Pioneer High School 2008-09 Edition ap european History Major Assignments and Unit Readings Introduction

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Perfer et obdura; dolor hic tibi proderit olim
Be patient and tough; some day this pain will be useful to you.

Pioneer High School
2008-09 Edition

AP European History
Major Assignments and Unit Readings

First, I’d like to congratulate you at reaching this point, only the most dedicated student even attempt to take an AP class. Hopefully this class will be intellectually rewarding, interesting, and at times even fun.
Second, don’t panic! This booklet is designed to cover the whole year. If you were given most of your assignments for any class, it might seem overwhelming. I’ve created this booklet so that you can get ahead, but more importantly so you can plan your time well. I know that you will have other classes and activities; this is my attempt to give you a way to manage your time effectively.
Third, for those of you who apply for the ACE program for the Spring semester, please make a special note of the additional assignment listed under the Extra Credit Book Review Assignment.
Fourth, you can write in this book, it’s yours. You can underline important passages, make corrections as needed and make notes in the margins. For the readings, because they are primary sources, spelling was left as it was originally written, but that doesn’t mean everything is perfect.

Lastly, don’t get over confident. This is not “everything” that you will be doing this year. You will also be reading, completing some small assignments, taking notes, reviewing your material, and just plain studying for quizzes and exams.

  • Course Unit Topics - .p. 4

  • General Assignments

    • Take It APPARTS Assignment - p. 7

    • How to write a DBQ - p. 13

    • The Cornell PERSIA Note taking System - p. 15

    • Student Led Discussions - p. 17

    • Student Group Review - p. 20

  • Major Assignments

    • Summer Assignment - p. 21

    • Semester Research Assignment - p. 26

    • Parliament vs. Stewart Kings - p. 31

    • Scientific Philosophy Fair - p. 34

    • The Trial of Robespierre - p. 35

    • Winter Assignment - p. 37

    • Ideologies on Stage - p. 39

    • National Unification Puppet Show - p. 38

    • You Are There - p. 40

    • The Golden Years - p. 41

    • Imperialism Group Assignment – p. 42

  • Extra Credit Assignments

    • Art Assignment - p. 44

    • Book Review - p. 45

    • Movie Critique - p. 47

  • Unit Readings

    • Unit 1 Introduction: Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown – p. 48

    • Unit 2  Renaissance and Discovery, Reformation – p. 52

    • Unit 3 Age of Religious Wars and European State Consolidation - p. 66

    • Unit 4 New Directions in Thought and Culture - p. 71

    • Unit 5 Society and Economy under the Old Regime,  The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion – p. 74

    • Unit 6- The Age of Enlightenment – p. 80

    • Unit 7- The French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon – p.88

    • Unit 8 - The Conservative Order, Economic Advance and Social Unrest – p. 93

    • Unit 9- The Age of Nation States – p. 104

    • Unit 10 - European Society to WWI, The Birth of Modern Thought - p. 111

    • Unit 11- Imperialism, WWI, Russian Revolution - p. 118

    • Unit 12  Political Experiments of the 1920s Europe and the Great Depression – p. 123

    • Unit 13 – WWII – p.131

    • Unit 14 - Changing Europe  Cold War – p.134

    • Unit 15- AP Review and Test Prep -p.140

    • Unit 16- The World Outside of Europe – p.141

  • Art Index

Course Unit Topics

Summer Assignment

Unit 1 Introduction: Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown

The Black Death
The 100 years War

Ecclesiastical Breakdown

The Great Schism and Impact
Medieval Russia

Unit 2  Renaissance and Discovery, Reformation

The French Invasions
Major Figures of Italian Ren Politics- Medici/ Machiavelli
The Northern Renaissance
Images of Renaissance Life & Thought
Society and Religion
Reformation and Counter-Reformation
Societal Change/English Reformation

Unit 3 Age of Religious Wars and European State Consolidation

Imperial Spain and Philip II
Religious Wars
30 years war
Parliament vs. Stuart Kings
The Age of Absolutism
Absolute Monarchy in France 

The Romonov’s

The Ottoman’s

Unit 4 New Directions in Thought and Culture

The Scientific Revolution

Philosophy vs. Science

New Scientific Institutions

Women in Science


Science vs. Religion

Unit 5 Society and Economy under the Old Regime,  The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion

The Old Regime 

The Agricultural Revolution

18th Century Industrial Revolution

Impact of Industrial Revolution on Women, Children, and Urbanization

Overseas Empires

The Spanish Colonial System

Black Slavery, the Plantation

The Colombian Exchange

Mid-18th Century Wars

The American Revolution

Unit 6- The Age of Enlightenment

The Enlightenment

The Philosophes

The Philosophes and Religion

Enlightenment Society

Women in the Enlightenment

Philiosophes and Politics

Enlightenment on Art and Architecture

Enlightened Absolutism- Frederick II

Enlightened Absolute Monarchs

Unit 7- The French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon

The French Revolution

Crisis of the French Monarchy

Reconstruction of France

Reconstruction of France

Women and the Church End of the Monarchy

Reign of Terror

The End of the Monarchy, Europe at War

Reign of Terror

The Thermidorian Reaction

Rise of Napoleon

The Consulate in France

Napoleon's Empire

European Response to Empire

Congress of Vienna


Religion in the Romantic Period

Romantic Literature and Art

Religion and Nationalism in the Romantic Age-

Unit 8 - The Conservative Order, Economic Advance and Social Unrest

Nationalism and Liberalism

Emergence and Ideals of Nationalism and Liberalism Conservatives

Wars of Independence in Latin America

Conservative Failure

Conservatives Internationally

Unit 9- The Age of Nation States

Toward an Industrial Society

Family Structures and the Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution

Crime and Order

Family Life and Child Labor

Women in the Industrial Revolution

Revolutions of 1848

The Crimean War

The Abolishment of Slavery

Italian Unification

The Hapsburgs and Russian Emancipation

German Unification

The Third Republic

Unit 10 - European Society to WWI, The Birth of Modern Thought

The Second Industrial Revolution

The Middle Classes in Ascendancy  

Late 19th Century Urban Life

Varieties of Late 19th Century Women's Experiences Jewish Emancipation

Labor, Socialism and Politics to WWI

The New Reading Public,

Science in Mid-century- Darwinism, Science and Ethics

Christianity and the Church Under Siege

Toward a 20th Century Frame of Mind  - Science: The Revolution in Physics

The Coming of Modern Art

Nietzsche and Freud 


Unit 11- Imperialism, WWI, Russian Revolution

African Imperialism

Emerging Alliance Systems

World War I

Russian Revolution

Settlement at Paris

Political and Economic Factors after the Paris Peace settlement

Unit 12  Political Experiments of the 1920s
Europe and the Great Depression

The Soviet Experiment Begins

The Fascist Experiment in Italy

Women in a Totalitarian Government

Joyless Victors- Great Britain

Trials of the Successor states in Eastern Europe

The Weimar Republic

Toward Great Depression

Causes of the Great Depression

The Great Depression in Great Britain, France, Germany

Comparison of Soviet vs. Nazi Police States

Nazi Economic Policy

Women under the Nazi government

The Great Depression in Italy

The Great Depression in the Soviet Union

Unit 13 - WWII

Again the Road to War

The Spanish Civil War,

The Anschluss,



The Nazi Assault on the Jews of Poland

The Fall of Nazi Germany

Racism and the Holocaust

Explanations of the Holocaust

The Domestic Fronts

Unit 14 - Changing Europe  Cold War 

The Emergence of the Cold War

The creation of Israel and the Korean War

Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe

The Khrushchev Era and Brezhnev Era

French Decolonization

The collapse of European communism

The collapse of the Soviet Union

The Yeltsin Decade

The 20th Century movement of people

New Patterns in Work and Expectations of Women

The rise of radical political Islam

Toward a Welfare State Society

Transformations in Knowledge and Culture

The challenges of the EU

The Christian Heritage

The arrival of the computer

Unit 15- AP Review and Test Prep

AP Europe Exam

Unit 16- The World Outside of Europe

Africa After WWII

Impact of AIDS on the African Continent

The Middle East After WWII
The creation of Israel and modern Palestine
South Asia After WWII
Asia After WWII

Latin America After WWII

Transnational Issues- Overpopulation, Global Warming, Terrorism

Take it APPARTS Assignment
For each unit you be required to read a series of primary source documents. The assignment for those documents will fall into two categories

  • APPARTS Essays

Each APPARTS paper is worth 35 points, 5 points for every letter of the acronym. Points will be subtracted from your overall grade for failure to format your paper according to the above requirements. To get an “A,” your paper must meet the following requirements:

      • Communicate that you understand the meaning of the document

      • Describe the speaker & audience rather than simply stating them

      • Relate the document to what is going on in history at the time of its creation include your analysis of the document’s purpose - this means that it simply does not summarize or restate the main points of the document, but includes your insight

      • Meet all formatting requirements listed above

  • DBQ’s (Document Based Questions)

Analyze each document assigned using the APPARTS model for document analysis. (This does not need to be in complete sentences.)
Respond appropriately to each question required for the document. The questions are located at the end of each document. The questions for the textbook documents are included in them. Support your answer with specific evidence from the document (include a quote from the document).
Grammar rules apply. Responses must be in complete sentences. Spell out words such as: and, with, because. Capitalize proper nouns. Watch your spelling. I may not take off points for misspellings, however, if a proper name is misspelled and it is included in the document, I will consider that a sign of laziness. Remember this is an Advanced Placement course.
While every document may not be discussed in class, every document assigned is required homework. Each document is worth 5 points.
All Take it APPARTS assignments are due the day of the Unit Exam (Within reason, I will take late work with points reduced. However, I will not take any late work that is over one week late or that laps over into the next grading period.) Plan your homework time and watch out for procrastination!

The APPARTS Method of Document Analysis

Historians work with primary documents in trying to understand the past. However, the documents are hard to decipher unless one knows about the creator of the document, the background of the document, and why it was created. In an APPARTS analysis, historians look at a document this way:

Author—Who created the document? This is more than simply providing a name. Sometimes the author is someone everyone knows. Other times, it is someone no one knows. In any case, WHO is the person? What does this document say about the author? Describe the author as completely as possible. Base your description on the contents of the document. Do NOT view this part of the analysis as a biography of the author.

Place and time—Where and when was the source produced? This is more than simply a date. What event(s) and/or era(s) provide the backdrop and context for the document? What was going on in history that might help explain why this document was created when it was? What was the specific event/issue of the time that prompted the document’s creation?

Prior knowledge—What do you already know that would further your understand of the source?
Audience—For whom was the source created? Does this affect the reliability of

the source? Who does the author plan on delivering this message to? What does the author think about his/her audience? Why is the audience paying attention to this document? Describe the audience as completely as possible. What do you think the audience’s reaction(s) was/were?

Reason—Why was the source produced at the time it was produced? What does the speaker hope to accomplish? This paragraph is a perfect place for a quote from the document to illustrate meaning (with an explanation of its relevance).

The main idea—What is the source trying to convey?

Significance—Why is this source important? What does it say about the era in which it was created? What, if anything, did it lead to? What was the response to the document? Did the speaker accomplish his/her purpose? Explain. Is there a connection to later historical events or the modern world? If so, explain.

Writing & Formatting your APPARTS Papers

When writing a APPARTS paper, use the questions on the reverse as a guide, not a checklist. Do not attempt to answer every question. Some questions apply to some documents but not others. Use your best judgment.

All APPARTS papers must be typed in an easily-readable font sized 12, be double-spaced, and have margins of 1 inch on all sides. Papers (unless otherwise noted) are limited to two pages.

Each paper should include a heading with your name & date, and include the title & author of the document as the paper’s title. Words in the heading and title do not count towards your 350-word limit.

Each APPARTS paper should be made up of 7 short paragraphs, one for each letter of the APPARTS acronym.

While substance is the most important part of your grade for these assignments, pay attention to rules of grammar and style. Most importantly, make sure to

  • use only 3rd person (no I, me, we, you, your, us, our)

  • avoid use of contractions

  • use quotation marks when quoting the document (no more than 2 quotes)

  • use active voice whenever possible

  • write in the past tense (present tense acceptable in the final paragraph)

  • write only in complete sentences with correct capitalization & end punctuation

  • use the spell check feature of your word processor

Introduction- Summer Assignment (100 points with Geography portion of assignment)
Textbook: The Western Heritage Introduction

Unit I- the Late Middle Ages (60 points)
Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapter 9

1415-The Battle of Agincourt

Textbook DBQ’s
The second Isaiah Defines Hebrew Monotheism
Husband and Wife in Homer’s Troy
Plato on the Role of Women in His Utopian Republic
Juvenal On Life in Rome

Mark Describes the Resurrection of Jesus
The Carolingian Manor

The English Nobility Imposes Restraints on King John

Student Life at the University of Paris

Textbook DBQ’s
Boccaccio describes the Ravages of the Black Death in Florence

Joan of Arc Refuses to Recant Her Beliefs

Marsilius of Padua Denies Coercive Power to the Clergy

The Chronicler Calls the Roll at the Council of Constance

Secondary – Textbook DBQ’s

Dealing with Death

Unit II : The Renaissance and the Age of Reformation (125 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 10-11

Unit 3 Age of Religious Wars and European State Consolidation (125 points)
Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 12-13

1513-The Prince
1517- Luther's 95 Theses


1598-The Edict of Nantes
1698-Bishop Burnet describes Peter the Great

Textbook DBQ’s
Christine De Pisan Instructs Women on How to Handle their Husbands
Pico Della Mirandola States the Renaissance Image of Man
Michaelangelo and Pope Julius II
A Defense of American Natives
Montaigne on “Cannibals” in Foreign Lands
German Peasants Protest Rising Feudal Exactions
Zwingli Lists the Errors of the Roman Church
Ignatius of Loyola’s “Rules” For Thinking With the Church

A German Mother Advises her Fifteen-Year Old Son, 1578

Textbook DBQ’s
Theodore Beza Defends the Right to Resist Tyranny

Henry IV Recognizes Huguenot Religious Freedom

An Unknown Contemporary Describes Queen Elizabeth
King James I Defends Popular Reaction Against the Puritans
John Milton Defends Freedom to Print Books
Louis XIV Revokes the Edict of Nantes

Louis XIV’s Sister-in-law Grieves for her Homeland

The Great Elector Welcomes Protestant Refugees from France.
Peter the Great Tells His Son to Acquire Military Skills

Secondary – Textbook DBQ’s

Twelve Articles of the Swabian Peasants
A Child is Born: Welcoming the Newborn in Late Medieval Europe

Secondary Textbook DBQ’s

Going to the Theater
Early Controversy Over Tobacco and Smoking

Unit 4
New Directions in Thought and Culture.
(65 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 14

Unit 5 - Society and Economy under the Old Regime, The Transatlantic Economy, Trade Wars, and Colonial Rebellion (90 points)
Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 15 and 16

1486-Excerpts from the Malleus Maleficarum


1780's- King George III letter- Loss of America

Textbook DBQ’s
Copernicus Ascribes Movement to the Earth

Descartes Explores the Promise of Science
Margaret Cavendish Questions the Fascination with Scientific Instruments

Galileo Discusses the Relationship of Science to the Bible
Why More Women than Men are Witches

Textbook DBQ’s
Rules for the Berlin Poor House

Turgot describes French Landholding
Priscilla Wakefield Demands More Occupations for Women

Byelorussian Jews Petition Catherine the Great

Visitors describe the Portobello Fairi

Buccaneers Prowl the High Seas

A Slave Trader Describes the Atlantic Passage

Major Cartwright Calls for Reform of Parliament

Secondary DBQ’s

Secondary DBQ’s
Water, Washing and Bathing
Sugar enters the Western Diet
The Colombian Exchange

Unit 6   
The Age of Enlightenment ( 100 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 17

Unit 7
The French Revolution/ Age of Napoleon ( 140 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 18 and 19


1763-Rousseau- The Social Contract
1767- Catherine the Great Instructions for Composing a New Code of Laws


1789-Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Robespierre’s Justification of the Use of Terror

Textbook DBQ’s
Immanuel Kant Defines Enlightenment
Denis Diderot Condemns European Empires
Rousseau Argues for Separate Spheres for Men and Women
(from Emile)

Mary Wollstonecraft Criticizes Rousseau’s View of Women

Maria Theresa and Joseph II of Austria Debate Toleration

Textbook DBQ’s
The Third Estate of a French City Petitions the King

The National Assembly Decrees Civic Equality in France

The Revolutionary Government Forbids Workers’ Organizations

French Women Petition to Bear Arms

Burke Denounces the Extreme Measures of the French Revolution

The Paris Jacobin Club Alerts the Nations to Internal Enemies of the Revolution

The Convention Establishes the Worship of the Supreme Being

Napoleon Makes Peace with the Papacy

Napoleon Advises His Brother to Rule Constitutionally
A German Writer Describes the War of Liberation

Madame de Stael Describes the New Romantic Literature of Germany
Hegel Explains the Role of Great Men in History

Secondary DBQ’s
Coffeehouses and Enlightenment

Secondary DBQ’s
The Metric System
Sailors and Canned Food

Unit 8 -The Conservative Order
Economic Advance and Social Unrest (125 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 20 and 21

Unit 9- The Age of Nation States (95 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 22


1819- The Peterloo Massacre
1842-Women Miners in the English Coal Pits

1844-Joseph Mazzini - An Essay On the Duties of Man
1848- Documents on German Unification

Textbook DBQ’s

Mazzini Defines Nationality

Benjamin Constant Discusses Modern Liberty

Metternich discusses Sources of Political Unrest

Thomas Babington Macaulay Defends the Great Reform Bill

Women Industrial Workers Explain their Economic Situation

A Young Middle-class Frenchwoman Writes to Her Father about Marriage

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Describe the Class Struggle

The Pan-Slavic Congress Calls for the Liberation of Slavic Nationalities

Textbook DBQ’s

Heinrich von Treitschke Demands the Annexation of Alsace and Lorraine
Lord Acton Condemns Nationalism

The People’s Will Issues a Revolutionary Manifesto
Parnell calls for Home Rule for Ireland

Secondary DBQ’s
Gymnastics and German Nationalism
The Potato and the Great Hunger in Ireland
The Abolition of Slavery in the Transatlantic Economy

Secondary DBQ’s
The Arrival of the Penny Postage

Unit 10
European Society to WWI
The Birth of Modern Thought (140 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 23 and 24

Unit 11 
Imperialism, WWI, Russian Revolution (105 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 25


1861-Alexander II The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia
John Stuart Mill: from The Subjection of Women

1900-Karl Pearson- On Social Darwinism
1918- Wilson's 14 points

Paris Department Stores Expand their Business

A French Physician Describes a Working-class Slum in Lille before the Public

An English Feminist Defends the Cause of the Female Franchise

Eduard Bernstein Criticizes Orthodox Marxism

Lenin Argues for the Necessity of a Secret and Elite Party of Professional Revolutionaries
T.H. Huxley Criticizes Evolutionary Ethics

Leo XIII Considers the Social Question in European Politics
Alexis de Tocqueville Forecasts the Danger of Gobineau’s Racial Thought
H.S. Chamberlain Exalts the Role of Race
Herzel calls for a Jewish State
Virginia Woolf Urges Women to Write

Social Darwinism and Imperialism

Bismarck Explains His Foreign Policy

The Kaiser Comments on the Outbreak of the World War

The Outbreak of the Russian Revolution

An Eyewitness Account of the Bolsheviks Seizure of Power

Secondary DBQ’s
The Birth of Science Fiction

Secondary DBQ’s
War Propaganda and the Movies: Charlie Chaplin
Imperialism: Ancient and Modern

Unit 12- Political Experiments of the 1920s and the Great Depression of the 1930s (125 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 26 and 27

Unit 13- WWII (90 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapters 28

1923-Beer Hall Putsch

1925- NAZI program

1939-Molotov-Ribentropp Pact
1941-The Atlantic Charter

Textbook DBQ’s

Trotsky Urges the Use of Terror
Alexandra Kollontai Demands a New Family Life in the Soviet Union

Mussolini Heaps Contempt on Political Liberalism
Hitler Denounces the Versailles Treaty
John Maynard Keynes Calls for Government Investment to Create Employment

An American Diplomat Witnesses Kristallnacht in Leipzig
Hitler Rejects the Emancipation of Women

Stalin Calls for the Liquidation of the Kulaks as a Class

Textbook DBQ’s:

Hitler Describes his Goals in Foreign Policy

Churchill’s Responses to Munich (1938)

Mass Murder at Belsen

Secondary DBQ’s
The Coming of Radio- The BBC
Cinema of the Political Left and Right

Secondary DBQ’s
Rosie the Riveter and American Women in the War Effort

Unit 14: The Cold War Era and the Emergence of the New Europe ( 135 points)

Textbook: The Western Heritage Chapter 29 and 30

Unit 16- The World After WWII
(100 points)


1932-Letter from Feigin
1962-Letter From Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy


Nelson Mandela : Speech on Release From Jail, 1990
Defense Minister Lin Piao: The Nature of People's War-1965


The Truman Doctrine Declared
The Church and the Communist Party Clash over Education in Hungary

Khruschev Denounces the Crimes of Stalin

Gandhi Explains his Doctrine of Nonviolence

Gorbachev Proposes that the Soviet Communist Party Abandon its Monopoly of Power
Margaret Thatcher Asserts the Need for Individual Responsibility

Simon De Beauvoir Urges Economic Freedom for Women

Sartre Discusses His Existentialism

Pope John Paul II Discusses International Social Justice

Prentice Hall Text-

The Palestinian Question
Matio Vargas Llosa- Latin America- “The Democratic Option”
Octavio Paz- “Brotherhood”
Aung San Suu Kyi- “Freedom From Fear”

Secondary DBQ’s

Rock Music and Political Protest
Toys from Europe Conquer the United States
Energy and the Modern World

Secondary DBQ’s
Little Emperors- China’s One Child Policy
Democracy and Drugs in Central America

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