Brain analyzes based on where light is coming from.
Another example of shadow. Light check inside the shadow and light check outside the shadow - they are the same. But you interpret them as different.
Q: Box in top left corner, still look lighter?
This one is lighter.
Bump this up again. Look at color in terms of shadow. Brown and yellow - identical colors. [Oooo]
[\"I don't believe that\"]
Now that you know that, try to see them that way.
You can do you little paper cutouts and go, \"Damn\" they really are identical.
You know people parking under sodium lamps driving away in the wrong car.
Give me the mud of the streets and I'll give you the luscious woman ???
Figure over here. Impossible 3 prongs on the bottom, 2 on the top.
Nothing impossible about a flat drawing.
You have spent your entire lives converting 2D drawings into 3D objects.
You use those rules.
Even when you know, you can't stop it.
Common trait of human perceptual system.
Do it in real life. An impossible crate. Goes from the front to the back. [\"I'm out of here.\" laughter]
Q: Can we see this again.
Nothing more contrary than something that is impossible.
You don't readjust with a new system.
Second perceptual framework. More cultural and experience based.
What is salient.
What do I mean by tagging?
Depending on our experience.
All of us can tag this image - wine glasses, knives, forks, napkin.
What would it look like to use in an impoverished scene.
You can see the forms. What can that possibly be? Your brain starts struggling to attach meaning to that.
That is basically the view of the dog. They haven't tagged the world as much as we have [so AI's may be smarter than us by tagging more than we do??]
I don't get the flames, symbolism.
Are multiple armed people, but none with wings.
Depending on upbringing. This is culturally based.
Magicians play around with meaning.
I'm going to show you a card trick, see if you can catch the manipulation.
[video of card trick]
How many of you caught how he did that card trick?
How many of you caught that he changed his shirt?
She changed her shirt?
They changed the table cloth?
They changed the backdrop?
[video played again with all these changes going on]
You can change gender. Bald to long haired.
They don't notice.
You've just been hired by homeland security - is this plane safe to travel on?
It is obvious.
Still some people have not gotten it.
Would you fly on a place with an engine that pops in and out?
Playing music backwards.
Stairway to Heaven has a hidden message.
Listen very, very carefully.
Now we are going to play the lyrics backwards.
There is no hidden lyrics there. Meaningless junk. Brain doesn't like ambiguity.
It will do it with noise too.
Before I showed you two balls crossing and it changed your vision.
Now sight can change what you hear.
Listen again, now reading lyrics.
[playing backwards - it matches up!]
During the 40th anniversary of the moon landing.
I asked them why there had been no publicity about the hidden message in One Small Step.
Let me show you what I found when I played that backwards.
\"That's one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind.\"
\"Man will space walk. Man will space walk.\"
If I give it a clue, it will grab onto it.
Perception is not a truth police.
Sasha: Did priming devil matter?
Send me sweet dreams backwards.
Played forward. Played backwards.
Then gave him the lyrics. He was laughing his head off.
If I gave each section a different set of lyrics, they would hear different things.
I am passionate about education.
Not what to think, but how to think.
Importance of context. What is being said. What is not being said.
context it the most important.
Make a case for anything by leaving out half the facts.
Especially when there is lack of information.
- Th Brn rgnzs frm Vry Lttl
[audience reads aloud]
Kids drawing. \"I want to be like mommy.\"
Her picture depicts me selling the last snow shovel.
Not a pole, but a snow shovel.
Our past experience can really dramatically throw us off.
Simple but deeper agrument.
Your past or view can keep you from seeing.
Same underlying system.
We all have different beliefs.
What is the third organizational framework.
Search for meaning - beginning at age 8.
Palestinian kids can play with Israeli kids up to about the age of 8.
Things that define you.
I start to scratch. In the world of science, no controversy.
There is a hidden belief.
Accept Earth getting warmer.
One they don't accept is that humans have contributed.
That struck me as curious. Why not?
Because, I found out, the climate skeptics are libertarians. [\"Aha\"]
Core belief - like the power of the individual.
Means government regulations. Easier for them to attack science than change core belief system.
Arguing about science won't get anywhere.
Whatever that core belief, your perceptual system will try to match.
All of you have a core belief system. I'm talking your moral driver.
Something brought you to that core belief. Early on or later.
Most personal of all decisions - this is going to be my core driver.
Subsequent experiences have reinforced it.
Now you come across someone who goes against your core.
Fundamentalist Christian with an Atheist.
Both articulate, intelligent. You decide to set it out. All the information that caused you to make that most personal of all decisions.
And additional information.
You've done it. You don't understand how you'd be bowled over.
The shake their heads.
You articulated those things - they are not weakened.
Not talking about buying Prius or Honda. Talking about core beliefs.
\"You know, after listening you and I am stronger in my beliefs.\"
I can spend a week. As robustly as I can.
\"Al, that was really wonderful, but you know what the Bible says ...\"
All those arguments I say go in one ear, get twisted.
Argue with true believer and you have things twisted.
Fearless with Jeff Bridges. Neurotic. Survives plane wreck. Traumatic experience can cause system to fail. If it is failing, maybe needs something else.
Where do cults hang out. People who have their umbilical cords out to stick in something else.
The brain is saying \"system failure\" come in with something else and they will become very zealous.
People don't necessarily think the way we do.
They may not map the way we do.
My wife was heavily involved in the mid-East Peace process.
What were they thinking.
Try to understand how other people map.
you get broad minded.
Get outside your discipline.
Learn philosophy, culture. Get out in the real world.
Why people in academica don't click with the real world.
But people have never stepped in Africa think they can solve problems there.
NOT so open minded that your brains fall out.
But different views that have rigor.
Internally consistent within themselves.
So, when you have different belief systems. Look at them as circles.
Look at them as a Venn diagram. What are the commonalities.
Instead of banging on outside of circle.
Basic - every needs to eat, shelter, dignity, health, water.
We could use this in diplomacy.
Where are we going to focus our efforts - conflicts or commonalities.
In Mid-East - focus on commonalities.
Others are not resolvable.
Don't be cynical or suspicious.
We all do it.
I showed an illusion - you could be fooled and not know you are being fooled.
By being aware that you map - all these things - be made aware that you do it
and come up for various ways to stop.
Thank you for Singularity University, Peter Diamandis [applause]
[\"Awesome job Al.\"]
Jack G: Under the circumstances you described
Is there a way, as discussions start, way to avoid being galvanized.
Al: Don't argue about faith. Find overlaps, commonalities.
CEO of my company is a very religious person. We argue about what we need to do.
We had our weekend. No difference. It goes no where.
What do we need to do with this company - our commonality.
Maggie: Great way to do diplomacy. What if someone's core belief is harmful?
It is quivver. I do not have the answers. This can help us with people who differ from us.
Even in that case, look at the commonalities. It's a slow process. You can do it by overwhelming force.
In the military, you are surrounded 24/7. When you are done - you are mapping in the military mindset.
Same in a University. Surrounded by wealth and intellectual ideas. Come out thinking differently.
You can build it out.
Sasha: Emotional priming.
JG: Is wikipedia sign of hope?
Al: Commonality is crap. Technology is a runaway horse. No quality. Editors have been taken away. Good bad and ugly are all on a level playing field.
Need to teach people how to think.
Jose: Fantastic presentation. Philosophy of the mind. What is your next book?