Phl 101 105 hnr: issuesinphilosoph y



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RENE DESCARTES: MEDITATIONS ON FIRST PHILOSOPHY

ISSUES:

Philosophy as Science: Descartes’ method;

Metaphysics: mental and physical substances; essence of material things;

Epistemology: rationalism; certainty of knowledge; radical skepticism;

Philosophy of Religion: proof for the existence of God;

Personhood: Mind-Body Dualism; Cogito;
Tu 9/29: Meditation One;

TEXT REPORT ON “MEDITATIONS” DUE!
Th 10/1: Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (movie);
Tu 10/6: Meditation Two;
Th 10/8: Meditation Three; Meditation Five (pp. 63-67);
Tu 10/13: Meditation Six;
Th 10/15: Descartes: Summary, Conclusion;
Tu 10/20: MIDTERM EXAM
W 10/21: LAST DAY TO WITHDRAW FROM CLASSES WITH GUARANTEED W!

DAVID HUME: AN ENQUIRY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING
ISSUES:

Metaphysics: common-sense critique of metaphysical assumptions;

Epistemology: empiricism; skepticism; the problem of causal relations;

Personhood: self as succession of impressions;

Ethics: the nature of moral judgment; free will vs. determinism;

Philosophy of Religion: religious skepticism – against miracles;
Th 10/22: &2: Of the Origin of Ideas;

TEXT REPORT ON “ENQUIRY” DUE!

Tu 10/27: &4: Sceptical Doubts concerning the Operations of the Understanding;

Th 10/29: &8: Of Liberty and Necessity;

PAPER OUTLINE DUE!
Tu 11/3: &10: Of Miracles;
Th 11/5: Hume: Summary, Conclusion;

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: THE NIETZSCHE READER

ISSUES:

Philosophy as Illusion: critique of metaphysics and dualistic thinking;

Epistemology: perspectivism, relativism;

Ethics: creation of new values;

Personhood: overman; self-overcoming; will to power; eternal return;

Religion: God is dead; critique of Christianity;

Human Existence: live-force, instinct, nature;

Aesthetics: artist and philosopher; the question of style;
Tu 11/10: Philosophy and Philosophers (pp.29-52);

TEXT REPORT ON NIETZSCHE DUE (choose one of the three sections)!
Th 11/12: Morality (pp.71-124);
Tu 11/17: Morality continued;
Th 11/19: Fight Club (Movie)
Tu 11/24: Religion (pp. 167-193);
Th 11/26: No Class (Thanksgiving);
Tu 12/1: Nietzsche: Summary, Conclusion;

JEAN-PAUL SARTRE: EXISTENTIALISM AND HUMAN EMOTIONS

ISSUES:

Epistemology: consciousness and intentionality; all consciousness is consciousness of something;

Personhood: man is condemned to be free; radical atheism; responsibility for one’s own being;

Human Existence: ontology; existence before essence; man is only what he makes of himself;

Ethics: absolute freedom; no a priori good;
Th 12/3: Existentialism;

TEXT REPORT ON “EXISTENTIALISM AND HUMAN EMOTIONS” DUE!
Tu 12/8: Existentialism continued;
Th 12/10: Gattaca (movie)

Freedom and Responsibility;



PAPER DUE!
Tu 12/15: Sartre: Summary Conclusion;
Th 12/17: FINAL EXAM





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