudia, Eugenie, Emem, Mercy, Sharon, Valentina, Erika, Hind, Maggie (notes)
Eugenie: Background -- let's get an idea and do it!

Mercy: Focus on confidence -- foundation. Women who are educated already can meet monthly and give scholarships to girls who need it. Meetings in schools, etc. Women as successful.

Eugenie: Women can help and coach younger women.

Mercy: We could create sororities -- network.
Big Brother, Big Sister -- internationally

Check which networks

professional development would be an important part of the package. also a \"linkedin\" function. i need to get a hold of this paper. get a relationship between different institutions. age, education qualification.

who is the target population? actively in secondary school

goldman sachs 10,000 women initiative -- network of academic institutions and other groups to help women be entrepreneurial.

emem: it is targeted to professional women. already \"there.\"

claudia: they are not always \"there.\" poor settings. they DO have to show interest in the program. See for more info.
let's make a name

a website - internal first

a benchmark/market analysis

networking list/ videoconference

define project: scope, mission statement, problem, partners
claudia: 40, 50 school visits -- girls wanted to be teachers. they were exposed to female teachers. is there a program for girls to be teachers? junior teachers? 8, 9, 10 years old

Emem: how do we give young women an incentive to be a role model?

Hind: We should focus on the role model. Teaching: easy job, prevent the women from going outside of the village. There is no motivation to go further.

Claudia: Recognition and respect as incentive.

Emem: We should consider financial incentive. If ou can show that you've impacted 10 people, you get a particular amount of money.

Claudia: \"Junior teachers\" -- there is a huge lack of teachers where they are most needed. Slums lack teachers. The working conditions are horrible. Even 15 ear olds could help give help to the younger ones.

Erika: Here in the US, these programs are very successful.

Teach First

Mercy: There is an educational opportunity in South Africa. High schools --> nforced curriculum. How to use math in the real world, how to build stuff, how to reason.
Hind: we had a program where peope helped women.

different approaches to different countries, not a one-size fits all
access to internet? how can we move offline?
we could do both
class at MIT? UC extension berkeley

videoconferencing? law: continuing legal education
bryce: oxford has a women in science society -- lots of universities do. they send out women to the developing world.

claudia: another partnership. think global school. social justice. india, africa, south america -- live in this area. use high school students as mentors.
president of liberia -- pretty amazing. sheriffe johnson. maybe she would be interested?
delegation of tasks





Building 20

Three Essential Things for Sustainable Space Activity



LEO - $5-10,000 per pound for matter

Control in real time out to about 2 light seconds - think of Earth having a \"continental shelf\" within this sphere
Representation of real time time delay - 1.2 seconds each way to moon and back.
You are here (space). Your customers are here (Earth).

Not really a market for water in LEO. Yet.

Avoid the trap of anticipating a future market that does you no good now.

Ask, what are the equivalent of the golden spices of the Orient.

What is it?

Information - conveying through satellites.

JTrack3D - astonishing application lets you see where all the satellites are. Totally rocks.
Q: How many satellites in orbit?
Q: How big can it grow?
Not very big.
Q: How many in orbit?
Used to be future scientist for ?? corporation.

Artifical spike. What people are dreaming of working on.

What do they do? What is market for that?

If you can send other way, you would. Cable has less latency.

Grow with poplution.


Real hard one - physical - when they run out of fuel.

Some satellites are out of plane. North/South station keeping problem.

When they die, they are wonderful and functioning.

Comsat - big steerable dishes, we can still use them with \"Comsat maneuver\"

If you can refuel with propellant.

Could mean launching even fewer satellites.
Q: Using price?
How many transponders do you need?

They are getting more capable. Need fewer.

Basically a wide band, shifts frequency, beam down.
Q: Internet communication?
Satellite broadband. Big dream. 1993-94. Some big players not still there.


Satcoms - RCA.

They all had dreams of big .

Only one doing it is Hughes.

If you live away from cities. You're lucky to have cable.

Maybe DSL, actually ADSL.

Same with satellites, download fast, upload slow.

Beats some times in places like Indonesia.
The Blastoff Saga: An early attempt at virtual space tourism.
Peter talked to Idealab. About $1 bn in cash. Just put \"internet\" on a stock offering and people would buy it.

Dream - send robot to a moon.

Movie maker Jim Cameron.

Send a space probe for less than the cost of making a motion picture.
When did Titanic come out?

$200 m to produce.

Half of that came from Cameron's pocket.
So idea morphed into -- what if you could make this into a participatory mission.

Make people feel they are part of it.

Pitch Bill Gross on this.

Counter proposal - they would sponsor XPrize if we helped.

They had a launch on Taurus?

So we bought an Athena II. It was just fixing to launch Lunar Prospector.

Bought this bigger rocket.

Movie about game plan. 5-6 min.


Really good ideas: planting flags.

Sell to highest bidding sponsor.

That rocket still exists - Lockheed Martin.

Had never been flown before.
Second category.

Ideal product from space has no mass.

Unlikely to bring asteroidal metal from space.

We will eventaully, and sooner than people think, be using energy from space

CA senator - \"Earth metropolitan area\"

Close enough to Earth to talk back and forth.

Close to L2 - stable place between Earth and Moon.
Information predated Electricity. 50 years of telegraphy.

- Space Manufacturing Faciity

- [Mass Driver 1] built out of scrap.

Best you could do, it was thought, was 50G. Needed 5 miles of track.

this piece of garbage got 33 G's first time it was tried.

- [Mass Driver 2]

If you have something that can throw at high velocity, you've got a rocket engine.

Very fancy.
First mass driver was a push only system.

bucket gets squirted like a cumumber seed.
SER was triggered by physical microswitch.
Thought 2 was really smart. Coil first PULLS bucket into it.

Took out reverbertaing current and then PUSHES.
To keep from hitting walls - strip.

More efficient as bucket diameter approaches ring diameter.
Long way, pull only mass driver.

II achieved 500 Gs

III had 1800 Gs - down to 500 feet from 5 miles.
1977 - countdown.

This was the only one you could see.

II and III moved too fast to see.
Apple II was just hitting the street.
Lot of people talked about this idea. Arthur Clarke talked about things.
Share some other technological stuff. E-mail:


orbital energy research
In particular, you might find #12: Resources of Free Space vs. Flags and Footprints on Mars and (by Richard Boudreaut and me) and #1 The World's Energy Future Belongs in Orbit (by Gerard K. O'Neill) to be good starting points.
I look forward to discussing these subjects at this evenings' Space TP meeting.

Bucket. Very robust machine.

Few moving parts.

Big problem, abrasion from dust.

Dust may be our friend on the moon.

Over the years, you don't have to take whole pie of moon material apart.

As goofy as saying you need cellulosic science to make use of trees.

You need an axe.
Swedes came and built log cabins.
You don't have to do sophisticated chemistry.

Bought for Joe this fresnel lens
You want a small tool that can transform many times its mass.

Worked with McDonnell Douglas

who built Stirling Cycle power generator
You can make fiberglass on the moon. Better than on Earth -- no bubbles.

Fibre and goo - makes something nice and strong.

Making basalt fiber. It works.
With tiny amounts of dopants
Water that is on moon is comet water.
Aluminum business has good ways to work on stuff that is like moon soil.

Oxygen becomes waste product.
We were limited to assumption of finding no water on moon.
- \"Moral Equivalent of War\" markets

Need whole bunch of stuff in space to avoid asteroid.

[New Yorker cartoon - go to]

Promised Salim I'd keep 5% of the audience conscious.
Same tool set that let's you deflect asteroid.

Two committees:

1/ find killer asteroid

2/ what do you do when you find it
Solve energy problem on Earth. You can do it.

Take advantage of the fact that almost everything you read is written by people who are wrong.
If you want to make money in the stock market, bet better.

If you want to make money in space, know more than anybody else.
Mars is hell. Venus is hell cubed.

Paper in list of references:'Neill
Space is the new world.

Unlike previous new world. No biosphere to screw up. No indigenous people.
- Ultimate Space Exploration Goals

Sustainable non-polluting energy for Earth

Significant human population
- Ultimate Product

Hope for the future

More choices

alternatives to conflict

Promise of adventure
- Is there hope?

Life is tough. Expensive. Hard. A prayer of any of this happening?

Two parables.

Lunar Prospector \"Making Stone Soup in Space\"

O'Neill had premise - finding water at poles on the moon.

5% of lunar scientists thought this.

No polar summers on moon.

- Stone soup?

I went crazy. We've got to find it.

$1 bn new start

82.4% of all statistics are made up on the spot.

Politics replicated at ISU summer program

PIs would argue, instead of small cheap thing, ended up with $5 bn program.

Peter was at kiddy library -- even made Peter feel big.

Showed him \"Stone Soup\" story. Secret of the universe.

Tried to send probe to the moon.

NASA kicked in a side of beef.

Other people put in bits of salt and pepper.
Q: Can you describe that without the metaphor?
Gamma ray spectrometer.

One left over from Apollo.

Spoke to Dana Robocker?
Fund raising - good to have 1/3 of money before you go public.
In early days, looked at fun and whacky ideas.

LGAS - Lunar Getaway Special.

Buy for $3-5,000. Big $5,000 one had a flip top lid.

Fine print - human rated system - darn near impossible to get anything to actually fly.

Can you fold up an ion system small enough to fit the GAS can.
Study in 1985.

Jim French
What if we could do water finding mission - a couple instruments max for $50 m?
Put out for RFP.
Company made of Hughes engineers did this as a hobby.

They responded with 4 big 4 inch binders with half the design work done.

Out job was all about risk reduction.

Downhill slide - obvious they could finish it.

May 1990.

Alan Binder

Jim Burke
1985 - try raising $25 m. We failed. Thought we were out of luck.

Then Dan Golden became head of NASA.

We'll let people propose Discovery Class missions.
5:30 Saturday morning I get a call. \"We're going to the moon.\"

It happened and NASA paid for it.
Really interesting historical anomaly.
True/False - a human being is buried on the moon today.
Earth has round lakes everywhere. Australia.
Q: Metals. Why go to asteroids? Why not go to craters on moon?
Good idea.

Asteroids are on the plateau of free space - moving millions of tons. Even small asteroid.
Q: What about delta V?
Still works out to be less.
Lunar prospector took $63 m.
- In 1955 this first commercial transistor radio sold for the modern equivalent of about $350.
Big changes happen in the external world.
- Cost per transistor

In 1959, the OEM cost per transistor was $6.

Today, close to 1 million.

Moore's Law propelled by wanting lots of something.
With XPrize - do for space flight what consumer electronics did for electronics.
Spirit of St. Louis story is what inspired XPrize.
- Some Questions for you to consider

How much can you improve upon Convair/General Dynamics Cases C and D with use of newly discovered lunar volatiles?

What about laser or microwave beaming for landing/lift?

Move to L2 for assembly, move to LEO.

Use chemical rockets for launch from moon. How would that change things? Big change.

Millions of tons of volatiles that you could use.
How small can you make an initial bootstrapping system that uses lunar volatiles to provide landing and maybe early uplift to Low Lunar Orbit or a Space Manufacturing Facility?

Can you make the bootstrapping system in small enough pieces that you can launch them as secondary payloads of opportunity?

Alternatively, how many Falcon 9 launches do you need to get this going?
First - figure out how many Falcon 9 launches are needed to do it.
We never give up.

Video was made.
Dmitry: See it.


Closest between asteroid and LEO was 7.
GM: Thank you. Lot of stuff on-line. In references I sent.

Hoping to come back in August. See how you are doing.

9:34pm [applause]
Other thing about my slides in general. Not right for you to show them to other people.



This pad is a place to collect health project ideas. Here are a couple to get started with:
1) This is related to Peter's tricorder X-prize.

Develop a set of open source tests for common medical

conditions that are administerable by barely trained users, and an

online database with result ranges and ties to genetic SNPs, together

with a wikipedia-like set of crowd sourced treatments for these

conditions, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological (dietary,

exercise, etc.) The ease of use of the tests would expand penetration

to Africa and other underserved areas, and the crowd-sourced

recommendations would allow the inclusion (and testing) of the

treatments available to a particular group of users who may not have

drugs available. The crowd-sourced nature of the wiki would help

credibility in places where US-led efforts are now traditionally

viewed with suspicion (ie. justifiably, most of the world.)
Hell, that's phrased really poorly. But I think the basic idea is

sound. Take tests out of the hands of pharma companies - basically

George Whitesides mission with his paper-based diagnostics, which he

is already trying to get into use. Take the treatments out of the

exclusive purview of doctors, of which there aren't enough in Africa

anyway. And through education move more responsibility for health onto

We could pretty easily start the health wikipedia side of things this

summer, and start dialog with George and others on diagnostics. The

tie to genetics could even help the genetic testing companies with

their current FDA troubles since they can't be held responsible for a

crowd-sourced wiki of diagnostic associations.
I think the concern over accurate information on a publicly editable

wiki is valid, but less than it would have been a few years ago. We

have different requirements than wikipedia in that regard, since the

bar for trying a remedy is higher than looking up wikipedia info, so

we'd need some different rating and reliability measures.
2) a much more focused project based on diabetes and insulin response interventions. Shasha should have something to say about this :-)
3) more on a technical front, but Daniel's stem cell creation box has me all jazzed right now
4) Better electronic health records, with a feature list that goes something like this:

* Accessible to doctors/professionals, patients/people

* Shareable, with good privacy controls

* Built around an ontology, with controlled vocabulary and hierarchy, so they can be more easily used in semantic and data mining applications

* Support for data streams like personal tracking devices (Quantified Self, FitBit, Zeo, etc.)

* Support for data streams like genomics (DNA variants, Copy Number Variations (CNVs), Structural Variations, transcriptomics, gene fusions, epigenomics/methylation, non-coding RNA)

* Support for periodic health monitoring (e.g., blood tests)

* Support for family history, intervention history, medication history, etc.

* Include a social networking and reward component, so that people can use friends support and game dynamics to achieve health goals.


"Education Meeting Agenda


24 June 2010

10:00 pm

583C \"Infinity building\"
[Meeting was postponed to the Unconference due to the late hour of Peter's conversation with us in 583C.]
Review of kickoff meeting held Tuesday, 22 June 2010

1) A few people will talk for a few minutes each on the challenges in education as they perceive them with their background (some have emailed me, others can volunteer on the night). The goal is to more fully understand all the facets of the problem space. Aim to complete this phase in one hour or less.

2) We consider the feasibility of the model for how this might run, and narrow its scope based upon what we know and have learned. Maximum 45 minutes. Discussion of Education Initiative - Project or Process?

3) We draw up a plan and milestones, considering if/how this might realistically run within the framework of SU. Maximum 45 minutes.
Video presentation




"SU business cards are probably a good idea.
[Discuss here]

We need you to submit your info for business cards.

Please include it below.
David \"davidad\" Dalrymple

MIT Mind Machine Project

Programming language theory, AI, software design


Phone: 619-SC1ENCE

Google Talk:

Emma Brooke

Bioethics and Technological Ethics

skype: pho_ebe89
Julielynn Wong, MD, MPH

Frank Knox Fellow 2005-6

Harvard School of Public Health


phone: 412-841-5825
Vincent Daranyi

650 335 5489
Carlos Renato Belo Azevedo

Bio-inspired computation

+1 408 666-3343

+55 81 9974-9966
Steve Cronin

Innovation Architect & Materials Scientist

330-865-5618 (m)


"Advice for GSP11
1. Begin using collaborative tools before the program starts. The student calls should be supported by Etherpad + Skype (or whatever software exists next year).
2. Before the program starts, distribute a DVD (or 2) to students containing (open source) software and videos. In some countries (including New Zealand), internet access is charged by the GB. Having the DVD as an artifact would also show how the SU team is well prepared -- especially if the DVD includes a brief what-you-will-see-when-you-arrive segment with a time lapse movie of the trip from the airport to the rooms at SU. The welcome packet with the DVD(s) could also contain something SU-branded like a baseball cap or tote bag for new students to wear/carry to identify themselves to greeters/fellow travelers.


"What is it?
About how DNA sequencing will affect future. How much data it will create. \\How to process, gather data and provide a platform to make the data useful in some way.

Rand technical stuff, everson about integration, business
Everson> About data acquisition

Compare to the internet, biggest benchmark on data today. 10 rs ago on libraries, completely fragmented data, now all together.
Now, we put data on the internet.
With dna data today,
we have small islands of data , data is closed. if someone else in the world wants to have access, or to give the data. to understand disease, they don't know where to put it, whot o give it to, and they have to pay to do that.
Compare that with the internet where we have a free eecosystem of data and we crfeate thew hole ecosystem of data.
How should we create a platform for people to provide their data and actually help solve disease

Javier> Have you heard of cutretogether?

DNA is a sequence, 3b long sequence of 4 letters. Can be encodedin two bits. 6 B bits of data, abouta gigabyte. Times 6 billion, maybe 10B gigabyte sorrted analyzed stored, accessible. Imagine how this will create a new problem space that will be enourmous.
We can do that stuff today. Rand worked on this, dna of hiv virus, mmap to resistance. Computer will give list of 13 drugs and resistance factors fgor each. Based on viral DNA you can choose drug
We have lots of things to do here, machinelearning, map input to output, but we dont have the data to do this, this is the real problem. How do we get all the data. We cannot conduct real analysis.
People might not want to know about preedispositions to alzheimer, parkinsons
But peole want to know which drug will work better.
Usually doctors get paid tho
Go to doctor with your USB key, doctor chooses right molecule for you
You need to centralize data
You give us your dna for free and we provide analysis of your dna
You can get more prersonalised treatments. Personalised choice of medicine, and preventive medicine, predispositions compared to average.
Implications for governments are big, savings for healthcare system.
Tech for cheap rapid dna tech is around the corner.
Human genome 300 M.

much cheaper today. Nobody taking care of software.
Rand's phd supervisor said, no commercial application for bioinformatics....
Just missing data for viable commercial
You go to a doctor, don't even need usb key you send a sms to our server, i want tdiagnosis test on this drug, you get back resistance factors. First step is to gather info. talk to pharma labs, until people start sequencing all dna. you can imagine a double curve.
We need to acquire less data as sequencing
diseases treatment diagnoses with dna
There will be statistical signi
Q The reg framework, no principles, helgal or ethical for international data sharing, only infrast, nurenberg code, informed consent. Says whenever experiment involved and experiment subject, must give explicit consent. Contact every single person when you do genome wide study. You need consent from all of them.
Secondly, pressure to anonimize data, that means cutting link from data to person, you cant obtain consent again
2 reqs, informed requirement. they have to kjnow what they are agreeing to, then it is explicit consent, in writing or verbally. email doesnt cut it.

this is World Health Organisation.
Q. Raycho, In space sector, only a fraction of info that is beamed down to earth is actually used. Need to take that into account when you conssider this data. Problem is how do you process data you receive. If you speak about all this information. Big problem is processing of data. Huge problem in space.
More to it than 30K genes that we think is in genome, there ishere is junk DNA. Up until now, ppl thought there is non coding DNA, it reduces the likeliness that a mutation will occur in coded region... but not necessarily true. Gave an explanation for .99 junk. Think of genes as functions. A gene will code for a protein, that protein will serve a purpose. You could only look at the genes, they look for mutations in specific genes. We are talking about a ghigher level sort of analysis, to understand a program that defines someone, to use that info to extract as much analysis from it as you can.

To start with you can do the basic thing, look at genes, map this to make records, draw trials
Raycho: Need to proccess huge amounts of data is a problem.

Welcome to EtherPad!
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Put everything else here that doesn't fit into one of the team projects

Mobile AI Physician
Upcycle/Recycle here, among the SU students (as demonstration of a principle rather than due to its effectiveness).

- More silverware (instead of plastic) during meals. I don't think Barcelona cafe' should mind.

- Water coolers in the dorms and 583C instead of plastic water bottles.

- Personal mugs to minimize the use of single serving cups (hey, an SU logo could be great : ) )

- Maybe we SU students can come up with something cool to do with the waste we do produce (like building a greenhouse room out of plastic bottles or something of that sort)
Start a program for large numbers of med students to spend 1 year in clinical placements in the developing world
Make Malaria Nets Sexy

- Market nets with religious images - Virgin Mary for Catholics, Picture of Mecca for Muslims, Picture of temples for hindus

- Use Football celebs to market use of nets in Africa

- Make nets from cooling materials to ensure they dont get too hot.
HIV/AIDS Vaccine

- Revisit the VENGEN report on the AIDSVAX results on blacks/Africans.

- Contact trail subjects to know current status and learn from the process

- Possible new trails to be undertaken exclusively in Africa


correct pad:

"Jamming at GSP10

Tonight (Friday)! and every following Thursday, at 9pm in 583C.
I (davidad) have a ukelele, slide whistle, Kaossilator, and clarinet. I'm not very good at playing any of these things (but I'm okay in the context of a large group). I'm better at piano and singing. If anyone knows where a piano is, or any room that would be particularly suited as a music room, let us know!
ALSO: if anybody has good speakers, it would really help out Mike Chen and I, because we have some \"digital instruments\" and speakers are a must.
In terms of structure, what I'm interested in is an essentially unstructured environment: someone just starts playing or singing something repetitive and other people join in as they get the pattern, and drop out when they get bored.
Would love to join any/all events!

:) ~ Marie-Clare Treseder (only conflict is tonight's BBQ) Also I primarily sing, improv on piano, and I doubt there are any rogue cellos around, so I'll probably just be able to proffer voice...
What about Karaoke?

Does anyone have a karaoke machine (or a software solution?) I can provide a microphone with a 3.5mm or 1/4\" plug as output, but we are also looking for a good pair of speakers for other purposes (that's not built-in to a laptop).


"Key to INITIALS (modify as needed)
AC Alexandru CELAC

AL Alison Lewis

AM Alaeddine Mokri

BAB Bryan Bishop

BB Bill Bing

BG Bryce Goodman

BK Brad Kohlenberg

CA Carlos Azevedo

CB Candice Berezan

CD Connor Dickie

CG Chiara Giovenzana

CO Claudia Olsson

CT Chiara Turelli

DC Dhaval Chadha

DD David Dalrymple (davidad)

DH David Hutchison

DJ Derek Jacoby

DR David Roberts

DT Dmitriy Tseliakhovich

DW David Wyler

EA Emem Andrew

LB/EB Elizabeth (Lizzie) Brook

EB Emma Brooke

EE Eric Ezechieli

EK Emiliano Kargieman

EL Erez Livneh

EL Everson Lopes

ER Eugenie Rives

FG Francesco Galietti

FT Fabio Teixeira

GG Gary Gautier

HA Hind Ahmed

JD Jason Dunn

JG John Graves

JJ Jorge Juan Fern\u00e1ndez Garc\u00eda

JL JC Lopez

JM Javier Mares

JM Juan Martinez-Barea

JP Justin Pahara

JV Julio Valdivia

JW Julielynn Wong

KS Kausar N. Samli

KZ Kidist Zeleke

LE Luca Escoffier

MA Miguel Angel Luengo-Oroz

MB Marko Bitenc

MK Matt Kern

MN Mercy Njima

RA Ronen Amit

RC Homan (Rosa) Chan

RD Robert Denning

RH Rand Hindi

RR Raycho Raychev

SB Santiago Bilinkis

SC Steve Cronin

SG Sasha Grujicic

SJ Sarah Jane Pell

SK San Ko

SN Sharon Niv

ST Sam Thorp


TK Tyler Kratz

TL Tony Lyu

VD Vincent Daranyi

YS Yara Shaban

ZJ Zain Jaffer


Welcome to EtherPad!
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"Space based businesses:
Hey guys lets think of various space related business oportunities that we can spin out of the SU.



"Unconference talk Eric Ezechieli
Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development
A framework to think about our team projects.
Relevant website:
What is your biggest problem when deciding?

=> Finding out what the problem is about, narrowing it down.

Eric: Lack of Clarity

How is it we are so smart as individuals, but as a group we are creating adverse conditions?

Karl. Heinrich Robert gathered a multidisciplinary group to answer the question:

How can we find a common language to think of grand challenges?
Result: An open framework anyone can use.

His goal was to address sustainability so we can think of problems today and not tomorrow when it might be too late.

1989, it reached all people in Sweden with this concept.
Funnel analogy:

Two horizontal convex lines that resemble a funnel / lens, resource supply being represented by the upper, demand by the lower line.
The evolution of resource demand and supply is characterized by two curves that approach another over time. By using normal forecasting, one would run into shifting constraints.

Reason: If the trend is part of the problem, you are extrapolation the problem along.

One should think about integrating backcasting with forecasting.

With backcasting, you take the goal in the future and try to get closer to the success you want to achieve.

The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development is thus comprised of five specific levels:
1. The Systems level.

2. The Purpose level.

3. The Strategic level.

4. The Actions level.

5. The Tools level.

Companies that use this framework:

1. Nike for product design, use backcastiing.

2. Interface model for sustainable society

3. Lantmaennen,

4. Swedish government used the framework for the entire country, to make the country an oil-free country.

5. Walmart

6. Whistler, Canada 2020

7. 25% of Swedish municipalities

8. Dozen others:

Could accelerate innovation.

Not sure what nanotech and biotech will do to this model

What do you do if the core-product like coca cola is harmful to society?

This model was designed to be absolutely neutral. It is not judgmental about products. E.g. Coca cola has committed to be close \u2013 loop for their packaging.
How do make leaders adopt this approach?

In Sweden they adopted the approach 20 years ago, it is often a matter of timing.

Today, the climate is right for this in other areas.
How should we proceed using this model when doing our projects at SU?

Looking for a more systemic approach.

Looking what system dynamics are.

Talking about why, then what then how.

Entire cities:

Start with awareness,

then vision, then fill step by step within the process.
Does it move in the right direction?

Is it a flexible platform?

Is it a good return on investment?
Similar to stage-gated implementation?

Yes, Lighthouse/torch analogy.





Paul Romer
Pleno: FEE Econom\u00eda Global: Normas de Tecnolog\u00eda, y la puesta en marcha Din\u00e1mica

\"Una crisis es una cosa terrible de desperdiciar.\"

\"Las posibilidades no tienen sentido. Se multiplican\"

The Politically Incorrect Guide to Ending Poverty
Presentaci\u00f3n de diapositivas: [Jon Badal]

Todas nuestras ideas preguntas:
\x3cnotes inicio aqu\u00ed>
[Final] de la presentaci\u00f3n

Todas nuestras ideas crowdsourced preguntas:

Por favor, tome 2 minutos para votar por las sugerencias.

"Computer says:

Welcome to our University.

We hope we can help you futher Arab education.


Dan: Tell why you are here.

From entertainment background.

Hired by Abu Dhabi government to bring film industry.

For first two years working to bridge the two cultures.

Government agency.

And working on our own.
Not that many Arabic content that is culturally appropriate.

Majority of kids will watch Barney with Lebanese.

Westerners teaching Arab children Western ways.

If you learn, \"Hey\" for saying hello, that is different from
Bashasha - my favorite racing camel.

Mid-East equivalent of Barney.
Kids liked Dorra the Explorer, or Hannah Montana.

Kids say, \"Oh, I love her, but she's not Muslim\"

Shamalshaza - Shama the Great

Behouin tough character - with things that are culturally appropriate.
For younger kids, Baby Einstein.

Red circle - holding red bowl to give water to a camel.

Different things like that.

Make things that creatively push the boundaries.
Many iPhone apps. Not any good Arabic learning tools.

Parents have iPhone. Will give the kid the iPhone to play games if they are somewhere.
Guys got bored with iPads. Could be another educational tool for them.

Want to build apps.

Producing TV show.

Don't have a lot of innovate ways to take it into get into classrooms.

TeacherMate - only $15. Like a teacher's best friend. The kids think they are games.

But they are learning.

They think they are playing video games.
AD Cultural Heritage.



Premier at hunting expo.
Put together what ideas to have.

This is present day.

Ideas to leapfrog. Build something out.
What do you do?
Q: Is your concern the language or the content.

I know iPhone apps. Ways to meld content, a platform that all works.
Intro to Open Allure.

Yara: From Jordon.

Addicted to Majit.
AB: Bought
Yara: Americans don't relate to camels.

AB: Too bedhouin.

Yara: Addicted to Japanese characters.

Video games - with Arabic characters, comic books.

Not like Persians.

Not sand and castles and women and stuff.

Can't take good quality away.

Kept buying Majit until I was 25.
AB: Down in?

Yara: 2008.

All of the children were addicted.

AB2: Me too.

Yara: Series of fairy tales.

Police investigation.

Written from Arabic - people would learn vocab, sentences.

Lebanese, Egyptian sentences.

Kids do not know syntax.

We are better writers than our sisters and brothers for having heard.

It is like, day-to-day vocabulary.

What happened to good Arab writers?

Do an initiation like, content - games, puzzles, word crosses. Find good content first.

We don't read books in Arab world.
Haven't seen a single new book.

AB: Great to hear all those comments.

We have a strong team.
Yara: Have you tested it?

AB: Not yet, but we have a lot of teachers, Kindergarten.

Yara: My mom would sit and watch the shows.

If content is appealing also to adults, then good content.

Harry Potter.

AB: Ones that sell the best are the ones least irritating to the parents.
Eric: From Italy. Work with Swedish org. Natural Step. 20 years ago, massive program

under patronage of king.

From schools to municipalities.

Masters from Stanford.

Which ones work from across the globe.
If Abu Dhabi is interested in innovative stuff, I'm interested.
Zain: 20 start ups so far.

Currently run. Sell DVDs to do that.

Approach is similar to you guys.

[Demo of video]

They will create localized content.

Create with person from the local market.
Kausar: Grew up in Saudi Arabia. on Iftah Hail Simson? (like Sesame Street)

Went to Arabic and an American school. Context went more and more Western.

I didn't speak English as a kid.

When I had to choose and school started to shift, I shifted to Sesame Street.

That show particularly did not connect. Sesame Street was more relevant, having

shifted to American school.

Spent up through my high school years in Saudi. Visited Abu Dhabi.

Not sure can provide in a technical sense.

How to go about reaching out.

How to reach out to children. Show them the impact of education.
Claudia: Sweden. Working in emerging markets. Not necessarily in education. Was working

in ... Center for Excellence. Emerging Market solutions.

Could be an interesting contact for you. IT solutions for education.
Candice: From Canada. Education at University level. Space I am working in. Quite far from

this particular application.
Saleem: Two concerns.

I like traditions, but once you go to the mosque?

Do you think this is a threat.
AB: Especially after working at the cultural foundation. I'm American. Fell in love

with culture.

People in their 30s.

Guy from IDEO was hired to come up with incentive plan for Bahrain to

get people, not incentivized, to give back to society.

Driving incentive plan to bring back culture.

Education will help some.

The camel is a character like Barney is a dinosaur.

Cultural component, but also manners and mores.

Programs in English, Arabic and French.

In Levant, much more contact with West.

In Gulf, want to preserve.
Kauser: Area I've worked with in the past.

Domestic and international with respect to science and technology.

U of Georgia PhD.

AB: We started foundation to bridge the worlds.

Abadi Foundation - change world's perspective.

Jim Jenoff

Paula Wagner

Tom Cruise?

Lot of high level people.

One example I use.

Last summer Wolverine came out.

At Mann Theatre in LA.

Just happened I had met guy from Nigeria.

In the movie, there are clouds and you end up in capital of Nigeria.

When they leave elevator, they kill everyone.

Diamond dealer at end at desk.

Where did you get diamond?

Then they kill him.

Cut to them in the jungle. Scantilly clad.
Jim told us how many changes after film was made as producer.

He changed things to make better.

20 million people will watch this film and think Nigeria is diamond dealers or people

wearing no clothes.

20 second shot could have shown nice neighborhood. Show people there is something

more there.

Create characters in film and TV.

Tons of writers, but we write about what we know.

To have to research, what does a Lebanese wedding look like?

MOST - Muslims On Screen and Television.

Give writers the resource.

Exchange program.

One thing I found - you can make a difference person by person.

Chairman of Fox: Sex in the City.

I know why it came out and why it fell apart.

With decisionmakers - would never let something like that come out of Fox.

Open Your Eyes to Arabia.

TV shows - rewritten history to show ideas came from Middle East.

All kinds of amazing discoveries like that.
Saleem: Makes me really happy.

Tagist: To create Arabic educational programming that is culturally appropriate.

AB: I can create TV shows.

Animated series and all that.

iPhone apps, video games.
Tigist: No issue with the way education is?

AB: What I'm looking for is ways to use technology to make the education system an interactive

learning experience.

Tigest: I live in Paris. Ethiopian. Studied and lived on 3 continents.

We're starting from zero. We'll live in a different world.

Next step will be media.
Claudia: Alice for programming.

Yara: Randy Pausch

AB: A gift from CMU
Addictive Learning.
Yara: the ball you can squeeze it.

Teacher can program it - a talking ball.

Strawberry fruit.

Continue the sentence.

Who invented this or that.

If student answered correctly, throw ball to someone else.
AB: I think Dan would like to create that AI.

Where German?

Claudia: Word assistant.

iPhone app of that.

Tigest: Game to play anywhere.

AB: Like you were saying - iPhone or TeacherMate.

Sheik Mohamed built 5 star refugee camp for 10,000 people.

The one that Abu Dhabi built - each family had huge tent.

Sewer system. Street lights. in 21 days.

Literaly in area surrounded by kids with

Serve 21,000 meals per day - chicken, fresh bread.
Caludia: UN?

AB: Very disappointing. 19 AID orgs Oxfam, Doctors without Borders. Took them much longer.

Lack of food.

Trying to take in all these people.

For these kids, a school environment. Put on teacherMate to make it less expensive for lower

income countries.

Tigest: what is the foundation of it? Like TV?

AB: Lot of different programs.

Kauser: already building content - providing through multiple sources.

Multiple sofware/hardware technologies to get content out.
When you said you were looking for people toactually develop - that can be farmed out.

AB: We'd like to hire a tech manager. Lot we can farm out. MIT has programmers working in Dhubai now.

Love to get any ideas to sort of bring together.

Kauser: Start a company in Georgia - building platform. Do you have a card?

AB: Anyone individually?
Just talking in Palo Alto. A private school. Bought iPads for all the kids. Apps will be

ready by end of the year.
Tigest: Use iPad - idea to use it. Everyone tech savvy.

Use it to keep tradition. Story telling. Written language too. All on the board outside.

Basically, if not Abu Dhabi. A place where people had text.

Record. No video yet, but a lot of recording.

Kauser: Thank you. Nice to meet you.

Claudia: will e-mail

Candice: will e-mail

Call from Jessica.


Welcome to EtherPad!
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"X = Building (for laundry), Hall (for 20), House (for 583B), Complex (for 3), Center (for 583C)
Women in science:

Ada Lovelace X, Marie Curie X, Rosalind Franklin X, Emmy Noether X, Lisa Meitner X
People who describe the progress of science:

Karl Popper X, Thomas Kuhn X, Paul Feyerabend X, Carl Gustav Hempel X, Ockham X
Unappreciated genius:

Nikola Tesla X, Rosalind Franklin X, Charles Babbage X, Buckminster Fuller X, Philo Farnsworth X
Great humanitarians:

Mohamed Yunus X, Nelson Mandela X, Mohandas Ghandi X, Dalai Lama X, Martin Luther King, Jr. X


Welcome to EtherPad!
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"Vecoy Meeting 1 - Brainstorming Meeting

Virus Decoy Project



Concept: competitive inhibition of virus replication through higher number of receptors, multiple viruses can enter same liposome

1. Use people in late stage HIV because of high viral load

2. Use on Ebola, low incubation, high virulence, could get defense budget

3. Use previously researched and used liposomes to move the approval process faster

4. Outsource the product not the idea

5. Used in combination with cocktail and healthy immune system could be the nail in the coffin for the virus

6. Keep in mind the liposomes you use so that they don't form with other cells and use enzymes that degrades the RNA in the liposome

7. Outsource the R&D to a research lab, talk to Daniel Kraft

8. Dormancy of virus is an issue

9. Go to Obama administration for research grant

10. Will the markers on the decoy attract other things that are beneficial for the body as well?

Answer: Nothing is trapped for good, bounces, if something did somehow enter into the liposome the liposome degrades after a while

11. Could you use a supplement instead of FDA? Not sure, probably not

12. The fake CD4 receptors could be messing with the immune system

13. Contact Gates foundation/Clinton foundation

14. Create an X-prize

15. Pull in experts to verify technology, add clout, get credibility to leverage in grants/proposals etc.

16. In vitro testing then in vivo testing

17. Clinical goal of monotherapy in developing world
Group & Goals

1. Review state of the art:

2. AVOID GROUPTHINK, ask for dissenting perspectives

2. Researching all the foundations/groups that could possibly finance this.

3. Writing the proposal paper/presentation that will be sent to foundations

2.1 Answer the questions that come up in these meetings in the presentation of the idea

4. PR - Send paper/presentation to experts to add clout/credibility/validation to proposal

5. Price out research costs

5.1 How much do we need?

5.2 When do we need it? Timetable

Homework for next meeting:

Tigist - Group 1: Find Foundations

EK, Bill, Javier, Erez, Alex - Group 2: Get together and write out the paper/adjust the presentation

Carlos, EK, Spain, David, Brad - Group 3: Contacting your connections in various countries and organizations

Diva - Group 4: What viruses are good targets?Also virus loads, CD4 counts and clinically possible lyposome load in the bloodstream, liposomy half life

Jan - Group 4: Research the existing German patent

Brad - Misc.: handle notes

Everyone Else - spread the word
Next Meeting is in Two Days (Thurs. July 1st, 2010)
Seiradake E, Henaff D, Wodrich H, Billet O, Perreau M, Hippert C, Mennechet F, Schoehn G, Lortat-Jacob H, Dreja H, Ibanes S, Kalatzis V, Wang JP, Finberg RW, Cusack S, Kremer EJ. The Cell Adhesion Molecule \"CAR\" and Sialic Acid on Human Erythrocytes Influence Adenovirus In Vivo Biodistribution. PLoS Pathog. 2009 Jan;5(1).
Wiki page:
SUN discussion on potentially previous and similar tech:
HIV infects liver (co-infection of HIV and HCV is a huge problem):
CXCR4 is fundamental for the hematopoietic niche:

"Sorted list of links from all other pads
--can generate a vacuum through mechanical means, ie.

- Catalog of molecular parts (Goodsell,

- Example electrostatic actuated devices

- GE Plastics Color formulation tool (


- Prediction of Future

-example: mapping the Earth quicker, faster... can even be applied to archaeology:

-fungus - molds, etc. these are generally oxygen-dependent processes (ie: )


-nutrient loss - this is primarily a function of age and heat because vitamins are often not the most stable molecules (

( )

(AZ: Biotech Hall of Fame:

(biography is on

(copy at )

(copy in Google docs: )

(diagram of Tunguska impact zone compared to the size of New York City:

(FDA Letter to Pathway:


(, Perlegen Sciences,

(like but in plastic)

(overview article:

(patent: 7,335,474:

(see 2006 interview genetic ethics:

(see CAD Nano


(shouts: 9!) [linear thinking...]

* Sergey Brins data mining approach- see Wired: a way of attacking the problem.

*Brother is Director of Old Town School of Folk Music ( in Chicago, IL with many connections to performing artists who might be willing to contribute their names or music towards publicity.

*Classmate of Mike Nelson ( at Caltech, former advisor to Al Gore. Policy wonk.

*DIY Lantern

*I know how to make VIDEOS

*I\\u2019m at Cornell, which is totally into energy so I have access to lots of professors who are interested in this, many of whom are listed here:

*Know owner of Thermosash ( in Auckland, New Zealand: David Hayes. Thermosash makes commercial building facades out of glass and has particular expertise in solar flux.

*Sister is City Attorney for Providence, RI with many contacts in public sector, especially around brownfield development (




[ - map of social networks]

[Marian's paper on Kalundberg:]

[Networking for Dummies Books:]

[Networking for Dummies Libri:]

[photo of mud hut] \\\"This is your customer.\\\" (other pics:


[see -]

\\\"A conversation with Don Francis\\\":

\\\"singularity is near\\\" - movie -

\\\"what the bleep do we know\\\" - movie -

1) Sahara Forest Project:

1. Review state of the art:

10:17 Lori Giver (

10:24Javier: Ref:

10:31matt kern: \\\"At today's prices, a relatively small metallic asteroid with a diameter of 1 mile contains more than $20 trillion US dollars worth of industrial and precious metals.[1] In fact, all the gold, cobalt, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, osmium, palladium, platinum, rhenium, rhodium and ruthenium that we now mine from the Earth's crust, and that are essential for our economic and technological development, came originally from the rain of asteroids that hit the Earth after the crust cooled\\\" from

10:42John Graves: Bios:

10:52 Slides:

100Billion Dollars Available from DOE (department of energy)

11:27David Hutchison:

12 Principles of Green Chemistry:

14. saving oil is cheaper than buying it (saving one barrel of oil costs less than 30$ )

14:22John Graves: Interesting approach to reading/reviewing a book as a team:

14:46John Graves: OK. Ames has a golf course which is going to use reclaimed water:

15:11Derek Jacoby: that's what was up! Everyone is over at:

15:21Claudia: (a cool solution from Viking land)

15:22Derek Jacoby: interesting igem project on arsenic detection a couple years ago...

15:23Candice Berezan:

15:29John Graves:,915/

15:31Matt Kern:

15:40Eric Eze: defining water: see this

15:48Matt Kern: article describing issues around filtering water and some related companies/solutions

15:54Bill Bing: Came across a pretty interesting article on related subject matter by googling Kate Steel World Bank if anyone is interested:

16:26Candice Berezan: iGEM Hg project out of Australia:

16:26John Graves: Liberty Science Center has good exhibit on Hudson River life:

16:27Sasha: OLED Wallpaper . . .

16:30Vincent: OLEDs are the future of light as they emit natural like light and no heat. fun application of OLED:

17:03matt kern:

17:14matt kern:

17:35David Hutchison:

17:36Dmitriy: company came out of the Lawrence Berkeley Lab

17:39David Roberts: Toshiba's reactor

17:46Vincent: there are no pictures though:

2) John Liu massive reforestation in arid China Areas (the size of belgium):

2. in terms of funding - maybe another way to look at space would be the huge potential closed-loop systems from space reseach could have to tackle the urbanization problems on earth. The numbers show that within the next decades, about 80% of people will live in cities, many of them will evolve in the developing world. Thus people sit down to think about how to build IT-based, more efficient smarter cities/environments from scratch.Lot's of AI, sensor networks, embedded systems, sentient infrastructures, cognitive infrastructures, and so forth needed. As Steve showed, Nasa is already doing a bit of work in terms of sentient buildings ( ), but I think one could do a lot more. If the Space track group decides to go into the direction of how to devlop extraterrestial colonies/stations, maybe we could think more about synergies between this research and problems in the developmental scenario.

2/ Etherpad for marathon:

3D printing food is not far off.

7. 25% of Swedish municipalities

8. Dozen others:

9:46David Hutchison:

9:52Santiago: Rusty Schweickart was born in Neptune! And it is not a joke!

9:55Carlos: Hey guy, check this out: Cognitive Biases Potentially Affecting Judgment of Global Risks:, by Eliezer S. Yudkowsky, Research Fellow - Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence. Worth reading.

A: One thing is we need cheap launch. One of the things I have been pushing is beam power. One of the biggest markets I'm excited about is asteroid mining. One concept I'm interested in is \\\"One planet living.\\\" ( Today the population of earth uses 30% more resources than are available to us. If everyone on the planet wanted to live at the standards of North America, we'd need five planets' worth of resources. But that's a myopic view, we are not limited to the resources on earth. Earth is a crumb in a supermarket filled with resources. I think about the creation of those resources that will drive us.

A: Situation in Nigeria similar to other dev'ping countries. Invest in water (Example: Manila, What can society do to prioritize this issue? Ask for money? How do you spend money? Infrastructure? Environmental? Indigenous lobbying

A: The reason people are spending hours a day on these sites is because people are feeling real connections there. BLOGher (, get females together to talk about problems. I went to first one of those, amazing emotiona

Academic profile:

Again: discussioned logged at

Alex Pedilla, California State Senator, SB482 Personal Genome Tests

Alison cutting:

All Our Ideas crowdsourced questions:

All Our Ideas crowdsourced questions:

All Our Ideas crowdsourced questions:

All Our Ideas crowdsourced questions:

All Our Ideas crowdsourced questions:

All Our Ideas questions:

All Our Ideas:

All Our Ideas:

All Our Ideas:

All Our Ideas:

All Our Ideas:


another decent one:

Another Moore's Law out there - Jaguar

Anyone do gel

Aprotech and others.

Arsenic Biosensor:


Astro-preneur (Elon Musk): Iconic picture: (Obama behind Musk)

bernoulli's priciple: understanding is responsible for aviation -'s_principle

best known energy company: changed from making carpets to becoming a new model for energy effecient floor covering.

best, easiest design I've found so far:







Board of Directors for Redwood Neuroscience Institute:

Bogo light. Manufactured, $10. Many more can afford.

Book referenced:


Cataract surgeons have the highest amount of catecholamines in their urine, because it's a fast surgery (stress hormone -

Chamber managed remotely by tele-presence and tele-robotics.

Chris deCharms TED Talk:

claudia: another partnership. think global school. social justice. india, africa, south america -- live in this area. use high school students as mentors.

claudia: they are not always \\\"there.\\\" poor settings. they DO have to show interest in the program. See for more info.

Clean Tech Revolution on Amazon:


correct pad:

Cosmic calendar, compresses the entire history of the universe into one cosmic year -

Could grow arabidopsis: to demonstrate/test plant growth on Mars

Cumulative Etherpad document:

Currently, there are several efforts to use cell-phone user data in developing countries to analyze human and nonhuman behavior. E.g. .

Dayton Hudson (now Target:, also says, \\\"discount retailing will be big\\\" Don't hire anyone from existing stores. Pick own locations/stores. Then, we'll see what happens. Perfects model, it is the wave of the future.

decent commercial system:

Defining Water:


Design for Environment (DFE)

Diagnosed herself with, a disease her father had.

Diagram shown:

Discussion results can be logged here:

DNA nexus model []

Do we have a better take than SETI?


Enable creation of a for profit Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO) now has installed over 100,000 systems. (

Energy Recycling:

Eric Eze: backcasting 2:

Eric Eze: Backcasting:

Eriksson et al., \\\"Web-Based, Participant-Driven Studies Yield Novel Genetic Associations for Common Traits\\\"PLoS Genet 6(6)

Etherpad for SU Ideas:

Etherpad for SU ideas:

Etherpad for SU ideas:

Etherpad for SU ideas:

Etherpad to collect SU ideas:

Every year

Example of cells being applied with a catheter (

Example SSL Search - Google

excellent discussion paper on aquaponics:

Existing group (21 members):

Existing pad:

Existing pad:

Existing pad:

Existing Pad:

Existing pad:

Existing Solar thermal facility in SoCal:

Food waste: see, for example,

For pronunciation:

Forbes Article -

Forum For the Future:

FYI: ~davidad

G: Question is, RF applications? Look up sitime

Geo medicine - how your environment affects your health

GEOChat( - communicate


Getting big enough chohrt. P Obtaining consent under the structures of the Declaration of Helsinki \\\"Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects\\\"

Google Group:

Google group:

Google group:

Google group:

Google group:

Graph being shown:

Great start to a sensor network:

Gregg Maryniak Slides:

Grow more yourself

GSP10 Best of the Wire / Word of the Day:

GSP10 Calendar:

GSP10 Social Network Coordinates spreadsheet:

GSP10 Tennis ladder link:

His TED talk also looks to cover much of the same ground: ] ]

I try not to get people to follow me. You have to find me. Yet 1500 people following me. (

IBM developing sequoia super computer -

IBM Moves Closer To Creating Computer Based on Insights From The Brain (\\\"cat-scale cortical simulation\\\")- / Dharmendra Modha (

If we have longer (80 years or so) to react, we can use a gravity tractor which is more predictable.

Image being shown: 200-300X the size of the Hiroshima explosion.

Incineration of materials; example: composting:

Innovate work at Omneron?

Interesting igem project on arsenic detection a couple years ago...

interesting similar design, but nicer looking!

Interesting statistics:

interesting supplier of aquaponics systems:

International Source Book on Environmentally Sound Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste Management

jill Tarter TED Talk:

Jim: Solexant.

Justin: Check:

Konarka - Clothing that is a solar collector. Tents. -

LavaAmp ( different from other PCR- normally you keep liquid in a single place.

Like anything else, only guy on TV was Fred Sanford.

Link to Next Talk-- Rose, FEE:





Long Term: Asteroid mining (massive opportunity:

Look up Garbage Barge (

Main Etherpad:

McKenzie's view ( - in USA paying ~\\x3c40% than what we should be paying - poorer are paying much more than they should, 2x on either side. The rich is paying much less than they should be paying while the poor is paying much more than they should.

Mentioned the Tacoma Narrows bridge collapse

Millenium Development Goals access to enegry not included -

Moore's Law

most well known for his low cost eyeglass manufacture technique... neat!

Nanobusiness Alliance.

nanofactory - MUST SEE! -

NASA Hyperwall


New device, Philips DirectLife [] sensewear bodymedia


Not a bad idea, but the hose has problems:

NOTE: There is competion from 65 guys@MIT on this project! Who? Do they have a team name we can google? Will have to ask Dr. Dickson. he just mentioned it in passing. OK I thought you might have inside info. I spoke to him about it last night. The person he's referencing is Herbert Einstein but I cannot find any references - besides another interview with Despommier - to his 65-man team or to work he's doing on vertical farming.

Notes were just put at the end of the pad.

now regulators are tryign to align global economy's interest with the bank. youtube: the crisis of credit visualized.

on Amazon:

On genetic defense in court:


only humans have a substantially large neocortex -

Open Allure: and

Open source OpenCog []

Or prezi site:

Other thing to show you real quick: microbial fuel cell ( Just scoop up soil, put it into one of these guys, wait 5 days and it generates 5 microAmps of current. You can measure that.




Photos posted to


Presentation slides:

PRIOR AIR Etherpad: (includes Dan Barry's CL2/3)

Privacy insurance:

ptolemaic view -

Python code used to collect Etherpads:

Q: Derek/Canada: Can you talk about how Brainstorm foundation is going to include external data sources. Integrating with George Church's 1000 genomes project

Q: Similar to which asks, \\\"Did you feel it?\\\", ask \\\"Did you catch it?\\\"

Quick show of OpenPCR (

Read more (and watch the video around 10:10, in portuguese though):

Read more:

Recommends Tracy Kidder's Mountains beyond Mountains ( -- $19


reference to Push Singh's work - now ongoing in the Mind Machine Project as the OpenMind group:

RT @switchGirl: \\\"I have many arrows in my back, which is the definition of a pioneer\\\" - Gary C Hudson #SingularityU... 2 hours ago via mobile web

Sandra's linkedin profile:

Sandra's presentations:

Sarah Jane: I'm a collaborator and adjunct at the School of Anatomy & Human Biology, Uni of Western Australia home to SymbioticA: the Center for Excellence in Biological Arts. What has been the effect of the Steve Kurtz Critical Arts Ensemble Case? []

Sarah: New privacy laws for system which are almost as strict as Chinese government. We are blocked from speaking out against this privacy law. Orignially for children's rights. Global organization to protect imprisoned bloggers. Will go in, if someone is arrested.







See powertools page at

See the artist Bathsheba ( who does those mathematical shapes in metal.

Sigmoid curve.

Similar image:

Sketch/collage of talk:

slide di presentazione:

Slides are now available:

Slides at

Slides at





























Spanish version of this pad:

Step 3: Return to the original Etherpad ( ) and drop in your reference:

Stone soup story.

Student Question: says value chains are getting longer, not shorter. This came up yesterday for me as I looked at bicycle sharing which has become successful due to an ADVERTISING company. What other examples / opportunities for longer value chains do you see?

SU Spreadsheet The Power it Takes:

SUN discussion on potentially previous and similar tech:


Surveys article on Wired cover this month (

Take over that cell and make more copies of themselves, burst cell open and take over more cells [until caught and stopped by VECOY! - see]

TaylorBiomass -

TED talk:

Tennessee 500M gallons(?) of coal ash spilled after retaining wall broke. Further pictures online:

The Eden Project:

the end of July.


The graphic is part of this article, which doesn't appear to be available for free anymore:

The Power it Takes (problem set):

There's also cool grants we can apply for

There is a CAD software for these things that you can download and play with

There is a pony in there (US joke reference: )

This is a slide - every node is a different area of science. ( ) This map is moving at exponential speed. Imagine the kind of velocity and accelleration of human knowledge.

To use search over SSL, visit each time you perform a search. Note that only Google web search is available over SSL, so other search products like Google Images and Google Maps are not currently available over SSL. When you're searching over SSL, these properties may not appear in the left panel.\\\"

TOCS occur on Tuesdays, 1:30 pm PDT at Carnegie Mellon Silicon Valley campus in room 212. Talks will be broadcast and recorded via AdobeConnect. Remote attendance is available via Recordings are available in the talk archive.

Todas nuestras ideas crowdsourced preguntas:

Todas nuestras ideas preguntas:

Tom's Solar Panels:

Top 10 ways to stop an asteroid:

Tracewell and Arnold 2009 \\\"Directed enzyme evolution: climbing fitness peaks one amino acid at a time\\\" \\\"Evolution has created numerous specialized enzymes that function in living cells to catalyze the chemical reactions of life. Their specificity is tuned so that they generally do not tread on each other\\u2019s toes. But that does not mean their specificity is absolute: a recurring observation has been that many enzymes have weak activity on non-native substrates and that directed evolution can amplify these weak activities.\\\"

Try here:

TSMC - Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation -

Tutte le nostre idee crowdsourced domande:

Tutte le nostre idee crowdsourced domande:



Used to have halter monitor. Shrunk - iRhythm. Put on chest for week, put it in the mail, get analysis of your heart rate.

V. A recent article from Harper's about the \\\"food bubble\\\" -->

Valentina: ceramic pot with clay filter element, easy to use, produce, use local materials and skills, educational programs, successful, prevents pathogenic organisms, not useful for chemical contamination

very nice review writeup:

Vibratory bowl []

Video here

Video: Warehouse robots: Kiva ( a company that creates robots to carry items in a warehouse. Autonomous and special purpose. A huma in the loop, robots bring material to the humans. , Andy Barry use to work for Kiva


Virtual water concept:

Vote by adding +XX where XX are your initials (see key:

Vote by adding +XX where XX are your initials (see key:

Vote by adding +XX where XX are your initials (see key:

Wasn't familiar with the term base load:

Waste To enetrgy (Incineration) :

we can throw our desired business cards at

We do not want to be the preferred vendor for Big Brother (reference to Orwell 1984: )

We have some Google Waves, hosted at






What is Carbon Finance?:

When parents understand that children will live into adulthood and not die of childhood diseases, birthrate increases (?) [hypothesis that birthrate correlates with expected childhood mortality. see wrt malaria ]

Wiki page:

wiki writeup isn't bad either but plainly drew from the same sources:







Woolworths ( was in a trap too, discount retailing is the coming thing - Target and other players get into this industry. Woolworth's doesn't get the start-up thing, try to replicate existing procedures, trying to leverage existing expertise - \\\"we dont do it that way\\\" ,mentality/rule - stiffles innovation. Woolco turns out to be a huge failiure.

Wordle of cumulative etherpad:

World's top rice producers:

You might enjoy looking at




Paul Romer
Plenary: FEE Global Economics: Technology Rules, and the Start-up Dynamics

\"A crisis is a terrible thing to waste.\"

\"Possibilities do not add up. They multiply\"
Paul suggests these links:

The Politically Incorrect Guide to Ending Poverty
Presentation slides: [Jon Badal says there are no slides - just talking]

All Our Ideas questions:
Spanish version of this pad:


David Rose:

Hope you had a relaxing afternoon.

Your minds are about to be filled with really exciting stuff.

Got 2 dozen \"wow how did you get him\" e-mails.

Paul is a Stanford economist. Won a whole gaggle of awards.

Future focused.

Paul Romer:

Admirably short.

Let me start with the summary. What this talk was about.

If you give someone a fish, but if you teach someone to fish you destroy another aquatic ecosystem.

Technology and rules. What is technology: a net.

If you are Robinson Caruso, you want technology.

Interacting with other people, you want rules.

Rule 1: Boss tells who can fish and when.

Rule 2: Anyone can fish as much and whenever they like. Destroyed a lot.

Rule 3: Fish during a season. Fish fast. Inefficent. Not a good idea.

Rule 4: Quotas. Property rights system. Try to avoid inefficiency. New, more subtle form. Reduce the catch, who gets less. \"Catch shares\" You get 1/3, you get 2/3. Not only changes proportions automatically, but changes the incentives. I you make if more valuable in the future, it helps you.
Rules are things humans discover. Just as we experiment with technologies.

CO-evolution of technologies and rules that frames human progress.
Tend to view rules as a once-and-done thing. Rules change all the time.

Misleading interaction between rules and technology.


Minister / doctor / economist on a golf course.

Foursome ahead is going too slow.

Ask manager - why are they out there?

Manager says, Those players were blind.

Doctor says, So sorry. I will donate $20,000 to support next handicapped day.

minister says, I'll donate my time to the next tournament

Economist says: wouldn't it be more efficient if the blind played at night.
We should not see persistent inefficiency.

In fact, we see persisten inefficiency. WILDLY inefficient rules persist for centuries.

Then they change.

Even when they are adaptive.
In human history, no better statement than what happened in China.

Once the \"Silicon Valley\" of its era.

Then it stagnated. Fell further and further behind.

By 1960's income per capita was 3% of US.

For 1000 years, innovation stifled.

Stopped inflow of ideas.

In late 1970s rules changed and it takes off like a rocket.

We especially need to understand this going forward.

How do we avoid this trap that China suggests.
Key is rules. Some rules lead to stability.

Think of meta-rules. Rules for making sure we have good rules.

Hong Kong was a startup venture that used different rules from mainland China.

A big success. Demonstrated how. D

Dynamics of the start-up: HK as a start-up, HK was a venture that operated according to different rules (England and China), people migrate because they oink the rule, success of rules demonstrated in HK. Little start-ups, foreign firms can come in, hire chinese workers etc, and see what happens. The city i snow a city of 10-13m people, depending on how you count it ... iphones made there. Success can be replicated elsewhere, can transform the whole economy. Start-up dynamic is pivotal to understanding how China got out of it's trap.
Language suggests this happens on many scales.
Woolworths ( was in a trap too, discount retailing is the coming thing - Target and other players get into this industry. Woolworth's doesn't get the start-up thing, try to replicate existing procedures, trying to leverage existing expertise - \"we dont do it that way\" ,mentality/rule - stiffles innovation. Woolco turns out to be a huge failiure.

Rules stop people from doing different things.

Dayton Hudson (now Target:, also says, \"discount retailing will be big\" Don't hire anyone from existing stores. Pick own locations/stores. Then, we'll see what happens. Perfects model, it is the wave of the future.
Management at the top want it but it fails. New entities can succeed but why? how? -
Three distinctions:

*Objects vs Ideas

*Technologies and rules

*Formal rules and informal rules

- This is the pivotal concept.

Objects v Ideas

We can't both use object (cup). We are rivals for that object.

We are not rivals for the pythagorean theorem, we can share an idea.

\"Non-rival\" good.

Sharing of ideas has profound implications for progress.

Combinatorial explosion takes off, discovering new ideas will continue to happen faster and faster

We will keep innovating as far as we can imagine.

Tin + Bronze.

What are allthe mixtures we can make? Hyper-astronomical. [wotd?] \x3c- I think so

We'll never mix all the combinations that could be made with all the elements in the perodic table. Almost infinite number of things we can do and discover with atoms. + barium + = first superconductor
Discovery potential comes from combinatorial explosion.

Two implications of non-rivalry exist
1. Potential for catching up.
If you are behind the technological frontier, you should be at an advantage because you can copy from others. You don't have to reinvent the wheel. This explains why China's growth rate is higher than that of countries in the Technology frontier. The puzzle is not catch up, but why China stagnated for so long.
2. It has different implications for human interaction.

In a world of objects, no new ideas. ask yourself: What would be the effect on my well being if there were more people around? What would more people cause? More negative (less per person).

I will be worse off with more people.

New ideas: number of ideas goes up with the number of people I can communicate with. We can be very beneficial for each other.

Trends you see all over modern life. Antecedents far back in human history.



Communications - printing, digital comm, we want to talk, trade what we know for what they know

The shareability of ideas drives this interaction among people.
Second reason rules have to change. New technologies need new rules.
Things like a telephone number. Before mobile telephony, no one thought about who \"owned\" the phone number. More efficient if we gave ownership to the customer.

The rules have to change not only because of technology. The rules also change because the scale of our interaction with other people is also changing.

Think about e-mail. Only a few academics? No worry about spam. We write protocols that presume that. Scale to billions around the world -- rules don't behave well for bad behaviour.
Can't do same things in the city that we do in roving bands.
[scatological story]
Formal and Informal Rules

We have rules about what's right and what's wrong. it would be wrong to piss on the side of a building. rules govern our behavior = human universals. but these rules really are not universal.
Striking interplay between formal rules (laws, polices officers, etc.) and informal rules (internalized norms about what is right and wrong). we will give up resources to punish those who have broken rules.
human filing system: good acts, bad acts, neutral acts. punishments act through informal norms. no idea what the 'right' norms are to follow...we look around to determine what is 'right'. replicator dynamics with strong postiive frequency reinforcement.
(See \"the ultimatum game\")
We can adaptively take on what is right and wrong. It can be very beneficial to have norms of public sanitation. Costly to have cops checking. Subtle process to manage with norms.
Stuff that is common is normal. Strong stability created for norms. Even if world changes, you will persist in belief about what is right and wrong. Economist says, \"inefficient\" -- people say, \"I don't care.\" Suppose you say to Hindu - \"it is inefficient to not eat cows for their source of protein\" - they might say, \"I don't care. It is wrong.\"
Some bad guy is in charge. Let's punish some bad guys kind of thing. Think more deeply how to change norms.

When we were hunter gatherer bands. Risk was concern. Strong sharing norms. Both appropriateness of sharing and begging. One day you may bring down the big game, next day you do. By sharing, we both eat.
After agriculture, economic problem is matching effort with reward. Constant low levels of work in agriculture - new rules: Shifiting to a new equilibrium, you can eat what you raise. Don't have to share. Changes efficient equilibirum. Captured in a few cases, studies of societies where this happened: within a band where a few individuals try agriculture, their efforts get dissipated.
The startup is like a catalyst, gets norms changed in a low energy way.

In SOME societies, you can force from top down. Gov General in HK. Norms supported corruption. So Gov Gen changed rules. Persuasion - how much can I just talk you into changing your norms. Curriculum materials in schools - aimed particularly at new migrants.

Anti-corruption commission - the police force in Hong Kong went from corrupt to one of the most honest in the world.

Strong executive action can change norms. (When used with adequate persuasion)
Circumstances where you can use this type of top-down mandate are limited. Very hard thing to pull off.
Startup dynamic is very important with nations. Changing critical norms we now take for granted were not prevalent in the past.
One more startup.

[zoom into map of Northeastern US]

Pennsylvania was a startup

First free religion

Amendments - EXCEPT freedom of conscience (this could not be modified)

So, new norm is strongly supported there.

Counter-example to those people who tell you \"people won't abide rules they don't make\" - ONLY Penn made the rules (initially).
Expansion of inclusion.

American frontier had inclusive societies out of New England and Mid-Atlantic states.

Regions competing for people caused spread of

1/ equal participation for women in political system, property ownership.
Pivotal in changing worldwide rights.
On your list of Grand Challenges, put grand question:

More people will move into cities. Then process is done. Population will stabilize. Fraction that is urban will stabilize. We can start new cities, or have people go to existing cities.
You don't always want to build on established base.

For dealing with rising sea levels - build in from the beginning rather than retrofit.

If new cities recreate American frontier - trying to get migrants, rather than chase them away.

Potential for enormous changes - like women's status.

Won't happen just from new cities.

Dubai - will take worker from Bangladesh - but treats them as second class citizen.

Some could compete. Allow migrants to come. Could have hundreds around world. Change course of history.
Back to picture. Suppose we took Pennsylvania and resettled it in density of central Paris (x 1/2) How many people could we fit? 1 billion? 1.2 billion.

Bottom billion - could all fit in Penn if we wanted to.

US will not be a player in this game.

Rules based on values that are going to be hard to change.

Think about Baja peninsula. All kinds of land there to start new city.


Recycling - open new locations.
Dimension of inclusion is not something we do just to be nice. We harvest from being involved with more people. Enlightened self interest.
Technology and rules.

Think of increasing life expectancy.

[video of mosquito being zapped - Intellectual Ventures 2010]
As many people die in preventable traffic accidents as from malaria every day.

What kinds of rules really matter? Freedom of inclusion\u2026beyond the \u201cin-group\u201d?.
Here is a question I propose to you:

Why is it, that we go for the silver bullet technology option rather than spend focus and energies on adhering to the lessons learned and rules known to solve other key challenges\u2026i.e. comparing the laser to mosquito as a solution to eradicate malaria \u2013 rather than speed cameras at intersections to stop accidents?
From All Our Ideas:

What questions for 29Jun-FEE-Romer (initials)?

Do we change culture through creating incentives or through the creation of informal norms?

Aren't ideas only non-rival if they are in the public domain? what about protected IP?
Greece could allow migrants into new city. Some cases of virtual, rather than actual zones.

For example, Mauritius. Best case for success of democracy in Africa. Firms in zone can freely export, different labor rules. One other rule: can't produce for local market.

New companies hired women, did very well.
Zones to attract FDI - Foreign Direct Investment -

Disputes adjudicated by different judiciary

Operate in parallel.

Enormous competitve pressure on status quo.
Hong Kong. Top down change story. Anti-corruption and power of the bully pulpit are compelling.
Q: Incremental renorming?
China had parallel processes. Competition can have beneficial new force. IBM. Good for selling to large companies. Has gone through change. Partly due to competitive pressure. Sears wasn't able to do it.

Create competition from start ups. Political entities ned
Q: Top down


or mixture
Can mix. Sometimes we change - not through legislation.

Animal rights.

Right and wrong are not human universals.

In Ulan Bator buring cats alive was entertainment.


Q: Sarah? Norms. Have you seen places where startup in healthcare changed how it is valued. change pricing. Exchanging a concrete good. Changing by fiat and by changing norms.
Data about what works. Singapore. Integrated startup. They thought about efficiency across the board.

Health care at reasonable cost. Sensible things. We can learn from those experiments.
Remember, we can copy these rules.
Risk sharing, relating to food. Insurance is hard to solve. Dealing with extremes of risk.

Pre-existing conditions, as you move around the world. Others pay more, you will get you care for less.

If Singapore system is self-contained, it puts up impediment to exchange around the world. If you have a pre-existing condition, you may not be able to leave Singapore.
We need to have a national, not local, system in the US so as to avoid impeding mobility within the US.

Pooling risks can fall apart. Very complicated.
Salim: What things keep you up at night?
That we will miss best chance of achieving goal of inclusion for everyone.

Kind of world you see in Dubai could extend for a long time.

Even British colonies, some set up in conditions - slave-based agriculture.

Persistent forms.

Kind of inequality in South America - strongly divided insider/outsider.
Won't be automatic as GDP grows that we will move to inclusive norms.
Also a shame that we have rules that allow financial system blow up every 10 years or so.
Contrast in systems of rules: compare civil aviation vs finance.

Civil aviation is complex. More than financial trading.

More resources go into finance, but it keeps blowing up on us.

That one gets me irritated.
Jose: No growth in humanity until industrial revolution.

How fast, how big can this century be?
Hard to offer sharp quantitative forecast.

Lots of increase. Some catch up.

Some at frontier - more people discovering.

GDP can keep speeding up - very real. But not iron law. You cannot predict with certainty.
China is cautionary tale. Can be very irregular growth.
Other thing to remember: Cardwell's Law. No nation has remained technologically innovative for very long. One loses edge, another comes along. There are some restoring forces to slow this down. We've had more places, so far. But we could eventually get stuck.
Q: Characteristic. As nations get successful, countries growing ...

Isn't inclusion a damper on growth.
Look at US frontier. Compare movement out of South or US- least inclusive. Less education.

Inclusion doesn't mean punitive taxes and transfers. It can be done right.
Q: Challenge - city still under a nation. What about city in space?
There is an expression that captures the idea of people in space: Span in a Can.

Why put meat in space? Send sensors out there.

In terms of territory.

Photo: nothing there. Just a place of coastline.

Very low cost, very feasible ways to start new cities.

Costs of putting meat in space are prohibitive. Do space with sensors.
How many people know phrase \"sentient meat\" - funniest story I ever read.
\"They are made of meat\" - aliens puzzling about humans.
Story Here:
Q: Where can environment

Q: Places with dictatorships - where do it legitimately?

Q: Canada.
This would be another lecture.

Why does US or Canada not allow 100s of millions to move in.

Stipulate it won't happen.

But what if Canadians decided to put Vancouver-like city there [pointing to vacant coast line photo].
Few hub cities - flights to other hubs.

Worst thing for nation - be in periphery. You will all live near major airport.

If this country has just a few million residents, they will never get the major airport based on their own population.
My guess is that this is going to happen in places like this. Leadership will sign leases like Hong Kong. Ask, would you do HK again? Yes, most important thing in China today

Now they would ask for it, rather than resist it.

Leaders in countries have ministers for special zones.

Soon, name them ministers for new cities.
City around a major airport: aerotropolis.

The organizing unit for all the new cities.
Q: Confused about charter cities in middle of nowhere.

Inclusion is
Dense urban settlements cover less land. Do you want to encourage New York - less carbon.
Q: I agree with that - you retrofit what you have. We are not good at ecosystem restoration.
Could get enormous net gains for environment. Some local degradation. Benefitsfrom pulling people off what they do now would be big net.
A lot of people don't add and subtract. They view things in normative terms, \"It's wrong.\"
Q: Shary. Constructing islands off coasts. Feasible?

Cheaper than space.
Still very expensive compared to this location [vacant land again]

Political discussions should not be so costly that we have to go to sea.
How affordable is housing going to be.

Many societies begin with ...

New cities will have to be very low cost in terms of capital structures, transport systems.

Off shore is non-starter. Most movers from rural to urban will be untrained workers.
Dubai - betting on biggest airport in the world. Tight links between containers and airplanes.
Market for developers - large numbers of low income. Lots of place competing for them, not treating them as second class.
Q: Sasha/Canada. Have you seen rate of change accelerating at all?

What are implications?
Trend has been for accelerating growth. Masked by growth going into more people - not income per capita. Only when we cross demographic transistion and birthrates fall.
General trend: speeding up growth Rate of innovation will be proportional to people engaged in it.

Huge opportunity to shift people into discovery from implementing on formulas.
Dynamic of rules becomes key.
Q: Rules/norms take time. Changing technology goes much faster.
We need to think about the dynamics of rules. If we could change rules faster. Don't think much about mapping back from tech to rules.

Think about control variables.

IF startups cause leaps forward in rules - this century has unique opportunity because so many people move to cities.
Q: Impact of tech on rules. Gets ignored. Can quickly deflate economies ...
Fishing example is the cautionary one. Potential of rules to lag.

Global warming could be another one.

We could have low carbon lifestyles. But our ability to set rules - with global implications.

Tuna or whale fisheries are harder than cod off New England.

Lots of people need to be part of agreement.
Q: Andrew/ Canada. Famines. Supply issue. Maybe demand issue. Who will provide incentive to turn this into Vancouver?
Heard a couple of things. Food and potential - food scarcity issue. Possiblity of building where no arable land.
Q: Example of supply issue actually caused by lack of demand (inability to pay).

Great supply of potential city. But no demand for city there.
Some people thinking about city-scale development.

Incredibly lucrative.

Land increases in value by 100s of billions of dollars.

This is what motivated Penn. He wanted to build Philadelphia. Never made money out of it.

What prevents it is political risk.

People who create infrastructure worry that government will expropriate value.

Contracts extending decades into the future.

If you create those conditions, money pours in.

Elaborate on this:

Enormous problem of insufficient investment demand.

More investment, less consumption. Reduce debt levels.

Insufficient worldwide demand for investment.
Poor countries face unbelievable demand for investment.

As people urbanize, this is enormous.
Half world thinks insufficient demand, half not getting what they need.

Solved by dealing with political risk.
Penn turnpike being bought. Can collect tolls for next 4 decades.

Build it there [vacant land] - who knows how long you can collect?
Dealing with certainty of returns. Risks. Hard problem.
Q: Bill /US: Structural equilibrium. Balance to society with more rules, with group they want to be in.
One dimension, empirically. Hard to maintain open society and have it accept lots of immigrants. Immigration is threatening to equilibrium.

During expansion phase, could compete for these people. Way to really make a killing is to become New York (big) rather than Syracuse (small).
Q: How do you get people to change?

A: think about Pennsylvania or startup companies

I think people are going to be surprised about how strategic city planning is going to be
Q: Why are people moving to cities? Is it because of technologies inability to create connections? If we can create technologies that will bring people together will then stop moving?

A: Part of it comes from being able to talk to each other, another part comes from trading with each other. Think about water - the safest way to bring water to a large number of people is by municiple means - less piping required
[end of presentation]

All Our Ideas crowdsourced questions:

Please take 2 minutes to vote for suggestions.

Fireside talk

Walmart perfected this.
A billion people could live in Australia.
SJP: Tribalism and community based values have been the same for millenia. One difference, shift to being nomadic tribe - through airports. I don't understand how urbanization can be inclusive of culture. Instead, homogenization.
Muslim societies might have different norms.


"Temple Grandin: The world needs all kinds of minds
Temple Grandin, diagnosed with autism as a child, talks about how her mind works -- sharing her ability to \"think in pictures,\" which helps her solve problems that neurotypical brains might miss. She makes the case that the world needs people on the autism spectrum: visual thinkers, pattern thinkers, verbal thinkers, and all kinds of smart geeky kids.
2:50 Thinking in Pictures

4:00 I could test a design in my mind

4:30 Where are those kids going today -- not Silicon Valley where they belong

5:30 I have a \"trunk line\" for graphics

6:00 Pattern thinking

6:30 Types of minds

Photo realistic

Pattern thinkers

Verbal minds

7:20 Animals think in smells - lots of information on the local fire hydrant

8:30 Putting things into categories - people or equipment problems?

9:40 Thinking is bottom up - take the pieces and put them together

10:00 World needs all different minds to work together

10:50 Show kids interesting stuff - show them TED talks

11:00 Kind of trade off between thinking and social

13:50 Use fixations to motivate kids

14:40 Mentors - bring in people who have retired - light the spark

18:30 get excited about seeing real change in the real world, not abstract stuff

"Cars could not belong to people, they could belong to everybody.

Zipcar - you don't own the car, it is shared.
PRT - personal rapid transit - is in testing for Masdar city.
\"Cars\" maybe even limit your view too much. Think \"transportation\"

As a leisure tool, cars are okay. Like I might want to have a plane.

But for meeting transportation needs, that's different.
* Vehicles refuel/recharge themselves

* Depots need not be convenient to humans

* Can be totally cramped

* Vehicles can be the entire energy storage battery of the grid, as is required for renewables.

* Experimental fuels become practical

* Can be refueled automatically at central stations

* Robot battery swap or plug in to charing poles

* Dynamic power grid of home-generated energy, grid energy, and batteries in cars

* Smart appliances use energy when it is cheapest.
Swap station: you go in a kind of tunnel that takes out your empty battery and replaces it with a full battery, which rotates the batteries and charges them over time.
Denmark has an overcapacity from wind energy - they are already producing 30% of their energy from wind, and at night they have to sell it under cost because they are competing with French nuclear energy. If we recharge the cars at night with wind energy, and drive by the day, we could get rid of oil imports.
We are very far away from the physical limits of energy storage. We can probably increase 200% in the next 3 years.
There about 1 billion cars on the planet - perfect for our 10^9+ mandate!

Think about every single moving vehicle being a power storage point. There would be no problem with storing renewables. And it would be robust, like the Internet. A revolution.

The biggest problem is with monopolies in energy that may see it as a big threat to their power.
If we want to ignite something in this direction, where should we start?

We have examples including Israel, Denmark, Hawaii - none of these places have car manufacturers.
Cars that can run on tracks and/or use overhead cables for energy and/or draft each other and/or physically connect to each other to share engine power.
Silver Line - bus/subway combination



Welcome to EtherPad!
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7:30 pm

Rick Tumlinson
Movie: Orphans of Apollo

This is a documentary.

A story about the Greatest Space Story never Told.

An amazing attempt to privatize the Mir Space Station.

Made possible by

Walt Anderson

currently serving time.

All of us benefitted from Walt.

This was his biggest attempt to convert space into a commercial opportunity.



A bit of craziness.

Rick, who is prominent throughout movie, will be here.

[Countdown ...
Titan launch



View of Earth from Moon.

Lander descending
Russians were first

with Sputnik

with first man in space

with Mir station
Their rockets were far more powerful than ours.
\"cold cash cold space\"
Peter D: Take western money, or close shop.

\"It was the world's first consistently inhabited long-term research station in space, and the first of the third generation type of space station, constructed from 1986 to 1996 with a modular design. The station was in operation for fifteen years until March 23, 2001, when it was deliberately de-orbited, breaking apart during atmospheric re-entry over theSouth Pacific Ocean.\"

\"MirCorp was a commercial space company created in 1999 by space entrepreneurs and involving the Russian space program that successfully undertook a number of firsts in the business of space exploration by using the aging Russian space station Mir as a commercial platform.\"
\"wild frontiers\"

*1984: First woman to walk in space, Svetlana Savitskaya (Salyut 7 space station)

*1986: First crew to visit two separate space stations (Mir and Salyut 7)

*1986: First permanently manned space station, Mir, which orbited the Earth from 1986 until 2001

*1987: First crew to spend over one year in space, Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov on board of TM-4 - Mir
MirCorp Approves Operation of Mir Space Station In Permanently-Manned Mode Beginning Next Year


Date Released: Tuesday, July 18, 2000

Source: MirCorp

Missions in 2001 to include flight of MirCorp's first Citizen Explorer, Dennis Tito
\"the mega business plan\"
The rebirth of the Russian space program: 50 years after Sputnik, new frontiers

By Brian Harvey
\"our space station\"
\"the journalist\"
\"falling star\"
An eyewitness, CNN's Hugh Williams, who was on the island of Fiji as Mir streaked across in its final moments, indicated he saw a spectacular light show accompanied by sonic booms, a light show like he had never seen before, something, he said, that took his breath away.
Legislation Supports Domestic Commercial Crew Initiatives to Reduce Reliance on

Russian Soyuz and Bring Critical High-Tech Jobs Back to the US
Hawthorne, CA \u2013 July 20, 2010 \u2013 SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies) applauds the efforts of the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee for their unanimous, bipartisan approval of the NASA Authorization Act of 2010.
Michael Potter

Funding Singularity University video now.
Rick Tumlinson


This man, buddy, and I have been through a lot.

Rick has been there - sometimes in the front, usually in the back.

Space Frontier conference.
What you are witnessing really is a revolution.

An amazing change.

Revolutions happen and we really are in one.

The relationship of the human species to the universe is changing - right now.
That's my motivation.

For me, this is a spiritual quest.

I literally believe - there is a belief we share that the universe is populated by life.

Empirically, there is only one planet we know of that has life - and we are on it.

Billions of stars out there - no intelligence out there that we have found.

If that's true -

just did a great session with Chris McKay -

then he went and quoted Roger zevasny?

I believe there is a Robert Heinlein book,

Stranger in a Strange Land.

Looks at a grasshopper and says \"Thou art god.\"

We are the sentient beings in the universe.

We are what takes an otherwise dead realm and makes it alive.

We describe the universe.

We create the universe for itself.

I love that line - if a tree falls in the forest, is it there?

If those wave patterns are not associated with concepts in the database of your brain - there isn't sound.

We interpret the universe to itself.

We are god. The universe is us.
Second level:

If we are the only planet. We are the only one we know of.

Makes it very important we take care of this planet.

Taking life to worlds now dead becomes very interesting.

As a cultural driver -- I am part of the civilization.
Prime Directive
: What's that?
Give this man a television.
The mandate is on us to make those changes.

Excited by what you are up against - for or with.

We are at such a pivotal time in history.
Gerry O'Neill.'Neill
Post Apollo.

Anything was possible.

Gerry challenged his class to discuss where to live in space.

What was interesting at that time - we had foreign wars, energy crisis, promise that space

would open in our lifetimes ...

We're in that cycle again.

We had people roughly your age, who had grown up in 1960s watching Star Trek.

Watching the reality and the fiction.


Stayed in school, started companies, made it through bubble, and had a dream.

They are back.

Almost like the calvary arriving.
One of the first - Walt Anderson - an amazing guy.

First shots was Mir. Normal people could get involved.

Second was Dennis Tito.

Third was the XPrize.

Off we were to the races.

Back to roots - Gerry - the godfather of soul.

Go build your dream.

Giving you guys the permission to dream.

Throwing people at you, giving you an intellectual matrix.

Along came SpaceX.

We are literally Gerry's kids.

Breaking out of the planet.

Anything you want to ask, comment. What happened?
David Dell: Science/Business/Robots and then people in space. Don't have to happen together.

People in space is what you just said. How do you find just science in space being enough?
Science does not just exist in the absence of human beings.

Science/art comes from that.

Robert Park

\"We'll send robots, not people.\"
It is not either/or, it is first/later.

Germans: \"Ve vill raunch de sbase pvogram und yu vill vatch un TV\"

Sagan: \"billions and billions of stars. Don't touch it.\"

Gerry: Free space
What we have now - we are not betting on one horse.
A multiplicity of different companies with different approaches.

Mao said, a 1000 flowers will bloom.


The full quotation, taken from a speech of Mao's in Peking in February 1957, is:

\"Letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend is the policy for promoting progress in the arts and the sciences and a flourishing socialist culture in our land.\"


Companies with their own money and different technologies.

Kind of hard to kill.

Earth to the Moon


We trademarked Space Diving. If anybody else does it, they are jumping.
Man to Break Sound Barrier Jumping from Edge of Space
I'm having an interesting argument with Burt Rutan.

He thinks we don't need spacesuits.

He thinks the pressure vessel will never break.
When it happens, we have to celebrate ...
Jack Kennedy. Passed best liability law in the country. Ski resort law.
: We are approaching a time when the ISS will be facing the end of its useful life. Will history repeat itself.

A lot of the old discussions don't work.
: If I could extend the plausible irony. A wildcard. The documentary was fairly neutral.

Timing coincided with his return.

The documentary leaves that up to you to judge.

But Walt is going to be coming and rejoining in the next ...
He was in maximum security.
T: They threw him into the D.C. jail. Without a trial for almost a year.

He hired Bill Clinton's lawyer, then they took all his money away.

Gave him a public defender.

So Walt pled guilty.

I testified.

Hubris will take you down. Walt had quite a bit.

Lesson to be learned: he thought he was smarter than everybody else.

He thought his goals and motivations we so self evident that everybody would understand.
I wanted Mircorp to be based in the US. Joint endeavor of US and Russians.

What happened was they hired an old school PR firm, incorporated in Holland.

When enemy puts you in a certain light - you are on the defensive from then on.

If you are a car company, you can be a playboy image.

BUT, if you are involved with the tax payers, they don't like that playboy thing.

One of the things we are trying to do with the movement is recharacterize it.

Not rich guys and their toys.

[Oh really? ]
David R: Have relationships been developed?
Yes and no.
Just had a great video from Garver.
We've had little parts - but not friends on the inside.

Then we have folks like you coming along to move things to the next stage.
Emiliano: Why did you need ITAR clearance for tether?
We almost did it all with the Russians.

We - at the beginning of the process - didn't know how long it was going to be.
Thing with ITAR - you can't have a technical discussion. You can't lay out the specs.

ITAR is the enemy of small companies, not big aerospace companies -- they can afford all those lawyers.

Interesting way of human maneuvering around the bureaucracy of ITAR.

Thanks for letting me come.

Has been a 3-4 day conference.

9:29 Thanks a lot. [applause]


"E-mail from Peter Diamandis (17 July 2010):
Two requests/questions:
(1) Dean Kamen has asked me to give him a list of fresh new innovators who are expected to great things... perhaps younger, less well-known but interesting figures in technology. Individuals who are inspiring, innovative up-and-comers. If you have such an individual, please give me their Name, Company/Affiliation, email, and a brief example of what they are doing (\x3c100 words please)!
(2) Solar Energy Breakthroughs. What companies, researchers, technologists are you familiar with that are driving the breakthroughs in solar cell cost & efficiency?


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1:08 pm

SU Companies

SU Companies

Current Thoughts...

Our vision for our future community
Reason new companies is cool - lives a long term life to an idea.

9 out of 10 companies fail.

High attrition rate
We are calling companies that come out \"SU Companies.\"
A lot of this is conceptual.

As going along, raise hand and we'll try to answer.

A vision for the future.
SU Elements


Online Programs

7 Day Exec Program / 3-1/2 Day/Custom Exec Program / 1-1/2 Day Teaser Exec Program

SU Affiliated Angel Fund / SU Affiliated Incubator / SU Labs
An on-line program could help scale.
9 Day program costs $15,000.

Can pack into 7 days. Easier to get 7 days off.

Doing a 3-1/2 day - a company wants us to create -

say Goodyear wants an in-house presentation

Abu Dhabi coming here

Talking about Tony Robbins doing a Teaser. Experience, feel it, want more.
Types of people who come - Rob Nail - about a third have built and sold.

A third in a company - in company

A third in angel fund
What we are looking to do:

create SU affliated angel fund


Those are the three parts I am going to expand in.

What is an SU company.

1. Comes out of the team project.

Licenses IP

You all signed participation agreements.

IP is SU's property, but we'd be happy to license it.

2. GSP students - unrelated to team project

If you wanted to be an SU company, you could be.

3. Co started with SU faculty
Requirements to become an SU company:
Filter -

- approved by board

- company makes contribution to \"founding shares\"
- Why have SU companies?

1. SU endowment

2. Success will help further 10^9+ goals.

3. Principals care
Salim: What happens next?

How many are unclear about what follows GSP10? [everyone]

Last year, a lot wanted to create companies.

This year, we want more guidance. The world is essentially your oyster.
Peter: \"SU Affliliated Incubator\"

1. A home.

Could be Kauffman associated

2. Selective

10^9+ potential

3. Bring some funding, provide equity

4. Incubator can supply traditional things - HR, etc.
- \"SU Labs\"

A research idea.

Big enough idea to attract capital. Where are you going to do the research?

Caltech ... huge financial overhead cost.

1. In this scenario, this would be home.

2. SU Lab accepts grant

3. Bring your own funds

4. SU will take overhead component, supply facilities, advisory, HR, payroll
Chiara: We'd need to bring hardware?

Peter: We'd develop together.
Rob: Mine was same idea. Just with color.


- SU Community/Flow

GSP Program -> SU Companies -> Incubator

Exec Program (people with capital / resources) -> Invest $$ -> SU Angel fund -> SU Companies


SU Labs -> company spin out -> Incubator
Rob: Regional club.

Fellows program.

Overall - 4 key things coming out




-> SU Affiliated Angel Fund

-> $$ -> SU Companies / SU Incubator / SU Labs
Salim: Two hard outputs. Main thing is taking action.

Expose people to technology, then do something with it.

Research idea.

Quantum computing expert, chatting with nanotech guys - room temp supercomputing within decade.

Straight company


Non-profit, social venture

One Global Voice
This is addressing the first two.

How to do the third, have not figured out yet.

SU acts like a for-profit, even though it is a non-profit.

It is important to have business-like structure in non-profit world.
Business is the main culture today.
Peter: Just because we have some recordings going on. This is not a request for money.

Off the record.
No warranties of any kind.


No legal advice is being given.

No financial advice is being given.

What do you do?

Team project.

Get it done. This is your priority.

You are not going to do your team project after this.

Second, companies wanting to license IP will need to sign an agreement.

Third, if you have a new or past company that you want to have as an SU Company.

E-mail to

Name exec members

Exec summary of business


Willingness to make equity contribution
Salim: A lot came said, we are going to invest - with or without you.

Really this is reactive in some sense.

There is a demand here we need to resolve.

Acceleration of these technologies.

Next Google, next FaceBook could come out of these technologies.

You will be best informed people in the world,

that is a powerful place to be.

Rob: Only thing to add - 4 categories.

Lots of entrepreneurs looking to be associated.

People looking to invest in that idea - executive level, seasoned people.

Need a key marketing guy ...

Derek: Team project is priority - whole lot easier if we know our target.

Salim: 90% of alums are showing up on final weekend.

Critical you get to know those folks.

Ample opportunity to get to know them.
Dhuval: Partners here?

Salim: Sure.
Dmitry: Google? Incubator idea.

Salim: AutoDesk and Google are donors.

Associate founders are angel investors.

One attendee got something funded. It didn't' go well. Then they came told us. We didn't know it happened.

Initial conditions - cap table - in the beginning.

First week or two weeks are critical.
Rob: This is a non-profit university setting. Develop leaders. This is an educational institution developing people and content.

Lots of people want to fund company started, but we have to keep that separate. Or risk devaluing education.

Unless student projects are incredible, there is no place for second part.

You may need to go off and realize - ah, here is where the next big thing comes up.
Chiara: Weekend with alumni - would like to have their bios. Target.

Peter: Add a point there. Passionate about a few things here. The rings ...

Absolutely urgent for us to have a robust on-line network. We don't have that yet.

Rob, Keith, Salim know that.

If you have resources to bring forward, let us know.

I'm looking for an AI expert in Kazakstan.

What SU alumni are in CISCO.

Never developed it at SU.

: Actually working on it - with or without you.

Dmitry: Will make this happen this summer.

Rob: Other people involved. Bring pieces of puzzle. Asset map. Make introduction.

Derek: Can you make requirements generally available?

Salim: We have basic requirements.

Peter: Another lunchtime session.

: Network in FaceBook.

Salim: Let's not get into details here.

Peter: Does what we are proposing upset anyone? Disconcerting? Asking for voluntary donations.

We want to help you. We want you to help us build this.

Want to be very upfront about this.

Davidad: 1% club. Now 2%. 10% next year?

Peter: We are getting rid of the words \"1% club\" and calling it SU companies.

Keith has made some good points - warrants or founding equity.

Agreement for end of summer.

U wants to take fair minority positions. Range of 2-3%. That's where that comes from.

Salim: Several students/alum have come for \"blessing and validation\" of faculty.

Coming from outside - different levels we can provide.

Different menu items that would constitute value add.
Claudia: NGOs

Salim: Would love to start a converation. Many of you have started NGOs.

How to manage that stream of output.
Eric: SU is dedicated to education. What about education-related SU companies? Same framework?

Salim: If online component became company?

Eric: Strong connection to SU, sharing faculty materials.

Salim: Course in Brazil - 2nd week in Nov. 1 week course.

Dutch THNK wants to license content.

Module called \"Accelerating Technologies\"

Difficulty of redoing content means it is freshest.

Emiliano: Standardized set of company starting docs.

Salim: Yes.

Eugenie: Location?

Salim: Needs to be here. French company is nightmare.

Jose: Cyberspace.

Raycho: In haven ...

Peter: Bob??

Bob: Want to know more about what not to do, talk to me.

Chiara: Would you be on board?

Peter: Talked a bit about that. Team of faculty or staff or board observer status.

You can imagine if 50-100 companies, may be spreading thin.
: Oxford started somehow. Very first founders are long dead - may not happen in this case.

Carry this message to as broad a reach as possible.

A lot of endowments constructed from work and generousity of students.

Corporate founders are here because it is cool.

We want to start something that lasts and grows.

Realization that there is open source / let's share everything world.

When people get too fixated on intellectual property - say in pharma - then conversation shuts down.

That would be a bad thing to happen.

What is the state of the art - what are the good/bad things we can talk about in an open way.

From a Univ point of view, have enough fin stability to grow indefinitely. If biological people can't be immortal, at least U can.

IP done at other U. Ideas that come from the U. Google from Stanford. Genentech from UC.

Became big companies. U benefited - win/win. The individuals benefited much more.

501c3 - U be proper. Well structured, be proper. Well structured, cared for.

Make sure done well.

Clear line of demarcation. Not too blurry.
9 of 10 will fail. Everybody is optimistic. Most cos in Silicon Valley. Most - 95%, sell for less than $25 m.

$35 m isn't bad. Extremely rare to create a company that sells for more than that.

We aim to be 1000 times bigger than that.

Peter: Thank you Reese.
Vincent: Accredited?

Peter: If accredited. Fundamental difference to you? [about 15%]

: What does it mean?

Peter: That you can get credits toward a degree.

Salim: We are issuing a degree.

Peter: For us to issue a degree, we'd need at least a 1 year in length.

Competing against other U's.

Did Masters programs with ISU.

My personal opinion - keep the 10 week, exec, some on-line.

Worth having an affliation with Stanford - get 3 credits at Stanford/Berkeley.

Salim: Need to define curriculum and not have it change.

May be structurally impossible.

Future of higher ed.

No idea how it will work in the future.

Not a valid outcome.

Harvard is not an accredited univ. - the business school.

What you get from H B School is the reputation.
To get into that accreditation thing, it mires you in things 100x worse than NASA.

Lauren: Expensive too.

Andrew: Easier visas? Non-accredited status, even coming from Canada - caused scrutiny.

Salim: The answer is no. Unless accredited, you can't come on that route.

We think of this as an executive leadership /development program.

If you had \"Microsoft Word University\" it would be a trade school.
Bill: Incubator and investment arm.

Charles River.

Raising money from external sources - can be negative.

Salim: That bias happens in all incubators. A threshold - at what point.

Bill: Investment arm - if they don't invest, why would anyone else?


Peter: We do not invest past this valuation point.

Salim: They'll have A line .. not seed stage flexibility.
Peter: Promised an hour.

Salim: Announcement for NASA viSalim: Announcement for NASA visit.

Jose: 2 cars - 8 people.

Those going in bikes - meet in 5 minutes.

Grab helmet.

Meet in B3.

Salim: NGO, non-profit stream. Later meeting.

Notes taken by steve cronin on this:
Remember that 9 out of 10 companies fail....

Current thoughts.. Our vision for the future of community

graduate student program
online program (would like to create this)
7 day exec program --> $10,000 + food and housing instead of $15,000 including everything...
3.5 day custom exec programs --> could be for goodyear execs

1.5 day teaser exec
SU affiliated angel fund --> pot of money to invest in SU companies

SU affiliated incubator

SU labs
What is an SU company?

company that comes out of a team project which utilizes TP related concepts/ intellectual property).

a company started (concieved of) by GSP students during the summer voluntary).

A company start by or with SU alumni after GSP,
Requires to become an \"SU Company\"

*A company that is \"approved\" by the SU board of trustees and SU faculty

*not all companies will be approved; looking to approve companies which are strong, finance-able, incorporate SU's principals.

Benefits of being an SU company

if resulting from TP, a license to the Tp's intellecual properties

Why does SU desire to create \"SU companies\"
SU afflicated incubator...

An SU-affiliated incubator could be a home or nest for your new company

The SU affiliated incubator will be very selective on which companies are admitted

Singularity University labs...

SU labs is a non-profit research institute within SU a home or nest for your research ideas

SU labs can accept a donation or grant from a benefactor

To have a project within SU labs, you need to bring your own funding

SU will take an overhead component and provide value facilities, advisory, HR, payroll, etc
companies wanting to \"license ideas or IP\" out of the TP will sign an agreement to become an SU company.
If you have a new or past company that wants to become an SU company, please send an email to and include:

name of su members on team

exec summary of your business

status of your funding

willingness to make the equity contribution to SU
we need to be able to create a robust online network to help develop a robust online network
reese jones...


How can we get a dirt-cheap water quality test

How can we leverage social networks like Ethiopian grandmothers

How can we get everyone in the world to wash their hands after going to the bathroom, before eating, etc?

Getting geo water data into the hands of those that can put it in to good use.

Smart grid integrated sensor network for water. This could be something that we could target at the rich population. What other tech could we target at the rich population? [Paul Stimers said: Some estimates Chicago loses 60% in pipes under the city. It just disappears. That is staggering. Produce/Transport/Treat.]

Improve organizational fragmentation: 25 entities managing SF bay; 54000 water systems in the US. Leads to regulatory and jurisdictional tie-ups.

Improve data fragmentation: the data on water is all fragmented by different owners, different time scales, different spatial scales.

Water cone sitting in salt water. How can we get these types of devices produced, distributed, and used? What are our metrics for deciding which devices are best (both physical metrics (cost, how well they work), and social metrics (how well it will be used))?

Microfinancing: make it easier to pay back bigger amounts when you have bigger money and smaller amounts when you have smaller money.

Football - Design refillable and wearable water bottles for use in Africa. Make it cool and football crazy to use refillable water bottles.

Water TP proposition \u2013 Broad access to Solar-Vaporizes (a bit more about the water cones)


Purification of water is driven by power but third world countries hardly have access to power sources. The most abundant source of energy in these countries is unharvested sunlight. Most developing countries have water it the form of salt water, polluted water, compost and sewage. Wouldn't it be great if we could transform all that dirty forms of water to fresh water, and doing so for free, without power expenses? Just to make it interesting, lets have it done easily by villagers in every desolated village in Africa. Is that too much to ask for?


Solar vaporizers are very simple devices that vaporize dirty water in a closed apparatus and collect the condensed purified water in a separate cup. The process does not entail any energy investment, just to fill with dirty water and put in the sun. These devices are so simple they could be distributed anywhere! The cheaper and lighter we can make it, the more it will be get around even to the places two mule days away from any city. We can create a solar vaporizer cap made out of a flexible plastic bag, which will cover an ordinary barrel. Villagers could generate water for themselves and for animals from dirty sources with no labor or expenses. Except household and farm scale vaporizers we can also scale the vaporizers up to a very large size to float on lakes, palms and oceans, converting salty water to drinking water. I have a bunch of sketches how to do that already. If we chose to do this, we should think super-lowtech and extra cheap. The cheaper it is (1$ or less for a device), the more abundant and useful it we be. Any thoughts?

Erez - love the idea - would like to learn more about the technical aspects of it.

Would like to think about what kind of scale we are working on (personal, household, village, nation etc.)

Also, would be interesting to think about how you can make water a sustainable business model (not so hard as the demand is so consistent and high.)
Also, check this technology out:
Notes from our team meeting: 07/02/2010

- In the school environment: create a system in the local community: include water purification in education

- Open source policy consodium to ensure clean water

- Water purification agency

- Desalination technology, water filtration, developing water solutions, whatever system easy to implement and contextual to the place we are trying to implement it to. (Indigenous people are the best person to know what they need\u2026)

- Vehicle/water tube in the tank to use it as a filtration device.

- Solar vaporizer.

- Use bacteria to remove waste

- Water purification for cities, water purification using nanotech

- Silver antimicrobial funnel

- Diancaman (?) water filtration

- Filtration on the side of large building, using the water vertically. Green water.

- Life straw with amazing filter with a pomp different filter according (collect all different existing filters.)

- Real time low cost diagnostic taste. people die because the water is contaminated

- sanitize the waste: check project from Stanford students in Kenya , check confidentiality.

- System to sort easily the waste water to the clean water

- Partnering with NGO, you have to connect with local authorities, and have their backing as well.

- Opportunity at SU to connect with people who has a wide network

- Provide a consulting service to NGO, other people who are in the field and need some help.

- Bottle water for endanger water to raise capital very cool model. Rich people are willing to pay extra money

- Technology to reduce water waste

70% of the water is waster (municipalities system are linked\u2026) what\u2019s the point of purification without addressing the waste (leverage information technology and awareness and education to address this problem)

- POU Water purification, clean the water right after it is use

- Reuse rich people water who use clean water: reuse their water from their laundry, \u2026Scale it for a single home, and come for a solution for grey water.

- DIW and GEN: gel you can buy to put it on the top of the plant. Very small soap and the effect is much more water than the water itself. Instrument to collect the water from the tube/grass. If we can invert the process. Jelly to reactivate with the oxygen and produce water. What if we reverse the system water=>gel=>water. Check out with bio background

- supply chain to facilitate the access to the water: women in Africa, India are walking long distances to get some water

- water power plan with filtration (combine with energy\u2026)

- Cost effective contamination detection (sensor...)
- Define characteristics for each solution: access to technology, reusable, efficiency in creating water, operating cost, volume per time, filtering, scalability, stakeholders involved\u2026


Two ways to approach upcycle:

1) Fixing the production problem (elliminating the creation of waste)

2) Dealing with existing waste problem

1. A home bio-reactor that turns organic matter into energy (rather than compost)
2. Upcycling human waste - how can we deal with human waste in the developing world (possibly turn into a fertilizer). Example: Engineer an organism that can produce 2 extra enzymes too process urine/poop into fertilizer.

-in Ethopia, farmers already use cow dung as fuel by burning it. There is potential for using this as an energy source.
3. Turning waste from dumpsites into jewelry/fashion materials. Example: Phillipines.
4. SMART trash can in home or neighborhood. AI/Robotic design that can tell what materials are wasted/thrown away... educating companies.
**5. Matching recyclable waste to needs.

-Broker/marketplace where all waste is listed, and other companies list their needs, enabling trading of waste between companies. Basically an \"eBay\" for waste.

-Perhaps building a website or an AI system that matches waste inputs with other company's outputs

-Similar idea: value chain

-\"Alibaba\" of waste

-Turning waste into side businesses

6. Policy changes forenforcing companies to upcylce. Example: must upcycle 10 percent of organic materials, and 20 percent inorganic materials.
7. Upcycling electronic circuits and computation parts that have been thrown away and moving them into electronics for the developing world. Example: creating cheap laptops.

-Complicated to find/seperate old electronic parts. Set up a system to improve separation.
8. Installing toilets in 3rd world countries.
9. Waste market AI system.
10. Engineering natural proteins in food to prevent waste (i.e. making fruits last longer).

Carlos: So, I'll copy & paste the excerpt from the video which shows the tech that has been used by the brazilian researchers in regard to food waste prevention:
0.10 Back to Embrapa, focusing on fresh fruit and the film using nano-particles that helps to protect them from oxidation. The Embrapa researcher Od\u00edlio Assis explain that in Brazil nearly 50% of fruit are wasted during transportation and storing processes. He claims that this technology would ensure that 80% to 90 % of the crops effectively reach the sellers/consumers. The reporter says that the researchers are already sure about the safety of this anti-aging film for fruit, but they will do further toxicology research on it anyway. The Embraba researcher explains that nanotechnology cannot be understood as a single technology, and mentions that the nature of different particles should be taken into account. In that sense, an organic nano particle is different from a metallic one, he says. At Embrapa, he adds, they deal with natural particles obtained from a corn protein \u2013 so there is nothing to fear about, he suggests.
Read more (and watch the video around 10:10, in portuguese though):
11. Modular upcycle lab network to deploy in low-income communities to help them 1) generate income, 2) educate them on upcycle, and 3) educate them on the use of technologies.

-Example is \"FabLab\" from MIT (fabrication lab that uses 3D printers)
12. Redisigning human activities to not produce any waste at all.

-example: We only need 1 cup the entire time we're here.

-business example: Go to Nike with a plan to eliminate their waste (perhaps by renting shoes)
13. Micro-energy generation machines. Use waste on a micro level to create Energy.
14. Make free cycle go Viral. A website that is the Craigslist of FREE.
15. Waste tracking using nanotech. Putting trackers into all items to see what gets recycle, thrown away, etc.

-Can also use to find \"offenders\" of waste. Example: Burning packaging supplies?

-In other words, \"Google\" for waste. Complete transparency on who is creating the waste...
16. Improve waste sorting mechanisms.

-Dividing waste materials, and upcycling them automatically.

-Example: Like coin machines that sort coins, use to support waste.

-Possibility: RFID chips in the waste, and then auto-sorting when it's thrown away.
17. Focus on INDUSTRIAL waste.

-80 percent of the waste is industrial. Focus on the heart of the problem.
18. Robots that go find valuables in current waste sites.
19. Matching waste TRANSPORTATION to needs. Example: Have waste that needs to travel 1,000 miles. A trucker is driving that way empty handed. To save on energy and help transfer the waste, we help connect the transporation (perhaps via a website).

-Deeper idea: Peer-to-peer transfer of anything.

cross tracking
20. Upcycling information. Making informational industrial processes more efficient (i.e. the storing of information).
21. Start with US. Upcycle/recycle while at SU.

-only use 1 cup

-throw away less

-MEASURE it so we can MANAGE it
22. Using microcredit as an incentive for developing countries to recycle as opposed to simply burning the trash - decreased interest rates? maybe higher loan values?
23. Could we rewire the human brain to want to reallocate and reuse waste?
24. Or create a social platform that rewards people publically for their reduce and reuse behavior?
24. Curious what neurological changes we can make to help people feel pain as they make actions to destroy the environment.

**What waste is out there? -- Critical for generating upcycle ideas**

It seems to me it will be essential to understand in detail what kinds of waste there are, how much of it there is, and where it is. Only then will we truly be able to have the full space of upcycle ideas open to us. Let's try to collect here, or in another etherpad if someone wants, information about this matter as well.

for this project drawing of boxes with in's and out's is definitely required....

Idea 1 - Large-scale compost collection and use

Idea 2 - Large-scale re-use of human feces in fertilization

Idea 3 - Electronic Parts

Idea 4 - Plastics

Idea 5 - Creatinase Generation
Idea 6 - Urease Generation

Maybe this is not feasible, but I remember one of the speakers talking about how to burn human waste to generate energy... or how to use human waste to get clean water. This would solve poor sanitation in the developing world as well as providing sustainable ways of generating either energy or water....
Justin: Check:
I think it is quite feasible - it is simple engineering, it is scalable and the nice thing about using biology is that you engineer it once and everyone can share it for FREE!


July 23, 2010

9:00 - 12:00

Quantified Self and Medical Informatics

Daniel Kraft
Student Participants:

Bryce Goodman

Chiara Giovenzana

Chiara Turelli

Dhaval Chadha

Diva Tommei

Elizabeth Brook

Emem Andrew

Eugenia Rives

Francesco Galietti

Gary Gautier

James Jacoby

Jorge Fernandez

JulieLynn Wong

Julio Silva

Justin Pahara

Marko Bitenc

Michael Chen

Rosa Chan

Sam Thorp

William Bing


"July 19, 2010

Tim Williams
Impacting 6 Billion

University of Georgia
AFLATOXIN CORN + HIV - snergistic effects

Aflatoxin affects 4.5B people
Synergistic effect of HIV + aflatoxin
toxins that are used in corn ( can increase throat cancer and other health risks - there are tests for this but costs $10 - FDA accepts this and sets an upper limit after testing but in Africa there isn't anyone who will set this limit because of costs
he has developed a 1 cent solution to this problem (salt solution) to combat this.
if you could fix this problem, 58% (1M infections per year) of HIV infections would be prevented
need to protect against aflatoxin
Heroine addicts tested with Aflatoxin + HIV => 2x progression, not sure about the effect of heroine
When corn leaves some locations, after four days of travel, bad storage + humidity causes aflatoxin contamination
This is an interesting read..


improve efficiency of internal combustion engine
rearrangement of sterling engine - gets around geometry of cylinders (typical limitations)
only three moving parts, and most likely upper level of possible heat recovery
doubles economy
compensate for lower temperature differential by having lower surface area
Design: Four plates separated by spacer, make whatever length you need, shape at bottom is trapezoid, alternates between covering up sides, creates temperature difference
can heat with anything organic
20-30% efficiency
Geometry of a regular piston, is such that volume changes exponentially - large pistons lowers piston surface area. when you come to a linear arrangement, same transfer of energy, can compensate temperature differential with surface area.


if north was in perpetual summer, CO2 wouldn't be a problem, CO2 reduced 1PPM/month in summer (example of variation,

now we are at ~380PPM
oscillates seasonally substantially
oceans are deserts - result of separation of light and nutrients
from space earth is blue - should be green
green water would provide a ton of more food
This is an interesting article also:
fossil fuel dependence, nitrogen/phosphorous fertility

floating/suspended farms to combat global warming

algae fuel
how would you propose moving the nutrients to the surface...
you'd have to go 1 KM at least to get the nutrients...
mixing the water

sarah jane:

Q: would we be reducing the sunlight and nutrients that the sealife sees?
you'd do this through time, and we'd have to see as we scale it.
global warming is a real problem, and the light at the end of the tunnel is a train coming toward us.
Q: Sarah Jane: Does this algae choke other marine life? Do we run the risk of making significant environmental damage?
we should try this in a 10,000 sq mile scale and monitor to find out the impact
Slides outline:

Impacting 6 Billion

Tim Williams


Personal Introduction

Program Technical Scope

Concepts and Inventions


Prevent human mycotoxicosis

Increase power efficiency

Green Seas

Personal Introduction



System simplification

Lateral thought

Horizontal rather than vertical


My epitaph

\u201cHe hopes that he still outside the box\u201d

The Peanut Platform

Technical Scope

Plant Science

Soil Sciences

Food Sciences


Environmental Science

Health Sciences- Toxicology Epidemiology




Concepts and Inventions

Opportunity #1 Mycotoxicosis

Insight \u2013 Immunity and nutrition more important than cancer risks

Aflatoxin affects 4.5 billion people

Reduce risks contributing 43% of the burden of diseases saves potentially 2.5 million lives

Reduced fumonisin to avoid 1million African HIV infections each year
Opportunity #1 Mycotoxicosis

Insight \u2013 Immunity and nutrition more important than cancer risks

Aflatoxin affects 4.5 billion people

Reduce risks contributing 43% of the burden of diseases saves potentially 2.5 million lives

Reduced fumonisin to avoid 1million African HIV infections each year

Paradigm shift

Accept contamination \u2013 prevent exposure rather than contamination

Novasil @ \x3c price of salt

Opportunity #2 Heat Engines

Insight \u201380% of fuel energy is waste

Stirling Engine-based Exhaust Heat Recovery should double fuel economy

3 moving parts, simple manufacture

Substitute exchange surface area for temperature differential

Opportunity #3 Cool Green Waters


IF the northern summer was perpetual CO2 would not be an issue
Opportunity #3 Cool Green Waters


IF the northern summer was perpetual CO2 would not be an issue

Oceans deserts are the result of separation of light and nutrients

From space the earth is blue, it should be green
\u2018Green Waters\u2019 Solves

Food \u2013 expanded marine life

Fuel \u2013 oil

Fossil fuel dependence

Nitrogen fertility

Phosphorus fertility

Global warming



Is it feasible to supplement the artificial light with natural light, collected on rooftops of surrounding buildings, and sent down fiber-optic cables to the plants?

How densely can we pack the plants? What are the limits?

How much would robotic harvesting system cost

How do we know when plants need water or nutrients? (The \"Talking Plant\")
We discussed fiber-optics and artificial light with Lane yesterday - I can share the notes with anybody if interested - maggie

Is anybody interested in in-vitro meat production? YES! Chiara has experience growing tissue for regenerative medicine by the way, though this is slightly different...

great! i think we should definitely be keeping this in mind along with any vertical farm ambitions...
Grow meat for human consumption
Phosphorus has been mentioned a few times in the food TP, and it reminded me of this interesting infographic from New Scientist of a few years back. Americans consume an UNBELIEVABLE amount of Phosphorus:

The graphic is part of this article, which doesn't appear to be available for free anymore:
We will be starting our first SU FARM this weekend -- stay tuned to this etherpad if you are interested in participating. Right now, we are thinking about working on it during any breaks on Saturday and Sunday morning. We are going to grow chives! Does anybody have suggestions? Per our discussion the other day, we were going to start simple this weekend and in the next two weeks get into more complex experiments. Chives take 7 weeks to grow.
Sell self-contained \"FoodBox.\" This would be a self-contained box that you sell to people, maybe the size of a garden shed, that they place outside their home and plug in the water and electricity and it has enough nutrients to last 1 year. Plants grow inside under artificial light, aeroponically. These would be highly-engineered systems designed to use as little water as possible, and recycle everything possible. Harvested by simple robotics. These would be serviced by a new industry of people that come by your house and replace the nutrient box, so it creates jobs. Maybe eventually it may take waste from the house as a nutrient source. Servicepeople can go inside to fix things, but designed to be as trouble-free as possible so the owner doesn't have to go inside (gardening without getting fingers dirty).
Derek - I'm big on pursuing the FoodBox idea. In addition, the idea of using genetically engineered indicator plants to assess water and nutrient needs is exciting. I've done some reading on in-vitro meat and can talk to that, although I'm not sure it's in the 10^9+ phase yet. The main question on the FoodBox is how we bring the prices down to the level where it can really have broad impact.
Friday July 2 2010

Food and Cities Meeting

Chair - Maggie Jack
1) Omega industries food in vacant spaces (large culdrons for growing veg and food - hydroponics)
2) Recycle human/animal waste for fertilizer in Developing world
3) Turn malls into giant 'greenhouses' (use space that is not currently being tapped)
4) Salt water farms in the Sahara dessert
5) Automated grow rooms (instrumented - see: antarctic growth project) \"salad machine\"
6) Modify an indicator plant that will change color when nutrient deficient or dyhydrated
7) focus on how nanotech/biotech can enhance growth of veg in developing nations (large veg)
8) trade school/school farm in developing world (possibly other trades included as well)
9) DIY hydroponic set for developed or developing world
10) Low cost slum farming - reinforce housing - housing for emerging populations - greenhousing
11) Hydroponic high end restaurant (themed restaurant) raise awareness - build a brand
12) pull together data regarding the available varieties of plants (food) and put it together with climate data. The right plants for the right place - sustainable
13) Dreamy food Fridge
14) in vitro meat
15) aquaponics - growing food fish and hydroponics in a synergistic cycle
--- July 5 2010 ---
Maggie and Derek will alternate note taking

-- we will figure out management as we decide what we will focus on

-- some will build

-- some will work on a larger project

-- determine the scope
2 kinds of ideas:: education/nutrition, how can people eat better

other side is on actual technology
problem statement first or ideas first?
John Hogan - systems engineering perspective - should possibly do a mission statement first
steve: who are we trying to serve? steve thinks that the world is moving towards mega-cities. mega-cities in the developing world and the developed world.
Maggie - need to focus on rapidly growing areas - china, India, etc.
we need to first think about the mission, the market
Rand - developing countries need farms, not necessarily technology
maggie ran through our 15 ideas from brainstorm
problem: trickle down or bottom up??
How would you phrase a mission statement?
mission statement vs. prblem statement
problem statement: State what the problem is.

do we want a broad or more specific problem statement?

Steve: how many people live in mega cities developing nations that are starving?

Rand: Mega cities are not always developed. Mexico City, Manila

Two different ideas: improving food in the developed world or increasing amount of food.

Why is it food for cities and not food?

Steve: People are moving into cities.

zain: why food for cities rather than just food?

robert: mission is to grow food in an urban environment

Robert: Isn't the idea to build food in cities?

80% of population in cities by 2050

Steve: If we make food in cities, it is better for the environment.

Rand: Does anybody know about import/export policies?

Robert: Yes - it is the most tarriffed industry. Developing world can't sell food to the developed world. It is better to avoid the military-industrial-food complex. Monsanto, etc.

Rand: If you look at any average person from a developed country, they will eat too much and have waste. Maybe there is a way to limit food waste? Massive food tax. Prevent people from eating too much.

Robert: Taking on the food lobby is a nightmare. People starve to death because of our trade policies.

Steve: the pyramid is a product of lobbies. Refined carbohydrates have a bigger place than is needed.
food pyramid is good for fattening a hog!

Rand: What if we become the politicians?

Chris: Let's keep on defining our problem! Everybody speak.
farm lobby is the most powerful lobby in america
Anders: In Denmark, organic food is sold mostly in Copenhagen, the biggest city. The farther away from the city, the fewer organic products you buy. The connection between people and food.
maggie - would contend that that is due to socioeconomic status. Thinking more fresh foods than strictly organic.
robert: all those foods are coming from the countryside
anders: social problem in developed world. educated and wealthy are eating better foods. could also be a task to educate

Rand: it is much more costly to eat healthy food. should we attack the consumption or production?

Derek: Production or consumption? I'd rather do production.
Steve: I'd prefer to increase production. Give people economic access to the food. Business model. Just want to help people who are starving.
Nolene: Small businesses that are low cost -- they will make money.

John: Increase income by improving technological aspects to farming.
Rand: Those who are producers might not sell locally...
Sam: There is food but it isn't accessible to all.
Eric: If it is locally controlled, then it is unlikely to be exported when it is needed locally.
Chris: Small-scale farming wouldn't be exported.

John: Growing in peri-urban environments. When we think \"food for cities\" it doesn't have to be in the skyline. We saw glitzy farms. Grow right outside cities.
-- could be the area just outside of the city
Robert: salad machine in the basement
Rand - why not one skyscraper?

Problem statement:
Zain: Our bodies do not store calories efficiently. Human genetic engineering.
Steve: Turn off a fat receptor so that we don't gain wait... this could be the future. I want to make food for people who are starving.
Robert: There is a pharmaceutical drug -- we don't have a medical lab. It would require a research lab.
Zain: We could use calories a lot more efficiently. Explore the space.

Chris: This could be a problem -- human metabolism.
John: Let all the problem statements come up then we can add analysis later. One of the reasons we brought Christina in is because climate change is going to dramatically change the way we produce food. It will reak havoc on the way that we produce food. This is a future problem. There is a number of different factors. Prepare for climate change.
Robert: Deforestation is caused in part by food production. Urban farming -- more natural habitats. Urban farming could be most important way to take carbon out of the atmosphere.
use food as a solution. carbon credits from food.
Robert: You could get carbon credits for this. It could be more cost effective than a solar-thermal power plant. Avoid oil/coal, avoid deforestation.


John: Biocharge -- biocoal through biomass. Introduces nutrients and quality of soil. Produce biomass not eaten in city and put it back into fields.

Robert: Global greenhouse gases -- agriculture and forestation are a huge percentage (30-40%).
Sam: Dichotomies -- not all of them are mutually exclusive?
Zain: Expensive to eat heatlhy/ inexpensive to eat junk food (with derek and robert)
Robert: lettuce machie that is cheap
Zain: There is a lot of food that is being wasted - we could use that biomass.

Derek: Use that for other things, like aquacycle.

John: Expired food or plate waste.
Zain: People don't know what they are eating
Steve: Calories -- my fitness pal
Rand: I'd like to say something about calories. There is a paper -- how effective is the calorie measure? Not effective. It doesn't take into consideration acids, chewing. Will you burn it the same way as a torch?
Robert: Obesity is a socio-economic issue. Most people who are obese because the only they can afford to eat is to go to McDonald's. As a problem: make healthy food cheaper and more available.
Steve/Robert: make healthy food cheaper and more available.
Little time to think --
John: We still haven't come to a management strategy yet.
Maggie: Two groups -- physical/policy/business model
Eric: We are asking for a 30 minute presentation and a 5 minute presentation.

Intermediate steps: we are asking for an \"exponential technology report.\" Forces you to consider these other opportunities even if you decide not to pursue them. If you think there is a biotech option but decide not to pursue it, document its status. We don't have a document structure yet. Go to TP-Portal -- list of these requirements and due dates. July 23: Draft due/ outline of opportunities to investigate. August 3: Final plan.

Sam: How broad should this be? All food tech?

Eric: It depends on your interest. How could autmation/sensors apply to this? How could AI apply to this issue? It is meant to be just a survey. You address all these ideas. You don't have to address all of the concerns. Look at all the things that could be changing, and how could that have an effect?

Steve: Availability of outside resources? Could we get their contact info? We should leverage their expertise.

John/Chris: Sure.

Eric: Eric Chairs, the Google chef, wants to help out. Sample different cuisines?
restart after break

Chris: I'm going to Orchard supplies

Derek: We should be building a number of things -- (1) build a garden. Before the end, we can't give

Rand: We need a month

John: We can start with seedlings

Sam: We can start later if we need to, right?

Rand: I remember reading about a plant affinity. Some plants grow better in some plants rather than others.

Derek: There are synergetic relationships between plants and mushrooms.

Chris: high-level organization. what do we want to do? mission statement? timeline?

Zain: timeline

Chris: think about the hardware
Mission statement (draft): We will exponentially grow access to affordable, sustainable and healthy foods.

Rand: we can start culling ideas
John: one product is a systems analysis. we have to be careful not to
Robert: I don't think we need to target a particular population.

Zain: Production, consumption, access

Robert: Production and access

Robert: The orginal target audiene wasn't the developing world for most major technologies.
Robert: I don't think growing hydroponics in a vertical farm is a workable solution in the developing world right now. luxury
Chris: Top-level production requirements. FIgure out what we need to do.

Rand: shall we find a sequence of problems to work on?
John: Don't forget the ETIR
Rand: M: ust --> less important.
John: Adding granularity. Requirements: sustainability. subrequirements to make that true?

Chris: Build things, study things, what are you going to do?
Chris: we need to compromise to get a level of consensus. think about the value of the group project.
Robert: 10 weeks: 1 year: 10 years

Zain: vision, commonalities
Robert: health, cost, environmental

Zain: what are the point of the requirements?
Steve: economically viable or affordable for consumer?r affordable for consumer?
Chris: food production technology? what is the noun?Chris: food production technology? what is the noun?
Rand: how can we make sure that communities that need it?
Chris: the noun is production
John: requirements are shall statements. you system needs to contain these elements.

There are so many ways that you can address these requirements in a different way. We are just trying to get an idea ourselves. A lot of technologies create one problem and create two more. We are t

John: We will hone in on our requirements with time.

Steve: 10^9

Robert: A bare minimum is that the food must be healthy.

Rand: Maybe more nutritionally full. Healthy is ambiguous.

Steve: \"Feed my starving children.\" Full package.

Robert: Bare minimum : food can't be bad for people.

Sam: Are we looking at people who don't have food or people who have bad food?

Robert: Conventional vs. new agriculture. Level 1 requirement: food must be food.

Rand: People do not eat what they should be eating, geographically speaking. People should be eating what they have access to.

Brainstorm new
John: Dichotomy between report and final product. Capture all ideas that we are not going to move forward with. Get all the great ideas down.
silicon valley startups

patents/research in your area

publications to sign up to


personal info - resources/other commitments
Scanning food (Sam)

Education (zain)

IT (maggie and anders)

Water/airoponics/aquaponics/hydroponics (rand/derek/nolene)

lettuce machine (derek)

store/restaurant (robert)

vertical farm (steve)

systems: water/overconsumption (trade: robert)
IT ideas: online mel planner that tell ou where to buy groceries, creates a shopping list, gives a schedule for cooking, delivers food, meet up

mobile phone app to get better info about food

global database of nutritional info for foods

fridge that can re-order food

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